Page images

properly and thoroughly dried in the ftove, 7. That the additional inland duty of according to the present practice of refin- is. granted by an act made in the thirtying, a bounty be allowed after the rate of second of his late majesty upon every 145. 6d. for every hundred weight thereof. pound weight avoirdupois of coffee, sold

3. That upon the exportation from in Great Britain, do cease and determine. this kingdom of refined sugar called ba 8, That there be granted to his majeftard, and of ground and powdered refined ty, an additional inland duty of 6d. upon sugar, and of refined loaf fugar broke in every pound weight avoirdupois of coffee, pieces (the said sugar having been twice not being of the growth and product of clayed, and properly dried in the stove) a the Britilh plantations in America, which bounty or drawback be allowed, after the shall be sold in Great Britain. rate of 6s. 4d. for every hundred weight 9: That the said additional inland duty thereof

be appropriated to the uses, to which the 4. That liberty be granted for a limit- faid duty of is. per pound weight was ed time, to carry rice from the province of made applicable. North Carolina, directly to any other part 10. That the allowances directed by of America, fouthward of North Carolina law, to be made in respect of hard soap, and Georgia, subject to such duty as is which shall be refrelhed or made new, now payable upon rice, carried from S. be discontinued., Carolina and Georgia, to any part of 11. That in lieu thereof, the duties upAmerica, to the southward thereof is? on one pound, in every ten pounds weight

5. That the duties, which shall arise of such soap, be allowed to the makers in respect of rice, so carried from North thereof. Carolina, and the duties which shall arife 12, That all linen cloth and diaper of in pursuance of an act made in the last Rullia, which are not at present particu. session of parliament, intituled, An All for Jarly rated in any act of parliament, or granting, for a limited time, a liberty to book of rates, be, upon the importation carry rice, &c. be paid into the receipt of thereof into this kingdom, rated in manhis majesty's exchequer, and there reserved ner following ; that is to say, all such to be from time to time, disposed of by par- cloth and diaper, being in breadth more liament, towards further defraying the ne- than 22 į and not exceeding 31 { inch. cessary expences of defending, protecting, at 4.. and being in breadth more than and securing the British dominions in ,314 inches, and not exceeding 45 inches, America.

at 61, and exceeding 45 inches in breadth, 6. That bounties be granted upon the at 101. for every 120 English ells thereof importation of deats, planks, boards, and refpectively, and to in proportion for any timber, into this kingdom, from the Bri- greater or lefser quantity : and that the tith dominions in North America, for the full amount of the leveral duties now reterm of nine years, in manner following: quired by law to be paid, for every 2os. of that is to say, during the first three years, the value of the said goods, be raised and for every hundred, containing fix score of collected according to the faid respective found merchantable deals, planks, and rates. boards, not less than ton feet long, ten 13. That no drawback or bounty be inches broad, and one inch-and one quar- allowed, upon the exportation of any ter of an inch thick 205. and so in propor- goods, from this kingdom, to any of the tion for any greater length, and for any illands of Faro. greater thickness, not exceeding four inch

MAY 6.. es, and for every load containing forty 1. That every inftrument, letter, entry, cubic feet, of found merchantable fquared minutes, memorandumn, or other writing timber of all kinds (the timber not to be whereby any officer is admitted, in any less than ten inches Square) 125. and dy- court whatsoever, to serve or to hold such ring the next three years, for every hun- office, as is charged with any stamp duty dred of such deals, planks, and boards, within the meaning of the acts 5. W. and 155. and for every load of such timber, M. 9. W. 3. and 12. A. whereby the se8s. and during the last three years, for veral duties of 40s. are imposed upon every every hundred of such deals, planks, and piece of velluin, parchment, or paper, on boards, ios, and for every load of such - which any admittance of such officer is in

grossed or written, shall be deemed and September, 1765.



[ocr errors]

rimber, 5s.

MAY 9.

taken to be an admittance of such officer. manufacture, beer and ale, without pay

2. That the present itamp duty upon ing any custom, subsidies, or duties, for the admission into any corporation or and in respect thereof (except such excise company be repealed.

or other duty, as is now, or shall hereafter 3. That instead thercof a stamp duty of for the time being, be due and payable 2s. be charged upon the entry, minute, or for the like goods, wares, or merchanmemorandum, made of such admittance, dizes, of the growth, produce and main their court books, roll, or record. nufacture of Greai Britain) liable to cer

4. That the present allowance for prompt tain limitations and reltrictions. payment at the stamp office be repealed.

5. That instead thereof an allowance 1. That towards making good and at the rate of 41. per cent. per ann. be securing the payment of the fums of for the future made.

money directed by an act of 32 Geo. II. 6. That an additional stamp duty of 2os. to be applied in augmentation of the falbe charged upon every policy of assurance, laries of the judges and justices therein in which the properties of more than one mentioned, in England and Wales, there person, in any ihip cargo, or both, or be granted an 'additional stamp duty of more than'a particular number of persons 41. upon every piece of vellum or parchin partnership, or more than one body po- ment; or Meet or piece of paper, upon Jitic, to a greater amount in the whole which any admission into any of the than 100l. Thall be assured.

four inns of court, thall be ingrossed or 7. That of the monies agreed to be written ; and an additional itamp duty paid by a convention, between his majesty of 61. upon every fuch piece, on which and the French king, concluded and sign shall be ingrossed or written, any .re. ed at London the 27th of February last, gister, entry, 'testimonial, or certiñcate, for the maintainance of the late French of the degree of utter barrister, taken in prisoners of war there be applied a sumany of the four inns of court. not exceeding, 3080ool.

2. That out of any of the surplusses

which fall arise upon the funds eita1. That out of the inonies which shall blished for payment of the said augmenarise of the produce of the duties laid in tation, and upon the said additional stamp 'this session, upon the importation and ex- duty, after the payments charged there. portation of gum fenega and gum arabick, upon, are, froin time to time, fatisfied, there be issued and applied a sum not ex a sum not exceeding 36251. be applied in ceeding 12000l.

augmentation of the salaries of the said 2. Īhat the 2$. Itamp duty to be im- judges, and justices, from the sth of Ja. posed by the third resolution of yesterday, nuary to the 5th of July 1759, accord be applied to the uses, to which the stamp ing to the proportions appointed by the duty repealed by the second resolution of said act, with respect to the augmentation yesterday was applicable.

therein mentioned. 3. That the additional stamp duty of 3: That out of any of the duties and 205. imposed by the fixth resolution of revenues in Scotland, which by an act yesterday be applied to the like uses to of 10 Anne were charged, or made which the duties upon policies of assur. chargeable, with the payment of the ance are at present applicable.

fees, fallaries and other charges allow4. That the same bounties be allowed ed, or to be allowed by her majesty upon all linens to be made in the Ife of her heirs or successors, for keeping up Man, and imported into Great Britain, the courts of session and justiciary, and which Mall be exported from thence, as 'exchequer court in Scotland, a fum not are allowed on the exportation of British exceeding 21001. be applied in avgmenor Irish linens, and under the same re- tation of the salaries of the judges in ftrictions and limitations.

the courts of session and exchequer there, 5. That the Inhabitants of the Ile of from the 5th of January to the sth of Man may import into any lawful port of July 1759, according to the proporti. Great Britain or Ireland, the bestials, or ons appointed by the said act of 32 Geo. any other goods, wares, and merchan. II. with respect to the augmentation dizes, of the growth, produce, and ma- thereby granted of the salaries of the said nufacture, of the said ise, except woollen Judges.


May 7.

Total of the liquidated sums provided for by the committee of ways and means

7783068 4 nih Excess provided by the said committee more than granted by the committee of supply omitting the fractions as they are very near equal

19977 II II To this we ought to add the sum provided as well as granted by the second resolution of April the second of the committee of supply, being

251740 2 71

Total excess

271717 14 6

[ To be continued in


next. ]


Composition of Ink deduced from the Expe- on while hot, and having put it into the

riments. By Dr. Lewis, Author of the vessel which the ink is to be kept in, add Philosophical Commerce of Arts, Gr. to it the vitriol and the gum : As soon as

these are diffolved the ink may be used. HE foregoing experiments point By this way of managing the process, we

out for the best proportions of the obtain all the advantage of boiling, and ingredients, one part of green vitriol, the feparation of the gross feculence, withone of powdered logwood, and three of out daubing any other vessels or utensils powdered galls. The best menftruum than the ink-vessel itself: the ink is expeappears to be vinegar or white wine, tho' ditiously made, and writes of a pretty full for common vse water will fuffice. The colour. quantity of menftruum admits of great la Common pale ink, prepared by cold titude : To make an ink of a full body of maceration, may be improved, so as to colour, it should not exceed a quart, or write black at once, by evaporation. It at molt three pints, to three ounces of may be set in such a heat as will make it the galls, and one ounce of each of the visibly steam, not greater : and the heat other two ingredients. The proportion continued until, on trying the liquor now of gum may be varied at discretion, ac and then, it is found to be of sufficient cording as the ink is wanted to be more blackness. On the same principle, when or less glossy or shining, or as the nature ink is kept in an open ink-stand, till it of the paper may require the fluid to be begins to grow somewhat thick from the well gummed to prevent its sinking: Half exhalation of part of the watry fluid, it an ounce to a pint is in most cases suffici. writes as black as can be wished; and ent; though the more gum we can em when grown too thick to be convenia ploy, conlistently with due freedom of ently written with, it gives blackness to a writing, it is probable that the ink will be certain quantity of fresh ink. Hence, the more durable.

when we have pale ink to be thus improvThe ingredients may be all put toge ed, it will be sufficient in many cases, to ther at once, in any convenient veffel, evaporate to blackness only a part of it, and well thaken four or five times a day. and to dilute this occasionally, as it thickIn ten or twelve days, and sooner if let ens in the ink-stand, with some of the rest, in a warm place, the ink will be fit for stirring them well together after each ada use: though both its colour and durabili dition, as the chickened and dilute inks ty will be improved by standing longer on do not very readily unite ; if the evapothe undissolved ingredients. The ink thus ration was suffered to continue till the prepared though it flows pale from the black remained dry, it would scarce dirpen, turns to a good black in a day or two folve at all in common ink or in wa. after writing.

ter, Or the logwood and galls may be first As the galls and logwood ought to be boiled in the liquor for half an hour or in pretty fine powder, that their virtue more, with the addition of a little more may be more readily and effectuolly ex. liquor to make up for that which evapo tracted, it is expedient to have the ink seates in the boiling. Strain the decošti, arated from m, as in the second of the


xx x2

above processes ; because otherwise the ink besmeared with tar. Wood, prepared in will often be loaded with the finer parts this manner, will, for a long time, reliit of the powder in substance, which being the injuries of the air and be preserved in mixed up by shaking the vessel, remain cellars, and other low and moist places. long suspended in the liquor; it is proper, M. Salberg, to whom the Royal Acadehowever, in order to secure against any my of Stockholm is indebted for this ob. danger of a deficiency in the aftringent servation, remarks, that, if a diffolution materials, to add to the ink feparated of vitriol, is poured on such parts of timfrom its feculence, some galls in course ber, where a sort of champignons are powder, freed from the fine dust by a formed by moisture and rubbed off, fieve. On the same principal, an oaken none will ever grow there again. calk is one of the best-vesels for keeping To preserve the Spokes of Wheels from ink in, this wood having a manifest astrin

Rotting. gency, and answering nearly the same end with the additional galls. Besides the galls, The same M. Salberg found that, by some pieces of iron may be put into the boiling for some hours the spokes of vessel.

wheels in vitriolic water, they are not

so subject to rottenness in the parts where Experiment for proving that Wood, when they enter the stocks. After boiling them impregnated with Salt, is not inflamma-, in this

manner, they are dried as perfectly ble. By M. Jacob Faggot. Extracted as possible, and then in the accustomed from the Memoirs of Stockholm, Tome way, painted with oil-colours. 1. Year 1740. These Memoirs, together with the Arts of the Academy of

To keep clear of Bugs. Upsal, have never before, as we can M. Salberg discovered also that, by learn, been imported into this King- rubbing wood with a dissolution of vi. dom.

triol, insects and bugs are prevented from

harbouring therein. When the strength Aving been, fays our author, with- of this remedy is required to be increaled, mine of Lofwers in the province of Cal- tida apples in water, in which afterwards mar, I took notice of some attempts made vitriol is diffolved, and the bedsteads, with to burn the old staves of tubs and pails the wood about them, and wainscotting; that had been used for the alum-works. being anointed with this liquor, will be For this purpose they were thrown into ever after clear of worms and bugs. The the furnace : But those pieces of wood walls may be likewise rubbed with this which had been penetrated by the alum, composition, and some of it may be did not burn, though they remained a dropped into the holes where these inseats long time in the fire, where they only are suspected to be harboured. As to the became red; however, at last they were walls, they require only to be washed over confumed by the intenfeness of the heat, with the vitriol water. but they yielded no flame.

The author concludes from this expe- Method to build Chimnies to prevent their riment, that wood or timber for the pur

Smoaking. poses of building may be secured against the action of fire, by letting it remain for

Wilmaen principles, and it will be some time in water, wherein vitriol, alum, or any other falt has been dissolved, found for the most part, that those chimwhich contains no inflammable parts. nies which smoke, are carried up narrow

To this experiment it may be added, er near the top than below, or where that wood which has been impregnated they go zig-zag all in angles : In some with water wherein vitriol has been dis- cases, indeed, it is owing to accidental solved, is very fit for resisting putrefacti. caufes, but, for the most part, to those on, especially if afterwards it was brush- two above-mentioned. Where they are ed over with tar, or some sort of paint carried up in the pyramid or tapering In order to this the wood must be rubbed Form, especially if the House be a confiwith very warm vitriolic water, and af. derable height, it is ten to one but they terwards set to dry, before it is painted or sometimes Imoke; for the air in the



rooms being rarefied, is forced into the strong that it will carry a piece of paper funnel of the chimney, and the fire cauf- out at the head of the chimney. es another addition of force to drive up

I know that some of our best workmen the linoak. Now it is evident, that the follow this method, but it is far from befurther up the smoak Aies, the action of ing general: On this account I choose to the powers is less; but in this case, the

write to you my sentiments, if peradvenresistance is encreased, by being gathered

ture it

be of

service. closer and closer together; whereas, in

Dunfries, Aug. 9, Your's, &c. Itead of that, the less the forcing powers

1765. [Museum Ruflicum.] J. M. C. act, the less thould be the resistance, or the smoak have more room while the force diminishes.

Some Account of the late Dr. James Brad. This method of carrying them up will ley, D.D. Royal Profesor of Astronomy be objected to fome thus : The wider it at Greenwich. is at the top (say they) the more liberty has the wind to blow down. Very true; R. James Bradley was the third son but is it not refifted in going down, both of William and Jane Bradley, and by the form of the chimney, and other was born at Sherborne in Dorfetthire in evident causes, so that it returns again ? the year 1692. In the contrary way, when the wind He was fitted for the university at blows down, the reliltance being less, the North Leach by Mr. Egles, and Mr. wind and smoak (if I may use the expres- Brice, who kept a boarding school there, fion) are imprisoned, and make the Inoak and from North Leach he was sent to puff out below.

Oxford. We were much troubled in my hcuse His friends intended him for the with that bad companion, to remedy church, and his studies were regulated which a great many things were devised with that view; and as soon as he was by different workmen. A kind of barrel of sufficient age to receive holy orders, was set upon the top of the chimney, and the bishop of Hereford, who had con a fane to turn the vent side from the ceived a great etteem for him, gave him wind; but it did not answer expectation. the living of Bridítow, and soon after he About the grates alterations were often was inducted to that of Welfrie in Pemmade, in the methods commorly made brokeshire. But, notwithstanding there use of, but to no purpole : The chimnies advantages, from which he might promise even pulled down to as little advantage, himself itill farther advancement in the every workman pretending he could in- church, he at length resigned his livings fallibly remedy it: One of them was that he might be wholly at liberty to purmade with crooks this way and that way, sue his favourite ftudy, the mathematics as if that would adininifter relief,

and particularly astronomy. At last we were resolved to have it done He was nephew to Mr. Pound, a genin another way, and this appeared to be tleman who is well known in the learned the only rational one.

world by many excellent observations, We carried up the vent as perpendicu- and who would have enriched it with lar as possible, at least with no angles, more, if the journals of his voyages had made it about three or four inches wider not been burnt at Pulo Condor, when at top than bottom; and I must add, that the place was set on fire, and the English the funnel must be gathered in a throat who were settled there cruelly massacred, directly above the fire-place, and so wid. Mr. Pound himself very narrowly escaping ened according to this direction.

with his life. - This same method has been made use With this gentleman, Mr. Bradley parof feveral times since, and never failed. fed all the tiine that he could spare from

What is remarkable, this house is fitu- the duties of his function; and perhaps ated directly under a bigh niountain, to he sometimes trespassed upon them ; hie the southward, from which we have strong was then sufficiently acquainted with the blasts blowing down upon us, but now mathematics to improve by Mr. Pound's find no inconvenience from them. When conversation, yet it does not appear, that, the doors stand open, the draught is so in this study, he had any preceptor but

« PreviousContinue »