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Section 17. Free government dependent up

justice, moderation and temperance. 18. Freedom of religious thought. 19. Slavery and involuntary servi.

tude illegal, except as lawful

imprisonment. 20. Civil and political rights. 21. The rights enumerated in this

bill do not limit other acts of the people.


Division of Powers. 1. The powers of the State are to

be divided under the legislative, executive and judiciary departments.

ARTICLE III. Electrive Franchise and Qualifications

for Office. 1. Qualifications for voting. First. Those who may not vote.

-Idiots and lunatics.
Second. Those convicted of bri-

bery, etc. Third. For fighting a duel. 2. All elections shall be by ballot. 3. Those eligible as jurors. 4. Exemption from military


ARTICLES. Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Division of powers. 3. Elective franchise and qualifi

cations for office. 4. Executive department. 5. Legislative department. 6. Judiciary department. 7. County organizations. 8. Education. 9. Militia. 10. Taxation and finance. 11. Miscellaneous provisions. 12. Future changes in the Constitution.


Bill of Rights. Section 1. Equality and rights of indi

viduals. 2. The State a unit of the federal

government. 3. Supreme law of the land. 4. All power vested in the people. 5. Protection and security of the

nation. 6. That no man or set of men are

entitled to exclusive or sepa

rate emoluments. 7. Legislative, executive and judi

cial powers. 8. Right of suffrage. 9. The people have the right of

10. In capital prosecutions a man

has the right to know the
cause and nature of his accu-

1:. Excessive bail
12. General warrancs and right to

search. 13. Trial by jury is preferable to

any other.
14. Freedom of the press.
15. Militia for defense of the State.
16. Uniform government.

5. Oath of office.


Executive Department. 1. Chief officer is the Governor. 2. Election of the Governor. 3. To be eligible for office of Gov

4. Residence of Governor and

5. Governor's duties.


Section 6. Governor to have information 11. Members of the General Assemfrom officers in executive de

bly, when privileged from arpartment.

rest. 7. Commissions and grants to be 12. Apportionment of members to in the name of the common

House of Representatives. wealth of Virginia.

13. Division of the State into dis8. Certain requirements for every

tricts. resolution before it becomes 14. Privilege of writ of habeas cora law.

pus.-Bill of attainder. 9. Election of Lieutenant-Gover

15. No law shall embrace more than nor.

one subject. 10. When Lieutenant - Governor

16. Those who may be impeached. takes the Governor's place.

17. Charters not granted to relig11. Lieutenant - Governor president

ious denominations. of the Senate.

18. Lotteries. 12. Secretary of the Commonwealth,

19. Formation of a new county. Treasurer and Auditor.-Elec

20. Divorces and change of names tion of the same.

of persons. 13. Duties of the Secretary.

21. Registration of births, mar14. Powers and duties of the Treas

riages and deaths.

22. Conducting elections and filling urer.

vacancies. 15. Bureau of statistics, agriculture,

23. Government of towns and cities chemistry and geology. 16. Bureau of immigration.

provided for by Legislature.

24. Removal of disabilities incurred 17. Board of public works, to consist of Governor, Auditor and

by duelling.


Judiciary Department.
Legislative Department.

1. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court 1. Legislative power

vested in

of Appeals, Circuit Courts, General Assembly.

and County Courts, to be regu. 2. Election of House of Dele

lated by law. gates.

2. Supreme Court of Appeals to 3. The Senate shall consist of not, consist of five judges.

less than thirty-three nor 3. Special Courts of Appeals.
more than forty members.- 4. Reversal of judgment.
Election of the same.

5. Choosing of judges and their 4. Appointment of Senators and

term of office. Delegates.

6. Duties and compensation de5. Qualifications of Senators and

scribed by law. Delegates.

7. Session of Supreme Court of 6. General Assembly to meet once

Appeals. in two years. - In regard to 8. Election of Attorney-General. adjournment.

9. Judicial districts, how divided. 7. The speaker of the House of 10. Rearrangement of circuits.

Delegates.-Filling vacancies. 11. Term of office of Circuit Judge. 8. Salaries of members of General 12. Circuit Court to be held once a Assembly.

year. 9. Origin of bills and resolutions. 13. County Courts, term of office of 10. For a bill to become a law.

judges of the same.

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Militia. Section 1. Those who may be called upon

to serve in the militia. 2. Encouragement of volunteer

corps by the State.


Taxation and Finance. 1. Real and personal property to

be taxed in proportion to its

value. 2. Gathering of oysters free, but

the amount of sales may be

taxed. 3. Certain property may be exempt

from taxation. 4. Income tax on over $600 per

annum and upon certain li.

censes. 5. A tax on male citizens for bene

fit of public schools. 6. Reassessment of real estate

every five years. 7. What debts the State may con

tract. 8. A sinking fund to be provided. 9. In regard to the interest on

State bonds. 10. Appropriations to be made by

law for the payment of State

money. 11. A majority of the votes of the

members of each house neces

sary to make a law. 12. State credit not to be granted. 13. In regard to the issue of scrip. 14. State may not hold corporation

stock. 15. State not to be interested in any

work of internal improvement. 16. The fixing of a tax. 17. The State shall not assume indebtedness

14. Government of cities and towns.
15. Officers of the same.
16. Attorney for the Common-

17. City sergeant.
18. Treasurer.
19. Commissioner of revenue.
20. Mayor, his election and duties,

and other city and town offi

cers. 21. Time for holding elections. 22. General provisions. 23. Removal of judges. 24. Certain judges not to hold

other offices. 25. Duties after expiration of term

of office. 26. Writs and indictments.


County Organizations. 1. County officers. 2. Division of county into magis

terial districts. 3. School districts. 4. Rights of General Assembly to

appoint additional officers. 5. Sheriffs.


Education. 1. Superintendent of public instruc

tion. 2. Board of education. 3. Free schools. 4. Compulsory attendance al

school. 5. Establishment of other schools. 6. Uniformity of text-books. 7. For the support of schools. 8. Supplying free text-books, when

it may be done. 9. Higher grades. 10. Donations to be applied in ac

cordance with the terms pre

scribed by donor. 11. Each city and town to be ac

countable for destruction of

school property.
12. School officers.-Salaries and du-

ties to be fixed by General

any county,
borough or city.
18. An account of the expenditures

of public money is to be given. 19. In regard to adjusting with

West Virginia the proportion of the public debt of Virginia proper, to be borne by West Virginia.


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Whereas, the delegates and representatives of the good people of Virginia, in convention assembled, on the twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, reciting and declaring, that whereas George the Third, King of Great Britain and Ireland, and elector of Hanover, before that time intrusted with the exercise of the kingly office in the government of Virginia, had endeavored to pervert tlie same into a detestable and insupportable tyranny, by putting his negative on laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good; by denying his governors permission to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation for his assent, and when so suspended, neglecting to attend to them for many years; by refusing to pass certain other laws unless the persons to be benefited by them would relinquish the inalienable right of representation in the legislature; by dissolving legislative assemblies, repeatedly and continually, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions of the rights of the people; when dissolved by refusing to call others for a long space of time, thereby leaving the political system

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