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to say that : for the defence of a town, our gene- peace, as far as day does night; it's sprightly, ral is excellent.
waking, audible, and full of vento. Peace is a i Sert. Ay, and for an assault too.
very apoplexy, lethargy; mull'd', deaf, sleepy, Enter a third Servant.
insensible; a getter of more bastard children, 3 Sero. O, slaves, I can tell you news; news, 5 than war 's a destroyer of men.
2 Serv. 'Tis so ; and as war, in some sort, may Both. What, what, what? let's partake. be said to be a ravisher; so it cannot be denied,
3 Sero. I would not be a Roman, of all nations, but peace is a great maker of cuckolds. I had as lieve be a condemn'd man.
i Sero. Ay, and it makes men hate one anoBoth. Wherefore? wherefore?
10 ther. 3 Serd. Why, here's he that was wont to thwack 3 Serv. Reason; because they then less need our general;Caius Marcius.
one another. The wars, for my money. I hope 1 Serv. Why do you say, thưack our general: to see Romans as cheap as Volces.They are
3 Sero. I do not say, thwack our general; but rising, they are rising. he was always good enough for him.
15 All. In, in, in, in.
(Exeunt. 2 Sero. Come, we are tellows, and friends: he was ever too hard for him; I have heard him say
SCENE VI. so himself. 1 Sero. He was too hard for him directly, to
A public Place in Rome. say the truth on 't: before Corioli, he scotch'd 20 Enter Sicinius, and Brutus. hiin and notch'd him like a carbonado.
Sic. We hear not of him, neither need we fear 2 Sero. An he had been cannibally given, he might have broil'd and eaten him too.
His remedies are tame in the present peace i Serv. But, more of thy news ?
And quietness o' the people, which before 3 Serv. Why, he is so made on here within, as 25 Were in wild hurry. Here do we make his friends if he were son and heir to Mars: set at upper end Blush, that the world goes well; who rather had, o' the table: no question ask'd him by any of the Though they themselves did suffer by't, behold senators, but they stand bald before him: Our ge- Dissentious numbers pestering streets, than see neral himself makes a mistress of him; sanctines Our tradesmen singing in their shops, and going himself with's hand", and turns up the white o' the 30 About their functions friendly. eye to his discourse. But the bottom of the news
Enter Menenius. is, our general is cut i’ the middle, and but one half of what he was yesterday: for the other has
Bru. We stood to't in good time. Is this Mchalf, by the intreaty and grant of the whole table.
nenius? He will go, he says, and sowle? the porter of 35
Sic. 'Tis he, 'tis he: 0, he is grown most kind Rome gates by the ears: He will mow down all
Of late.--Hail, sir ! before him, and leave his passage poll'd'.
Men. Hail to you both! 2 Serv. And he's as like to do't, as any man I
Sic. Your Coriolanus is not much miss'd, can imagine.
But with his friends: the common-wealth doth 3 Serv. Do't? he will do't: For, look you, sir, 40
stand; he has as many friends as enemies; which friends,
And so would do, were he more angry at it. sir, (as it were) durst not (look you, sir,) sheu
Men. All's well; and might have been much themselves (as we term it) his friends, whilst he's
He could have temporiz’d.
[better, if in directitude.
Sic. Where is he, hear you?
[wife 1 Sero. Directitude! What's that?
Men. Nay, I hear nothing; his mother and his 3 Sero. But when they shall see, sir, his crest
Hear nothing from him. up again, and the man in blood, they will out of
Enter three or four Citizens. their burrows, like conies after rain, and revel all All. The gods preserve you both! with him.
Sic. Good-e'en, our neighbours. 1 Seru. But when goes this forward? 50 Bru. Good-e'en to you all, good-e'en to you all!
3 Serv. To-morrow ; to-day; presently. You 1 Cit. Ourselves, our wives, and children, on shall have the drum struck up this afternoon: ’tis, Are bound to pray for you both. [our knees, as it were, a parcel of their feast, and to be exe- Sic. Live, and thrive!
[riolanus cuted ere they wipe their lips.
Bru. Farewell, kind neighbours: We wish'd Co 2 Serv. Why, then we shall have a stirring 55 Had lov'd you as we did. world again. This peace is nothing, but to rust All. Now the gods keep you! ison, increase tailors, and breed ballad-makers. Both Tri. Farewell, farewell. i Sero. Let me have war, say I; it exceeds/
[Exeunt Citizens. · Alluding, improperly, to the act of crossing upon any strange event. That is, drag him down by the ears into the dirt. The word is derived from soci, i. e. to take hold of a person by the ears, as a dog seizes one of these animals. 3 That is, bared, cleared. * i. e. full of rumour, ful of materials for discourse. Si. e. soften’d and dispirited, as wine is when burnt and sweeten’d. 6 i. e, ineffectual in times of peace like these.
Sic. This is a happier and more comely time, The young'st and oldest thing Than when these tellows ran about the streets, Sic. This is most likely! Crying, Contusion.
Bru. Rais'd only, that ihe weaker sort may wish Bru. Caius Marcius was
Good Marcius home again. A worthy oilicer i' the war; but insolent, 5 Sic. The very trick on't. O'ercome with pride, ambitious past all thinking, Men. This is unlikely: Self-loving,
He and Aufidius can no more atone', Sic. And affecting one sole throne,
Than violentest contrariety. Without assistance
Enter another Messenger. Men. I think not so.
101 M1es. You are sent for to the senate : Sic. We had by this, to all our lamentation, A fearful army, led by Caius Marcius, If he had gone forth consul, found it so.
Associated with Aufidius, rages
C'er-borne their way, consum'd with fire, and took
15 What lay before them. Edile. Worthy tribunes,
Com. O, you have made good work!
[ters, and Reports,-the Vulces with two several powers
Com. You have holp to ravish your own daughiAre enter'd in the Roman territories;
20 To melt the city leads upon your pates; And with the deepest malice of the war
l'o see your wives dishonour'd to your noses ;Destroy what lies before 'em.
Men. What's the news? what's the news? Men. 'Tis Aufidius, Who, hearing of our Marcius' banishment,
Com. Your temples burned in their cement; and Thrusts forth his horns again into the world;
Your franchises, whereon you stood, confin'd
You have made fair work, I fear me:-Pray, your Sic. Come, what talk you of Marcius? be, Bru.Go, see this rumourerwhipp’d.—It cannot
If Marcius should be joined with the Volces,
30 He is their god; he leads them like a thing We have record, that very well it can;
Made by some other deity than nature, And three examples the like have been
That shapes man better : and they follow him, Within
Against us brats, with no less confidence, my age. But reason’ with the fellow, Before you punish him, where he heard this;
Than boys pursuing summer butter-flies,
Men. You have made good work,
You, and your apron-men; you that stood so much Sic. Tell not me:
Upon the voice of occupation, and
The breath of garlick-eaters'!
40 Com. He'll shake your Rome about your ears.
Men. As Hercules did shake down mellow
45 Before you find it other. All the regions Sic. 'Tis this slave:
Do smilingly revolt; and, who resist, Go whip him 'fore the people's eyes:-his raising! Are mock'd for valiant ignorance, [him? Nothing but his report !
And perish constant fools. Who is't can blame Mes. Yes, worthy sir,
Your enemies, and his, find something in him. The slave's report is seconded; and more, 501 Men. We are all undone, unless More fearfui, is deliver'd.
The noble man have mercy. Sic. What more fearful?
Com, Who shall ask it ? Mes. It is spoke freely out of many mouths, The tribunes cannot do't for shame; the people (How probable, I do not know) that Marcius, Deserve such pity of him, as the wolf Join'd with Aufidius, leads a power'gainst Rome;55 Does of the shepherds: for his best friends, if they And vows revenge as spacious, as between Should say,Be good to Rome, theycharg'd him even
· That is, without assessors; without any other suffrage. 2 i. e. talk. 3 Dr. Johnson reniarks, that to atone, in the active sense, is to reconcile, and is so used by our author. To atone here is, in the neutral sense, to come to reconciliation. To atone is to unite. * Occupation is here used for mechanicks, nien occupied in daily business. * To smell of garlick was once such a brand of vulgarity, that garlick was a food forbidden to an ancient order of Spanish knights, mentioned by Guevara. It appears also, that garlick was once much used in England, and afterwards as much out of fashion. Hence, perhaps, the cant denomination Pil-garlick for a deserted fellow, a person left to suffer without friends to assist him. • Alluding to the apples of the Hesperides. To rear polt smilingly, is to revolt with signs of pleasure, or with marks of contempt.
As As those should do that had deserv'd his hate, Lieut. I do not know what witchcraft's in him ; And therein shew'd like enemies.
but Men. 'Tis true:
Your soldiers use him as the grace 'fore meat, If he were putting to my house the brand Their talk at table, and their thanks at end; That should consume it, I have not the face [hands, 5 And you are darken’d in this action, sir, To say,'Beseech you, cease.
ou have made fair Even by your own. You, and your crafts! you have crafted fair! Auf. I cannot help it now; Com. You have brought
Unless by using means, I lame the foot A trembling upon Rome, such as was never Of our design. He bears himself more proudly So incapable of help.
10 Even to my person, than I thought he would, Tri. Say not, we brought it. [like beasts, When first I did embrace him : yet his nature
Men. How! Was it we? We lov'd him; but, In that's no changeling; and I must excuse. And cowardly nobles, gave way to your clusters, What cannot be amended. Who did hoot him out o’ the city.
Lieut. Yet I wish, sir, Com. But, I fear,
15) (I mean, for your particular) you had not They'll roar him in again'. Tullus Aufidius, Join'd in commission with him; but either borne The second name of men, obeys his points The action of yourself, or else to him As if he were his officer :-desperation
Had left it solely. Is all the policy, strength, and defence,
Auf. I understand thee well; and be thou sure, That Rone can make against them.
20 When he shall come to his account, he knows not Enter a Troop of Citizens.
What I can urge against him. Although it seems, Men. Here come the clusters.
And so he thinks, and is no less apparent And is Aufidius with him?-You are they To the vulgar eye, that he bears all things fairly, That made the air unwholesome, when you cast And shews good husbandry for the Volcian state; Your stinking, greasy caps, in hooting at 25 Fights dragon-like, and does atchieve as soon Coriolanus' exile. Now he's coming;
els draw his sword: yet he hath left undone And not a hair upon a soldier's head,
That, which shall break his neck, or hazard mine, Which will not prove a whip; as many coxcombs, Whene'er we come to our account. Rome? As
you threw caps up, will he tumble down, Lieut. Sir, I beseech you, think you he'll carry And pay you for your voices. "Tis no matter; 30. Auf. All places yield to him ere he sits down; If he could burn'us all into one coal,
And the nobility of Rome are his :: We have deserv'd it.
The senators, and patricians, love him too: Omnes, 'Faith, we hear fearful news.
The tribunes are no soldiers; and their people i Cit. For mine own part,
Will be as rash in the repeal, as hasty When I said, banish him, I said, 'twas pity. 135 To expel him thence. I think, he'll be to Rome 2 Cit. And so did I.
As is the osprey? to the fish, who takes it 3 Cit. And so did I; and, to say the truth, so By sovereignty of nature. First he was did very many of us: That we did, we did for A noble servant to them; but he could not the best; and though we willingly consented to Carry his honours even: whether 'twas pride, bis banishment, yet it was against our will. 40 Which out of daily fortune ever taints
Com. You are goodly things, you voices! The happy man ; whether defect of judgement, Men. You have made you
(Capitol: To fail in the disposing of those chances Good work, you and your cry!-Shall us to the Which he was lord of; or whether nature,
Com. O, ay; what else? [Ěre. Com. and Men. Not to be other than one thing, not moving Sic. Go, masters, get you home, be not dismay’d; 45 From the casque to the cushion, but commanding These are a side, that would be glad to have
peace This true, which they so seem to fear, Go home, Even with the same austerity and garb And shew no sign of fear.
As he controll'd the war: but, one of these, 1 Cit. The gods be good to us! Come, masters, |(As he hath spices of them all, not all, let's hone. I ever said, we were i’ the wrong, 50 for I dare so far free himn) made him fear'd, when we banish'd hiin.
So hated, and so banish’d: but he has a merit, 2 Cit. So did we all. But come, let's home. To choak it in the utterance. So our virtues
[Exeunt Citizens. Lie in the interpretation of the time: Bru. I do not like this news.
And power, unto itself most commendable, Sic. Nor I.
[wealth 55 Hath' not a tomb so evident as a chair Bru. Let's to the Capitol:-'Would, half my To extol what it hath done?. Would buy this for a lie!
One fire drives out one fire; one nail, one nail; Sic. Pray, let us go,
[Ereunt Tribunes. Right's by right fouler *, strengths by strength do SCENE VII.
fail. A Camp; at a small distance from Rome. 60 Come, let's away. When, Caius, Rome is thine,
Enter Aufidius, with his Lieutenant. Thou art poor'st of all; then shortly art thou mine. Auf. Do they still fly to the Roman?
[Exeunt. ' i. e. As they hooted at his departure, they will roar at his return; as he went out with scoffs, he will come back with lamentations.
* Á kind of eagle.
3 The sense is, The virtue which delights to commend itself, will find the surest tomb in that chair wherein it holds forth its own commendations. * i. e. What is already right, and received as such, becomes less clear when supported by supera mumerary proofs,
A C T V.
Return me, as Cominius is return'd,
Unheard; what then?
But as a discontented friend, grief-shot
(surc Men. No, I'll not go: you hear, what he hath Must have that thanks from Rome, after the inea
As you intended well. Which was sometime his general; who lov'd him Men. I'll'undertake it: In a niost dear particular. He calld me father: I think he'll hear me. Yet to bite his lip, But what o' that? Go, you that banish'd him, 10 And hum at good Cominius, much unhearts me. A mile before his tent fall down, and knee He was not taken well; he had not din'd: The way into his mercy: nay, if he coy'd The veins untilld, our blood is cold, and then To hear Cominius speak, I'll keep at home. We pout upon the morning, are unapt Com. He would not seem to know me.
To give or to forgive; but when we have stuff'd Men. Do you hear?
15 These pipes, and these conveyances of our blood Com. Yet one time he did call me by my name: With wine and feeding, we have supplersouls [him I urg'd our old acquaintance, and the drops Than in our priest-like fasts: therefore I'll watch That we have bled together. Coriolanus 'Till he be dieted to my request, He would not answer to : forbad all names; And then I'll set upon him. He was a kind of nothing, titleless,
20 Bru. You know the very road into his kindness, 'Till he had forg'd himself a name i' the fire And cannot lose your way. Of burning Rome.
Men. Good faith, I'll prove him, Men. Why, so; you have made good work: Speed how it will. I shall ere long have knowledge A pair of tribunes, that have rack'd for Rome, Of my success.
[Euit. To make coals cheap: a noble memory?! 25 Com. He'll never hear him.
Com. I minded him, how royal'twas to pardon Sic. Not? When least it was expected: he replied,
Com. I tell you, he does sit in gold, his eye It was a bare'petition of a state,
Red as 'twould burn Rome: and his injury To one whom they had punish’d.
The gaoler to his pity. I kneel'd before him: Alen. Very well:
30 'Twas very faintly he said, Rise ; dismiss'd me Could he sav less ?
Thus, with his speechless hand: What he would do, Com. I offer'd to awaken his regard
He sent in writing after me; what he would noi, For his private friends: his answer to me was, Bound with an oath, to yield to his conditions * : He could not stay to pick them in a pile So that all hope is vain; Of noisome, musty chatf: he said, 'twas folly, 35 Unless his noble mother, and his wife, For one poor grain or two, to leave unburnt, Who, as I hear, mean to solicit him And still to nose the offence.
For mercy to his country_Therefore, let's hence, Men. For one poor grain or two?
And with our fair entreaties haste thein on. I am one of those; his mother, wife, his child,
[Excunt. And this brave fellow too, we are the grains : 40
The Volcian Camp.
I Watch. Stay: whence are you? Lpbraid us with our distress. “But sure, if you 145 2 Watch. Stand, and go
back. [your leave, Wouldbcyourcountry'spleader, yourgoodtongue, Men. You guard like men; 'tis well: But, by More than the instant army we can make, I am an officer of state, and come Might stop our countrymen.
To speak with Coriolanus. Nen. No; I'll not meddle.
1 Watch. From whence? Sic. Pray you, go to him.
50 Men. From Rome.
[our general Men. What should I do?
I Watch. You may not pass, you must return; Bru. Only make trial what your love can do
Will no more hear from thence. For Rome, towards Marcius.
2 Watch. You'll see your Rome cmbrac'd with Men. Well, and say that Marcius
fire, before * To rack means to harass by exactions.—The meaning is, You that have been such good stewards for the Roman people, as to get their houses burnt over their heads, to save them the expence of coals. ? Memory for memorial. * A bare petition means only a mere petition. 4 Dr. Johnson is of opinion, that here is a chasm.—The speaker's purpose seems to be this: To yield to his condition is ruin, and better cannot be obtained; so that all hope is rain.
You'll speak with Coriolanus.
I say, go, lest I let forth your half pint of blood; Men. Good my friends,
-hack, that's the utmost of your having:-back. If you have heard your general talk of Rome, Mlen. Nay, büt fellow, teilov, And of his friends there, it is lots' to blanks,
Enter Coriolanus, with Aufidius. My name hath touch'd your ears: it is Menenius. 5
Cor. What's the matter: i Watch. Be it so; go back: the virtue of your
dier. Now, you companion, I'll say an errand Is not here passable.
for you: you shall know now, that I am in estiMen. I tell thee, fellow,
mation: you shall perceive that a Jack guardant
cannot office me from my son Coriolanus: guess, Thy general is my lover: I have been The book of his good acts, whence men have read
by my entertainment with him, ifthou stand st not His fame unparalleld, happily, amplified;
'the state of hanging, or of some death more For I have ever verified my friends,
long in spectatorship,and crueller in suffering; be(Of whom he's chief) with all the size that verity
hold now presently, and swoon for what's to come Would without lapsing sutiera: nay, sometimes, 15 upon thee. The glorious gods sit in hourly synod Like to a bowl upon a subtle' ground,
about thy particular prosperity, and love thee no I have tumbled past the throw; and in his praise
wore than thy old father Menenius does! O, my son, my son! thou art preparing fire for
us; Have, almost, stamp'd the leasing: Therefore,
thee, here's water to quench it. I was hardly I must have leave to pass.
moved to come to thee: but being assur’d, none • I Watch. ’Faith, sir, if you had told as many
but myself could move thee, I have been blown lies in his behali, as you have utter'd words in
out of your gates with sighs; and conjure thee to your own, you should not pass here: no, though pardon Rome, and thy petitionary countrymen. it were as virtuous to lie, as to live chastely.., dregs of it upon this varlet here; this, who, like
The good gods assuage thy wrath, and turn the Therefore, go back.
25 Men. Prythee, fellow, remember my name
a block, hath denied my access to thee. is Menenius, always factionary on the party of
Men. How! away! your general. 2 Watch. Ilowsoever you have been his liar,
Cor. Wife, mother, child, I know not. My affairs (as you say, you have) I am one that, telling 30
Are servanted to others: Though I owe true under him, must say, you cannot pass.
My revenge properly, my remission lies
In Volcian breasts'. That we have been familiar, Therefore, go back. Men. Has he din'd, canst thou tell? for I would
Ingrate forgetfulness shall poison, rather not speak with him 'till after dinner.
Than pity note how much.—Therefore be gone. 1 Watch. You are a Roman, are you? 135
Mine ears against your suits are stronger, than Men. I am as thy general is.
Your gates against my force. Yet, for I lov’dthee, I Watch. Then you should hate Rome, as he
Take this along; I writ it for thy sake, does. Can you, when you have push'd out of your
[Gires him a leiier.
And would have sent it. Another word, Menenius, gates the very defender of them, and, in a violent popularignorance, given your enemy your shield, 101, will not hear thee speak. This mian, Antilius, think to front his revenges with the easy groans
Was my belov’s in Rome: yet thou behold'stof old women, the virginal palms of your
Auf: 'You keep a constant temper. [Exeunt. daughters, or with the palsy'd intercession of such Mlanent the Guard, and Menenius. a decay'd dotant as you seem to be? Can you think illatch. Now, sir, is your namie Menenius? to blow out the intended fire your city is ready to 45 2 Ilutch: "Tis a spell, you see, of much power: fame in, with such weak breath as this? No, you You know the way home again. are deceiv'd; therefore, back to Rome, and 1 Hatch. Do you hear how we are shentó for prepare for your execution : you are condemn’d, keeping your greatness back? our general has sworn you out of reprieve and 2 iutch. What cause, do you think, I have to pardon.
50 swoon? Men. Sirrah, if thy captain knew I were here,
Alen. I neither care for the world, nor your he would use me with estimation.
general: for such things as you, I can scarce think 2 Watch. Come, my captain knows you not. there's any, you are so slight. He that hath a will Men. I mean, thy general.
to die by himself, fears it not from another. Let 1 Watch. My general cares not for you. Back, 55 your general do his worst. For you, be that you
1 A lot here is a prize. Dr. Johnson explains this passage thus: To verify is to establish by testimony. One may say with propriety, he brought false witnesses to verify his title.--Shakspeare considered the word with his usual laxity, as importing rather testimony than truth, and only meant to say, I bore witness to my friends with all the size that verity would suffer. 3 Subtle means smooth, level. • By virginal palms may be understood the holding up the hands in supplication.
si.e. Though I have a peculiar right in revenge, in the power of forgiveness the Volcians are conjoined. • Shent means shamed, disgraced, made ushamed of ourselves.