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You will return and sojourn with my sister, When others are more wicked; not being theworst, Dismissing half your train, come then to me; Stands in some rank of praise: -I'll go with thec; I am now from home, and out of that provision
[To Goneril, Which shall be needful for your entertainment. Thy fifty yet doth double five-and-twenty,
Lear. Return to her, and fifty men disiniss'd? 5 And thou art twice her love. No, rather I abjure all roofs, and choose
Gon. Hear me, my lord ; To wage' against the eumity o' the air;
What need you tive-and-twenty, ten, or five, To be a comrade with the wolf and owl,
To follow in a house, where twice so many Necessity's sharp pinch !- -Return with her? Have a command to tend you? Why,the hot-blooded France, that dowerless took 10 Reg. What need one? Our youngest born, I could as well be brought Leur. O, reason not the need: our basest beggars To knee his thronc, and, squire-like, pension beg Are in the poorest thing superfluous: To keep base life afoot"; - Return with her? Allow not nature more than nature needs, Persuade me rather to be slave and sumpter" Man's life is cheap as beast's: thou art a lady; To this detested groom. [Looking on the steward. 15 If only to go warm were gorgeous,
Gon. At your choice, sir. (one mad; Why,nature needs not what thou gorgeous wear'st,
Lear. Now I pr’ythee, daughter, do not make Which scarcely keeps thee warm. But, for true I will not trouble thee,
As full of grief as age; wretched in both! Which I inust needs call mine: thou art a bile, If it be you that stir these daughters' hearts A plague-sore, an embossed* carbuncle,
Against their father, fool me not so much In my corrupted blood. But I'll not chide thee; To bear it tamely; touch me with noble anger! Let shame come when it will, I do not call it : 1250, let not women's weapons, water-drops, I do not bid the thunder-bearer shoot,
Stain my man's cheeks ! ---No, you unnatural hags, Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove: I will have such revenges on you both, Mend, when thou canst; be better, at thy leisure:) That all the world shall. --- I will do such things --I can be patient; I can stay with Regan, What they are, yet I know not; but they shall be I, and my hundred knights.
30 The terrors of the earth. You think, I'll
weep; Reg. Not altogether so, sir ;
No, I'll not weep :I look'd not for you yet, nor am provided I have full cause of weeping; but this heart For your fit welcome: Give ear, sir, to my sister; Shall break into a hundred thousand flaws, For those that mingle reason with your passion, Or ere I'll weep :-0 fool, I shall
mad! Must be content to think you old, and so- 35
[Exeunt Lear, Gloster, Kent, and Fool. But she knows what she does,
Corn. Let us withdraw, 'twill be a storin. Lear. Is this well spoken now?
[Storm and tempest heard. Reg. I dare avouchit, sir: Wbat, fifty followers: Reg. This house is little; the old man and his Is it not well? What should you need of more?
people Yea,or so many? sith that both charge and danger 40 Cannot be well bestow'd.
[from rest, Speak 'gainst so great a number? How, in one Gon. 'Tis his own blame; he hath put himself house,
And must needs taste his folly. Should many people, under two commands, Reg. For his particular, I'll receive bim gladly, Hold amity? Tis hard; almost impossible. But not one follower, Gon. Why might not you, my lord, receive 45/ Gon. So aın I purpos’d. attendance
Where is my lord of Gloster? From those that she calls servants, or from mine:
Re-enter Gloster. Reg. Why not, my lord ? If then they chanc'd to slack you,
Corn, Follow'd the old man forth :-He is reWe could controul'them: If you will come to me, 50 Glo. The king is in high rage. (turn'd. (For now I spy a danger) I intreat you
Corn. Whither is he going?
[whither. To bring but tive-and-twenty; to no more
Glo. He calls to horse; but will I know not Will I give place, or notice.
Corn.'Tis best to give him way; helcads himself. Lear. I gave you all
Gon. My lord, entreat him by no means to stay: Reg. And in good time you gave it.
155 Glo. Alack, the night comes on, and the bleak Lear. Made you my guardians, my depositaries:
winds But kept a reservation to be follow'd
Do sorely ruftle; for many miles about With such a number: What, must I come to you There's scarce. a bush. With five-and-twenty, Regan? said you so? Reg. O, sir, to wilful men, Reg. And speak it again, my lord; no more60 The injuries, that they themselves procure, with me.
(favour'd, Must be their school-masters: Shut up your doors; Lear. Those wicked creatures yet do look well- He is attended with a desperate train ;
ii. e. to make trar. 2 i, e. in a servile state. · Sumpter is a horse that carries necessaries on a journey; though sometimes used for the case to carry them in. • Embossed is swelling, protuberant. 3 P
And what they may incense him to, being apt
Corn. Slut up your doors, iny lord; 'tis a wild
My Regan counsels well: come out o' the storm.
1101! am a gentleman of blood and breeding,
Ind from some knowledge and assurance, offer
This office to you.
Kent. No, do not.
, open this purse, and take most unquietly,
What it contains : If you shall see Cordelia, Kent. I know you : Where's the king? (As fear not but you shall,) shew her this ring; Gent. Contending with the fretful element : And she will tell you who your fellow is Bids the wind blow the earth into the sea, 20 That yet you do not know.–Fie on this storm! Or swell the curled waters 'bove tbe main', I will go seek the king,
[to say? That things might change, or cease: tears his Gent. Give me your hand: Have you no more white hair;
Kent. Few words, but, to effect, more than all Which the impetuous blasts, with eyeless sage,
[your pain Catch in their fury, and make nothing of: 25 That, when we have found the king, (in which Strives in his little world of man to out-scorn That way; I'll this,) he that first lights on him, The to-and-fro-conflicting wind and rain. [couch, Holla the other.
[Exeunt severally. This night, wherein the cub,drawn bear would The lion and the belly-pinched wolf
SCENE II. Keep their fur dry, unbonneted he runs, 301
Another of the Heath. And bids wbat will take all.
Storm still. Enter Lear, and Foul. Kent. But who is with him?
Lear. Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks! Gent. None but the fool; who labours to out-jest His heart-struck injuries.
You cataracts, and hurricanoes, spout (cocks ! Kent. Sir, I do know you;
35\"Till you have drench'd our steeples, drown’d the And dare, upon the warrant of my note, You sulphurous and thought-executing fires, Commend a dear thing to you. There is division, Vaunt-couriers' to cak-cleaving thunder-bolts, Although as yet the face of it be cover'd (wall; Singemy white head!And thouall-shakingthunder, With mutual cunning, 'twixt Albany and Corn Strike fat the thick rotundity o' the world! Who have (as who have not, that their great stars40 Crack nature's moulds; all germens spi! at once', Throne and set high?) servants, who seem no less; That make ingrateful inan! Which are to France the spies and speculations Fool.Onuncle, court holy-water'in a dry house Intelligent of our state ; what hath been seen, is better than this rain-water out o' door.' Good Either in snuffs and packings of the dukes; nuncle, in, and ask thy daughters blessing; here's Or the hard rein which both of them have borne 45 a night pities neither wise men nor fools. Against the old kind king; or something deeper, Lear. Rumble thy belly full! Spit, fire! spout, Whereof, perchance, these are but furnishings
rain! But, true it is, from France there comes a power Nor rain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters: Into this scatter'do kingdom ; who already, ! tax not you, you elenients, with unkindness; Wise in our negligence, have secret fee 150 | never gave you kingdom, call'd you children, In some of our best ports, and are at point You owe me no subsçription"; why then let fall To shew their open banner.- Now to you: Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave, If on my credit you dare build so far
A poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man: To make your speed to Dover, you shall find But yet I call you servile ministers, Some that will thank you, making just report 55 That have with two pernicious daughters join'd Of how unnatural and bemadding sorrow Your high-engender'd battles, 'gainst a head The king hathì cause to plain.
So old and white as this. 0! O! 'tis foul”! · The main seems to signify here the main land, the continent. * Cub-drawn means, whose dugs are drurun dry by its young. My observation of your character. Snuffs are dislikes, and puckings underhand contrivances. 'i.e. colours, external pretences. * i. e. dirided, unsettled.
Arant-couriers, Fr. : That is, “ Crack nature's mould, and spill (or destroy) all the seeds of matter that are hoarded within it.” · Court holy-water is a proverbial expression, meaning fair tords. Subscription for obedience. " i.e. shameful, dishonourable.
Fool. He that has a house to put's head in, has Must make content with his fortun's fit; a good head-piece.
for the ruin it raineth every day. The cod-piece that will house,
Lear. True, my good boy.- Come, bring us Before the heud hus any: to this hovel.
[Erit. The head and he shall louse;
5 Fool. This is a brave night to cool a courtezan. So beggars marry many
l'll speak a prophecy ere I
When priests are more in word than matter;
When brewers mar their malt with water;
When nobles are their tailors' tutors ? ;
10 No heretics burn'd', but wenches' suitors: For there was never yet fair woman, but she Then comes the time, who lives to see't, made mouths in a glass.
That going shall be us'd with feet.
When every case in law is right;
15 When slanders do not live in tongues; Kent. Who's there?
Nor cut-purses come not to throngs ; Fool. Marry, here's grace, and a cod-piece?;) When usurers tell their gold i' the field; that's a wise inan, and a fool.
And bawds, and whores, do churches build; Kent. Alas, sir, are you here? things that love Then shall the realm of Albion night,
20 Come to great confusion. Love not such nights as these; the wrathful skies This prophecy Merlin shall make; for I live beGallow' the very wanderers of the dark,
\fore his time.
[Erit. And makethenı keep their caves: Since I was man,
SCENE III. Such sheets of tire, such bursts of horrid thunder,
An Apartment in Gloster's Castle. Such groans of roaring wind and rain, I never 123
Enter Gloster, and Edmund. Remember to have heard: man's nature cannot
Glo. Alack, alack, Edmund, I like not this The ailliction, nor the fear.
unnatural dealing: When I desired their leave Lear. Let the great gods,
that I might pity him, they took from me the use That keep this dreadful pother o'er our heads, Find out their enemies now.Tremble, thou wretch, 30 perpetual displeasure, neither to speak of hiin,
of mine own house; charg'd me, on pain of their That hast within thee undivulged crimes, entreat for him, nor any way sustain himn. Unwhipt of justice; Hidethee, thou bloody hand;
Edm. Most savage, and unnatural !
Glo. Go to; say you nothing: There is division
between the dukes; and a worse matter than that: That, under covert and convenient seeming 35 I have received a letter this night;--'tis dangerous Hast practis'd on man's life! -Close pent up guilts, to be spoken. I bave lock'd the letter in my Rive your concealing continents”, and cry
closet: these injuries the king now bears will be These dreadful summoners grace.-I am a man,
revenged hoine; there is part of a power already More sinn'd against, than singing.
footed: we must incline to the king. I will seek kent. Alack, bare-headed !
him, and privily relieve him: go you, and mainGracious my lord, hard by here is a hovel;
tain talk with the duke, that my charity be not Some friendshipwillitlend you'gainst the tempest;
of him perceived: If he ask for me, I am ill, and Repose you there: while I to this hard house,
gone to bed. If I die for it, as no less is threaten'd (More hard than'is the stone whereof 'tis rais'd;
me, the king my old master must be relieved. Which even but now, demanding after you,
There is some strange thing toward, Edmund; Deny'd me to come in) return, and force Their scanted courtesy,
pray you, be careful.
Édin. This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the duke Lear. My wits begin to turn.
Instantly know; and of that letter too :Come on, my boy: How dost, my boy? Art cold:
This seems a fair deserving, and must draw me I am cold myself.:--Where is this straw,iny fellow : 50 That which my father loses; no less than all: The art of our necessities is strange, That can make vile things precious. Come, your
The younger rises, when the old doth fall. [Exit.
SCENE IV. hovel.Poor fool and knave, I have one part in my
A Part of the Heath, with a Hotel. That's sorry yet for thee.
Enter Lear, Kent, and Fool. Fool. He that has a little tiny wit,
Kent. Here is the place, my lord; good my lord, With heigh, ho, the wind and the rain,
enter : ' i.e. A beggar marries a wife and lice. ? Alluding perhaps to the saying of a contemporary wit, That there is no discretion below the girdle. Gallow, 'a west-country word, signifies to scare or frighten. * Convenient seeming is uppearance such as may promote his purpose to destroy. Continent stands for that which contains or incloses. • Summoners mean here the officers that summon offenders before a proper tribunal. ?i. e. invent fashions for them. * The disease to which wenches' suitors are particularly exposed, was called in Shakspeare's tine the brenning or burning: 3 P 2
Thy tyranny of the open night's too rough (quagmire; that hath laid knives under his pillow,
ind halters in his pew; set ratsbane by his porLear. Let me alone.
fridge; made him proud of heart, to ride on a bay Kent. Good my lord, enter here.
troiting horse over four-inch'd bridges, to course Lear. Wilt break my heart?
5 pis own shadow for a traitor:- Bless thy five wits'! Kent. I'd rather break mine own: Good my ---Tom's a-cold.---O, do de, do de, do de.---Bless lord, enter.
[tious storin thee from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and taking?! Lear. Thou think'st'tis much, that this conten- Do poor Tom some charity, whom the foul fiend Invades us to the skin : so 'tis to thec;
There could I have him now,--and But where the greater malady iş sıx’d,
othere,---and there, and there again, and there, 'The lesser is scarce felt. Thou’dst shun a bear;
[Storm still. But if thy fight lay toward the raging sea,
Lear. What, have his daughters brought him to Thou’dst ineet the beari' the mouth. When the
this pass :
Could'st thou save nothing? Didst thou give them
dued nature Your old kind father, whose frank bcart gave you
Tosuch a lowness, but his unkind daughters.
Is it the fashion, that discarded fathers
Judicious punishment! 'twas this flesh begot
Those pelican' daughters.
Edg. Take heed o’ the foul fiend: Obey thy Nay, get thee in. I'll pray, and then I'll sleep.- parents; keep thy word justly; swear not; com
[Fool goes in.
mit not with man's sworn spouse; set not thy sweet Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, 35 heart on proud array:--Tom's a-cold. That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm,
Lear. What hast thou been? How shall your houseless heads, and unfed sides, Edg. A serving-inan, proud in heart and mind; Your loop'd and window'draggedness,defendyou that curl'd my hair, wore gloves in my cap“, servd From seasons such as these: 0, I have ta’en the last of my mistress's heart, and did the act of Too little care of this ! Take physic, pomp; 40 darkness with her: swore as many oaths as I Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel : spake words, and broke them in the sweet face of That thou may'st shake the superflux to them, heaven: one that slept in the contriving of lust, And shew the heavens inore just.
and wak'd to do it: Wine lov'd I deeply; dice Edg. [within.] Fathom and balf, fathom and dearly; and in woman, out-paramour’d the Turk: half! Poor Tom !
45 False of heart, light of ear', bloody of hand; Hog Fool. Come not in here, nuncle, here's a spirit. in sloth, fox in stealth, wolf in greediness, dog in Help me, help me! [The Foolruns out from the hovel. madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of
Kent. Give me thy hand.- -Who's there? shoes, nor the rustling of silks, betray thy poor Fool. A spirit, a spirit; he says, his name's poor heart to women: Keep thy foot out of brothels, Tom.
[the straw : 50 thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from lenders Kent. What art thou that dost grumble there i' books, and defy the foul fiend. -Still through Come forth.
the hawthorn blows the cold wind: Says suum, Enter Edgar, disguised as a madman. mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, boy, Sessy; Edg. Away! the foul fiend follows me!- let him trot by:
[Storm still Thro' the sharp hawthorn blows the cold wind.---55 Leur. Why thou wert better in thy grave, than Humph! go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. to answer with thy uncover'd body this extremity
Lear. Hast thou given all to thy two daughters? of the skies.--Is man no more than this? Consider And art thou come to this?
him well: thou owest the worm no silk, the beast Edg. Who givesany thing to poor Tom? whom no hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume:the foul fiend hath led through fire and throug! Ha! here's three of us are sophisticated!—Thou Name, through ford and whirlpool, over bog andl Jurt the thing itself: unaccommodated man is no
? So the five senses were called by our old writers. ? To take is to blast, or strike with malignant influence. The young pelican is fabled to suck the mother's blood. *i. e. his mistress' favours: which was the fashion of that time. ?i.c. ready to receive malicious reports.
more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou Go into the house. art.- Off,off, you lendings:-Come; unbutton Leur. I'll take a word with this same learned here. [Tearing off his clothes,
Theban :Fool. Pr'ythee, nuncle, be contented; this is a What is your study?
[min. naughty night to swim in.--Now a little fire in a 5 Edg. How to prevent the fiend, and to kill verwildfield, were like an old lecher's heart; a small Lear. Let me ask you one word in private. spark, and all the rest of his body cold.---Look, Kent. Importune him once more to go, my lord, here comes a walking fire.
His wits begin to unsettle. Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbel; he Glo. Canst thou blame him? [Storm still. beg ns at curfew, and walks 'till the first cock; he 10 His daughters seek his death :- Ah, that good gives the web and the pin', squints the eye, and
Kent ! makes the hare-lip; mildews the white wheat, He said it would be thus :---Poor banish'd man! and hurts the poor creature of earth.
Thou say'st, the king grows mad; I'll tell thee,
Now out-law'd from my blood; he sought my life
But lately, very late; I lov'd him, friend,And, Aroynt thee, witch, aroynt thee'! No father his son dearer: true to tell thee, [this! Kent. How fares your grace?
The grief hath craz'd my wits. What a night's: Enter Gloster, with a torch.
2011 do beseech your grace, Lear. What's he?
Lear. O, cry you mercy, sir :Kent. Who's there? What is 't you seek? Noble philosopher, your company. Glo. What are you there? Your names ?
Edg: Tom's a-cold,
(warm. Edg. Poor Toni; that eats the swimming frog, Glo. In, fellow, there, to the hovel : keep thee the toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt, and the wa- 25 Lear. Comc, let's in all. ter-newt; that in the fury of his heart, when the Kent. This way, my lord. foul fiend rages, eats cow-dung for sallets ; swal- Leur. With him; lows the old rat, and the ditch-dog; drinks the I will keep still with my philosopher. green mantle of the standing pool; who is whipt Kent. Good my lord, sooth him; let him take from tything to tything", and stock'd, punish', 30 the fellow. and imprison'd; 'who hath had three suits to his Glo. Take him you on. back, six shirts to his body, horse to ride, and Kent. Sirrah, come on; go along with us. weapon to wear,
Lear. Come, good Athenian,
Have been Tom's food for seren long yeur. 35 Edg. Child Rowland to the dark toner came, Beware my follower:- Peace, Smolkin; peace, His word was still,--Fie, foh, and fim, thou fiend!
I smell the blood of a British man.[E.reunt, Glo. What, hath your grace no better company Edg. The prince of darkness is a gentleman;
SCENE V. Modo he's call’d, and Mahu.
Gloster's Castle. Glo. Our flesh and blood, my lord, is grown so
Enter Cornwall, and Edmund. 'That it doth hate what gets it.
Corn. I will have my revenge, ere I depart Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold.
this house. Glo. Go in with me; my duty cannot suffer Edm. How, my lord, I may be censur'd, that To obey in all your daughters
' hard coinmands:/45 nature thus gives way to loyalty, something fears Though their injunctions be to bar my doors, me to think of. And let this tyrannous night take hold upon you; Corn. I now perceive, it was not altogether your Yet have I ventur'd to come seek you out, brother's evil disposition made him seek his death; And bring you where both fire and food is ready. but a provoking merit, set a-work by a repro
Lear. First let me talk with this philosopher:-50 vable badness in himself. What is the cause of thunder?
Edm. How malicious is my fortune, that I must l'ent. My good lord, take his offer;
(repent to be just! This is the letter wbich he spoke · Diseases of the eye.
2 Wold significs a down, or ground hilly and void of wood. Thesc verses were no other than a popular charm, or night-spell against the Epialtes; and the last line is the formal execration or apostrophe of the speaker of the charın to the witch, aroynt thee right, i. c. dipart forthwith. Bedlams, gipsies, and such-like vagabonds, used to sell these kind of spells or charms to the people. They were of various kinds for various disorders. * A tything is a division of a place, a district; the same in the country, as a ward in the city. In the Saxon times, every hundr:d was divided into tythings. • Deer in old language is a general word for wild animals. o in the old times of chivalry, the noble youth who were candidates for knighthood, during the season of their probation, were called Infans, Varlets, Damoysels, Bacheliers; the most noble of the youth particularly, Infans. Here a story is told, in some old ballad, of the famous hero and giant-killer Roland, before he was knighted, who is, therefore, called Infans; which the ballad-maker translated, Cliild Roland. 3 P 3