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Cithæron's echoes answer to his call,
The Eastern front was glorious to behold,
Ver. 96. And the great founder of the Persian name :] Cyrus was the beginning of the Persian, as Ninus was of the Allye rian Monarchy. The Magi and Chaldæans (the chief of whom was Zoroaster) employed their studies upon magic and astrology, which was in a manner almost all the learning of the ancient Asian people. We have scarce any account of a moral philosopher except Confucius, the great law-giver of the Chinese, who lived about two thousand years ago. P.
Of Talismans and Sigils knew the pow'r, jog
Of Gothic structure was the Northern fide, 119 O’erwrought with ornaments of barb'rous pride. There huge Colofses rose, with trophies crown'd, And Runic characters were grav'd around.. There fate Zamolxis with erected eyes, And Odin here in mimic trances dies. There on rude iron columns, smear'd with blood, The horrid forms of Scythian heroes stood, 126 Druids and Bards (their once loud harps unstrung) And youths that dy'd to be by Poets sung. These and a thousand more of doubtful fame, To whom old fables gave a lasting name, 130 In ranks adorn' the Temple’s outward face; The wall in lustre and effect like glass,
VER. H10. Ægypt's priests, etc.] The learning of the old Ægyptian Priests consisted for the most part in geometry and astronomy: they also preserved the History of ther nation. Their greatest Hero upon record is Sesostris, whose actions and conquests may be seen at large in Diodorus, etc. He is faid to have caused the Kings he vanquished to draw him in his Chariot. The posture of his statue, in these verses, is correspondent to the description which Herodotus gives of one of them remaining in his own time. P.
VBR. 119. Of Gothic structure was the Northern side,] The Architecture is agreeable to that part of the world. The learning of the northern nations lay more obscure than that
of the rest; Zamolxis was the disciple of Pythagoras, who taught the immortality of the soul to the Scythians. Odin, or Woden, was the great legislator and hero of the Goths. They tell us of him, that, being subject to fits, he persuaded his followers, that during those trances he received inspirations, from whence he dictated his laws: he is said to have been the inventor of the Runic characters. P:
Ver. 127. Druids and Bards, etc.] These were the priests and poets of those people, so celebrated for their savage virtue. Those heroic barbarians accounted it a dishonour to die in their beds, and rushed on to certain death in the prof. pect of an after-life, and for the glory of a song from their bards in praise of their actions. P.
pect of an afteds; and rushed on accounted it a co
Ver. 132. The wall in lustre, etc.]
It Thone lighter than a glass,
Which o'er each object casting various dyes,
The Temple shakes, the founding gates unfold,
Ver. 152. The Youth that all things but himself subdu'd ;] Alexander the Great: the Tiara was the crown peculiar to the Asian Princes : his desire to be thought the son of Jupiter Ammon, caused him to wear the horns of that God, and to represent the fame upon his coins; which was continued by feveral of his successors. P.
His feet on sceptres and tiara's trod,
Much-suff'ring heroes next their honours claim,
VER. 162. Timoleon, glorious in his brother's blood;] Ti. moleon had saved the life of his brother Timophanes in the battle between the Argives and Corinthians ; but afterwards killed him when he affected the tyranny, preferring his duty to his country to all the obligations of blood. P.