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fhip of the nations, but of any nation falling in with theirs never, Jer. ii. 11. And so is it at this day among the Papifts, yea and other churches, as the church of England, and the Greek churches ; and there are few Protestant churches, where these ordi, nances are not changed in greater or lefser measure.

Ž. There is a peculiar bias in corrupt nature to idolatry. It is natural for men to desire to see what they worship, Rom, i. 23. Exod. xxxii. 1. and to have a pompous worship. There is a natural weak. ness in the corrupt minds of men, whereby they are easily impressed by idols and images for religious fervice, ready to fancy something of divinity in them,

4. There is a peculiar hellish zeal that accompanies idolatry, to multiply gods, and to be most keen in the worship of them, likeas it is seen in corporal adultery in those who have once prostituted their ho. nour, Jer. 1. 38. If you ask what can put Papists, being men and not devils, on those horrid practices, of which we spake on the fat day *? I answer, Their idolatrous religion inspires them with that hellida fu

* This part of the subject was delivered Feb. 21. and the discourse here referred to was preached on occasion of a congregational fast, on the 17th, 1714, being the last year of Queen Anne's reign. It is well known, that plots were then carrying on by Papifts, Jacobites, and malignants, not without countenance from the then Tory ministry, to bring a Po. pilha pretender to the throne on the demise of that much-abu fed princess, in place of the late King George I. upon whom the crown had been entailed by act of parliament, as the near, est Protestant heir ; that great numbers of trafficking priests and Jefuits flocked into this kingdom; that Popish meetings were held more openly than formerly; thar Presbyterian minifters were insulted in several places, and threatenings of vena geance uttered to be inflicted on firm and Itanch Protestants. At this dangerous season, Mr Boston, witla that freedom and boldness that became a true patriot and an ambafi.idor of the King of kings, was not filent, but faithfully testified against the abominations and cruelties of Papists, and the madness and extravagance of Juçobiies and malignants, in the afore.

ry, 1 Kings xviii. 28. Psal. cvi. 36. 37. 38. So does it on multiplying of them; for this particularity shews that almost from every part of the universe the Heathens fetched their idols. And as the Heathens had, so the Papists have their idols and images of things in heaven, of God, angels, faints, and want not their queen of heaven, as well as the Pagans had. The earth furnishes them with an image of the cross, and with relics and images of the dead. Remarkable is


mentioned discourse, and others preached in those perilous times.

As the discourse referred to was seasonable at that time, so it appears to be equally so at this day, when Popery is evidently on the increaie in many places of this kingdom, Edioburgh not excepted, wherein there are said to be three numerous Popish meetings, and endeavours are used by writings and speeches to represent Popery in a light quite different from what it really is, thereby to beguile unwary and unstable souls ; and not only Papilts, but many infatuated and pretended Protestants, not Episcopalians only, but some who pretend to be Presbyterians, are as hearty and warm in the cause of a Popilh pretender as they were in any former period, and who, if their power were equal to their wishes and designs, would soon involve the nation in blood, and all the horrors of a civil

These confiderations have determined the preparer of this work for the press, to give the discourse entire, as it may be useful, through the divine bieffing, for preserving people from the abominations of Popery, and the snares of Jacobites and malignants, those declared enemies to the religion and laws of their countụy, who alas! are still very numerous amongst us, notwithstanding the Lord has signally testified his displeasure of their unhappy cause, on two former Occa. fions, which will be ever remembered with gratitude by all true Proteftants, and hearty friends to the illustrious houle of Hanover, which God in mercy to these kingdoms has raised and maintained on the throne, and made the guardians of our religion, laws, and liberties. And it will be the hearty prayer of all who fear God, and bave a just sense of the io valuable liberties we enjoy under our happy constitution, Oud liver not the soul of thy turtle-dove unto the multitude of the quicker, particularly the Antichrisian bcast, and his cool a Popith pretender and his abççiors.

that which the author of the apocryphal book of Wis. dom, which to the Papists is canonical scripture,

The Church's Prayer against the Antichristian Beast and her

other Enemies, explained and enforced.

A sermon preached on a congregational fast-day at Ettrick,

Feb. 17. 1714

PSALM lxxiv. 19. O deliver not the foul of thy turtle dove unto the multitude of

the wicked.


THIS text represents to us the case of Britain and Irer

land at this day, (which like Rebekah have two parties struggling within them), and thereupon an application made to the Lord about it. In the words confider,

1. The struggling parties : these are Zion and Babylon; which never could and never will agree. The Chaldean Babylon and the Jewish Zion are the parties here immediately pointed at : for it is plain that this pralm was composed on the lamentable occasion of the Babylonians over-running Judea, and destroying Jerusalem and the temple. The Christian Zion and the Antichristian Babylon are the parties now on the field, the former being both gone ; and to the text may be, without stretching, applied to them. The one party is,

(1.) The turtle ; i. e. the church. She is compared to the turtle dove for her fidelity to God. The turtle is a creature of admired chattity, has but one mate, and cleaves closely to that, and will take no other. So the true church of God pre, ferves her chastity, worfhipping none but the true God. But it is a bird ţhat often becomes a prey, as being harmless and weak. Only it is pleaded on her behalf, that she is God's turtle. On the other hand is,

(2.) The multitude. This is the Babylonians, ver. 7. Aq idolatrous cruel people who of old were fo heavy on the church of God. But among the multitude were others, nearer neigh, bours to the Jews, particularly the Edomites, who joining with the Babylonian army, were like fi ebrands among them to fpur them on to do mischief, Obad. 11. Plal. cxxxvii. 7. This is the case of this church with Papists, the brats of Bas bylon, with whom join iffue our malignants ; not considering, that after they have helped Babylon to destroy us, they will fall

chap. xiv. 15. gives as the original of idolatry, to wit, That a father, in bitterness for his fon's death,

on them next; as Edom was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar fome time after the destruction of Jerufilem.

The word rendered multitude in Hebrew signifies the wild beast, that lives upon other beasts, such as lions, wolves, &c.; and so it may be read. And so it points at two qualities of Babylonian enemies. (1.) Their idolatry, being designed a wild beast, in opposition to the chaste turtle. Such are our new as the old Babylonians were. They are no more the spouse of Christ, but the great whore, that is mad on idols

, and multitudes of them; and cannot be at ease with those that will not drink of the wine of their fornication. (2.) Ther horrid cruelty; for having divested God of his divine giory, and given it to others, they are divested themselves of humanity, and rage like wild beasts, when they can get their prey, devouring their fellow-creatures.

2. The party holding the balance betwixt the struggling par. ties; that is, God himself, to whom application is here made. Babylon has not all at will; Zion's God has the balance of power in his own hand, and can cast the scales what way be pleaseth, and give up or preserve the turtle as he fees


3. The address made to the great Arbitrator on the turtle's behalf, which is our work this day, u deliver not the foul of thy turtle-dove unto the wild beast. Do not give up the turtle; The will find no mercy from the multitude, the wild beast They are not content with the mischief they have done to the turtle ; nothing less will satisfy them than her life, her soul. The wild beast is gaping for her, not to pluck off her feathers, and send her away wounded, but to fwallow her up quite, to de Itroy her root and branch: for behold the plot, ver. 8. Let us destroy them together. But, Lord, do not give her up to them. It is a most fervent address, intimated by two words in one in Hebrew. We may take up the import of the words in four points.

1. The church may be in hazard of falling a prey to here: nemies, as a poor turtle to be swallowed up by a devouring beaft. The church's lot has been in all ages like Paul's, to fight with wild beasts, and the may well fay, If it had not been the Lord who was on our side ; if it had not been the Lord who was on our side, when men rose up against us : then they had wallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled again

made an image of his dead fon, and first honoured him as a dead man, at length as a god, &c. And as the Pagans had their gods to be applied to by persons


ws, Psal. cxxiv. 1. 2. 3. God's enemies, feeing they are not good men, the scripture accounts them beasts

Christ was attacked by bulls and lions, Psal. xxii. 12. 13.; for when men turn perfecutors, they set up themselves against the Deity, and withal lay aside all humanity. There are five beasts which God's turtle has been specially in hazard to be swallowed up by.

1. The Egyptian beast, the great dragon, Ezek. xxix. 3: This was a cruel beast that made the Lord's people groan long under the greatest bondage. A bloody beast, see the bloody edict, Exod. i. 16. When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, faid Pharaoh to the midwives, and set them upon the flools ; if it be a fon, then ye fall kill him. It had near swallowed them up, Exod. xv.9. The enemy faid, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil: my luft fball be fatisfied upon them, I will draw my sword, my hand ball deAroy them. See how the turtle groans to the Lord against this beast, Pfal. Ixviii. 30. Rebuke the company of spearmeri, Heb. the beast of the reeds. And the people of God comfort themselves under their danger in the text by the end of the Egyptian beast, Pial. Ixxiv. 13. 14. Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength : thou brakeft the heads of the dragon in the waters. Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gaveft him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.

2. The Babylonian beast, the lion, Dan. vii. 4. Jer. xlix. 1ç. Dreadful was the havock this beast made on them; it burnt the temple and the fynagogues, filled the land with blood, (pared neither men, women, nor children. See the whole book of Lamentations. And the text lets you see how they were well nigh being swallowed up by him. Yet God broke out the teeth of that fierce lion,

3. The Perfian beast, the bear, a bloody beast, Din. vii. s. This though it lay quiet for a while, yet hindered the building of the temple and the city a long time, and kept the church fore at under. But under this beatt a bloody massacre was set on foot, Esth. iii. The conspirators have their frequent meetings, ver. 7. the court is friendly to them, and the bloody day is set, ver. 12. 13. and all because Mordecai would not bow to Haman an Amalekite, one of thofe against whom the Lord had fivorn he would have war for ever. How near

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