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year; together with an account of the produce, broad-cast, and four drilled, to ascertain whethe weight per Winchester bushel; and a sam- ther it is most advantageous to cultivate turnips ple, not less than a quart, be produced to the by sowing them broadcast and hand-hoeing Society on or before the second Tuesday in Fe. them, or by drilling them in equidistant rows, bruary, 1805.
and hand or horse hoeing the intervals; the **It is supposed that sowing wheat early in the silver medal, or ten guineas. It is required, that spring will not only allow more time to till the every operation and expense of each mode of land, but less for the growth of weeds; thus culture be fully described, and that proper cerrendering the wheat as clean as a barley crop, tificates of the nature and condition of the land and exhausting the soil much less than autum- on which the experiments were made, together nal sowing. It may be scen in the 19th volume, with the weight of the turnips grown, on a fair that the wheat usually sown in autumn may be average sixteen perches of land, under each put into the ground, with great success, so late mode of culture, be produced to the Society on ás February or March, thus giving time to clear or before the first Tuesday in Marcb, 1805. the ground from tumips, or to avoid a bad scason. The object which the Society have in view in
32. BEAN'S AND Wheat. To the person offering this premium is experimentally to aşwho shall have dibbled or drilled, between the certain the most advantageous method of grow1st of December, 1803, and the 1st of April, ing turnips. To do this in a satisfactory man. 1804, the greatest quantity of land, not less than ner, both the drilled and broad-cast crops should ten acres, with beans, in equidistant rows, and have the advantage of the most perfect cultiva. hoed the intervals twice or oftener, and shall tion, consequently the drilled crops should have have sown the same land with wheat in the au the intervals between the rows worked by the tumn of the year 1804; the gold medal. It is horse or hand hoe, or by both these implements; required that an account of the soft and quan- and the rows should be either weeded or hand, tity of beans, the time of dibbling or drilling, hoed, or both weeded and hand-hoed. The and of reaping or mowing them, the produce broadcast crop should have every advantage per acre thrashed, the expense of dibbling or which weeding and hand-hoeing can give it, drilling, hand or horse hoeing, the distance of consistently with leaving the soil a flat surface. the rows, and the quality of the soil, together 56. The same premium is extended one year with certificates of the number of acres, and farther. Certificates to be produced on or bethat the land was afterwards actually sown with fore the first Tuesday in March, 1806. wheat, be produced on or before the second 37. Parsnirs. "To the person who, in the Tuesday in March, 1805.
year 1804, shall cultivate the greatest quan,* 33. Beans. To the person who, in the tity of land, not less than five acres, with year 1803, shall discover and cultivate, either parsnips, for the
sole purpose of feeding catby the drill or dibbling method, on not less than ile or sheep; the gold medal. Certificates five acres, a species of horse-beans or tick-beans, of the quantity of land so cultivated, with a parthat will ripen their seeds before the 21st of ticular account of the nature of the soil and August ; the silver medal, or ten guineas. It weight of the produce on sixteen perches, and is required thaťa particular account of the bean, also of the condition of the cattle or sheep fed the cultivation, and the expense attending it, with the parsnips, and the advantages resulting with proper certificates of the nature and condi- from the practice, to be produced to the Society tion of the land on which the experiments are on or before the second day in February, 1805. made, together with an account of the prodụce,
38. Buck WIEAT. To the person who the weight per Winchester bushe!, and a sample shal} cultivate the greatest quantity of land with of not less than a quart, be produced to the So- buck wheat, not less than thirty acres; the gold ciety on or before the first Tuesday in Decem- medaļ. It is required that the time of sowing ber, 1804, It is apprehended that, if a bean and reaping be noticed ; also a particular should be bronght into cultivation with the ha account of the species, cultivation, and expense bits of the hotspur, or other early peas, that it attending it, the manner of reaping it, thrashing would, in a great measure, escape the danger it, and housing the grain; with proper certifarising fronı the collier-insect, or other insects, cates of the nature and condition of the land and allow more tiine for the farmers to till the on which the experiments were made, and the land for the subsequent crop of wheat. The name of the crop, if any, which the same land accounts and certificates to be delivered on or bore the preceding year, together with an before the first Tuesday in December, 1804. account of the produce, and a sample of the
*34. The same premium is extended one seed, not less than a quart, be produced to the year farther. The accounts and certificates to Society on or before the second Tuesday in be delivered on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1805, December, 1805.
39. For the next greatest quantity, not less 35. COMPARATIVE CULTURE OF TURNIPS. than fifteen acres, on similar conditions; the For the best set of experiments made on not less silver medal. Information respecting its apthan eight acres of land, four of which to be sown plication to the feeding of cattle, bogs, and
poultry, and other of its uses, is also desired. in the spring will be particularly suitable for It is known to be particularly serviceable in this preinium. furnishing honey to bees.
45, 46, 47. The same premiums are ex40. RAISING GraSS SEEDS. To' the per- tended one year farther. Certificates to be deson who shall raise the greatest quantity of each livered on or before the first day of November, or any of the following nained grass seeds, viz. 1805,
- Meadow fox-tail (alopecurus pratensis), 48. PRESERVING TURNIPS. To the persweet-scented vernal grass (anthoxanthum odo- son who shall discover to the Society the best ratum), Timothy grass, meadow Fescue grass, and cheapest method of preserving turnips
ooth-stalked meadow grass (poa pratensis), perfectly sound, and in crery respect fit for rough-stalked meadow grass (poa trivialis); the purpose of supporting and fattening steep the silver inedal, or ten guineas. It is required and neat cattle, during the months of February, that certificates from persons who have viewed March, and April; the silver medal, or ten thein in a proper state, to identify that they guineas. It is required that a full and accurate are one or other of the seeds above mentioned, account of the method employed, and the exindicating clearly the particular species, and pense attending the process, together with noticing the quantity produced of such seeds, certificates that the produce of four acres at the free from weeds or nixture of other grasses, least have been preserved according to the together with proper samples of the seeds, be method described, and applied to the feeding produced to the Society on or before the first of sheep and neat cattle; that tlıc whole were d.y of February, 1805.
drawn out of the ground before the first day of 41. The same premium is extended one Febrnary, in order to clear the greater part of year farther. Certificates to be prodnced on it previous to its being prepared for corn, and or before the first day of February, 1806. in save the soil from being exhausted by the
42. Rotation of Crops. To the person turnips; and also of the weight of an average who shall, between the 10th of August, 1801, sixteen perches of the crop; be produced to and the 10th of September, 1803, cultivate the the Society on or before the first Tuesday in greatest quantity of land, not less than forty Nore:nber, 1904. acres, in the following rotation, viz. 1st, winter N.B. It is recommended to lose who may be tares; 2d, turnips ; and 3d, wheat; and apply induced to try the necessary; erperiments for obthe two former crops in the best and most taining this and the following foner premiums, 10 farmer-like manner, to the rearing, supporting, consider the inethod employed for thic prcserratinn and fattening horses, cattle, sheep, or hogs, on of potatoes in ridges (which the growers call piesz, the land which produced the crops ; the gold and also the propriety of adopiing a similar memedal, or one hundred guineas.
thod in cases where they are previously frozen. It 43. For the next in quantity and merit, on is supposed that, in t'ie latter instance, the audio not less than thirty acres, the silver medal, or tion of ice or snou, and the construction of the fifty guineas.
ridges upon a large scale, may be sufficient to 44. For the next in quantity and merit, op preserre the freezing temperature fill the regetanot less than twenty acres, the silver medal. bles are wonted for the use of catile or skeep, at His reqnired, that every operation and expense which time they may be thiusd by immersien in be fully described, and that satisfactory certi- cold roter, and the rot which a sudden thaw
ficates of the nature and condition of the soil produces may be prorcuted. on which the crops have grown, together with 49. For the nest in quantity and nerit, on an account of their appearance, the number of not less than two acres the silver medal. horses and cattle, sheep or hogs, fed by the 50. PRESERVING CADD:G!S. To the pertwo green crops, and, as near as possible, the son who shall discover to the Society the best improved value of the live stock by the con and cheapest method of prescrving drumsumption of those crops, and also the quantity headed cabbages perfectly sourd, and in every of wheat per acre, and its weight per bushel, respect fit for the purpose of supporiing and be produced to the Society on or before the fattening sheep and neat cattle during tlie first day of November, 1804.
months of February, Diarch, and April; tlic It is presumed that very great advantages gold inedal, or thiriy guineas. will arise to such agriculturists as shall adopt 51. For the next in quantity and merit, on this rotation of crops on a day soil. They will not less than two acres, the silver medal or be enabled, with the addition of a few acres of fifteen guineas. Conditions the same as for turnip-rooted cabbage for spring-food, to keep preserving turnips, Cl. 18. And the accounts such large flocks of sleep and herds of neat to be produced on or before the first l'uesday cattle as may secure a sufficient quantity of in November, 1805. manure to fertilize their land in the highest 52. PRESERVING Carrots, PARSNIPS, or degree, and in every situation. It is farther Berts. To the person who shall discover to conceived, that wheats which will bear sowing the Society the best and cļieapest nxethod of
preserving carrots, parsnips, or beets, perfectly by an accurate analysis of it; and who having sound, and in every respect fit for the purpose made a like analysis of some poor arable land, of supporting horses, and fattening sheep and shall, by comparing the component parts of neat cattle, during the months of February, each, and thereby ascertaining the deficiencies March, and April; the silver medal, or fifteen of the poor soil, improre a quantity of it, not gnincas. Conditions the same as for preserving less than one acre, by the addition of such parts turnips, Cl. 43. And the accounts to be deli- asthe former experiments shall have discovered vered in on or before the first day in Xoveruber, to be wanting therein, and therefore probably 1805.
the cause of įts sterility ; the gold medal, or 53. PRESERVING Potators. To the person forty guincas. It is required, that the mawho shall discover to the Society the best and nurings, ploughings, anii crops, of the improved cheapest method of preserving potatoes, two or land, be the same after the improvement as more years, perfectly sound, without vegeta- before, and that a minute account of the proting, and in every other respect fit for the duce in each state, of the weather, and of the purpose of sets and the use of the table, and, various influencing circumstances, together consequently, of supporting and fattening cat- with the method made use of in analysing the tle; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. It is soils, be produced, with proper certificates and required, that a full and accurate account of the chemical results of the analysis, which are the method employed, and the expense attend- to remain the property of the Society, on or mg the process, with certificates that one hun- before the last Tuesday in February, 1805. dred bushels at the least have been preserved It is expected that a quantity, not less than according to the method described, and that six pounds, of the rich, of the poor, and of one or more bushels of the same potatoes have the improved soils, be produced with the certibeen set, and produced a crop without any ficates. apparent diminution of their vegetative power, 57. Girning LAND FROM THE SEA. To and also that they have been used at table, the person who shall produce to the Society with entire satisfaction to the person who ate an account, verified by actual esperiment, of them, together with a sample otono bushel, of his having gained the greatest quantity of be sent to the Society on or before the first land from the sea, not less than fifty acres, Tuesday in November, 1805.
on the coast of Great Britain or Ireland ; the 51. M KING MEADOW-HAY IN WET WEA- gold medal. Certificutes of the quantity of
To the person who shall discover to land, and that the experiinents were begun the Society the best and cheapest nethod, su after the 1st of January, 1798, to be produced perior to any bitherto practised, of making to the Society on or before the last Tuesday in meadow-hay in wet weather ; the gold medal, October, 1804. or thirty guineas. A full account of the me 58. The same preminm is extended one year thod employed, and of the expense attending farther. Certificates to be produced on or bethe process, with not less than fitty-six pounds fore the last Tuesday in Octobeț, 1805. of the hay ; and certificates that at least the 59. The same premium is extended one year produce of six acres of land has been made ac- farther. Certificutes to be produced on or bet cording to the metliod described, and that the fore the last Tuesday in October, 1806. whole is of equal quality with the saouple; to 60. IMPROVING LIND LYING WASTE. For
c produced on or before the first Tuesday in the most satisfactory account of the best me Janury, 1805.
thod of improving any of the following soils, 55. HARVESTING CORN IN WET WEATIET.. being land lying waste or uncultivated, vis. To the person who shall discover to the Society clav, grare!, sand, chalk, peat-earth and bog, the best and cheapest method, superior to any verified by experiments on not less than fifty hitherto practised, of harvesting corn in wet acres of land; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. weather : the gold medal, or thirty guincas. 61. For the next greatest quantity, not less A tal occount of the method employed, and of than thirty acres, the silver medal, or twenty the expense attending the process, with not less guineas. ' It is required, that the land before than iwo sheaves of the corn, and certificates such improvement be absolutely uncultivated, that at least the produce of ten acres has been and in a great measure useless, and that, in its harvested according to the method described, improved state, it be enclosed, cultivated, and and that the whole is of equal quality with the divided into closes. Certificates of the number sainples, to be produced on or before the first of acres, of the quality of the land so improved, Tuesday in January, 1805.
with a full account of every operation and ex56. ASCERTAINING THE COMPONENT Parts pense attending such improvement, the state it OF ARABLE LAND. To the person who shall is in as to the proportion of grass to arable, produce to the Society the most satisfactory set and the average value thereof, to be produced of experiments to ascertain the due proportion on or before the first Tuesday in February,1805. of the several component parts of rich arable 62. MANURES. For the most satisfactory land, in one or more counties in Great Britain, set of experiinents, to ascertain the comparative
advantages of the following manures, used as method now practised, provided it does not
son who shall invent a machine by which cora 63. The same premium is extended one of all sorts may
be thrashed more expeditiously, year farther. The accounts and certificates to effectually, and at a less expense, than by any be produced on or before the last Tuesday in method now in use; the gold niedal, or thirty February, 1806.
guineas. The machine, or a model, with proper 61. RAISING Water for the IRRIGA- certificates that such a machine has been usefully TION OF LAND, To the person who shall dis- applied, that at least thirty quarters have been cover to the Society the cheapest and most effec- thrashed by it
, and of the time employed in the tual method of raising water in quantities suffi- operation, to be produced to the Society on or cient to be beneficially employed for the purpose before the last Tuesday in February, 1805. of irrigating land, superior to and cheaper than 70. DESTROYING THE GRUB OF THE COCKany other method now in use; the gold medal, CHAFER. To the person who shall discover to or fifty guineas. A model on a scale of one the Society an effectual method, verified by reinch to a foot, with certificates that a machine peated and satisfactory trials, of destroying the at large, on the same construction, has been grab of the cockchaier, or of preventing or used, specifying the quantity of water delivered checking the destructive effects which always in gallons per hour, and the height to which it attend corn, peas, beans, and turnips, when at. was raised, to be produced to the Society on or tacked by those insects; the gold medal, or before the first of March, 1805.
thirty guineas. The accounts, with proper cer65, The same premium is extended one year tificutes, to be produced on or before the first Parther. Certificates to be produced on or be- Tuesday in January, 1805. fore the first of March, 1806.
71. DESTROYING WORMS. To the
person 66. PARING PLOUGH. To the person who who shall discover to the Society an effectuat shall invent and produce to the Society, a ma- method, verified by repeated and satisfactory chine or plough for the purpose of paring land trials, of destroying worms, or of preventing preparatory to burning, superior to any hitherto the destructive effects they occasion on corn, known, or in use for such purpose, and to be beans, peas, or other pulse; the gold niedal, or worked by not more than one man and two thirty guineas. The accounts, with proper cerhorses; the silver medal, or twenty guineas. tificutes, to be produced to the Society on or The machine, and certificates that at least three before the first Tuesday in January, 1805. acres have been pared by it in a proper man 72. DESTROYING THE FLY ON Hops. To ner, to be produced to the Society on or before the person who shall discover to the Society an the first of January, 1805.
easy and cflicacious method of destroying the 67. MACHINE FOR DIBBLING WHEAT. To fly on hops, superior to any hitherto known or the person who shall invent a machine, supe. practised, on not less than four acres of hoprior to any hitherto known or in use, to answer ground; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. the purpose of dibbling wheat, by which the Accounts and certificates to be delivered to the holes for receiving the grain may be made at Society on or before the first Tuesday in Feequal distances and proper depths; the silver bruary, 1805. medal and ten guincas. The machine, with 73. PREVENTING THE BLIGT, OR RAcertificates that at least three acres have been VAGES OF INSECTS, ON FRUIT-TREES AND dibbled by it, to be produced to the Society on CulinARY Plants. To the person who shall or before the second Tuesday in January, 1805. discover to the Society the most eifectual meSimplicity and cheapness in the construction thod of preventing the blighf, or ravages of will be considered as principal parts of its insects on fruit-trees and culinary plants, suinerit.
perior to any hitherto known or practised, 68. MACHINE FOR Reaping On Mowing and verified by actual and comparative expeCORN. For inventing a machine to answer riments ; the gold medal, or thirty guineas, the purpose of mowing or reaping wheat, rye, The accounts, with proper certificates, to be barley, vats, un beans, by which it may be done delivered to the Society on or before the second more expeditiously and cheaper then by any Tuesday in November, 1801.
74. The same premium is extended one year year fartier. The aecounts and certificates to farther. The accounts and certificates to be be delivered on or before the first Tuesday in delivered on or before the second Tuesday in March, 1606. November, 1805.
N.B. It is required that the certificates shall 73. REMOVING THE ILL. EFFECTS OF specify the length of time the sheep were so Btours, or Insects. To the person who protected, and the manner in which they were shall discover to the Society the most effectual inaintained during that time ; together with method of removing the ill effects of blights, the general method of managing thein. or insects, on fruit-trees and culinary plants, 81. IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE superior to any hitherto known or practised, LABOUring Poon, BY FRICTING COTTAGES, and verified by actual and comparative expe AND APPORTIONING LAND. To the person fitnents; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. who, in the year 1803, shall erect the greatest The accounts and certificates to be delivered to number of cottages for the accominodation of the Society on or before the first Tuesday in the labouring poor, and apportion not less than February, 1803.
two acres of land to each cottage; the gold 70. CURE OF Tie Rot ix Sheer. To the niedal The accounts and certificates to be person who shall discover to the Society the delivered to the Society on or before the first best and most effectual method of curing the Tuesday in February, 1305. rot in sheep, verified by repeated and satis 89. I'he same premium is extënded one year factory experiments ; the gold medal, or fitty farther. The accounts and certificates to be guineas. It is expected that the candidates delivered to the Society on or before the first turnish accurate accounts of the symptoms and Tuesday in February, 1806. cüre of the disease, together with the imputed 83. İMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE cause thereof, and the actual or probable LABOURING Poor BY APPORTIONING LAND means of prevention, which, with proper cer TO COTTAGES. To the person who, in the wificates, must be delivered to the Society on or year 1803, shall apportion to the greatest before the first Tuesday in February, 1803. number of cottages already built upon his or
77. Cune Of The Foor-Rot in SHEFP. her estate, any quantity of land, not less than To the person who shall discover to the Society two acres to each cottage, for the better actic best and most effectual method of curing commodation of the respective inhabitants ; the foot-roi in sheep; the silver medal, or ten the gold medal. The accounts of the number gnideas. It is required, that the cure he of cottages, and of the quantity of land apascertained by repeated and satisfactory expe- portioned to each, to be delivered to the So riments, and the prethod of performing it be ciety, with proper certificates, on or before the verifieit by proper certificates delivered to the first Tuesday in February, 1805. Society on or before the first Tuesday in Fe 81. The same premium is extended one bruary, 1805.
year farther. The accounts and certificates to 78. PREVENTING THE ILL EFFECT OF be delivered on or before the first Tuesday in Frrrs on Sherp. To the person who shall February, 1806. ciscover to the Society the most effrctual me 85. CULTURE OF HEMP IN CERTAIN PARTS thod of protecting sheep from being disturbed OF SCOTLAND. The Society for the Encoaaad injured by fries; the silver medal, or ten ragenent of Arts, Manufactures, and Comguindas. It is required, that the method be merce, wishing to encourage the growth of ascertained by repeated experiments, and that hemp for the use of the navy in certain parts a certificate of its efficacy be delivered to the of Scotland, comprehending the whole county Society on or before the first Tuesday in De- of Argyle, that part of Perthshire situated to cember, 1804.
the north of the river Tay, and west of the 79. PROTECTING SHEEP. To the person Military Road (see Ainslie's Map of Scotland) who, in rhe year 1803, shall protect the great- leading from Logierait to the county of Inverest number of sheep, not fewer than one hun- ness, and such other parts of Scotland as lie dred, by hovels, sheds, or any other means, north of Inverness-shire, offers to the person aid give the most satisfactory account, veri- who shall sow with hemp, in drills at least fied by experiment, of the advantages arising eighteen inches asunder, the greatest quantity from the practice of protecting sheep from the of land in the above-mentioned district, not incleniency of the weather, by hovels, slieds, less than fifty acres statute measure, in the or any other means; the silver medal, or twenty year 180-1, and shall at the proper season cause gnincas. A particular account of the experi- to be plucked the sumnier hemp (or male henp ments made, with the advantages arising there bearing no seed), and continue the winter hemp from, together with the expense, and certifi- (or female hemp bearing seed) on the gronnd Antes of its utility, to be produced to the until the seed is ripe, the gold medal, or fifty Society on or before the first Tuesday in guineas. Barch, 1805.
86. To the person who shall sow with hemp, 80. The same premium is extended one in drills at least eighteen inches asunder, the