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can shoe him himself: I am much afraid, my lady Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanto; as I think, ed his mother played false with a smith.

was he called. Ner. Then, is there the county' Palatine. Ner. True, madam; he, of all the men that ever

Por. He doth nothing but frown; as who should my foolish eyes looked upon, was the best deserve say, An if you will not have me, choose : he hears ing a fair lady. merry tales, and smiles not: I sear, he will prove Por. I remember him well ; and I remember him the weeping philosopher when he grows old, being worthy of thy praise.—How now! what news ? so full of unmannerly sadness in his youth. I had

Enter a Servant. rather be married to a death's head with a bone in his mouth, than to either of these. God defend me

Serv. The four strangers seek for you, madam, from these two!

to take their leave: and there is a fore-runner Ner. How say you by the French lord, Monsieur brings word,

the prince, his master, will be here to

come from a fifth, the Prince of Morocco; who Le Bon ? Por. God made him, and therefore let him pass

night. for a man. In truth, Í know it is a sin to be a heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I should

Por. If I could bid the fifth welcome with so good mocker; But, he! why, he hath a horse better than the Neapolitan's; a better bad habit of frown- be glad of his approach: if he have the condition ing than the count Palatine: he is every man in no rather he should shrive me than wive me.

of a saint, and the complexion of a devil, I had man: if a throstle? sing, he falls straight 2 caper: Nerissa.—Sirrah, go before.-Whiles we shut the

Come, ing; he will fence with his own shadow: If I should marry him, I should marry twenty husbands : if he gate upon one wooer, another knocks at the door. would despise me, I would forgive him; for if he

(Exeunt. love me to madness, I shall never requite him. SCENE III. Venice. A public Place.

Enter Ner. What say you then to Faulconbridge, the

Bassanio and SHYLOCK. young baron of England ?

Shy. Three thousand ducats,-well. Por. You know, I say nothing to him; for he un Bass. Ay, sir, for three months. derstands not me, nor I him: he hath neither Latin, Shy. For three months,--well. French, nor Italian ;' and you will come intoʻthe Bass. For the which, as I told you, Antonio shall court and swear, that I have a poor penny-worth in be bound. the English. He is a proper man's* picture; But, Shy. Antonio shall become bound, -well. alas! who can converse with a dumb show? How

Bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure me! oddly he is suited! I think, he bought his doublet Shall I know your answer ? in lialy, his round hose in France, his bonnet in Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, Germany, and his behaviour every where.

and Antonio bound. Ner. What think you of the Scottish lord, his Bass. Your answer to that. neighbour ?

Shy. Antonio is a good man. Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity in him; Bass. Have you heard any imputation to the confor ho borrowed a box of the ear of the Englishman, trary? and swore he would pay him again, when he was Shy. Ho, no, no, no, no ;--my meaning, in say, able : I think, the Frenchman became his surety, ing he is a good man, 'is to have you understand and sealed under for another.

me, that he is sufficient : yet his means are in supNer. How like you the young German, the position : he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, Duke of Saxony's nephew ?

another to the Indies; I understand moreover upon Por. Very vílely in the morning, when he is so- the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth for ber; and most vilely in the afternoon, when he is England, and other ventures he hath, squandrunk : when he is best, he is little worse than a der'd abroad : But ships are but boards, sailors but man; and when he is worst, he is little better than men: there be land-rats, and water-rats, watera beast: and the worst fall that ever fell, I hope, I thieves, and land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and shall make shift to go without him.

then, there is the peril of waters, winds, and rocks : Ner. If he should offer to choose, and choose the The man is, notwithstanding, sufficient ;-three right casket, you should refuse to perform your ousand ducats ;-I think, I may take his bond. father's will, if you should refuse to accept him. Bass. Be assured you may.

Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray thee, Shy. I will be assured I'may; and that I may set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the contrary be assured, I will bethink me: May I speak with casket: for, if the devil be within, and that tempta- Antonio? tion without, I know he will choose it, I will do Bass. If it please you to dine with us. any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be married to a

Shy. Yes, io smell pork; to eat of the habitation spunge.

which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the de Ner. You need not fear, lady, the having any of vil into : I will buy with you, sell with you, talk these lords; they have acquainted me with their with you, walk with you, and so following; but I determination : which is indeed, to return to their will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with home, and to trouble you with no more suit; unless you. What nows on the Rialto -Who is he you may be won by some other sort than your comes here? father's imposition, depending on the caskets.

Enter ANTONIO. Per. If I live to be as old as Sibylla, I will die

Bass. This is signior Antonio. as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the manner of my father's will ; I am glad this parcel of

Shy. [Aside.) How like a fawning publican he wooers are so reasonable ; for there is not one

looks! among them but I dote on his very absence, and I I hate him for he is a Christian. pray God grant them a fair departure.

But more, for that, in low simplicity, Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in your father's He lends out money gratis, and brings down time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier, that The rate of usance' here with us in Venice. came hither in company of the Marquis of Mont

Perhaps, in this enumeration of Portia's suitors, thoro ferrat ?

may be some covert allusion to those of Queen Eliza

beth. 1 This is an allusion to the Count Albertus Alasco, 6 i. e. the nature, disposition. So in Othello : • Polish Palatine, who was in London in 1583.

and then of go gentle a condition ! » A thrush; properly the missel-thrush.

7 It is almost incredible what gain the Venetiang ro3 A satire on ihe ignorance of young English travel. ceite by the usury of the Jews, both privately and in lers in Shakspeare's time.

For in every city the Jews keep open shopu 4 A proper man is a handsome man.

of usury, taking gages of ordinary for xy, in the hun. s The Duke of Bavaria visited London, and was dred by the yeare ; and if at the year'« end the gage bo made a Knight of the Garter, in Shakspeare'e ume. I not redeemed, it is forfeit, or at least done away to a


hear you ;,

If I can catch him once upon the hip,'

Shy. Signior Antonio, many a time and ofty I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. In the Rialto you have rated me He hates our sacred nation; and he rails, About my monies, and my usances : 8 Even there where merchants most do congregate,

Sull have I borne it with a patient shrug;
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift, For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe :
Which he calls interest : Cursed be my tribe, You call me-misbeliever, cut-throat dog,
If I forgive him.

And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine,
Shylock, do you hear ?

And all for use of that which is mine own. Shy. I am debating of my present store ; Well then, it now appears, you need my help: And, by the near guess of my memory,

Go to, then; you come to me, and you say, I cannot instantly raise up the gross

Shylock, we would have monies; You say so; Or full three thousand ducats : What of that? You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, Tubal, a wealthy Hebrew of my tribe,

And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur Will furnish me : But soft; how many months Over your threshold; monies is your suit Do you desire ?-Rest you fair, good signior; What shall I say to you? Should I not say,

[70 Antonio. Hath a dog money ? 'is it possible, Your worship was the last man in our mouths. A cur cren lend three thousand ducats ? or

Ant. Shylock, albeit I neither lend nor borrow, Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key By taking, nor by giving of excess,

With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness, Yet, to supply the ripe wants? of my friend, Say this, I'll break a custom : -Is be yet possess'd," Fair sit, you spit on me on Wednesday last; How much you would ?

You spurn'd me such a day; another time Shy.

Ay, ay, three thousand ducats. You call'd me~dog; and for these courtesies Ant. And for three months.

ru lend you thus much monies ? Shy. I had forgot,-three months, you told me so. Ant. I am as like to call thee so again, Well then, your bond ; and, let me see, - -But To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.

If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not Methought, you said, you neither lend nor borrow, As to thy friends ; (for when did friendship tako Upon advantage.

A breed for barren metal of his friend ?)
I do never use it.

But lend it rather to thine enemy;.
Shy. When Jacob graz’d his uncle Laban's sheep, Who, if he break, thou may'st with better face
This Jacob from our holy Abraham was

Exact the penalty. (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf,)

Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! The third possessor ; ay, he was the third. I would be friends with you, and have your love,

Ant. And what of him? did he take interest? Forget the shames that you have staind me with, Shy. No, not take interest; not, as you would Supply your present wants, and take no doit say,

of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me: Directly interest: mark what Jacob did.

This is kind I offer.
When Laban and himself were compromis'd, Ant.

This were kindness.
That all the eanlings which were streak'd, and pied, Shy. This kindness will I show:-
Should fall as Jacob's hire; the ewes, being rank, 'Go with me to a notary, seal me there
In the end of autumn turned to the rams : Your single bond; and, in a merry sport,
And when the work of generation was

If you repay me not on such a day,
Between these woolly breeders in the act, In such a place, such sum, or surns, as are
The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands, Express?d in the condition, let the forfeit
And in the doing of the deed of kind,

Be nominated for an equal pound He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ; of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time In what part of your body pleaseth me. Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. Ant. Content, in faith; I'll seal to such a bond, This was a way to thrive, and he was blest; And say, there is much kindness in the Jew. And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not.

Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd I'll rather dwell'in my necessity.

Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it; A thing not in his power to bring to pass,

Within these two months, that's a month before But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heaven. This bond expires, I do expect return Was this inserted to make interest good ?

or thrice three times the value of this bond. Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams?

Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast :

are ; But note me, signior.

Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect Ant,

Mark you this, Bassanio, The thoughts of others ! Pray you, tell me this; The devil can cite scripture for his purpose. If he should break his day, what should I gain An evil soul, producing holy witness,

By the exaction of the forfeiture ? Is like a villain with a smiling cheek ;

A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man,
A goodly apple rotten at the heart;

Is not so estimable, profitable neither,
O, what a goodly outside falsehood hath! As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goals. I say,
Shy. Three thousand ducats,—'tis a good round To buy his favour, 1 extend this friendship:

If he will take it, so; if not, adieu;
Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate. And, for my love, I pray you wrong me not,
Ant. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you ? Ant. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.

6. Fulsome,' says Mr. Douce, "has, doubtless, the great disadvantage ; by reason whereof the Jews are same signification with the preceding epithet rank.. k out of measure wealthy in those parts.'-Thomas's His. is true thai rank has sometimes the interpretation affix torye of Italye, 1561, 410. f. 77.

ed to it of rammish in old Dictionaries, but there is also I To catch, or have, on the hip, means to have at an another meaning of the word which may be found in entire advantage. The phrase seems to have origina. Baret's Alvearie, 1573, viz. Fruitefull, ranck, battle, ted from hunting, because, when the animal pursued is Lat. fertilis. This sense would also, I think, beller ac seized upon the hip, it is finally disabled from flight. cord with fulsome, is it could be shown to be a syno.

2 Wants come to the height, which admit no longer nyme. delay.

7 Falsehood here means knavery, treachery, as truth 3 Informed.

is sometimes used for honesty. 4 Young lambs just dropt, or ean'd. This word is 8 Interest. usually spelt yean, but the Saxon etymology demands 9 i. e. interesi, money bred from the principal. ean. It is applied particularly to ewes.

10 1. e. continue ; to abide has both the senses or habi 6 i. e. of nature.

tation and continuance.

for ;


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