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in some respects more formidable, and in What the end of conjunctions, in spite that point not less exceptionable, called in, of such discordant qualities, may be, I to divide with him, or for some time to take not upon me to prophesy. But we succeed him in his irresistable sway; per- may, without the spirit of divination, lec, haps to hold it in deposit for him : an ad- it is of fome importance in the determinaministration, the purpose of appointing tion of a judicious person, whether to be which, and the terins of being in it, were a ininister or not, what instruments there only to turn out all those who had refilled are to act will, if the service is undertak. the Favourite, and to protect his particu- en. And what satisfaction could one lar friends,whose attachments were, where promise to himself, if his own principle their interest in his favour naturally led was a determined opposition to the favoue them to be. And such must have been rite, and many of liis alliitants were to be the case, from the very causes of the those who had been eager to act under change, and the complexion of the ne- the Favourite's Lieutenant, and had warmgociation towards it.

ly pressed him to do the fame, as a pio. Were we to run through all the end. neer to secure to them fome inferior iteps, less train of Difficulties, which a very of promotion, when they could not resolve Night survey of the subject might prefent upon ascending the uppermolt form thensto us, it would not be so ealy to end as felves, as they afterwards did. to begin ; and we might be led into a To there, the influence of the Favou. theme on which it would be but unplea- rite can have been no objection : they fant to infift. Great however as the ob- seem to be more congenial to him. If Itacles from the Favourite are, we may they meant to itand upon that ground, certainly pronounce they are not all. A we shall see how long they are abie, by manacled adminiftration cannot be very proper means, to keep it under their feci. fuccessful; and every one would not If they designed to break the yoke, alier choose to be a minister, when the whole they are a little confirmed, the event will regal power is consigned into the hands then Mew how far their strengih goes, of a subject of a degree above an ordina- and whether they did well to light the ry servant, whose lyítem is not the same cautions of those, who had theinselves with their’s, who are to answer for go- been broken because they would not bow;. vernment. Nor would many choose to or if they took the mult probable way to accept of an office of principal relponti- gain the desired victory. bility, under the controul of one, whom As to the success of public affairs, un. it may not be the less necessary, that it is der to many difficulties, and when the the more incommodious to oppose. Wife, ftate groans under the weight of its troumen, and to such I lpeak, will judge bles; young adventurers, Militia who what I say on this head; and to their have seen no service, may hazard an exreflection is is most fit to leave it. We periment. If they succeed, they will have may only remark, that the fluctuations great merit, disappoint many, pay them. in politics are very strange. So we now felves, and prove ihey did not know their See, those who were undone by L. B. as own abilities, when they were so afraid the reward for giving him birth, when he to venture the leap. If they fail, they was but the embryo of a minister, come will lose no character, and only have to forth at his call, diminished as they are, descend again, till their abilities'encrease, by various accidents, in weight and num- improved with the experience they have bers; a wretched remnant, whom no ex- goi, in an unsuccessful attempt. perience can make wile, when Jured by In the mean time, the boldness fome, the tempting bait of emolument, or dazo have sewn in accepting otces, is not yet led by the very thadow of power, if I may fufficiently justified, to warrant us to find use the exprellion. We see them also act fault with others for declining them, ing under one greater in rank than L. B. Though these will not prostiruie themfrom whose power they formerly appre- selves to the profit of einploymenis, wiicn hended so much danger to their own, that they knock at their door, we have no they thought it necessary to destroy the reason to think they will be backward to high object of their jealousy, and actually encounter the greatest difficulties attend

ing the fielation of their coun!!y, when

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such are the only obstruction to their en- The Hifory of the Session of Parliament gaging in her service. They have given which began Jan. 10, 1765; being the us no cause, from any part of their public fourth Seffion of the Twelfth Parliaconduct, in time past, to believe they are ment of Great - Britain ; with an Aieasily to be scared from their duly, when count of all the material Questions there. fairly called to it. We have seen the in determined, and of the political Dif. terror of that conscioufness, which will pütes thereby occafioned without Doors. make a thousand fly before one, drive a Continued from p. 590. Favourite from the height of his vain ambition, almost when none purfined, But Mahad agreed to the resolutions that men who have nothing in themselves to fear, whose field is their own virtue, do day reported from the committee of ways not run from their arms, in the field, and means (see p. 525.) it was ordered where they have before fought with ho- that a bill be brought in upon the said renour. Something is to be trusted to the solutions, and the gentlemen who had precourage, and something is also due to the pared the last mentioned bill were, with wisdom and discretion, as well as to the Mr. Paterson, ordered to prepare and integrity and good intentions of those, bring in the fame : On the first of April

, who have had the magnanimity to quit great they were by instruction impowered to ftations, when no longer to be held to make provilion in faid bill for amending, any purpose, but to sanctify measures explaining, and enforcing, several provi. they could not approve, or to load them- fions in the acts of parliament relating to felves with the errors of misconduct they the revenue of the general letter-office or could not prevent: and in a private fitu- post office, and office commonly called ation have set their face against the fiercest the penny post-office; and accordingly, resentment of incensed power, and the on the 4th, Mr. Jenkinson presented to most violent proscriptions of an inflamed the house, a bill to alter so much of an court, stirred up to fury by art and in- act made in the 9th year of the reign of vention.

Queen Anne, as relates to the charges Such men will serve their country when for the conveyance of letters and packets, they can do it, with ihe same fortitude between London and the British dominiwith which they suffered with her. It is ons in America, and within the said do. even to be expected from them, if ever minions, &c. when the bill was read a they are ministers again, that they will first time, and ordered to be read a second be heroic enough to combat the pretensi- time, which was on the 22d, and after. ons of popularity, if these should at any wards passed through both houses in com. time interfere with rectitude of principle : mon course, so that it was ready for, and and that is as hard a struggle as any. received the royal afsent on the 15th of But withal, it would be doing them in- May, being then intitled, An act to alter justice to look for that sort of Itoutness in certain rates of postage, and to amend, them, which possesses none but the igno- explain, and enlarge leveral provisions in rant and unwary. Blind men only walk, an act made in the gth year of the reign of without concern, to the edge of a precipice. Queen Anne, and in other acts relating Leaving therefore the ill-judged, if not to the revenue of the post-office. ill-designed censure of the Letter before Of this act the reader may see an abme to futurity for further reproof; I shall stract in our Magazine for May laft, p. to conclude, join with the Writer of it in 315. the with he professes (which is the only In order to give the history of the next thing in which I can agree with hini) that supply bill, I must premise an account of all may turn out for the best.

what happened in this session relating to

the African trade, for which purpose I I

fhall observe, that on the 28th of Janua. ry Mr. Welket (from the committee of the

company of merchants, trading to A. frica) attended, and being called in, he presented to the house, pursuant to the


am, &r.

direction of an act of parliament, a paper tations made to his majesty upon the said intitled, Anno 1763, the account of the memorials, by the faid commissioners, committee of the company of merchants and the orders of his majetty in council trading to Africa, distinguilhing every ar- thereupon; and his majelty having given ticle of expence under its proper title. directions accordingly, a number of paWhich paper was then ordered to lie upon pers were, in pursuance thereof, laid be. the table, to be perused by the members; fore the house on the cd and 3d of May, and on the 8th of February Dr.Hay (from which were then ordered to lie upon the the board of admiralty) presented to the table; aud the faid bill having on the ist, house, pursuant to the same directions, been read a second time, and committed several papers and accounts relating to to a committee of the whole house, the the state and condition of our forts and house on the eighth, in a committee, settlements on the coast of Africa ; which made a progress, and then resolved to were ordered to lie upon the table for the proceed further on the 10th, which order same purpose.

being put off to the 13th, on that day, as On the 28th of February, a petition of soon as this order was read all the last the conimittee of the laid company, being mentioned papers were referred to the offered to be presented to the house, Mr. said committee, and then the house have Chancellor of the exchequer, by his ma- ing resolved itself into the same, went jellty's command, acquainted the house, through the bill with several amendments, that his majesty having been informed of and next day upon the report ordered it the contents of the said petition, recom to be ingrolled ; after which it passed thro' mended it to the confideration of the house, both houses in common courie, and reafter which being brought up and read, it ceived the royal assent at the end of the set forth, that the petitioners had laid be- sessions. fore the house, an account of the fum [To be continued in our next.] granted for 1763 ; and invested the money granted in 1764, in goods, stores, An Enquiry into the Behaviour of Queen and necessaries, for the support of the le ANNE'S LAST MINISTRY, with Reveral forts upon the said coalis ; that be. lation to their Quarrels among them. ing sensible of the great regard shewn by selves, and the Design charged upon the houte, for the British forts and settle them of altering the Succeffion of tbe ments upon the coait of Africa, they

Crown. June 1715. humbly prayed the house to grant such a

(Continued from p. 598.) sum for the necessary support thereof for the ensuing year, as would seem meet. This petition was referred to the com

UT, when the consequences of this

BUT mittee of supply, and on the 19th the a that the linitation specified therein had bove mentioned Erst and third resolutions wholly tied up her bands, in case the reof March the 14th, and also the aforesaid covery of Spain fhould be found impofli estimates presented on the 29th, were ble, as it was frequently allowed and likewise referred to the same committee, owned by many of the principal leaders of where they were the cause of the retolu. the opposite party, and liad, bitherto, tions of that committee agreed to by the þeen vainly endeavoured, either by treaty house on the 20th, (see p. 525.) And or war: That the kingdom was not in a on the 26th the said bill for repealing,&c. condition to hear any longer it's burthen was presented to the house by Mr. Bacon, and charge, especially with annual additiwhen it was read a first time ; prefently ons: That other expedients might possiafter which an address was ordered, that bly be found for preventing France and his majesty would be pleased to give din Spain from being united under the same rections for laying before the house copies king, according to the intent and letter of of such memorials, peritions, or other pa- the grand alliance: That the design of pers as had been presented or laid before this vote was to put her Majesty under Înis majetty in council, or the commissio- the necessity of diffolving the parliament, ners for trade and plantations, by Mr. beginning all things anew, and placing the George Glats, relative to the discovery adminiftration in the hands of those whom of a harbour upon the coast of Africa, to- ne had thought fit to lay alide, and this gether with copies of the several represen- by facrificing her proient servants to the November, 1765.



rage and vengeance of the former ; with the arts of finding out funds, to which many other obvious considerations, not they had been so long used. There were very proper at this time to be repeated: some other motives for this transition of Her Majelty, who was earnestly bent up- ministers at that time, wich are more proon giving peace to her people, consented per for the History above-mentioned, to fall upon the sole expedient, that where they are faithfully recorded. But, her own coldness, or the Treasurer's thus the Queen was brought to govern by thrift, and want or contempt of artifice, what they call a Low-church ministry, had left her: which was to create a num- which continued for several years: 'Till ber of peers, futlicient to turn the balance at length, grown weary of the war, altho' in the House of Lords. I confess that in' carried on with great glory and success; my hiitory of those times, where this and the nation riling into a fiame, (whematter, ainong others, is treated with a ther justly or no) upon the trial of Dr. great deal more liberty, and consequently Sacheverel, which, in effect, was a genevery unfit for present perusal, I have refi- neral mutter of both parties; her Majesty, ned so far as to conjecture, that, if this following her own inclinations and ihose were the Treasurer's counsel,he might possi. of her people, resolved to make some chan. bly have given it upon fome further views ges in the ministry, and take Mr. Harley than that of avoiding the consequences of into her councils.

This was brought my Lord Nottingham's sote. And what about, as the charge against that miniiter those were, I suppose, I may offer with- says, by the baseft infinuations; upon out offence. It is known enough, that, from which, being a determination of parliathe time of the Revolution, to the peri- ment, I shall not dispute: Although I od I am now speaking of, the favour of confess to have received a very diffeient the court was almost perpetually turned account of that matter from a moft excel. towards those who, in the party term, lent Lady, upon whose veracity I entirely are called Whigs, or the Low-church; and depend; and who, being then in chief this was a space of above twenty years, confidence with her mistress, mult needs wherein great additions were made to the know a particular fact wherein she was peerage ; and the Bishops-bench almost immediaiely concerned and trusted, betwholly renewed. But the majority of land- ter than any one man or number of men, ed men, still retaining the old church. except the majority of a House of Comprinciples in religion and government, notwithstanding all endeavours to con When the new parliament met, whose vert them, the late king was under many elections were left entirely to the people, insuperable difficulties during his reign; without the least influence from the court, elections seldom succeeding to well, as to it plainly appeared how far the church leave the court-lide without strenuous op- party in the nation out-numberd the other, polition, sufficient to carry many points and especially in the several counties. against him, which he had much at heart. But, in the House of Lords, even after Upon the late Queen's fucceeding to the fome management, there was but a weak crown, the church-party, who seemed to and crazy majority: Nor even could this have grown more numerous, under all have been expected, if several great Lords, discouragements, began to conceive hopes, who were always reputed of the other para that her Majesty, who had always pro- ty, had not only complied, but been felfed to favour their principles, would highly inftrumental in the change; as the make use of their service. And, indeed, Dukes of Shrewsbury and Argyle, the upon that foot, things stood for fome Earls of Peterborough, Rivers, and some time: But, a new war being resolved on, others, who certainly came into the three persons, who had most credit with Queen's measures upon other motives than her Majelty, and who were then looked that of party. Now, fince the governupon to be, at least, as high principled ment of England cannot go on while the as could posibly consist with the proteltant two Houses of Parliament are in oppositisucceflion, having conlulted their friends, on to each other; and that the people, began to conceive that the military spirit whenever they acted freely, would infallia was much more vigorous in the other par. bly return a majority of Church-men: ty,who appeared mure keen against France, One of these two things was of neceflity to more fanguine upon the power and be done : either, first, to dissolve that parlia. Wealth of England, and beter versed in



ment, and call another of the whig-stamp, to be recommended as useful for her ser. by force of a prodigious expence, which vice, or proper to be obliged, perhaps, would be neither decent nor safe, and after a long delay, she would content; perhaps, at that time, hardly feasible: but, if the Treasurer offered, at the fanie Or eife, to turn the balance in the House time, a warrant, or other instrument to of Lords, which, after the success of her already prepared in order to be figned, Lord Nottingham's vote, was not other- because he presumed to reckon upon her wise to be done, than by creating a fuffi. confent beforehand, she would not; and cient number of peers, in order at once, thus the affair would sometimes lie for leto make the Queen and her people ealy veral months together, altho' the thing upon that article for the rest of her reign. were ever to reaionable, or that even the And this I fould be willing to think was public suffered by the delay. So that this the Treasurer's meaning, when he advised minister had no other remedy but to let thore advancements; which, however, I her majesty take her own time, which con efs, I did very much dislike.

never failed to be the very longest that the Busif, after all I have laid, my con nature of the thing could suffer her to de jecture Bould happen to be wrong ; yet I fer it. do not see how the Treasurer can juftly be When this promotion was made, Mr. blamed for preserving his cause,' his Secretary St. John, whose merits and prefriends, and himself, from unavoidable tensions, as things then stood, were far ruin, by an expedient allowed on all superior to any, was purposely left out, behands to be lawful: Perhaps, he was cause the court had need of his great abilibrought under that necessity by the want ties, the following session, in the House of proper management; but when that ne of Commons; and the peace, being then cellity appeared, he could not act other- upon the anvil, he was best able to exwise, without unraveling whatever had plain and justify the several iteps towards been done ; which, in the language of it; which he accordingly did with invincithose times, would have been called, de- ble reason and universal applause. When livering the Queen and kingdom back into the seflion was over, the Queen thought the hands of a faction they had fo lately fit to give him a title; and, that he got rid of. And, I believe, no mini- might not lose his rank, created him Vifiter of any party would, in his circumstan- count. There had been an Earldom in ces, have fcrupled to make the same step, his name and family, lately extinct; when the summa rerum was at stake. (thoughi a Barony fell to a collateral

Altho' the Queen was brought into this branch in the person of an infant) and measure by no other motive than her ear- the Secretary, being of the fame house, nest desire of a peace; yet the Treasurer's expected and detired the fame degree. friends began to press him anew for further For he reasoned, that, making him a changes in employments; concluding from Viscount, would be but rigorous justice, what was past, that his credit was great and he hoped he might pretend to come enough to compass whatever he pleafed. mark of favour. But the Queen could not But this proved to be ill reasoning; for be prevailed with ; becauie, to say the the Queen had 110 dislike at all to the truth, he was not much, at that time, in other party, (whatever perfonal piques her good graces; forne woman about. The might bear to some among them)further the court having infused an opinion into than as the conceived they were bent upon her, that he was not so regular in his life continuing the war, to which her Majesty as he ought to be. The Secretary laid the resolved to put as speedy an end as the whole blame of this disappointment up. could with honour and safety to her king- on the Earl of Oxford, and frecly told me, doms; and therefore feil, with readiness that he would never depend upon the enough, into the methods proposed to her Earl's friendship as long as he lived, for advancing that great work. But, in dif- nor have any further commerce with him, pensing her favours,íhe was extremely cau than what was necessary for carrying on tious and slow; and, after the usual mittake the public fervice. And alihough I have of those who think they have been often im- good reason to be assured that the Treasupoled on, became so very suspicious, that rer was wholly innocent in this point, as The overmot the mark, and erred in the both himfelf and Lady Mallam then other extreme. When a person happened P P P P 2


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