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he is affected with a sublimer joy than can be dertake to free the world? From the ties that comprehended by one who is destitute of that religion imposeth on our winds, from the er noble relish. The bappiness of the rest of pectation of a future judgment, and from tbe mankind hath a natural connexion with that terrors of a troubled conscience, not by reformof a reasonable mind. And in proportion asing men's lives, but by giving encouragement the actions of each individual contribute to this to their vices. What are those important end, be must be thought tu deserve well or ill, truths of wbich they would convince mankind? both of the world, and of bimself. I bave in | That there is no such thing as a wise and just a late paper observed, that men who have no Providence; that the mind of map is corporeal; reach of thought do often misplace their affec- that religion is a state-trick, contrived to make tions on the means, without respect to the end; men honest and virtuous, and to procure a and by a preposterous desire of things in thein- subsistence to others for teaching and exhortselves indifferent, forego the enjoyment of that ing them to be so; that the good tidings of happiness which those things are instrumental life and immortality, brought to light by tbe to obtain. This observation has been consi. gospel, are fables and impostures ; from bedered with regard to critics and misers; I shall lieving that we are inade in the image of God, now apply it to free-thinkers.
they would degrade us to an opinion that we Liberty and truth are the main points wbich are on a level with the beasts that perish. those gentlemen pretend to have in view ; to What pleasure or what advantage do tbese proceed, tberefore, methodically, I will endea-notions bring to mankind. Is it of any use to vour to show in the first place, that liberty and the public that good men should lose the comtruth are not in themselves desirable, but only fortable prospect of a reward to their virtue; as they relate to a farther end. And secondly, | or the wicked be encouraged to persist in tbeir that the sort of liberty and truth (allowing impiety, from an assurance that they sball not them those names) which our free-thinkers be punished for it hereafter? use all their industry to promote, is destructive Allowing, therefore, these men to be patrons of that end, viz. buman happiness : and con- of liberty and truth, yet it is of such truths, sequently that species, as such, instead of being and that sort of liberty, which makes them encouraged or esteemed, merit the detestation justly be looked upon as enemies to the peace and abhorrence of all honest men. And in the and happiness of the world. But upon a last place, I design to show, that under the thorough and impartial view it will be found, pretence of advancing liberty and truth, they that their endeavours, instead of advancing do in reality promote the two contrary evils. the cause of liberty and truth, tend only to
As to the first point, it has been observed introduce slavery and error among men. There that it is the duty of each particular person to are two parts in our nature : the baser, which aim at the happiness of his fellow.creatures; consists of our senses and passions, and the and that as this view is of a wider or narrower more noble and rational, wbich is properly the extent, it argues a mind more or less virtuous, buman part, the other being common to us Hence it follows, that a liberty of doing good with brutes. The inferior part is generally actions which conduce to the felicity of man, much stronger, and bas always the start of kind, and a knowledge of such truths as might reason, which if in the perpetual struggle beeither give us pleasure in the contemplation of tween them, it were not aided from beaven by them, or direct our conduct to tbe great ends religion, would almost universally be vanquishof life, are valuable perfections. But shall aed, and man become a slave to his passions, good man, therefore, prefer a liberty to commit wbicb, as it is the most grievous and shameful murder or adultery, before the wholesome re- slavery, so it is tbe genuine result of that liberty straint of divine and human laws? Or sball a which is proposed by overturning religion. Nor wise njan prefer the knowledge of a trouble. is the other part of their design better executed. some and amicting truth, before a pleasant Luok into their pretended truths; are they error that would cheer bis soul with joy and not so many wretched absurdities, maintained comfort, and be attended with no ill conse-in opposition to the light of nature and divine quences ? Surely no man of common sense revelation by sly inuendoes and cold jests, by would thank him, who had put it in his power such pitiful sophisms and such confused and to execute the sudden suggestions of a fit of indigested notions, that one would vehemently passion or madness, or imagine himself obliged suspect those men usurped the pame of freeto a person, who, by forwardly informing bim thinkers with the same view that hypocrites of ill news, bad caused his soul to anticipate do that of godliness, that it may serve for that sorrow which she would never have felt cloak to cover the contrary defect ? so long as the ungrateful truth lay concealed. I shall close this discourse with a parellel re
Let us then respect the happiness of our flection on these three species, who seem to species, and in this light examine the proceed be allied by a certain agreement in mediocrity ings of the free-thinkers. From what giants of understanding. A critic is entirely given and monsters would these knight-errants - up to the pursuit of learning ; when he list got it, is bis judgment clearer, his imagination other body of men; I am tberefore something livelier, or his manners more polite than those cautious of entering into a controvesy with this of other men? Is it observed that a miser, species of statesmen, especially the younger when he has acquired his superfluous estate, fry; for if you offer in the least to dissent from cats, drinks, or sleeps with more satisfaction, any thing that one of these advances, he inithat he has a cheerfuller mind, or relishes any mediately steps up to you, takes hold of one of the enjoyments of life better than bis neigh- of your buttons, and indeed will soon convince bours? The free-thinkers plead hard for a you of the strength of his argumentation. licence to think freely; they have it: but I remember, upon the news of Dunkirk's bewbat use do they make of it? Are they emi. ing delivered into our hands, a brisk little nent for any sublime discoveries in any of the fellow, a politician and an able engineer, bad arts and sciences ? Have they been authors of got iuto the middle of Batson's coffee-house, any inventions that conduce to the well-being and was fortifying Graveling for the service of of mankind? Do their writings show a greater the most Christian king, with all imaginable lepth of design, a clearer method, or more expedition. The work was carried on with just and correct reasoning than those of other such success, that in less than a quarter of an men ?
hour's time, he had made it almost impreguaThere is a great resemblance in their genius;ble, and in the opinion of several worthy citi. but the critic and miser are only ridiculous zens who had gathered round him, full, as and contemptible creatures, while the free strong both by sea and land as Dunkirk ever thinker is also a pernicious one.
could pretend to be. I happened, however, un. advisedly to attack some of his outworks; uponi
which, to show his great skill likewise in the No. 84.] Wednesday, June 17, 1713.
offensive part, he immediately made an assualt Non missura cutem nisi plena cruoris hirudo.
| upon one of my buttons, and carried it in less
Hor. Ars Poet, ver. ult. than two minutes, notwithstandiog I made as Sticking like leeches, till they burst with blood.
handsome a defence as was possible. He had Roscommon.
| likewise invested a second, and would certainly * To the Honoured Nestor Ironside, Esq. have been master of that too in a very litile *SIR,
Middle Temple, June 19. time, bad not be been diverted from this en. 'PRESUMING you may sometimes condescend terprise by the arrival of a courier, who brought to take cognizance of small enormities, I bere advice that his presence was absolutely neces. Jay one before you, which I proceed to without sary io the disposal of a beaver, upon which farlber apology, as well knowing the best oom-he raised the siege, and indeed retired with pliment to a man of business is to come to the some precipitation. In the coffee-bouses here point.
about the Temple, you may haravgue even 'There is a silly habit among many of our among our dabblers in politics for about two minor orators, who display their eloquence in buttons a day, and many times for less. I hal the several coffee-houses of this fair, city, to yesterday the good fortune to receive very conthe no small annoyance of considerable uum- siderable additions to my knowledge in stale bers of her majesty's spruce and loving subaffairs, and I fod this morning, that it has put jects, and that is a bumour they have got of stood me in above a button. In most of the twisting off your buttons. These ingenious eminent coffee-houses at the other end of the gentlemen are not able to advance three words town, for example, to go no farther than Will's until they have got fast hold of one of your in Covent-garden, the company is so refined, buttons; but as soon as they have procured that you may hear and be heard, and not be a such an excellent handle for discourse, they button the worse for it. Besides the gentlemen will indeed proceed with great elocution. I before-mentioned, there are others who are 10 know not how well some may have escaped, less active in their barangues, but with gentle but for my part I bave often met with them services rather than robberies. These, while tu my cost; having I believe within these three they are improving your understanding, are at years last past been argued out of several dozens; the same time setting off your person; they josomuch that I have for some time ordered will new-plait and adjust your neckcloth. my tailor to bring me home with every suit a ' But though I can bear with this kind of dozen at least of spare ones, to supply the place orator, who is so humble as to aim at the good. of suell as from time to time are detached as will of his hearer by being bis valet de chambre. a help to discourse, by the vebement genile I must rebel against another sort of them. men before-mentioned. This way of hulding There are some, sir, that do not stick to take a man in discourse is much practised in the a man by the collar when they have a mind tu coffee-houses within the city, and does not indeed so much prevail at the puliter end of the
* The person here alluded to was a Mr. James Heywood, town. It is likewise more frequently made
a linen draper, who was the writer of a letter in the Spec. use of amoug the small politicians, than any lator, signed Jaines Easy.
persuade him. It is your business, I humbly I and my lord Verulam finely observes, that a presume, Mr. Ironside, to interpose that a man man who bas no virtue in himself, ever envies is not brought over to his opponent by force virtue in others. I know not how it comes to of arms. It were requisite therefore that you pass, but detraction, through all ages, has been should naine a certain interval, which ought found a vice which the fair sex too easily give to be preserved between the speaker and him in to. Not the Roman satirist could use them to whom he speaks. For sure no man has a with more severity than they themselves du right, because I am not of his opinion, to take one another. Some audacious critics, in my any of my clotbes from me, or dress me ac- opinion, have launched out a little to far when cording to his own liking. I assure you the they take upon them to prove, in opposition most becoming thing to me in the world is in to history, that Lais was a woman of as much a campaign periwig, to wear one side before virtue has beauty, which violently displeasing and the other cast upon the collateral shoulder. the Phrynes of those times, they secretly preBut there is a friend of mine who never talks vailed with the historians to deliver ber down to me but he throws that which I wear forward, to posterity under the infamous character of upon my shoulder, so that in restoring it to an extorting prostitute. But though I have its place I lose two or three hairs out of the the greatest regard imaginable to that softer Jock upon my buttons; though I never touched species, yet am I sorry to find they have very bin in my wbole life, and have been acquainted little for themselves. So far are they from with him these ten years. I have seen my being tender of one another's reputation, tbat eager friend in danger sometimes of a quarrel they take a malicious pleasure in destruying hy this ill custom, for there are more young it. My lady the other day, when Jack was gentlemen who can feel, ihan can understand. asking, who could be so base to spread such It would be therefore a good office to my good a report about Mrs. — -, answered, “None, friend if you advised him not to collar any man you may be sure, but a woman.' A little after, but one who knows what he means, and give it Dick told my lady, that he had heard Florella bim as a standing precaution in conversation, hint as if Cleora wore artificial teeth. The that none but a very good friend will give him reason is, said she, because Cleora first gave the liberty of being seen, felt, beard, and un- | out that Florella owed her complexion to a derstood all at once.
wash. Thus the industrious pretty creatures 'I am Sir,
take pains by invention, to throw blemishes Your most bumble servant,
on each other, when they do not consider that * JOHANNES MISOCHIROSOPHUS. there is a profligate set of fellows too ready to *P. S. I have a sister who saves herself from
taint the character of the virtuous, or blast being handled by one of these manual rheto
the charms of the blooming virgin. The young ricians by giving bim ber fan to play with;
lady from whom I had the honour of receiving but I appeal to you in the behalf of us poor
the following letter, deserves or rather claims,
protection from our sex, since so barbarously helpless men.'
June 15, 1713. treated by her own. Certainly they ought to I am of opinion, that no orator or speaker in defend innocence from injury who gave ignopublic or private has any right to meddle with rantly the occasion of its being assaulted. Had any body's clothes but his own. I indulge men the men been less liberal of tbeir applauses, in the liberty of playing with their own hats, the women had been more sparing of these fumbling in their own pockets, settling their calumnious censures. own periwigs, tossing or twisting their heads, and all other gesticulations which may contri
"To the Guardian. bute to their elocution; but pronounce it an 'SIR, infringement of the English liberty, for a man 'I do not know at what nice point you fis to keep bis neighbour's person in custody in the bloom of a young lady; but I am one who order to force a bearing; and farther declare, can just look back upon fifteen. My father that all assent given by an auditor under such dying three years ago, left me under the care constraint, is of itself void and of no effect. and direction of my mother, with a fortune
NESTOR IRONSIDE, Iuot
not profusely great, yet such as might demand
a very handsome settlement, if ever proposals No. 85.]: Thursday, June 18, 1713.
of marriage should be offered. My mother,
after tbe usual time of retired mourning was – Sed te decor iste, quod optas,
over, was so affectionately indulgent to me, as Esse votat votoquc tuo tna forma repugnat.
Ovid. Met. Lib. i. 48 to take me along with her in all ber visits; But so much yonth, with so much heaoly join'd,
but still not thinking she gratified my youth Oppose the state which thy destits designed.
enough, permitted me further to go with my
Dryden. relations to all the public, cbeerful, but inno. To suffer scandel (says somebody) is the tax cent entertainments, wbere she was too reserved which every person of merit pays to the public; to appear berself. The two first years of my
teens were easy, gay, and delightful. Everyj only not deformed, and then perhaps I might one caressed me; the old ladies told me how I live easy and unmolested, and neither raise finely I grew, and the young ones were proud love and admiration in the men, nor scandal of my company. But when the third year had and hatred in the women. a little advanced, my relations used to tell my
. 'Your very humble servant, mother, that pretty miss Clary was shot up
*CLARINA.' into a woman. The gentlemen began now not
The best answer I can make my fair cor. to let their eyes glance over me, and in most places I found myself distinguished; but ob-re
ito respondetit is, That she ought to comfort berserved, the more I grew into the esteem of
self with this consideration, that those who their sex, the more I lost the favour of my own.
talk thus of her know it is false, but wish they Some of those whom I had been familiar with,
could make others believe it true. It is not grew cold and indifferent; others mistook by
they think you deformed, but are vexed that
they themselves were not as nicely framed. I never thought, and so by degrees took occa
If you will take an old man's advice, laugh, sion to break off all acquaintance. There were
and be not concerned at them: they bave at. several little insignificant reflections cast upon
tained wbat they endeavoured if they make me, as being a lady of a great many quaint
you uneasy; for it is envy that has inade them nesses, and such like, which I seemed not to
so. I would not have you wish your shape une take notice of. But my mother coming home
sixtieth part of an inch disproportioned, nor about a week ago, told me there was a scandal
desire your face might be impoverished with spread about town by my enemies, that would
the ruin of half a feature, though numbers of at once ruin me for ever for a heauty; I ear
remaining beauties might make the loss insennestly entreated her to know it; she refused
sible; but take courage, go into the brightest me, but yesterday it discovered itself. Being
asseinblies, and the world will quickly confess in an assembly of gentlemap and ladies, one
it to be scandal. Thus Plato, bearing it was of the gentlemen who had been very facetious
asserted by some persons that he was a very to several of the ladies, at last turning to me,
bad man, 'I shall take care,' said be, 'to live
so, that nobody will believe them.' “And as for you, madam, Prior has already
I shall conclude this paper with a relation given us your character,
of matter of fact. A gay young gentlemen in " That air and harmony of shape express,
the country, uut many years ago, fell despeFine by degrees, yet beautifully less."
rately in love with a blooming fine creature, I perceived immediately a maligoant smile whom give me leave to call Melissa. After a display itself in the countenance of some of pretty long delay, and frequent solicitations, the ladies, which they seconded with a scornful sbe refused several others of larger estates, flutter of the fan; uptil one of them, unable and consented to make him happy. But they any longer to contain, asked the gentleman if bad not been married much above a twelvehe did not remember what Congreve said about month, until it appeared too true what Juba Aurelia, for she thought it mighty pretty. He says, made no answer, but instantly repeated the Beauty soon grows familiar to the lover, verses :
Fades in the eye, and palls upon the sense.' “ The mulcibers who in the minories swcat,
Polydore (for that was his name) finding bimAnd massive bars op stubborn anvils beat:
self grow every day more uneasy, and unwilDeforrit themselves, yct forge those stuy's of steel, Wbich arm Aurelia with a shape to kill."
ling she should discover the cause, for diversion
came up to town, and, to avoid all suspicions, This was no sooner over, but it was easily dis
brought Melissa along with himn. After some cernable what an ill-natured satisfaction most
stay here, Polydore was one day informed, that of the company took; and the more pleasure
| a set of ladies over their tea-table, in the circle they showed by dwelling upon the two last lof scandal, had touched upon Melissa- And lines, the more they increased my trouble and
| was that the silly thing so much talked of!' confusion. And now, sir, after this tedious
ous How did she ever grow into a toast! For their account, what would you advise me to? Is parts they had eves as well as the men, but there no way to be cleared of these malicious
could not discover where her beauties lay.calumnies? What is beauty worth that makes Polydore upon beariog this, flew immediately the possessor thus unhappy? Why was nature bome and told. Melissa, with the utmost trans
her port, that he was now fully convinced how kindness prove a cruelty? They tell me my lnumberless were ber charms, since her own shape is delicate, my eyes sparkling, my lips, | sex would not allow her any. I know not what, my cheeks, forsooth, adorned with a just mixture of the rose and lily; but MR. IRONSIDE, - Button's Coffee-honsc. I wish this face was barely not disagreeable, 'I bave observed that this day you make this voice barsh and unharmonious, these limbs mention of Will's coffee house, as a place where
people are too polite to hold a man in disproportion to the ease or violence of their mocourse by the button. Every body knows your tions. A horse grazing moves us less than one nonour frequents this house; therefore they stretching in a race, and a racer less than one will take an advantage agaiust me, and say, in the fury of a batlle. It is very difficult, if my company was as civil as that at Will's, I believe, to express violent motions which you would say so: therefore pray your bonour are fleeting and transitory, either in colours do not be afraid of doing me justice, because or words. In poetry it requires great spirit people would think it may be a conceit below in thought, and energy in style ; which we find you on this occasion to pame the name of more of in the eastern poetry, than either the "Your humble servant,
Greek or Roman. The great Creator, who ‘DANIEL BUTTON. | accommodated himself to those he vouchsafed 'The young poets are in the back room, to speak to, haib put into the mouths of his and take their places as you directed.'
prophets such sublime sentiments and exalted language, as must abash tbe pride and wit of
man. In the book of Job, the most ancient No. 86.] Friday, June 19, 1718.
poem in the world, we have such paintings and
descriptions as I bave spoken' of, in great va-Cui mens divinior, atque os
riety. I shall at present make some remarks Magna sonaturum
Hor. Lib. 1. Sat. iv. 43,
on the celebrated description of the horse ia - who writes With fancy high, and bold and caring flights.
that holy book, and compare it with those
| drawn by Homer and Virgil. 'To Nestor Ironside, Esq.
'Homer bath the following similitude of a
horse twice over in tbe Iliad, which Virgil bath 'SIR,
Oxford, June 16, 1713. 'The classical writers, according to your ad
copied from him ; at least he hath deviated less
from Homer than Mr. Dryden hath from him: vice, are by no means neglected by me, wbile I pursue my studies in divinity. I am per
“ Freed from his keepers, thus with broken reins
The wanton courser prances o'er the plains; suaded that they are fountains of good sense
Or in the pride of youth o'erleaps the mounds, and eloquence; and that it is absolutely pe And snoffs the females in forbidden grounds; oessary for a young mind to form itself upon
Or seeks his watering in the well-known flond,
To quench bis thirst, and cool his fiery blood : such models. For by a careful study of their
He swims luxuriant in the liquid plain, style and manner, we shall at least avoid those And o'er his shonlders flows his waving mane; faults, into wbich a youthful imagination is He neighs, he sports, he bears his head on high,
Before bis ample chest the frothy waters fly." apt to hurry us; such as luxuriance of fancy, licentiousness of style, redundency of thought, 'Virgil's description is much fuller than be and false ornaments. As I bave been flattered foregoing, which, as I said, is only a simile; by my friends, that I have some genius for whereas Virgil professes to treat of the nature poetry, I sometimes turn my thoughts that of the horse. It is thus adınirably translated : way: and with pleasure reflect, that I have
“ The fiery courser, when he hears from far got over that childish part of life, which de The sprighüly trompels, and the shoots of war, lights in points and turns of wit: and that Pricks up his ears, and trembling with delighi,
Shifts pace, and paws; and hopes the promis'd fight. I can take a manly and rational satisfaction
On his right shoulder his thick mane reclin'd, in that wbich is called painting in poetry. Ruffles at speed, and dances in the wind. Whether it be that in these copyings of nature
His borny hoofs are jetty black and round:
His chin is double ; starting, with a boand the object is placed in such lights and cir
He tarus the turf, and shakes the solid ground. cumstances as strike the fancy agreeably; or Fire from his eyes, clonds from his nostres flow; whether we are surprised to find objects that
He bears bis rider leadlong on the foe.” are absent, placed before our eyes ; or whether
Now follows that in the book of Job; which it be our admiration of the author's art and
under all the disadvantages of baving been dexterity; or whether we amuse ourselves with
written in a language little understood; of comparing the picture and the original; or ( being expressed in phrases peculiar to a part rather (which is most probable) because all
of the world whose manner of thinking and these reasons cuncur to affect us; we are won
speaking seems to us very uncouth ; and, above derfully charnied with these drawings after
| all, of appearing in a prose translation ; is, nethe life, this magic that raises apparitions in
vertheless, so transcendently above the heathen the fancy.
descriptions, that hereby we may percieve how
upon us tban representations of the postures forined by mortal authors, when compared with or passions of living creatures. Again, those that which is figured, as it were, just as it ap. passions or postures strike us more or less in
pears in the eye of the Creator. God speaking
to Job, asks him, * Daniel Button kept a coffee-house on the south side of “Hast thou given the horse strength? hast Russclstreet, abont two floors from Covent-gardco, Here if IV that the wils of that time used to asemble.
thou clothed biy neck with thunder ? Caust