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Gin DRINKING.-A printed handbill has been very extensively circulated amongst the gin drinking community of London and its vicinity, which, it is hoped, will have a tendency to bring the poor deluded wretches who frequent the gin temples, to a proper sense of their situation. It is as follows:-“ To Gin Drinkers.-Two glasses of gin a--day, at three-half-pence per glass, will cost £4. 118. a year,-a sum which will purchase two shirts, two pair of hose, two pair of shoes, a fustian jacket, a waistcoat, pair of trousers, garment, cap, flannel waistcoat, a coarse cloth cloak, neckcloth, two pair of cotton sheets, and two large blankets.
Measure the distance at which that image is brightest and most distinctly formed. Select a pair from the optician by the same means, choosing those which form the image at the same distance, and they will be found to suit the person, for whom they are intended, equally well. A candle, or other artificial light, may be substituted for the sun with sufficient accuracy. This mode of testing glasses discovers defects which cannot otherwise be easily detected. It is a very common defect in spectacles, that the glasses are not properly matched. This destroys the eyes of the person who wears them, but it may be detected by observing whether they form the image, or have their focus at the same distance. The best ground glasses form the image most distinctly. People usually destroy their sight by using glasses that magnify more than they require. This should be carefully avoided.
How to SELECT A PAIR OF SPECTACLES.— When a person calls at an optician's shop, for the
purchasing this article, the question is asked, What is the age of the person who is to use them ? and on this information being given, the article is produced with the greatest confidence. Few of those who have purchased spectacles in this manner, need be told, that age is not proper data for selecting the article. It would be about as difficult to find two persons of the same same age alike, in respect to this faculty, as it would be to find them alike respecting any other ; such as hearing. The following method may be depended on, and where available, should be resorted to:—Where the person, for whom the spectacles are wanted, has already a pair, or can procure the loan of a pair that fit him, hold one glass of such, between the sun and a piece of white paper. Move the glass nearer or further from the paper ; when at a certain distance, a bright image of the sun will be formed on the paper.
COVETOUSNESS. :- A prize of one hundred guineas is offered for the best Essay on the sin of covetousness. We earnestly pray that some writer may be divinely assisted in a mighty effort against a sin which has contributed, and is still awfully contributing, to the ruin of the world.
ANTI-SLAVERY.-The Rev. Dr. Cox, and the Rev. Joshua Leavitt, both of New York, are at present in this country, forming an union between England and the United States, for the abolition of Slavery throughout the world. We cor. dially wish them success.
HERALDRY.—The Heraldry of Europe, according to Captain James Lowe,
instance of this recently occurred at Shrewsbury Assizes, and at York, where the entry, although all written by one person in one hand, and comprehending a period of thirty years, was admitted. The remarkable case of an entry or memorandum in a Family Bible, by the Countess Moira, was the principal evidence by which H. F. Hastings, Esq. secured his title to the Earldom of Huntingdon, about fifteen years ago.
has evidently derived its origin from the East; and it was intimately associated with religion and superstition. Maurice observes, that by the same hardy racethe descendants of the Tartar tribes, which tenanted the North of Asiawere introduced into Europe armorial bearings, which were originally nothing more than hieroglyphic symbols, mostly of a religious allusion, that distinguished the banners of the potentates of Asia. The eagle belongs to the ensign of Vishna, the bull to that of Siva, and the falcon to that of Rama. The sun, rising behind a recumbent lion, blazed on the ancient ensign of the Tartar, and the eagle of the sun on that of the Persians. The Humza, a famous goose, one of the incarnations of Boodha, is yet the chief emblem of Burham ban
The Russians, no doubt, had their standard from the eastern nations; it is the type of Gruda., The Islamites took the crescent, a fit emblem either of a rising or declining empire, and of their primeval worship.
New Prison DISCIPLINE SYSTEM. -In addition to the strict enforcement of the silent system, in which not an individual is permitted, on pain of severe punishment, to utter a single word, on any account whatever, in the Westminster Bridewell, the Magistrates have resolved, following the suggestions of the Lords' Committee, to draw the cords of discipline still tighter. Instead of allowing the ready admission of friends on visiting days—which friends are for the greater part, when males, thieves, calling themselves brothers, or of females of bad character, assuming the names of sisters--the Governor is to be armed with the power of refusing admission to all known by him to belong to either of these classes, even although they bring with them the requisite signature of a Magistrate to the order for admission. From the artful manner in which the confidence of several kind-hearted Ma. gistrates has been long abused, these orders have, it is found, been far too easily obtained, and the consequence has been, a frightful means of adding to the otherwise monstrous amount of depravity arising from association.
ROBBERY AT EXETER HALL.-At the recent annual Meeting of the London Missionary Society, held at Exeter Hall, sums were given amounting nearly to 6001, which were sent up to the Chairman principally in various promissory notes for different sums, with Banknotes and checks. These papers were put into a bag, with the resolutions and other documents, and laid on the table behind the Chairman While the assembly were singing the Doxology, with which the proceedings of the day were closed, the bag was stolen, and there is no clue whatever to the thief. The promissory notes have been stopped. The real loss to the Society, by this robbery, we are informed, is less than 501.
DRUNKENNESS. — Mr. Buckingham, in his new bill to prevent this worse than beastly vice, proposes that an habitual drunkard, for the fourth offence, shall be proclaimed by the town crier, have one month's imprisonment, and be deprived of his elective franchise for three years.
WESTMORELAND. We do not know whether the report is well or ill founded, but we see it intimated in the Westmoreland Gazette, that a very material difference of opinion upon matters of discipline has sprung up among the Society of Friends. It is said that their exists a desire to have written sermons preached, and also to have music introduced as a part of public worship. The proposed innova. tion is resisted, we are told, and at the yearly meeting it is expected the matter will be warmly discussed. We are not sorry to find that associations with other classes of Christians has done good to the Friends. They have taught
BIBLE REGISTERS.—The entry of births in a Family Bible, has frequently been admitted as good evidence. An
the world to love liberty, peace, and temperance; and we hope to teach them to love the doctrines and practices of scripture more thoroughly than some of them have hitherto done.
FRANCE. The evangelical Christians in this country, are engaged in a new translation of the Sacred volume into French. It is hoped that the New Testament will soon be ready.
The laws remained the same for the whole time embraced by this table; but in consequence of the good effects of their practical amelioration, they are now undergoing a revision. From these returns, it appears that the diminution, and ultimately the discontinuance, of capital punishments was attended with a diminution in the number of atrocious offences, and particularly that of murder; a result observed in Tuscany and other countries, where the effect of abolishing capital punishments, or greatly ameliorating the criminal laws, has been tried. This is a subject that needs to be very carefully considered in Great Britain.
A French lady has recently bequeathed 20,000 francs to the Royal Academy at Paris, the interest of which, 1,000 francs annually, is to be given for the best treatise on the baneful influence of chagrin, in causing illness and death.
SPAIN. A Royal commission has been appointed at Madrid, for the purpose of establishing a system of general Education. The commission is to prepare a plan of Elementary Instruction, suited to the state and wants of the Spanish Nation; and to establish, at Madrid, a Normal or Central School, founded on the British system. Two Spanish gentlemen, deputed by the commission, are now in attendance at the British and Foreign School Society's Establishment, in the Borough Road; and from the talent and aptitude which they display in acquiring a knowledge of the system, there is every reason to hope that they will be successful in promoting it throughout their own country.
AMERICA. In a law work, by Mr. Joseph Parkes, of Birmingham, on the “ Equity Jurisdiction of the United States, 1830," it appears that the American Chancellor has the custody of drunkards. By the statutes of New York, whenever the overseers of the poor of any city or town discover any resident with property to the amount of 250 dollars, to be an habitual drunkard, they are required to apply to the Court of Chancery. Upon the trial of an issue a verdict determines the fact, a committee is appointed of the drunkard's person, and under the direction of the court his personal estate is apportioned in liquidating his debts, and relieving his family. He is in all respects treated as an idiot, or lunatic ward of the court.
When he has real property, it is mortgaged or leased, if requisite, for a term not exceeding five years ; and, on his being restored to his right mind, by becoming habitually sober, he then, and not till then, is deemed capable of conducting his affairs, and is intrusted with the care of his own property.
BELGIUM. The following instructive account of the punishment of Death, in Belgium, is an Abstract of Returns printed for the Chamber of Deputies.
Capital Convictions. cuted for av
Other capirious crimes.
5 years ending with
1804. 1809. 1814. 1819. 1824. 1829 1834.
NEW ORLEANS. The papers from New Orleans contain a long account of a dreadful earthquake, which occurred at Omoa, by which three large towns and several small villages have been totally destroy. ed, so that not a vestige them remains. It appears that five eruptions of volcanoes, the severest on record, took place, accompanied by terrific earthquakes, which destroyed a large portion of St. Miguel and St. Salvador. The air was so obscured by ashes and smoke, that for eight days the inhabi. tants were obliged to grope their way with torches. The reports were like the. firing of musketry and cannon, attended with showers of rocks, stones, and cinders. The lava, in some places, ran the distance of sixty leagues, destroying every thing in its course! In Alanchi they thought the Day of Judgment had arrived, and more than 800 marriages took place among people who had previously lived in a state of concubinage. The earthquakes were felt very severely at Truxillo; and the reports of the eruptions a long way to the northward of Belize. The ashes, during twenty hours, fell like snow; and it was so dark as to require candles at 12 A.M. One vol. cano burst about forty miles from Truxillo. Treatment, Breeding, and the method of Catching them." By J.M. BECHSTEIN, M. D. This is really a very curious volume; we are not very conversant with the matters of which it treats, but we had no idea that so interesting a book could have been written on such a subject. It appears that the volume has passed through three editions on the Continent, and that the translator has added some valuable notes to the edition before us. We doubt not but that many of our readers will consider that we do them a favour, in directing their attention to it.
the most exquisite odour. The effect which it has on those who eat it, is, as I have myself witnessed, precisely that which Xenophon describes. When taken in a small quantity it causes violent headache and vomitting, and the unhappy individual who swallows it resembles, as much as possible, a tipsy man; and a larger dose will completely deprive him of all his senses and power of moving for some hours afterwards.
EGYPT. We are concerned to learn that the plague has again been making awful ravages in this country. At the latter end of March, from 250 to 270 died daily, in the city of Alexandria alone. It was expected to extend over the whole country, as all the villages on the banks of the Nile, already suffered by the awful visitation. All business was at a stand.
TREZIBOND. In a letter from Keith Abbott, Esq., to the Secretary of the Zoological Society, is an account of the famous honey, spoken of by Xenophon as having produced the effect of temporary madness, or rather drunkenness, on the whole army who ate of it, without causing any serious consequences. “ It is supposed to be," he observes, “ from the flowers of the azalea pontica that the bees extract this honey; that plant growing in abundance in this part of the country, and its blossoms emitting
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. A letter from Vienna announces that M. Littrow, Director of the Observatory in that city, has received from the celebrated English astronomer, Herschell, now residing at the Cape of Good Hope, the remarkable intelligence that Halley's comet, of which so much has been said, and which is positively expected to shew itself in August next, will not be visible, because it has long since changed the direction of its course, and now revolves in a different orbit.
We are pleased to see that the Rev. Dr. BOOTH ROYD is publishing, in monthly parts, a new edition of his revised translation of the Holy Bible. The profound learning, sound judgment, and earnest piety of the wort Doctor, eminently qualify him for the very delicate task he has undertaken. We honestly think his labours are well en. titled to the support of the Christian public, and shall rejoice to hear of the success of his excellent work; which is published monthly, at a cheap rate.
“ The Christian Catechist , or, Principles of Religion in verse, with Scripture Proofs," by John BULMER, the seventh edition of the first part of which is before us, is entitled to the favourable regard of Christian families. It is published by Messrs. Jackson and Walford, and will be found a very pleasing three
Mr. Wertheim has just published, “ The Infants' Spelling and Reading Book; with Instructions to Teachers, on the systems of Pestalozzi and Edgworth.” It will be found worth the trial of mothers and teachers, and we think will be found a great improvement on the old dull systems of teaching children the art of reading.
We are glad to see that the Religious Tract Society have republished, in a cheap form, Sir MATTHEW Hale's “ Knowledge of Christ Crucified.” It is every way worthy of its distinguished author and of the Society by whom it is now issued.
LITERARY NOTICES. “ My Mother's Grave,'' with a frontispiece, and gilt edges ; by Ward and Co. By the same author, “ Miniature Sermons for Infant Minds ;" bound in cloth, gilt edges, with a frontispiece. --Same publishers.
In 1 vol. 8vo. “Relics of the Sacred Ministry;"' being discourses by the late Rev. Philip BEARCROFT, D. D.
In the Press. By Subscription. In 12mo. A second edition of “ Election calmly Considered ;" in a series of Letters, by J. CRAPS,
The Rev. J. H. HINTON, of Reading, has just published a delightfully interesting Memoir of one of his children, who died in his fourteenth year. We have seldom met with more decisive evidences of piety, in one in such early life. While we sympathise with the bereaved parents in their loss, for we have more than once passed through similar trials, we rejoice that their present deprivation has enriched heaven. We warmly commend this little book, published by Jackson and Walford, to the attention of our young friends, and should sincerely pity those who can read it without emotion, and profit.
We are happy to understand that the Rev. R. Philip, in addition to the “ The Marys,' announced in our last, is preparing for the press, The Marthas ; or the varieties of Female Piety: and The Hannahs ; or the Power of Maternal Influence. The whole series will appear under the general title of the Lady's Closet Library.