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these kings assembled . . . . and the order to produce the Essay. We have Lord gave them into the hand of

demonstrated that a bona fide TalmudIsrael, and they smote them ;

ist would have dealt with his subject and Joshua returned and took Hazor, more satisfactorily than the writer in and smote her king with the sword, the Quarterly Review. We maintain for Hazor of old was HEAD (rosh) of that the writer in the Edinburgh, who all these kingdoms.” (See Hab. iii. is supposed to have possessed inferior 13, 14.)

R. T.

opportunities to those which Mr.

Deutsch had, has written a far better Literary Notices.

Essay on the subject, -notwithstanding the many blunders,—which a second

hand critic is liable to make, -which Literary Remains of the late Emanuel

characterise his article. . Neither of the Deutsch. With a brief Memoir.

writers in the two great Quarterlies London : John Murray, Albemarle- have treated the subject as it should street.

have been dealt with, simply because This is a disappointing work, in more neither of them was a first-rate master senses than one. When it was first of the subject of his theme. Our announced, we-in common with many readers shall have an opportunity of a others who take an interest in the de- practical illustration of our meaning partments of literature in which the late when our articles on the Talmud shall Emanuel Deutsch dabbled-imagined be presented to them. M. Alexandre that some new hitherto unpublished Weill's Moïse et le Talmud, published at essays were about to be presented Paris in 1864, might have suggested to to the English readers.

We were both reviewers in the English Quarnot a little surprised therefore to terlies a mode of doing greater justice find the stale articles and reviews, to the themes which they set before which had already appeared in the themselves than they have succeeded Quarterly, Smith's Bible Dictionary, in performing. The remainder of the Athenæum, Saturday Review, Pall articles and reviews of which the Mall, and the Times, reproduced. volume is made up, is ordinary and We were disappointed at not being common-place, as every well read favoured with the name of the writer scholar and critic must own. We do of the memoir which is prefixed to not belong to those who take a rich the Miscellany. We should, had we vocabulary and a smart dashing manbeen informed of the name of the ner of stringing well sounding words biographer, have been able to form an together, for solid scholarship. We opinion of the intrinsic value of that look for well-matured thoughts; we contribution. We were disappointed do not care for well-rounded phrases, at the chronological disorder of the if the former are superficial. It collection. Chronological sequence

will always remain a perplexing prothrows much light on the develop

blem to us, why this book ment of an author's genius.

made up. The Quarterly, the AtheThe Miscellany opens with the no- næum, Macmillan, the Saturday Retorious article, The Talmud - though view, the Times, Pall Mall, abound chronologically it should have been in as well worded articles as those placed sixth or seventh, for all that which the pen of Emanuel Deutsch has the biographer terms it avant-courrier. produced ; but no publishing firm conOur opinion of that performance ceives the idea of collecting them and has been

given in the “ Intro- making them into a book, unless the duction to the Talmud," by H. C. speculation is suggested by the author Oxoniensis.* That opinion is not himself, who has lived to revise some of altered by the perusal of the memoir, his opinions, and is desirous to issue a but rather confirmed. The biographer corrected and improved edition of the is evidently labouring to intimate that views and opinions which he has foran extraordinary amount of study of merly promulgated. the Talmud itself was required in

Another consideration staggers us :

How is it that-as Mr. Deutsch himSee the numbers for September, Oc

self writes, “ for nigh twenty years tober, and December of last year ; and for

it was my privilege to dwell in the January and March of the present year.

very midst of that Pantheon called Several of the chapters on the Talmud

the British Museum, the treasures itself are ready for the press, but are

whereof ..::

were all at my beck postponed for lack of space.

and call, all days, all hours "-we

was 66 our

say, how is it that Mr. Deutsch has

the last epistle which he had ever not contrived within that score of written, he thus exhorts his dearly years, with such advantages and pri- beloved son in the faith :-"I charge vileges as surrounded him, to produce thee therefore before God, and the Lord a work at once solid and worthy of a Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick great scholar, instead of those super- and the dead at His appearing and ficial monographs every paragraph of His kingdom ; preach the word ; be which seem to have inserted between instant in season, out of season ; reits lines ad captandum, ad captandum. prove, rebuke, exhort with all long

The compilation produces a painful suffering and doctrine. For the time impression from another consideration will come when they will not endure -it arises from the colourlessness of sound doctrine; but after their own the writer's religious sentiments. Some lusts shall they heap to themselves of the articles seem to have been stu- teachers, having itching ears; and diously penned to lead the reader to they shall turn away their ears from the imagine that the writer was a Christian. truth, and shall be turned unto fables, For instance, who could have perused But watch thou in all things, endure his review in the Atheneum of May afflictions, do the work of an evan12, 1866, of Ernest Renan's LES gelist, make full proof of thy ministry, APÔTRES, and in the volume before us, For I am now ready to be offered, and without feeling that the writer was the time of my departure is at hand. I vindicating St. Paul from the insidious have fought a good fight, I have insinuations of the modern Gallic free- finished my course, I have kept the thinker ? Even in the article on the faith : henceforth there is laid up for Talmud, the essayist wished to pass me a crown of righteousness, which himself off as a Christian, by apostro- the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall phising our Blessed Lord as

give me at that day : and not to me Saviour.” He is not the only clever Jew only, but unto all them also that whom we have known who was de- love His appearing."* How prophetic sirous to be taken for a Christian pro- of the history of the Gospel! How fessor amongst nominal Christians, and characteristic of true Christianity on appeared an orthodox Jew amongst the the threshold of eternity! Yes, it votaries of the synagogue. We read is the glorious privilege of every true the memoir with positive pity and pain. believer to say with the beloved disIt is evident that poor Dr. Deutsch was ciple :-“ And I heard a voice from far from resigned in his last days, and heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed therefore anything but happy in the are the dead which die in the Lord prospect of dissolution. Who can read from henceforth : Yea saith the Spirit, the extract from one of his last letters that they may rest from their labours; printed on page xii. without feeling and their works do follow them.”+ Well the tears starting to his eyes, and his might the poor dying unbelieving Jew heart filled with pity for the unhappy write." I envy those who can fly on the writer. Here is the conclusion of the mind's wings to this harbour of reextract alluded to :-"I cannot take fuge ; I cannot follow, but keep tossing comfort in the thought of death. I outside in my broken craft, through want to live - there is so much life, hot, foam, and rock, and mist.” full life within-that it shrinks from darkness and deadness. I envy those who can fly on the mind's wings to this

The Gospels from the Rabbinical Point harbour of refuge; I cannot follow,

of View : showing the perfect harmony but keep tossing outside in my broken

between the four Evangelists on the sub

ject of THE LORD'S LAST SUPPER; craft, through foam, and rock, and mist.” Judaism, even such a nondescript Ju

and the bearing of the Laws and Cus-. daism as the schools to which Benisch,

toms of the Jews at the Time on the Deutsch, and Professor Marks belong

Language of the Gospels. By the

Rev. G. Wildon Pieritz, M.A., &c. have conjured up, is but a broken reed

Oxford and London : James Parker on the threshold of eternity. How

and Co. wonderfully different from true Christianity under such circumstances ! The We owe our learned brother, as well as Hebrew Christian St Paul thus writes our readers generally, an apology for not to his beloved Philippians :-"To me having published our opinion of his valuto live is Christ, and to die is gain."* In able volume ere this. We have already Phil. i. 21.

* 2 Tim, iv. 1-8. + Rev.xiv. 13.


intimated in a former number (see our cal literature, for years, and from early May issue, p. 242), that a skeleton notice youth, at a time when I studied noof Mr. Pieritz's work had been ready in thing else, I studied it for its own manuscript these several months. A sake, as essential to my intended prorecent reperusal of THE GOSPEL FROM fession, and not merely for the purpose THE RABBINICAL POINT OF VIEW deter- of finding in it what would illustrate mined us not to withhold any longer other books ; and when in later years from our readers our estimate of its I came to the New Testament, I was author's performance. We termed the in little danger of imbibing the prevolume a valuable one, and so it is ; it judices of the Commentators whom I affords many an important hint with from time to time consulted, or of the reference to the exegesis of the New preachers whom I used to hear (in Testament, which must prove of great England), because, to my surprise, I value, especially to Christian expositors, found they gave so little correct informasters, pastors, and teachers. The mation upon such matters, which, principal object of the work before us though outside of the Gospel, yet are is to demonstrate that our LORD'S LAST absolutely necessary to be known, in SUPPER, was not the Jewish Passover. order rightly to understand and exSuch of our readers as may be disposed pound at least the letter of the writ. to act on our recommendation, and give ings of the Evangelists. Those who the work a fair and attentive perusal, quote Jewish writings at second hand, will agree with us that Mr. Pieritz has not unfrequently quite misunderstand made his position impregnable. The their authorities. And so with regard subjects dissussed in the first and to the Lord's last Supper in particular, largest part of the book are the follow- not only was it clear to me from the ing:

first that S. John left no room for sup* JEWISH Laws and Customs ; Primi. posing it to have been a Jewish Passtive Tradition on the subject of the over, to me the other three Evangelists Last Supper ; The Paschal Controversy left equally little room for such an ashas no bearing on the Question ; On sumption, though some of their ex. the Day of the Crucifixion ; S. John pressions, here and there, continued for excludes the idea of the Meal being a some years to puzzle me, but which in Passover; Common Misapprehension due course became as clear to me as of Eastern Customs ; A Picture of the the rest ; and during some ten years Last Supper ; Our Lord does not make now, or more, I have frequently offered the Traitor known beforehand ; The to scholarly friends the explanation Account in the First Three Gospels ; now to be given, with what result I Why the Last Supper could not have cannot say." (Pp. 4, 5.) been a Passover; Meaning of the ex- There are several minor points pression “First Day'; With desire mooted, some in the text and others in I have desired to eat this Passover with the notes, on which we differ from the you before I suffer ;' The Principle of Author ; but our difference of opinion our Lord's Action ; S. Luke's aim in on a few unimportant particulars does speaking of the Last Supper ; The not affect the very high estimate which Eucharist; The Jewish element in the we have formed of the performance as Gospels ; Why S. John is more exact a whole. The second and smaller part in the use of the term 'Passover ;' of the volume treats " On the InspiraOn the Progressive Nature of the tion of the Four Gospels,” which emStudy of Theology ; On some Objec- braces the following topics:tions to the above view ; The Euchar- “ Distinction between the Internal ist and the Agape ; Certain Christian Evidence of the Old Testament, and Ideas and Usages in their Origin Jew- the New Testament ; Relation of the ish ; Meaning of “Thou hast said ;' Gospels to the rest of the New TestaThe Lord's use of the expression “I ment; On the Accordance, and Disam ;' Our Lord's reserve respecting cordance, between the several Gospels; His Messiahship ; The Septuagint The Jewish Traditions no Precedent Translation ; Talmudical Illustrations ; for an Oral Gospel ; On the Value of Conclusion."

the differences of Style in the Gospels The author's fitness for the manifold for the purpose of Instruction ; The investigations indicated by the above General Uniformity not Disturbed ; may be gathered from the following The Four Gospels for Four Different account of himself :

Classes of Persons ; The Argument "For myself I will in this respect only from quickened Memory applied to the say that when I studied the Rabbini- Evangelists; The Vernacular Lan

guage of Jerusalem in the Time of the Lord.

We sincerely trust that Mr. Pieritz will soon be able to publish his three lectures which, by invitation, he delivered last year before certain members of the University of Oxford. The

different themes discussed in those discourses are of the utmost importance to the Church, especially in her present distracted state. We shall always welcome with pleasure any dissertation from his learned pen.


THE Editor does not hold himself responsible for the expressed opinions of his correspondents.

The Editor has but very little time for private correspondence, and this he applies to old and cherished friends.

Several important articles, Literary Notices, Replies to Queries, &c. are unavoidably postponed,

and “The drolleries of the Bell Lane jewish world,” and “The Vagaries of the Spitalfields Free School Oracle,” in a future impression.

n.-You had better apply to the Editor of the Jewish Chronicle ; he will be able to give you " the true reason for his ignoring his young contemporary, the self-styled Jewish World. The probable reason, however, may be that the older Weekly applies to the younger one the Rabbinical adage :- 929

brew expression, “O that mine adversary had written a book !" The probability is that they knew the sorrows of poor authors, which certain printers, such as ours, for instance-inflict upon them. The translators imagined that nothing could so avenge them of their enemies as those enemies becoming authors, and thus subjecting themselves to the plagues which certain printers would be sure to worry them with. We often feel that forty, Jobpower would scarcely be patience enough to enable us to bear quietly the annoyances which printers now and then cause us,

All Communications and Books for Review to be addressed to the Editor of the Hebrew Christian Witness and Prophetic Investigator, Pelham Library, 151, Fulham Road, Brompton, s.W.

The Editor will not, in any case, re. turn rejected communications.

No communication unauthenticated by real name and address-not necessarily for publication-will be noticed. We regret to find that this notification is unheeded by some.

דחציף כולא האי שמא מינה ממזר

Job) וספר כתב איש ריבי ,words

81. We own that we have often looked upon the young upstart in that light. 70X-The literal translation of the

( xxxi. 35), is, “ And the book which my adversary has written.” The afflicted patriarch meant to intimate that even his well-known adversary had written a certain book, probably lost, in which the patriarch's life and character had been freely handled. It is hard to say why the translators of the Authorised Versicn rendered the above simple He

LETTERS RECEIVED. The Right Hon. Lord Arthur C. Hervey, Bishop of Bath and Wells; Revs. Flavel S. Cook; R. Gascoyne ; W. Stone; A. Bernstein ; J. Wilkinson; G. Wildon Pieritz ; G. Hadow.

&c. &c. &c. PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED in our next.

The Hebrew Christian Cditness




.אתם עדי

“Ye are My Witnesses.”—Is. xliii. 10.

No. 21.]




(Continued from p. 444.)

No. II.
ALLOWED BE THY NAME. The Divine Master, the Eternal Son

of God, the Preceptor of the supplication—both on THE MOUNTAIN, and in the garden of Gethsemane--had evidently intended the first dictated sentence in the prayer, which He taught His DISCIPLES, to serve as a test, by which they might certify themselves that God was their Father, and they were His children. One of the most remarkable features in the history of our nation is the disregard with which they have treated this attribute of OUR FATHER IN HEAVEN. Notwithstanding that He made the hallowing of His name the crucial test, using a modern term, of Israel's filial loyalty and allegiance, Israel repeatedly profaned that Holy Name, by idolatry, rebellion and other crimes, on which Moses and the Prophets dwelt with such terrible minuteness! This profanation culminated in the severance, for a time, of the relationship which God designed between Himself and our Nation. This has been ominously symbolised by the children which "Gomer the daughter of Diblaim " did bear to the Prophet Hosea, the immediate predecessor of Isaiah. We read in the first chapter of that Prophet's writings which have come down to us :—"And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Lo-ruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel ; but I will utterly take them away. But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. Now when she had weaned Lo-ruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. Then said God, call his name Lo-ammi : for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.” *

* Hosea i. 6-9.


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