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always bo at hand, the Trustees found themselves compelled to provide for him. Wo consequently appropriated an angle of our grounds conveniently located for this purpose, and caused a neat cottage to be erected upon it, adapted to the necessities of ono family. It has cost $950, for which an appropriation is respectfully asked.


The rapid increase in the cost of material, and the consequent inadequacy of the appropriation to the purpose for which it was intended, induced the Trustees to defer the commencoment of the superstructure for one year, with the view of submitting the matter to the Legislature for its definite action. By constructing the air-conduits, procuring material for the foundations, and as many brick as would be required by the brick-layers in the earlier months of the Beason, it was found that we could thus defer the commencement of the work without delaying the completion of the building a single day. We had, therefore, no hesitancy in adopting this course.

The air-conduits have accordingly been completed, the mate rial for the foundations has been procured and conveniently distributed upon the ground, and contracts were made for delivery, during the present winter, of 600,000 brick. The lower belt-course of stone has been cut, also the window-sills for the first story, and if the additional appropriation required to complete the wing be made, the work will be resumed at once, and the entire wing speedily prepared for use.

In the South wing, designed for 125 males, wo are obliged to treat from 164 to 182, of both sexes. The additional risk and actual danger, as well as the increased labor and expense attending such an arrangement, have already been referred to. You have been made aware of the inadequacy of the Institution in its present condition to the demands made upon it, and it appears from the report of the Medical Superintendent that At least two-thirds of those now seeking admission, are deferred or refused. The necessary relief can be secured in one way only, and the Trustees have no hesitancy in recommending the appropriation of a sum sufficient to complete and furnish the entire building.

A few items of specification and measurement will perhaps give a more correct idea of the building than could be gathered from a more lengthy description. It is a counterpart of the south wing. It contains 128 single bedrooms, and eight associated dormitories, with day-rooms, dining-rooms, bathing rooms, water-closets, clothes-presses, dumb-waiters, &c., to each of the eight classifications of patients for which it provides Its foundation requires 1,631 yards of excavation, and 1,044 perch of stone. The superstructure, 3,760,000 brick, 639 lineal feet of belt-stone, 1,222 lineal feet of window-sills, 22,000 yards of plastering, 46,200 superficial feet of oak flooring, 17,640 lights of glass, 270 squares of slating, 35,768 lbs. cast iron window-sash, 6,312 lbs. window-weights, 7,410 cast iron girders, and 297 inside doors.

In the construction of the south wing the following prices were paid for the material and labor specified: For brick, from $3@$3 50 thousand; for laying the same, the contractor finding everything, water excepted, $3 02 H thousand; plastering, on the same terms, 19 cents yard; lumber, from $9 to $20 72 thousand feet, and iron castings from 23 to 49 cents ? pound. At these rates the cost of one wing, complete and furnished, was estimated at $100,000. The funds available to the Trustees for the purpose of construction, together with the moneys already expended upon the wing, amount to $62,000. If therefore, the advance in cost of building be estimated at 50 cent., there will be required an appropriation of $88,000, and if of 60 %? cent., $98,000.

If the national struggle in which the American people are engaged tended only to the augmentation of the public indebtedness, and a commensurate increase of taxation to meet the demands thus made upon them, the Trustees of the State Asylum, notwithstanding the pressing applications for admission, would,

in view of the pecuniary burdens imposed upon our population, as an incident of war, feel disposed to defer an appeal to the Legislature for the means necessary to complete the Asylum building; but the disturbed state of the public mind attendant apon civil strife, in so many individual instances culminates in insanity, that they deem iť an imperative duty to press this subject upon the attention of the Legislature at the present time.

As heretofore, we find pleasure in placing on record an expression of our confidence in the officers of the Asylum, to whose ability and fidelity we are largely indebted for the happy results produced by medical treatment, in our household, for the faithful application of the funds entrusted to our care, and for the strict account rendered of every dollar expended under our authority.

Whilst we award this general expression of approbation to the officers of the Asylum, we think it due to the Medical Superintendent, more specifically to speak of his services, as the circumstances under which he came to the Institution, and the arduous labors thereby imposed, have conspired to impair his health, to such a degree, that it became necessary to relieve him from duty during part of the summer and autumn of the present year, and to insist upon his withdrawing for a time from his field of labor, that being deemed, by medical opinion, a necessary means for his recovery.

At the opening of the Asylum for the reception of patients, the Trustees themselves were not familiar with the duties to be performed by the administrators of so important a trust. The Assistant Physician and Steward were neither of them familiar with the duties they were required to perform; and the nurses and other employees had to be trained and instructed by the Medical Superintendent. Out of this chaos, the Medical Su. perintendent has educed order. Whilst that transition was taking place, a draft was made upon his physical energies, and a tax levied upon his mental resources, too great for his constitation to sustain.

During the absence of Dr. Van Deusen from the Asylum, his duties were satisfactorily performed by Dr. D. M. Tyler, the Assistant Physician.

Whilst, according to secondary instrumentalities, all the credit due them, we wish to recognize, as presiding over all

, the influenco of an allwise and beneficent Providence.




To tho Board of Trustees of the Michigan Asylum for the Insane :

GENTLEMEN—The Treasurer of the Asylum respectfully prosents the following report of the receipts and expenditures of the Institution, during the biennial period ending November 80, 1864:


From balance on hand, as per last report, . ... $ 799 15

counties and individuals, for support of pa-

50,835 30 incidental receipts, interest, etc.,...

821 19 appropriation to cover deficit of last year,.. 2,200 00

$54,655 64


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For wages of attendants and assistants,......

fuel, light and provisions,
upper store room, (advances)
boiler and engine rooms,
kitchen expenses,. .
farm barn and garden,...
apothecary shop,.....
laundry expenditures,...
repairs to furniture and building,

lower store-room,
", printing, stationery and postage,...

interest on loan,

$ 8,950 43 30,361 16 8,673 38 2,256 95 2,056 49 2,046 84 1,734 07 1,614 79 937 17 701 77 611 69 200 40

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