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FOR AUGUST, 1817.
MEMOIR OF THE
VISCOUNT AND BARON EXMOUTH,
G.c... G.C.W.N. K.M.S.D.C.L. ETC. ETO, ETC.
BY SAMUEL DRUMYOND, ESQ. A.R.A.]
nation displays itself in all the been expended without reserve, to supexalted energies of generous anxiety port the one, and controvert the other ; for the preservation of those interests --while in the uniform exercise of her on which the happiness of the world good faith, and the undeviating perdepends, the victorious accomplish- severance of her unshrinking fortitude, ment of its disioterested views is hailed she has never been known to desert the by all the truly good and brave as an cause which she has promised to uphold, achievement sanctioned in its motive, and to which she has allied her etforts. and justified in its actiou by the purest Her conflicts have been tremendous, associations of virtue and valour. her struggles unparalleled, yet bave Such has ever been the motive which has the honour of her name, and the strength given impulse to the poise of Britain's of her greatness stood unshaken both powerful arm, when lifted up in the in the cabinet and the field ;- the wisassertion of her glorious pre-eminence dom of her counsels unrivalled; the above the nations of the earth ;-and firmness of her step in the march of her such bas been the action by which this superiority unweakened; and the repre-eminence has been preserved against cords of her triumphs over the lawtheir hostile aggressions.
less ambition and sanguinary despotism The character of all her wars has been of usurpation and tyranny, pour a lustre ennobled by a love of justice, and an in- over the annals of the world that will be flexible resolve to maintain that balance reflected in the willing tribute of its of power, by which, the experience of ages grateful applause, as long as it retains bas shewo that the peace of Europe can its existence in the systems of the unibe best substantiated. Whenever she verse. has drawn the sword, it has been wield- An ungrateful progeny may have ed only in defence of that share in the aimed the parricidal blow at her materequipoise of dominion which she has nal bosom,—she felt in her deepest rea right to assume, and the ability to grets the unfilial attempt, but she preserve. No mworthy pursuit of self- turned aside the dagger; and although aggrandisement, no desire of avaricious the transgression exiled them from her domination bave stained the glory of embrace, she generously received their beş arms, or tarnished the splendour of proffers reconciliation, and sealed her conquests; and in the progress of the bond of peace with the most liberal her dignified perpose, she has never assurances of amity. But the heart of refused aid to the oppressed, nor lent the aggressor never forgives ; so it was herself to the designs of the oppressor; with America: again and again were those but, on the contrary, the blood of her
assurances repulsed, and the seal tora brave sons has fluwed profusely, and the from the bond; yet again and again bas
the mother country forgiven the restless riod of upwards of forty years, from and wayward posterity of her first the first American war to the downoffending children ; and in the last in- fall of Buonaparte, tbe warlike prowess stance of ber forbearance, checked her of our country has risen into an emiresentment at a moment when its con- nence of physical efficacy, valourous tinuance must inevitably have reduced repute, and political importance, which them to the expiring convulsion of their places her far above the highest stanexhausted strength. At one of the dard of national consequence, in the periods of this unnatural warfare, when scale of triumphant ascendancy over a coteinporary monarch of a neigh- the most inveterate adversaries which bouring ibrone, meanly stooped to fo- the peace and well-being of the civi. ment the domestic discord between the lized world have ever known ; apd parent and the offspriog, excited by an in the protracted course of such a envious hatred and vain rivalry of the period, we have seen the page of our former's towering fame-he foresaw history enriched with a list of vicnot the baneful consequence of bis tories and a host of heroes, whose ei. treacherous interference--the infection ploits have thrown even the magnaniof rebellious disobedience was carried mous deeds of the warriors of old into back to the shores of his own kingdom a shade of comparative inferiority, and and the virus of that plague which he have raised our Ariny and Navy to sought to spread with mortal effect in the loftiest elevation of warlike greatthe vitals of the dependencies of his nobler-minded rival, communicated its At Crescy, Poictiers, and Agincourt, taint in portentous
progress to the sun of Britain's glory rose in its those of his ill-fated land ; -and at first dawn of martial splendour,-and length hurst out in all the ravages of from that early pledge of its future revolution and anarchy, wbich finally brightness it has been progressively subverted the throne of his dynasty, reaching the meridian of its perfect and placed the sceptre of his succes. day. In the evermemorable and desor, bathed in his blood, within the grasp cisive triumphs of Waterloo, all the of an unprincipled usurper,--yet in her skill and valvur displayed in former resistance to this usurper's boundless pro- battles seem to have been concentrated Jects of universal domination, and in her by the cagle-eyed promptitade, and unwearied exertions to restore this mo- commanding genius of a chief who narch's descendant to the throne of his well deserves the exalted title of the ancestors she made a generous surren- Hero of the World. lo the decisive der of former enmities, forgot her in condict of Trafalgar, a Nelson comjuries, and announced herself to the bined all the glories of our naval ascen. courts of Europe as the avenger of daocy already established by ages of that descendant's wrongs, and the vin- triumph over the tributary ocean. The dicator of his claims: for this purpose, deathless fame of our Edwards and sbe formed a forinidable league of all Henrys has shone forth with iocreased the other European states, encoun- ļustre in the resplendent achievements tered all the jealousies of their respect- of a Marlborough and a Wellington, įve interests, conciliated their opposite and the mighty deeds of a Blake, views, concentrated their means of war- a Russel, and a Hawke, take a secondary fare, and ceased not from her laborious place, when compared with those, which and expensive endeavour until she had a Rodney, a Howe, a Nelson, and an accomplished the stupendous work, by Exmouth, have added to the records constraining the inurderous conqueror of our country's struggles against the to submit to the dictate of her re- unavailing efforts of envious ambition tributive award, and to deprecate her and barbarous despotism.' The race vengeance by the most bumiliating sup; of bravery between our army and navy plications for that mercy which he had bas divided the laurel of victory be ever shewed hineself incapable of esti, tween our unconquered soldiers and sai. mating arigbt, when in the hour of lors; and the important period has prosperous ambition the prostrate vic. arrived, at which it may without pretions of his tyrannic sway were como sumption be asserted, that there exists pelled to pass beneath his yoke, not the power which can dispute the
Throughout this long scries of events, palm with either. to wbicb we have thus referred in ab. In the application of her conquests, atract, and which comprebends a pe. our Britain has always used a virtuous
moderation, which, if it cannot con. In this deed of retributive justice, the ciliate the restless spirit of disappointed motive reflects the chief honour upon malignity, secures to her the unqualified our arms. The punishment was as sumapplause of every ingenuous mind , and mary as the execution of it was glorious. when the detail of her conflicts shall be But in this, as in all their other acts of read by future generations, it will be enterprize, the prompt spirit of bravery said of her, that she conquered not for which actuates our seamen was conspiherself, but was the deliverer of a bas.
The blow was no sooner medirassed world, the pacificator of Europe, tated than it was given, and the chas. and the guardian of the oppressed in tisement was complete. It required every quarter of the earth. The arm not the colossal aggregate of the British of her strength has never been stretched Navy to overthrow the insolent preten. forth to enslave or to subjugate ; but, sions of an impotent pirate ; but the on the contrary, she denied herself the cause of humanity was concerned, and sweet enjoyment of the blest hour of the same impulse which induced the peace, until she had rescued the captive arbitress of the civilized world to stretch from his dungeon, and given liberty to the forth her protecting arm in behalf of piping victims of a piratical despot. the suffering African, led her to teach
If one trophy more was wanting to the savage ruler of Algiers that the complete her claim to the love and gra. blood of her European brethren was too țitude of the nations, it was that which precious in her sight to be drawn by the her Exmouth wrested from the Moorish whip of slavery, and their freedom too tyrant. Long had she laboured to break costly to be submitted to the nod of a the galling chain of the African slave, Moorish barbarian. The signal ven
-This she has gloriously effected, by geance which this petty despot suffered, triomphing over the selfish passions of has added another naval crown to those man, and restoring his fellow.creature which the exploits of Lord Exmouth to those primæval rights of personal have already won jo the various course of Jiberty which the Creator gave to his professional life; and the nature of the all men as the unalienable equality of transaction has added additional inte. their nature. But the satisfactions of rest to the pame of Pellew; a name that virtue are never accomplished while is blended with some of the boldest acts there remains a vice in the human cha- of bravery, and most skilful evidences racter uoadmonished by her counsels, of seamanship that grace the laurelled unabashed by her example, uosubdued annals of the British navy; a name that by her influence.
will ever be endeared to his native land, So Great Britain, wbo owes her pre- and never be pronounced by his couneminence not less to her national virtues trymen but with the proudest exultathan the valour of her people, bastion and liveliest affection ; and we prostepped forward as the moral instruc• ceed, with grateful regard, to mention tress of the earth, and, by exciting some of the numerous instances of skill the indignant feelings of its govern- and courage, that give to this name ments against that hydra of iniquity the exalted character which a British the slave trade, has, at length, crushed sailor cherishes as his bappiest boast, this monster, which' bad infected the -undaunted bravery and unspotted commerce of Europe with its pesti- fame.
H. G. W. ferous breath, and has delivered the unoffending sons of Africa from it's SIR EDWARD PELLEW, Baronat, dcadly folds :--but there yet remained Viscount and Baron Exmouth, of Caone noxious insect, the venomous spi. nonteign, in the county of Devon, en. der of the Mediterranean, which, to the tered the royal navy in 1770, and was disgrace of every European court, had placed on board his stajesty's ship Juno, been suffered to insult their respective Captain Scott, before he was twelve Hags, by dragging their vessels of trade years old. His first voyage was, with into its web, and retaining their sub. ihe armament destined to take possesjects in its cells of slavish durance. šion of the Falkland Islands, then seized With the besom of just indignation by Spain; but the war with America. our Exmouth swept the reptile from commencing in 1774, he shortly afterthe surface of those seas on which it wards joined his patron, Captain Pow. dared to float; destroyed it's web, and nall, in the Blonde, and sailed with the delivered its belpless victims from its squadron dispatched for the relief of mortal entanglemcóls.
Quebec. After distinguishing himself
in action on Lake Champlain, he pro. Dutton Indiaman, to reach which he ceeded, the ensuing season, with the was drawn through the surf at the imBritish army under General Burgoyne minent hazard of his life, after all the across the Lakes and upon the Hudson officers had quitted her, and where be River, to form a junction with the remained until the last of her crew was royal forces at New York. The ob- safely landed. Scarcely had Sir Edward ject of this expedition, however, un- entered bis boat to return, wheu the fortunately failing, the young officer ship went to pieces, and it was with and his gallant comrades became prie much difficulty he escaped drowning in soners of war at the disastrous sur- making the shore. Ainong the many render of our troops at Saratoga; in other honours conferred upon the hero consequence of which, he returned to of this distinguished triumph of hu. England in charge of a transport with manity, was the presentation of the dispatches in 1776; when his services freedom of Plymouth in a silver box, were immediately rewarded with a com- at a splendid entertainment given by mission by Lord Sandwich. He soon the Corporation, to commemorate this afterwards again joined Captain Pow. glorious enterprise; for which, bow. gall, in the Apollo, as first lieutenant ; ever, the reward of his own feelings and in 1780 was promoted to the rank at being the chosen instrument of Proof commander upon the death of bis vidence to effect the preservation of valuable friend, who gloriously fell in so many fellow.mortals from an action with a French frigate under the timely death, must have infinitely exwalls of Ostend. Appointed to the ceeded every recompense which grati. Pelican sloop, an early opportunity tude could bestow. offered to signalize his name still fur. The same year introduced Sir Edward ther, by the destruction of a large con- to a far different exploit :-accompavoy lying withinside the Isle of Bas, nied by the Amazon frigate, he fell in and strongly protected by three armed with les Droits de l'Homme, of 84 vessels. These he unhesitatingly at- guns, and bearing an Admiral's flag, tacked at their anchorage; and after on her return from the celebrated ex. driving all on shore, bad the satis. pedition of General Hocbe to Ireland. faction of working his little sloop out After an arduous night-action in a gale of port again in safety. For this ser- of wind, running for Brest, then a leevice he was made post, upon the re- shore, the enemy was driven on the presentation of Admiral Milbank, by rocks, and the vessel totally lost, with The late Lord Keppel, and continued upwards of eight hundred of her crew, afterwards actively employed in the On the return of day-light, Sir Edward Artois until the peace.
had also the grief to see the same fate After successively commanding the attending his valiant, but less fortunate, Winchelsea and Salisbury, upon the friend Rear-admiral Reynolds (afterrupture with France in 1792, Captain wards drowned in the St. George), Pellew was appointed to La Nymphe who, from the crippled state of the frigate, and in the June of that year Amazon, had not been able to haul captured La Cleopatre, of 44 guns, off oft in time; the frigate, therefore, subthe Start Point, after an action of fifiye sequently went to pieces ; but as the five minutes, in wkich the French cap- ebbing tide left her high and dry up on tain, three officers, and sixty men, were the shore, the officers and men were killed, and nearly one hundred wound- saved. ed. On his arrival at Spithead, with the In May 1814, while Commander-in. trophy of this splendid achievement, chief in the Mediterranean, the long Captain P. had the honour of being and zealous services of Sir Edward were knighted, upon his introduction to his fartber recompensed by his elevation Majesty by Lord Chatham, by whom to a Pecrage, under the title of Baron his broiher, who bad fought under him, Exmouth of Canonteign; and upon Thas also made a post-captain.
no officer has this dignity been conIn March 1790, Sir Edward was ferred, whose valour and success more created a haronct, on the recommenda- richly merited the proud distinction. tion of Earl Spencer, in consequence of It was reserved, however, for a subhis unexampied and successful exer- sequent enterprise to enrol his name tions is saying the lives of more than yei higher in the annals of his country's five hundred svidiers and their families, glory, and to place it second only to the wrecked in prouib Sound, in the rerered memory of bim, whose faine
must be coeval with the existence of vering ardour which has so peculiarly that nation which he expired defende marked every action in the life of its ing, and whose dying words can never noble original, this is indeed character. be repeated in vain, when it is re- istic of the British navy, and we conmembered they were the words of Nel- fidently trust, that England will owe SOX,
many a future chieftain to the example # ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL of those virtues which dignify her DO HIS DUTY!" EXMUUTK.
J. T. and at Algiers, as at Trafalgar, was this hope verified, by a victory as signal in its effects, and beneficial in its con
LEGENDS OF LAMPIDOSA. sequences, as any that have swelled the records of our naval triumphs. The
(Continued from page ..) achievement is much too recent to require any particular detail; and even were it otherwise, the admirable MONG the noble visitors assembled
COLLECTED BY A RECLUIE.
render it unnecessary, by having al- none were more distinguished than the ready given so distinct a parrative of Conde Manuel del Tormes and his every part of the procedure. It is only, beautiful wife Juana. The disproportherefore, needful to observe, that the tion of their ages, characters, and exbombardment of Algiers took place on teriors, was a subject of surprise to every Tuesday, August 27, 1816, when the young cavalier, and of pity to every shipping, arsenals, and a large part of Spanish matron. His shrivelled forethe city, were completely destroyed; head, bloated eyes, and cadaverous the consequence of this was, an un- complexion, in which the jaundice of conditional surrender of all prisoners, spleen and suspicion was added to the and the abolition of Christian slavery olive tint given by his native climate, for ever!
afforded a fearful contrast to the soft For this victory Lord Exmouth was, youthful countenance of his consort. in the succeeding month, raised to the After a short and reluctant stay at these dignity of a Viscount of Great Britain; celebrated medicinal springs, the Condo and never, perhaps, did it fall to the lot suddenly announced his intended return of any individual to be twice distin- to Madrid; where the pomp attached guished for such achievements of bu. to his high official station soothed his manity as those which shed their spleu. pride, and prevented the indolent ennui dour round the chaplet of his fame. which diseased his imagination. While The carcer of his lordship's naval ex- he addressed bis commands to Donna ploits presents, indeed, a long unbroken Juava a page entered with a small series of perilous exertion, and con. packet, which he received without casttinued conquests ; but his personal ing his eye upon it and put into his effort in rescuing a perishing crew from vest. But Juana saw it with very un. the tempestuous grave that yawned be- easy seusations, knowing that it conneath them, and his professional en- tained a pair of valuable bracelets terprise in redeeming future thousands which a jeweller at Bareges had been from all the horrors of tyrannic bon- privately ordered to prepare for her. dage, will grace his name and memory Severely confined by her husband's with a radiance infinitely surpassing all jealous parsimony, she had been tempt. that war or victory cau display.
ed to commit the fault common to Lord Exmouth was, we believe, mar- inexperienced wives — the dangerous ried, at an early age, to Susan, daughter fault of trusting disobedience to secresy. of James Frowd, Esq. of Cricklade, Either by heedlessness or design, the Wiltshire, and has now living two bracelets, which had never been intend. daughters, and four sons: two of the ed to meet her lord's eye, bad fallen latter are treading in their father's steps into his hands; and a detection, ag. to naval honour, and will, we doubt gravated by attempted concealment, not, perpetuate the glory, with the would be the inevitable result. That naine, of' Exmouth, to generations who quickness of invention so unfortunately knew not their parent.
peculiar to women, prompted her to We cannot yet, however, close this Me- shape a device which accident seemed moir, without again offering the tribute to favor. Passing by the room where of our warmest eulogium to that perse, her husband usually took bis siesta, or