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OF facts as to the publication of Pericles a synopsis is here given from the Cambridge Shakespeare.
The play was first published, in Quarto, in 1609, with the following title-page :—
THE LATE, | And much admired Play, | called | Pericles, Prince of Tyre. | With the true Relation of the whole Historie, aduentures and fortunes of the said Prince: | As also, The no lesse strange, and worthy accidents, | in the Birth and Life, of his daughter | MARIANA. | As it hath been diuers and sundry times acted by | his Maiesties Seruants, at the Globe on the Banck-side. | By William Shakespeare. | Imprinted at London for Henry Gosson, and are to be solde at the signe of the Sunne in Paternoster Row, etc. | 1609. |
Another edition was issued in the same year; and as the title-pages are identical, it had been generally supposed that there was but one edition, and that the discrepancies between the copies were due to the printers' corrections made while the sheets were passing through the press. From a careful examination, however, of the different copies, the Cambridge Editors are convinced that there were two distinct editions. In the British Museum there is a unique copy of an edition in Quarto dated 1611, and, except for
the place of publication and name of publisher, the titlepage is identical with that of the two earlier impressions. In 1619 a fourth Quarto appeared with an abbreviated title-page. This was followed in 1630 by a fifth Quarto which is extremely incorrect. Five years later appeared another edition printed from the fourth Quarto.
"The play of Pericles was not included in either the first or the second Folio. It was however reprinted, together with six other plays wrongly attributed to Shakespeare, in the Folio of 1664 and in that of 1685. The text of the third Folio is taken from that of the sixth Quarto, but with a considerable number of conjectural alterations.
"A duodecimo reprint of Pericles, taken from the fourth Folio, appeared in 1734.
"Rowe included, in both his editions, Pericles and the other plays given as Shakespeare's in the third and fourth Folios but not found in the first and second. They were excluded by Pope and subsequent editors, nor were they republished in any edition of Shakespeare till Malone printed them in his Supplement to Steevens' Shakespeare of 1778, which appeared two years later. Malone, acting on the suggestion of Farmer, included Pericles in his edition of Shakespeare published in 1790. Steevens in 1793 followed his example, and Pericles has been republished by all subsequent editors except Mr. Keightley. . . . The plot was founded on Twine's novel called The Patterne of Painefulle Aduenters: first published in 1576 and reprinted by Mr. Collier in the first volume of Shakespeare's Library, together with the story of Appollinus, the Prince of Tyr, from Gower's Confessio Amantis, a poetical version of the same romance.