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Cithæron's echoes answer to his call,
And half the mountain rolls into a wall :
There might you see the length’ning spires ascend,
The domes swell

up, the wid’ning arches bend, 90
The growing tow'rs, like exhalations rise,
And the huge columns heave into the skies.

The Eastern front was glorious to behold,
With di’mond flaming, and Barbaric gold.
There Ninus shone, who spread th’Affyrian fame,
And the great founder of the Persian name:
There in long robes the royal Magi stand,
Grave Zoroaster waves the circling wand,
The fage Chaldæans rob’d in white appear’d,
And Brachmans, deep in desert woods rever'd. 109
These stop'd the moon, and call’d the unbody'd

To midnight banquets in the glimm’ring glades;
Made visionary fabricks round them rise,
And airy spectres skim before their eyes;



VER. 96. And the great founder of the Persian name :] Cyrus was the beginning of the Persian, as Ninus was of the Ally rian Monarchy. The Magi and Chaldæans (the chief of whom was Zoroaster) employed their studies upon magic and astrology, which was in a manner almost all the learning of the ancient Asian people. We have scarce any account of a moral philosopher except Confucius, the great law-giver of the Chinese, who lived about two thousand years ago. P,

Of Talismans and Sigils knew the pow'r, 103
And careful watch'd the Planetary hour.
Superior, and alone, Confucius 'stood,
Who taught that useful science, to be good.
But on the South, a long majestic race
Of Ægypt's Priests the gilded niches grace, 110
Who measur'd earth, describ'd the starry spheres,
And trac'd the long records of lunar

High on his car Sesostris struck my view,
Whom scepter'd llaves in golden harness drew :
His hands a bow and pointed jav'lin hold; 115
His giant limbs are arm'd in scales of gold.
Between the statues Obelisks were plac'd,
And the learn'd walls with Hieroglyphics grac'd.

Of Gothic structure was the Northern side, 119 O’erwrought with ornaments of barb'rous pride.

NOT E s.

Ver. 110. Ægypt's priests, etc.] The learning of the old Ægyptian Priests consisted for the most part in geometry and astronomy: they also preserved the History of their nation. Their greatest Hero upon record is Sefoftris, whose actions and conquests may be seen at large in Diodorus, etc. He is faid to have caused the Kings he vanquished to draw him in his Chariot. The posture of his statue, in these verses, is correspondent to the description which Herodotus gives of one of them remaining in his own time. P.

VBR. 119. Of Gothic structure was the Northern fide,] The Architecture is agreeable to that part of the world. The learning of the northern pations lay more obscure than that

There huge Colosses rose, with trophies crown'd,
And Runic characters were grav'd around.
There fate Zamolxis with erected eyes,
And Odin here in mimic trances dies.
There on rude iron columns, fmear'd with blood,
The horrid forms of Scythian heroes stood, 126
Druids and Bards (their once loud harps unstrung)
And youths that dy'd to be by Poets sung.
These and a thousand more of doubtful fame,
To whom old fables gave a lasting name, 130
In ranks adorn'd the Temple's outward face
The wall in lustre and effect like glass,


of the rest ; Zamolxis was the disciple of Pythagoras, who taught the immortality of the soul to the Scythians. Odin, or Woden, was the great legislator and hero of the Goths. They tell us of him, that, being subject to fits, he persuaded his followers, that during those trances he received inspirations, from whence he dictated his laws: he is said to have been the inventor of the Runic characters. P:

Ver. 127. Druids and Bards, etc.] These were the priests and poets of those people, so celebrated for their favage virtue. Those heroic barbarians accounted it a dishonour to die in their beds, and rushed on to certain death in the prospect of an after-life, and for the glory of a song from their bards in praise of their actions. P.


Ver. 132. The wall in lustre, etc.]

It Thone lighter than a glass,
And made well more than it was,
As kind of thing Fame is,

Which o'er each object casting various dyes,
Enlarges fome, and others multiplies :
Nor void of emblem was the mystic wall, 135
For thus romantic Fame increases all.

The Temple shakes, the founding gates unfold, Wide vaults

and roofs of fretted gold: Rais'd on a thousand pillars, wreath'd around With laurel-foliage, and with eagles crown'd: 140 Of bright, transparent beryl were the walls, The freezes gold, and gold the capitals : As heav'n with stars, the roof with jewels glows, And ever-living lamps depend in rows. Full in the passage of each spacious gate, 145 The-sage Historians in white garments wait; Grav'd o'er their seats the form of Time was found, His scythe revers’d, and both his pinions bound. Within stood Heroes, who thro' loud alarms In bloody fields pursu'd renown in arms. 150 High on a throne with trophies charg’d, I view'd The Youth that all things but himself subdu'd;



VER. 152. The Youth that all things but himself subdu'd ;] Alexander the Great: the Tiara was the crown peculiar to the Afian Princes : his desire to be thought the son of Jupiter Ammon, caused him to wear the horns of that God, and to represent the fame upon his coins ; which was continued by feveral of his successors. P.

His feet on sceptres and tiara's trod,
And his horn'd head bely'd the Libyan God.
There Cæsar, grac'd with both Minerva's, shone;
Cæfar, the world's great master, and his own ; 156
Unmoy'd, superior still in ev'ry state,
And scarce detested in his Country's fate.
But chief were those, who not for empire fought,
But with their toils their people's safety bought: 160
High o'er the rest Epaminondas stood ;
Timoleon, glorious in his brother's blood;
Bold Scipio, saviour of the Roman state;
Great in his triumphs, in retirement great ; 165
And wise Aurelius, in whose well-taught mind
With boundless pow'r unbounded virtue join'd,
His own strict judge, and patron of mankind.

Much-fuff'ring heroes next their honours claim,
Those of less noisy, and less guilty fame,
Fair Virtue's filent train : supreme of these 170
Here ever shines the godlike Socrates :


Ver. 162. Timoleon, glorious in his brother's blood ;] Timoleon had saved the life of his brother Timophanes in the battle between the Argives and Corinthians ; but afterwards killed him when he affected the tyranny, preferring his duty to his country to all the obligations of blood. P.

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