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Cithæron's echoes answer to his call,
up, the wid’ning arches bend, 90
The Eastern front was glorious to behold,
VER. 96. And the great founder of the Persian name :] Cyrus was the beginning of the Persian, as Ninus was of the Ally rian Monarchy. The Magi and Chaldæans (the chief of whom was Zoroaster) employed their studies upon magic and astrology, which was in a manner almost all the learning of the ancient Asian people. We have scarce any account of a moral philosopher except Confucius, the great law-giver of the Chinese, who lived about two thousand years ago. P,
Of Talismans and Sigils knew the pow'r, 103
Of Gothic structure was the Northern side, 119 O’erwrought with ornaments of barb'rous pride.
NOT E s.
Ver. 110. Ægypt's priests, etc.] The learning of the old Ægyptian Priests consisted for the most part in geometry and astronomy: they also preserved the History of their nation. Their greatest Hero upon record is Sefoftris, whose actions and conquests may be seen at large in Diodorus, etc. He is faid to have caused the Kings he vanquished to draw him in his Chariot. The posture of his statue, in these verses, is correspondent to the description which Herodotus gives of one of them remaining in his own time. P.
VBR. 119. Of Gothic structure was the Northern fide,] The Architecture is agreeable to that part of the world. The learning of the northern pations lay more obscure than that
There huge Colosses rose, with trophies crown'd,
of the rest ; Zamolxis was the disciple of Pythagoras, who taught the immortality of the soul to the Scythians. Odin, or Woden, was the great legislator and hero of the Goths. They tell us of him, that, being subject to fits, he persuaded his followers, that during those trances he received inspirations, from whence he dictated his laws: he is said to have been the inventor of the Runic characters. P:
Ver. 127. Druids and Bards, etc.] These were the priests and poets of those people, so celebrated for their favage virtue. Those heroic barbarians accounted it a dishonour to die in their beds, and rushed on to certain death in the prospect of an after-life, and for the glory of a song from their bards in praise of their actions. P.
Ver. 132. The wall in lustre, etc.]
It Thone lighter than a glass,
Which o'er each object casting various dyes,
The Temple shakes, the founding gates unfold, Wide vaults
and roofs of fretted gold: Rais'd on a thousand pillars, wreath'd around With laurel-foliage, and with eagles crown'd: 140 Of bright, transparent beryl were the walls, The freezes gold, and gold the capitals : As heav'n with stars, the roof with jewels glows, And ever-living lamps depend in rows. Full in the passage of each spacious gate, 145 The-sage Historians in white garments wait; Grav'd o'er their seats the form of Time was found, His scythe revers’d, and both his pinions bound. Within stood Heroes, who thro' loud alarms In bloody fields pursu'd renown in arms. 150 High on a throne with trophies charg’d, I view'd The Youth that all things but himself subdu'd;
VER. 152. The Youth that all things but himself subdu'd ;] Alexander the Great: the Tiara was the crown peculiar to the Afian Princes : his desire to be thought the son of Jupiter Ammon, caused him to wear the horns of that God, and to represent the fame upon his coins ; which was continued by feveral of his successors. P.
His feet on sceptres and tiara's trod,
Much-fuff'ring heroes next their honours claim,
Ver. 162. Timoleon, glorious in his brother's blood ;] Timoleon had saved the life of his brother Timophanes in the battle between the Argives and Corinthians ; but afterwards killed him when he affected the tyranny, preferring his duty to his country to all the obligations of blood. P.