« PreviousContinue »
them. Having done this, he laid the roll of parch- added, for the encouragement of industry, ment on the ground, observing again, that the and mutual usefulness and esteem. There ground should be common to both people. He is something very agreeable in the content. then added, that he would not do as the Maryland. ers did, that is, call them Children or Brothers ment, and sober and well-earned self-com only; for often parents were apt to chastise their placency, which breathe in the following le: children too severely, and Brothers sometimes ter of this great colonist-written during his would differ: neither would he compare the Friend first rest from those great labours. ship between him and them to a Chain, for the rain might sometimes rust it, or a tree might fall
"I am now casting the country into townships and break it; but he should consider them as the for large lots of land. I have held an Assembly, same flesh and blood with the Christians, and the in which many good laws are passed. We could same as if one man's body were to be divided into not stay safely till the spring for a Government. I two parts. He then took up the parchment, and have annexed the Territories lately obtained to the presented it to the Sachem, who wore the horn in Province, and passed a general naturalization for his chaplet, and desired him and the other Sachems strangers; which hath much pleased the people.to preserve it carefully for three generations; that As to outward things, we are satisfied; the land their children might know what had passed between good, the air clear and sweet, the springs plentiful
, them, just as if he had remained himself with them and provision good and easy to come ai ; an innu. to repeat it."-—pp. 341-343.
merable quantity of wild fowl and fish: in fine,
here is what an Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob would The Indians, in return, made long and he well contented with; and service enough for stately harangues of which, however, no how sweet is the quiet of these parts, freed from more seems to have been remembered, but the anxious and troublesome solicitations, hurries, that "they pledged themselves to live in love and perplexities of woful Europe !"-—pp. 350, 351. with William Penn and his children, as long as the sun and moon should endure." And We cannot persuade ourselves, however, thus ended this famous treaty ;-of which to pursue any farther the details of this edisy: Voltaire has remarked, with so much truth ing biography. W. Penn returned to England and severity, “ that it was the only one ever after a residence of about two years in his concluded between savages and Christians colony-got into great favour with James II. that was not ratified by an oath-and the only and was bitterly calumniated as a Jesuit, one that never was broken !"
both by churchmen and sectaries—went on Such, indeed, was the spirit in which the doing good and preaching Quakerism-was negotiation was entered into, and the corres- sorely persecuted and insulted, and deprived ponding settlement conducted, that for the of his Government, but finally acquitted, and space of more than seventy years—and so honourably restored, under King Williamlong indeed as the Quakers retained the chief lost his wife and son-travelled and married power in the government, the peace and amity again-returned to Pennsylvania in 1699 for which had been thus solemnly promised and two years longer-came finally home 10 Eng. concluded, never was violated ;-and a large land-continued to preach and publish as and most striking, though solitary example copiously as ever—was reduced to a state of afforded, of the facility with
which they who kindly dotage by three strokes of apoplexyare really sincere and friendly in their own and died at last at the age of seventy-two, in views, may live in harmony even with those the year 1718. who are supposed to be peculiarly fierce and
He seems to have been a man of kind affec. faithless. We cannot bring ourselves to wish tions, singular activity and perseverance, and that there were nothing but Quakers in the great practical wisdom. Yet we can well world—because we fear it would be insup- believe with Burnet, that he was "a little portably dull;—but when we consider what pussed up with vanity;" and that "he had a tremendous evils daily arise from the petu- tedious, luscious way of talking, that was apt lance and profligacy, and ambition and irri- to tire the patience of his hearers." He was tability, of Sovereigns and Ministers, we can- very neat in his person; and had a great hornot help thinking that it would be the most ror at tobacco, which occasionally endangered efficacious of all reforms to choose all those his popularity in his American domains. He ruling personages out of that plain, pacific, household ; and had stuck up in his hall a
was mighty methodical, too, in ordering his and sober-minded sect.
William Penn now held an assembly, in written directory, or General Order, for the which fifty-nine important laws were passed regulation of his family, to which he exacted in the course of three days. The most re- the strictest conformity. According to this markable were those which limited the num- rigorous system of discipline, he requiredber of capital crimes to two-murder and “That in that quarter of the year which included high treason-and which provided for the part of the winter and part of the spring, the memreformation, as well as the punishment of bers of it were to rise at seven in the morning, in offenders, by making the prisons places of the next at six, in the next at five, and in the last compulsive industry, sobriety, and instruc- at six again Nine
o'clock was the hour for breaktion. It was likewise enacted, that all chil. to retire to bed. The whole family were to assem.
fast, twelve for dinner, seven for supper, and sen dren, of whatever rank, should be instructed ble every morning for worship. They were to he in some art or trade. The fees of law pro- called together at eleven again, that each might ceedings were fixed, and inscribed on public read in turn some portion of the holy Scripture, or tables ;-and the amount of fines to be levied of the Martyrology, or of Friends' books; and for offences also limited by legislative au- in the evening. On the days of public meeting, no or of unavoidable engagement. The servants were , the pious and philanthropic principles that to be called up after supper to render to their mas. ter and mistress an account of what they had done that great settlement which still bears his
finally they were to meet again for worship at six thority. Many admirable regulations were
one was to be absent, except on the plea of health
were undoubtedly his chief guides in forming in the day, and to receive instructions for the next; and were particularly exhorted to avoid lewd dis: name, and profits by his example. Human courses and troublesome noises."
virtue does not challenge, nor admit of such
a scrutiny! And it should be sufficient for We shall not stop to examine what dregs the glory of William Penn, that he stands of ambition, or what hankerings after worldly upon record as the most humane, the most prosperity, may have mixed themselves with moderate, and the most pacific of all rulers.
(May, 1828.) A Selection from the Public and Private Correspondence of Vice-Admiral Lord Collingwood:
interspersed with Memoirs of his Life. By G. L. NEWNHAM COLLINGWOOD, Esq. F. R. S. 2 vols. 8vo. Ridgway. London: 1828.
We do not know when we have met with of a still higher rectitude. Inferior, perhaps, so delightful a book as this,-or one with to Nelson, in original genius and energy, and which we are so well pleased with ourselves in that noble self-confidence in great emerfor being delighted. Its attraction consists gencies which these qualities usually inspire, almost entirely in its moral beauty; and it he was fully his equal in seamanship and the has the rare merit of filling us with the deep- art of command; as well as in that devotedest admiration for heroism, without suborning ness to his country and his profession, and our judgments into any approbation of the that utter fearlessness and gallantry of soul vices and weaknesses with which poor mortal which exults and rejoices in scenes of treheroism is so often accompanied. In this re- mendous peril, which have almost ceased to spect, it is not only more safe, but more agree- be remarkable in the character of a British able reading than the Memoirs of Nelson; sailor. On the other hand, we think it will where the lights and shadows are often too scarcely be disputed, that he was superior to painfully contrasted, and the bane and the that great commander in general information antidote exhibited in proportions that cannot and accomplishment, and in those thoughtful but be hazardous for the ardent and aspiring habits, and that steadiness and propriety of spirits on which they are both most calculated personal deportment, which are their natural to operate.
fruit. His greatest admirers, however, can It is a mere illusion of national vanity ask no higher praise for him than that he stood which prompts us to claim Lord Collingwood on the same lofty level with Nelson, as to that as a character peculiarly English? Certainly generous and cordial appreciation of merit in we must admit, that we have few English- his brother officers, by which, even more, permen left who resemble him; and even that haps, than by any of his other qualities, that our prevailing notions and habits make it great man was distinguished. It does one's likely that we shall have still fewer hereafter. heart good, indeed, to turn from the petty Yet we do not know where such a character cabals, the paltry jealousies, the splendid decould have been formed but in England ;- tractions, the irritable vanities, which infest and feel quite satisfied, that it is there only almost every other walk of public life, and that it can be properly valued or understood. meet one, indeed, at every turn in all scenes The combination of the loftiest daring with of competition, and among men otherwise the most watchful humanity, and of the no- eminent and honourable, —10 the brother-like blest ambition with the greatest disdain of frankness and open-hearted simplicity, even personal advantages, and the most generous of the official communications between Nelson sympathy with rival merit, though rare enough and Collingwood; and to the father-like in10 draw forth at all times the loud applause terest with which they both concurred in fosof mankind, have not been without example, tering the glory, and cheering on the fortunes in any race that boasts of illustrious ances of their younger associates. In their noble tors. "But, for the union of those high quali- thirst for distinction, there seems to be absoties with unpretending and almost homely lutely no alloy of selfishness; and scarcely simplicity, sweet temper, undeviating recti- even a feeling of rivalry. If the opportunity tode, and all the purity and sanctity of do- of doing a splendid thing has not come to mestic affection and humble content-we can them, it has come to some one who deserved look, we think, only to England, ;-or to the it as well, and perhaps needed it more. It fabulous legends of uncorrupted and unin- will come to them another day—and then the structed Rome. All these graces, however, heroes of this will repay their hearty congraand more than these, were united in Lord tulations. There is something inexpressibly Collingwood: For he had a cultivated and beautiful and attractive in this spirit of mag. even elegant mind, a taste for all simple en- nanimous fairness; and if we could only bejoyments, and a rectitude of understanding- lieve it to be general in the navy, we should which seemed in him to be but the emanation i gladly recant all our heretical doubts as to the
superior virtues of men at sea, join chorus to the poor child, spoke to him in terms of much all the slang songs of Dibdin on the subject, encouragement and kindness; which, as Lord and applaud to the echo all the tirades about Collingwood said, so won upon his heart, that, British tars and wooden walls, which have so taking this officer to his box, he offered him often nauseated us at the playhouses. in gratitude a large piece of plumcake which
We feel excessively obliged to the editor his mother had given him! Almost from of this book; both for making Lord Colling. this early period he was the intimate friend wood known to us, and for the very pleasing, and frequent associate of the brave Nelson; modest, and effectual way he has taken to do and had his full share of the obscure perils it in. It is made up almost entirely of his and unknown labours which usually form the Lordship's correspondence; and the few con- noviciate of naval eminence. He was made necting statements and explanatory observa- commander in 1779; and being sent to the tions are given with the greatest clearness and West Indies after the peace of 1783, was only brevity; and very much in the mild, concili- restored to his family in 1786. He married atory, and amiable tone of the remarkable in 1791; and was again summoned upon person to whom they relate. When we say active service on the breaking out of the war that this publication has made Lord Colling- with France in 1793; from which period to wood known to us, we do not mean that we, the end of his life, in 1810, he was continually or the body of the nation, were previously in employment, and never permitted to see ignorant that he had long served with distinc- that happy home, so dear to his heart, and so tion in the navy, and that it fell to his lot, as constantly in his thoughts, except for one short second in command at Trafalgar, to indite that interval of a year, during the peace of Amiens. eloquent and touching despatch which an. During almost the whole of this period he nounced the final ruin of the hostile fleets, was actually afloat; and was frequently, for and the death of the Great Admiral by whose a year together, and once for the incredible might they had been scattered. But till this period of twenty-two months, without dropcollection appeared, the character of the man ping an anchor. He was in almost all the was known, we believe, only to those who great actions, and had more that his share of had lived with him; and the public was gene- the anxious blockades, which occurred in that rally ignorant both of the detail of his ser- memorable time; and signalised himself in vices, and the high principle and exemplary all, by that mixture of considerate vigilance diligence which presided over their perform- and brilliant courage, which may be said to
Neither was it known, we are per- have constituted his professional character, suaded, that those virtues and services actually His first great battle was that which ended in cost him his life! and that the difficulty of Lord Howe's celebrated victory of the 1st of finding, in our large list of admirals, any one June, 1794; and we cannot resist the temptafit to succeed him in the important station tion of heading our extracts with a part of which he filled in his declining years, induced the account he has given of it, in a letter to the government, most ungenerously, we his father-in-law, Mr. Blackett—not so much must say, and unjustly,—to refuse his earnest for the purpose of recalling the proud feelings desire to be relieved of it; and 10 insist on which must ever cling to the memory of our his remaining to the last gasp, at a post which first triumph over triumphant France, as for he would not desert so long as his country the sake of that touching mixture it presents, required him to maintain it, but at which, it of domestic affection and family recollections, was apparent to himself, and all the world, with high professional enthusiasm, and the that he must speedily die. The details now kindling spirit of war. In this situation he before us will teach the profession, we hope, says:by what virtues and what toils so great and so pure a fame can alone be won; and by
“We cruised for a few days, like disappointed rendering in this way such characters less people looking for what we could not find, until the rare, will also render the distinction to which and nine o'clock, when the French fleet, of twenty:
morning of liule Sarah's birth-day, between eight they lead less fatal to its owners: While they five sail of the line was discovered 10 windward. cannot fail, we think, to awaken the govern- We chased them, and they bore down within about ment to a sense of its own ingratitude to those five miles of us. The night was spent in watching who have done it the noblest service, and of and preparation for the succeeding day; and many the necessity of at last adopting some of the a blessing did I send forth to my Sarah, lest I should suggestions which those great benefactors never bless her more! At dawn, we made our ap
proach on the enemy, then drew up, dressed our have so long pressed on its attention.
ranks, and it was about eight when the Admiral We have not much concern with the gene- made the signal for each ship to engage her oppo. alogy or early history of Lord Collingwood. nent, and bring her to close action, and then down He was born in 1750, of an honourable and we went under a crowd of sail, and in a manner ancient family of Northumberland, but of that would have animated the coldest heart, and slender patrimony; and went to sea, under ship we were to engage was two a-head of the the care of his relative, Captain, afterwards French Admiral, so that we had to go through his Admiral Brathwaite, when only eleven years fire and that of the two ships next him, and received old. He used, himself, to tell, as an instance all their broadsides two or three times before we of his youth' and simplicity at this time, fired a gun. It was then near ten o'clock. lob" that as he was sitting crying for his sepa- wives were going to church, but that I thought that
served to the Admiral, that about that time our sation from home, the first lieutenant ob- the peal we should ring about the Frenchman's ears Barved him, and pitying the tender years of I would outdo their parish bella! Lord Howe began
his fire some time before we did ; and he is not in the admirals, and from Captain Nelson, to the habit of firing soon. We got very near indeed, whose aid he came most gallantly in a moand then began such a fire as would have done you ment of great peril, it was at last thought necgood to have heard ! During ihe whole action the most exact order was preserved, and no accident essary to repair this awkward omission. happened but what was inevitable, and the conse- When Lord St. Vincent informed Captain Col. quence of the enemy's shot. In ten minutes the lingwood that he was to receive one of the medals Ådmiral was wounded; I caught him in my arms which were distributed on this occasion, he told the before he fell: the first lieutenant was slightly Admiral, with great feeling and firmness, that he wounded by the same shot, and I thought I was in could not consent to receive a medal, while that for a fair way of being left on deck by myself; but the the 1st of June was withheld. 'I feel,' said he, lieutenant got his head dressed, and came up again that I was then improperly passed over; and to reSoon after, they called from the forecastle ihai the ceive such a distinction now, would be to acknowFrenchman was sinking; at which the men started ledge the propriety of that injustice.' – That is preup and gave three cheers. I saw the French ship cisely the answer which I expected from you, Capdismnasted and on her broadside, but in an instant tain Collingwood,' was Lord St. Vincent's reply. she was clouded with smoke, and I do not know “The two medals were afterwards—md as Capwhether she sunk or not. All the ships in our ain Collingwood seems to have thought, by desire neighbourhood were dismasted, and are taken, ex. of the King—iransmitted to him at the same time cept the French Admiral, who was driven out of the by Lord Spencer, the then First Lord of the Admi. line by Lord Howe, and saved himself by flight.' rally, with a civil apology for the former omission.
'I congratulate you most sincerely,' said his Lord. In 1796 he writes to the same gentleman, ship, on having had the good fortune to bear so from before Toulon
conspicuous a part on two such glorious occasions ;
and have troubled you with this letter, only to say, “It is but dull work, lying off the enemy's port: that the former medal would have been transmited they cannot move a ship without our seeing them to you some months ago, is a proper conveyance which must be very mortifying to them; but we had been found for it." have the mortification also to see their merchant. vessels going along shore, and cannot molest them. We add the following little trait of the unIt is not a service on which we shall get fat; and daunted Nelson, from a letter of the same often do I wish we had some of those bad potatoes which Old Scott and William used to throw over
year: the wall of the garden, for we feel the want of vege- undertakings, and whose resources are fiited to all
“My friend Nelson, whose spirit is equal to all tables more than anything!
“ The accounts I receive of my dear girls give occasions, was sent with three sail of the line and me infinite pleasure. How happy I shall be to see
some other ships to Teneriffe, to surprise and capthem again! but God knows when the blessed day ture it. After a series of adventures, tragic and will come in which we shall be again restored to the comic, that belong to romance, they were obliged comforts of domestic life ; for here, so far from 1o abandon the enterprise. Nelson was shot in the prospect of peace, the plot seems to thicken, as if right arm when landing, and was obliged to be car. the most serious part of the war were but beginning." ried on board. He himself hailed the ship, and de.
sired the surgeon would get his instruments ready In 1797 he had a great share in the splendid 10 dis-arm him; and in halt an hour after it was off, victory off Cape St. Vincent, and writes, as he gave all the orders necessary for carrying on their usual, a simple and animated account of it to three weeks after, when he joined us, he went on
operations, as if nothing had happened to him. In Mr. Blacketi. We omit the warlike details, board the Admiral, and I think exerted himself 10 however, and give only these characteristic a degree of great imprudence." sentences :
The following letter to Captain Ball, on oc"I wrote to Sarah the day after the action with casion of the glorious victory of the Nile, may the Spaniards, but I am afraid I gave her but an
serve to illustrate what we have stated, as to imperfect account of it. It is a very difficult thing for those engaged in such a scene to give the de the generous and cordial sympathy with rival tail of the whole, because all the powers they have glory and fortune, which breathes throughout are occupied in their own part of it. As to myself
, the whole correspondence:I did my duty to the utmost of my ability, as I have
“I cannot express to you how great my joy was ever done: That is acknowledged now; and that when the news arrived of the complete and unparalis the only real difference between this and the leled victory which you obtained over the French; former action.
One of the great pleasures I have or what were my emotions of thankfulness, that the received from this glorious event is, that I expect it life of my worthy and much-respected friend was will enable me to provide handsomely for those who preserved through such a day of danger, to his Berve me well. Give my love to my wife, and family and his country. I congratulate you, my blessing to my children. What a day it will be to dear friend, on your success.
Oh, my dear Ball, me when I meet them again! The Spaniards how I have lamented that I was not one of you! always carry their patron saint to sea with them, Many a victory has been won, and I hope many and I have given St. Isidro a berih in my cabin: 11 are yet to come, but there never has been, nor will was the least I could do for him, after he had con
be perhaps again, one in which the fruits have been signed his charge to me. It is a good picture, as
so completely gathered, the blow so nobly followed you will see when he goes to Morpeth.”
up, and the consequences so fairly brought to ac. By some extraordinary neglect, Captain count. I have heard with great pleasure, that your Collingwood had not received one of the squadron has presented Sir H. Nelson with a sword;
it is the honours to which he led you reflected back medals generally distributed to the officers upon himself,—the finest testimony of his merits for who distinguished themselves in Lord Howe's having led you to a field in which you all so nobly action; and it is to this he alludes in one of displayed your own. The expectation of the people the passages we have now
cited. His efforts
, of England was raised to the highest pitch; the however
, on this last occasion, having been event has exceeded all expectation." the theme of universal admiration throughout After this he is sent, for repairs, for a few the fleet, and acknowledged indeed by a va- weeks to Portsmouth, and writes to his father riety of grateful and congratulary letters from in-law as follows:
“We never know, till it is too late, whether we , pected! It is delightful to have to record suck are going too fast or too slow; but I am now rea letter as the following, on occasion of such penting that I did not persuade my dear Sarah to
an affliction, from such a man as Nelson:come to me as soon as I knew I was not to go from this port; but the length of the journey, the inclem- “My dear Friend, -I truly feel for you, and as ency of the weather, and the litile prospect of my much for poor Mrs. Collingwood. How sorry I staying here half this time, made me think it an un-am! For Heaven's sake, do not think I had ihe necessary fatigue for her. I am now quite sick at gift of foresight; but something told me, so it would heart with disappointment and vexation; and though be. Can't you contrive and stay 10-night? it will I hope every day for relief, yel I find it impossible be a comfort if only to see your family one hour, lo say when I shall be clear.
Therefore, had you not betier stay on shore and Last night I went to Lady Parker's twelfth wait for her ? Ever, my dear Collingwood, believe night, where all the gentlemen's children of the me, your affectionate and faithful friend, 1.)wn were at dance and revelry: But I thought of
NELSON AND BRONTE. my own! and was so completely out of spirits that “If they would only have manned me and sent I left them in the middle of it. My wife shall know me off, it would have been real pleasure to me. How all my movements, even the very hour in which I cross are the fates!” shall be able to come 10 you. I hope they will not hurry me to sea again, for my spirit requires some
He does stay accordingly, and sees those respite from the anxieties which a ship occasions. beloved pledges for a few short hours. We
"Bless my precious girls for me, and their be will not withhold from our readers his account loved mother."
of it:The following are in the same tone of ten- “Sarah will have told you how and when we derness and considerate affection; and coming met; it was a joy to me that I cannot describe, and from the hand of the fiery warrior, and de- repaid me, short as our interview was, for a world voted servant of his country, are to us ex- of woe which I was suffering on her account. I had tremely touching :
been reckoning on the possibility of her arrival that
Tuesday, when about two o'clock I received an “Would 10 God that this war were happily con express to go to sea immediately with all the ships cluded! It is anguish enough to me to be thus for that were ready, and had we notihen been engaged ever separated from my family; but that my Sarah at a court martial, I might have got out that day; should, in my absence, be suffering from illness, but this business delaying me till near night, I de. is complete misery. Pray, my dear sir, have the termined to wait on shore until eight o'clock for the goodness to write a line or two very often, to tell chance of their arrival. I went io dine with Lord me how she does. I am quite pleased at the ac. Nelson; and while we were at dinner their arrival count you give me of my girls. If it were peace, I do was announced 10 me. I flew to the inn where I not think there would be a happier set of creatures had desired my wife to come, and found her and in Northumberland than we should be !
little Sarah as well after their journey as if it had “It is a great comfort to me, banished as I am lasted only for the day. No greater happiness is from all that is dear to me, to learn that my beloved human nature capable of than was mine that even. Sarah and her girls are well. Would to Heaven it ing; but at dawn we parted-and I went to sea!" were peace! that I might come, and for the rest of my life be blessed in their affection. Indeed, this
And afterwardsunremitting hard service is a great sacrifice; giving “ You will have heard from Sarah what a meel. up all that is pleasurable to the soul, or soothing to ing we had, how short our interview, and how sud. the mind, and engaging in a constant contest with denly we parted. It is grief to me to think of it the elements, or wiih tempers and dispositions as now; it almost broke my heart then. After such a boisterous and untractable. Great allowance should journey, to see me but for a few hours, with scarce be made for us when we come on shore: for being time for her to relate the incidents of her journey, long in the habits of absolute command, we grow and no time for me to tell her half that my heart felt impatient of contradiction, and are unfitted, I fear, at such a proof of her affection : But I am thankful for the gentle intercourse of quiet life. I am really that I did see her, and my sweet child. It was a in great hopes that it will not be long before the ex- blessing to me, and composed my mind, which was periment will be made upon me—for I think we before very much agitated. I have little chance of shall soon have peace; and I assure you that I will seeing her again, unless a storm shonld drive us into endeavour to conduct myself with as much modera- port, for the French feet is in a state of prepara. tion as possible! I have come to another resolution, tion, which makes it necessary for us to watch ihem which is, when this war is happily terminated. to narrowly. think no more of ships, but pass ihe rest of my days “I can still talk to you of nothing but the delight in the bosom of my family, where I think my pros. I experienced in the liitle I have had of the company pects of happiness are equal to any man's." of my beloved wife and of my little Sarah. What
“You have been made happy ihis winter in the comfort is promised to me in the affections of that visit of your daughter. How glad should I have child, if it should please God that we ever again re been could I have joined you ! but it will not be turn to the quiet domestic cares of peace! 1 should long; two years more will, I think, exhaust me be much obliged to you if you would send Scott a completely, and then I shall be fit only to be nursed. guinea for me, for these hard times must pinch the God knows how little claim I have on anybody 10 poor old man, and he will miss my wife, who was take that trouble. My daughters can never be to very kind to him!” me what yours have been, whose affections have been nurtured by daily acts of kindness. They may Upon the peace of Amiens he at last got be told that it is a duty to regard me, but it is not home, about the middle of 1802. The followreasonable to expect that they should have the same ing brief sketch of his enjoyment there, is feeling for a person of whom they have only heard : from the hand of his affectionate editor:But if they are good and virtuous, as I hope and be. lieve they will be, I may share at least in their kind
During this short period of happiness and rest, ness with the rest of the world."
he was occupied in superintendingihe education of He decides at last on sending for his wife and his daughters, and in continuing those habits of child, in the hope of being allowed to remain reading was extensive, particularly in history; and for some months at Portsmouth: but is sud- it was his constant practice to exercise himself in denly ordered off on the very day they are ex. I composition, by making abstracts from the books