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sented one hundred copies of this nating the course of academick work to the Theological Seminary study. at Princeton, for the benefit of the 2. The course of study to be purstudents at that place. We trust sued in the earlier stages of the that it will come also into the ministry. hands of all our young clergymen, 3. Best method of conducting as its contents relate as much to direct preparation for the pulpit. the pastur as the student. This work consists of three parts. The
PART III. following are the subjects treated, Cultivation of those Moral Habits and proposed in the form of coun
which relate to the discharge of sels, or advice.
1. Reflect on the importance of Cultivation of those Intellectual personal religion. Habits which will facilitate the
2. Aim at purity of motive. acquisition of Knowledge.
3. Repress feelings of vanity and
pride. 1. Form a correct estimate of
4. Make the grand points in reyour own powers.
ligion prominent, in your dis2. Regard study not only as it bears on future pursuits, but as it 5. Aim at seriousness and earnpromotes the improvement of the
estness of manner. mind.
6. Let a deep sense of respon3. Give an undivided and vigo. sibility secure fidelity. rous attention to every intellectual
7. Discriminate between the two pursuit.
great classes of characters. 4. Attain precise and clear ideas
8. Make pointed appeals to the on every subject.
heart and conscience. 5. Discriminate between true
9. Do not aim unsuitably at oriand false reasoning:
ginality. 6. Acquire the habit of strict
10. Study the best way of access and diligent investigation.
to the heart. 7. Use the assistance of others,
11. Derive benefit to yourself but not so as to supersede your from the subject on which you are own efforts.
about to preach. 8. Be desirous to have your de- 12. Attach due importance to fects pointed out.
the devotional parts of worship. 9. Form a judicious plan of
13. Desire and expect success. study, and prosecute it diligently. 10. Guard against such mental the Spirit.
14. Depend on the influence of habits as may be prejudicial. 11. On all subjects aim to ar. conveying religious instruction to
15. Adopt the best methods of rive at general principles. 12. Be able to express the result
16. Regulate on just principles of your inquiries in your own the time devoted to pastoral visits. words.
17. Cultivate spirituality of mind. Part II.
18. Cultivate zeal for the inter
ests of religion at home and Cultivation of Mental Habits with abroad. a view of the communication of
19. Propose the character of Knowledge in the Christian Mi. Paul as your model. nistry.
20. Guard against a party spirit 1. Importance of still pursuing 21. Do full justice to other mi. plans of improvement, after termi- nisters.
22. Limit your pursuits in lite- to think they will injure his producrature and science.
tion far more than they commonly 23. Let not publick' engage- do. When we see a man in a slo. ments detract from private devo- venly dress, the first impression tion.
may be to his disadvantage; but 24. Guard against levity. when he begins to talk, if we find 25. Cherish the strictest purity. he is very sensible, and interesting,
26. Cultivate a delicate sense of and instructive, his dress is soon honour.
but little regarded. It is the very 27. Remember the importance same with a book, or a pamphlet. of discretion.
We, whose lot it is to open a good 28. Be courteous.
many, sometimes find very little 29. Be punctual.
sense in pages of fine paper, and 30. Do not hastily abandon a elegant print, and perfect spelling, .station of usefulness.
and correct pointing; and sometimes we find sterling sense, in pages of an exactly opposite character. Now we would infinitely
rather meet with the latter kind of AND GLORY OF A NATION, A Ser- pamphlets, than the former: And mon preached in the Representa- from the western part of our countive Hall, at Indianapolis, In- try, we do not unfrequently meet diana; December 31st, 1826; by with them. We say this because Baynard R. Hall, Principal of it is true; and because we wish our the State Seminary, Bloomington. western brethren not to think that Published by request. Smith & the coarse paper, and imperfect Bolton, Printers. 12mo. pp. 23. typography, and duodecimo form
With a copy of this sermon we of their pamphlets, will cause them received the following communica to be slighted. All these will grow tion from the author.
better in time; and in the mean “The history of this sermon is briefly time, let them send us such sermons this-At the suggestion of one of our se
as the one before us, and such pamnators, a trustee also of the State Semi- phlets, and small publications of nary, who furnished the text, I prepared various other kinds, as we have ocand preached the sermon-It was heard with attention, and the next day a request in argument strong, in heard casionally seen-rich in thought,
arrange: mittee on behalf of a very considerablement lucid, and in expression fornumber of both houses. Its printing fol. cible, although a little incorrect lowed. As however I was absent from
or unpolished--and we will not Indianapolis at the time of its publica. complain, but receive them thanktypographical errors, and in a very insig- fully and esteem them highly. nificant form--I leave you, sir, to decide About a year and a half ago, we whether the appearance and the sermon had occasion to celebrate a sermon are mutually worthy of each other.”
preached by another young clergyThe typographical dress of this man at Indianapolis, in much the discourse is certainly not calcu- same circumstances as those which lated to recommend it. The errors attended the delivery of the one of the press, which are numerous, we now notice. It is surely an inafford the principal cause of com- dication of the most encouraging plaint; and they are, as every kind, in reference to the moral and one knows who has had occasion to literary prospects of our new complain of them, not a little vexa- states, that they have some such tious much more so, we believe, preachers (we wish the number was to the author than they commonly greater) as Bush and Hall; that are to the reader. An author is apt these preachers are requested to deliver discourses before their go- happy republic? To these questions there vernors and legislators; that the is but one answer: if any thing can prediscourses are able, faithful and universal, and permanent righteousness
serve the republic, it is the habitual, pious; and that those who hear of the people. them request their publication; “ The ruin of most states and kingand, as we may suppose, distributedoms may be traced to one dominant the copies extensively among the cause their iniquity. Sin sows the seeds
of intestine discord, and civil commepeople.
tion; sin relaxes the nerves and siness The text of the present discourse
of governments, and saps the founda. is-Prov. xiv. 34-Righteousness tions
tions of empires; sin exposes a country exalteth a nation ; but sin is the to its enemies, and betrays its armies and reproach of any people.
bulwarks; and, finally, sin provokes Je
hovah to deliver a people to foreign do. The distribution for the treat
minion, or to blut out their name from ment of this text, so appropriate the catalogue of nations. We may not to the occasion of the discourse, is talk of the prowess of armies, of invinci" to show
ble phalanxes, of veteran legions, of able 1. Several ways in which righ
generals, of proud fleets, or of skilful na
vigators; we may not talk idly of any teousness exalteth a nation, and
means of human warfare, when the Al. sin is its reproach.
mighty Potentate arises in his majesty ta II. Several modes of promoting
chastise a rebellious nation. The mar. national righteousness.”
shalled hosts of hell and carth united, in Both these divisions are well il
opposition to his lighiest word, would be
but as the chaft before the whirlwind. lustrated. But instead of giving a
The kingdoms of the world are his: " and dry analysis of particulars, we will all the inhabitants of the earth are re. make an extract or two from each puted as nothing: and he doth according division; and if all the rulers of our
to his will in the army of Heaven and land could hear and would regard
among the inhabitants of the earth: and
none can stay his hand, or say unto him, the truths contained in these quo- what doest thou ?” tations, it were well for them and “In the full confidence of victory the for our country.
army of Egypt followed the timid Israel. The first division is closed as
ites into the Red Sea. “The enemy follows
said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will
divide the spoil, my lust shall be satisfied “Righteousness exalts a nation in sla- upon them, I will draw my sword, my bility, whilst sin tends to its utter sub- hand shall destroy them.” But behold!
in the morning waich the Lord looked " Mutability is a name impressed upon upon the enemy: "and the waters re. every thing earthly. It pertains in a pe. turned and covered the chariots and the culiar manner to the existence of nations. horsemen, all the host of Pharaoh tbat The seeds of decay, or change, are every came into the sea after them; there re. where strewed around: and, however mained not so much as one of them." powerful in war, affluent in riches, fertile Thus easily can the Lord destroy the in resources, or prudent in council; how- proudest of his foes. From the sacred ever renowned for the splendour and ex- history it is also manifest, that the ruin of tent of their conquests, the greatness and other nations was consequent upon na. magnificence of their cities, or the wis. tional sin; and hence Moses in foretelling dom, valour, and ingenuity of their inha. the fatal effects of such conduct to his bitants, nations like men bave, in succes- people, uses the following striking lansion, arisen and flourished, declined and guage : I call heaven and earth to witperished. Hence exists a moral proba- ness against you this day, that ye shall bility, that a similar destiny awaits the soon utterly perish from off the land present empires and goveruments of this whereunto ye go to possess it.' world. But is there in the nature of “ On the other hand, it may be shown things an absolute necessity for such a from the Bible that 'the throne is estab. result? Can no human prudence or con- lished by righteousness.' --Hence, to seduct prevent, or retard this fate? Can cure the protection of God is the surest nothing, for example, perpetuate to the way of transmitting our blessings and pri. remotest period of time, with no material vileges to posterity. National supremacy alteration, the name, the language, the and permanency were promised to the customs and the religion of our own obedient Israelites: it is not irrational to
conclude that such consequences should lishment in the very heart of the Roman still follow national righteousness. * And empire, without the power of the sword, thou shalt lend unto many nations and in spite of learned and subtle philosothou shalt not borrow. And the Lord phers, of blood-thirsty priests, implacable shall make thee the head and not the and persecuting emperors; to these and tail; and thou shalt be above only and all its other numberless evidences, 1 apthou shalt not be beneath.' Such is the peal, and in view of them all, deliberately
nguage of promise in one place ; in pronounce the intelligent and malignant another it is the following: “Thou shalt adversary of the religion of Jesus Christ, keep therefore his statutes and his com- the greatest foe, both to himself and to mandments, which I command thee this his country. Be assured my hearers, it day, that it may go well with thee and is no small matter to despise the Son of with thy children after thee, and that God. What levelled the walls of Jerusathou mayest prolong thy days upon the lem, wrapt its golden temple in Aames, earth which the Lord thy God giveth cast down the stones to the foundation, thee forever.' Such being some of the and poured forth the blood of a. inillion rewards of national rigbleousness, we and a half of slaughtered Jews? What may conclude this part of our subject still keeps the remnant, a wandering, spiwith the words of the Psalmist : ‘Happy ritless, powerless, persecuted nation, 3 is that people, that is in such a case. Yea, monument of long continued wrath? The happy is that people whose God is the rejection of the Son of God. Be wise
now, therefore, O ye kings : be instruct. Under the second division of his Lord with fear, and rejoice with irem
ed ye judges of the earth. Serve the subject, our author alludes to the bling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry disgraceful duelling scenes at and ye perish from the way, when bis Washington, in the following man
wrath is kindled but a little.'
“ Once more, we might infer that as a ner
people are so intimately connected with “What shall be said of some almost at
iheir representatives, they ought to select the pinnacle of American glory, who,
them with caution, and watch them with within the very precincis of Liberty's jealousy-but I hasten to conclude. And proud capitol, in the presence of grave
in concluding, permit me, my honourable senators and of foreign ministers, forget auditors, to make, in the most respectful ful of their own and their country's true
manner, a personal application of our dignity, and leaping over every divine subject. and human barrier, will, even in this age
* The soldiers of the revolution, like of Christianity and refinement, and for a
aged trees, are, one after another, silent.
The ancient senaslight affront, appeal to the absurd yet ly falling around us. blondy ordeal of the sword or the pis- tors, and fathers, and sages, are going tol? If such, my country, are to be thy down fust into the grave. The old pilmodels, soon will the brightness of thy lars of the republick, are gradually moulglory be diminished, soon the excellency dering into ruins: the stars are descendof thy beauty tarnished !"
ing beneath the horizon. For two of
these, Jefferson and Adams, we recently The preacher concludes his ser- wore the sackcloth of mourning. This mon as follows
republick, with all its unspeakable bless
ings, the reward of the noble exertions “ Again it may be inferred, that who of the mighty dead, is ours : but yours, in ever wilfully strives to weaken the foun- a great measure is it to say, senators and re. dations of moral obligation, or malicious- presentatives, governors and judges, whely to overthrow the Christian religion, is ther it shall belong to posterity. To you the greatest foe both to himself and his is it now committed: you have solemnly country.
sworn to guard it: that oath is registered “In this discourse, I have recommend. in heaven. I charge you all then, by the ed this religion, merely because of its blood of slain warriors; by the toil of our - superior utility; now i place my foot fathers; by your plighted faith : I charge firmly upon the Christian's vantage you by all the blessings of liberty, and by ground, and affirm that this religion is all the curses of slavery; by all the hopes impressed with the seal of God, as to its of the present, and the interests of future truth and authority. I appeal to its well millions : I charge you by the approbaattested miracles; its fulfilled and fulfil- tion of a patriot's conscience, and by the ling prophecies ; its holy doctrines; its remorse of the dying traitor; I charge honourable testimony of God; its im- you by the fearful bar of the eternal God, portant moral discoveries; its unusual at which, sooner or later, you must ren. style ; its unlettered teachers; its estab- der an account of your stewardship; by
the unutterable bliss of heaven, and the cise point, in which divine sovereignty and insufferable woes of hell, that you strive human freedom and responsibility meet in every possible way, but chiefly by your and harmonize. At any rate, we have personal holiness, faith in Christ, and never met with any thing at all satisfactory prayer to the throne of grace, to promote on this subject; and we are not ashamed the righteousness of this, our indepen. to say so, when Locke and Witherspoon dent and blessed country.
have said it before us. At the same time, “And may the God of nations and of we believe firmly, both in the absolute Christians, for the sake of his dear Son, sovereignty of God, and in the entire and enable us all to act our parts as men, as righteous responsibility of man for all his patriots, and as Christians. Amen." voluntary actions, words, and thoughts. This surely is plain and solemn We could wish that the subject might be
left here-But here, probably, it will not dealing with “senators and repre: soon be left. We have perceived of latesentatives, governors and judges;" and we have perceived it with sincere reand it augurs well that they were gret--that there is a disposition, in different not offended with the address, but parts of our country, to bring this subject, requested it to be printed-It is lick. Those who are hostile to the doc
in a controversial form, before the pubour earnest prayer that the life and trine of Predestination, as held by Calvinhe of his young ambassador of istick divines, have recently attacked it in Christ may be prolonged, and that, various forms; sometimes in flippant senin his double capacity of preacher !ences or paragraphs, and at other times of the gospel and head of a literary was a sermon
delivered in avowed oppa
grave sermons and set discussions. It institution, he may have great cause sition to the Calvinistick doctrine of Preto rejoice in the success of his ar- destination, that occasioned the pamphlet duous labours.
now before us. We have carefully read that sermon. The former part of it is
temperate, and respectful toward those The SCRIPTURAL DOCTRINE OF Predes. from whom the preacher differed, and we TINATION, IN REFERENCE TO THE PRESENT began to think that it ought to bave passAND ETERNAL CONDITION OF MAN, STATED ed without a reply. But we were obliged AND VINDICATED. By Alexander M*Farlane, to relinquish this opinion, before we had Pastor of the Presbyterian church in Deer- reached the end of the discourse. We field, W. N. Jersey. Bridgeton, (W. N. found the speaker indulging in such out1.) Printed by Franklin Ferguson. 1827. rageous denunciations, and such gross
misrepresentations too, of the doctrine he The doctrine of predestination has been was combating, that we thought he ought the subject of ardent controversy, in al- to be both answered and rebuked. Anmost every age of the Christian church. swered and rebuked he has accordingly Nor bas it been confined to Christian been, in a very masterly manner, by the writers. Aristotle taught that there can writer of the essay now before us. The be no certain knowledge of things con. nature of the subject forbids a short ex. tingent; and the question how the pur. tract from this essay, and we have not room pose or providence of God was to be for a long one. But we recommend a care. reconciled with the entire freedom and ful perusal of the whole, to those who are accountableness of man, agitated the willing or desirous to know what Calvinschools of heathen philosophy. It is a ists believe, on the doctrine for which question which we believe never will be they are so often reviled—and what they settled, by any attempts to show the pre. have to say in favour of their belief.
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.
Frauds and Imperfections in Papers fourth of its weight of gypsum; and I making.- In order to increase the weight lately examined a sample which had the of printing paper, some manufacturers appearance of a good paper, that contain. are in the habit of mixing sulphate of ed about 12 per cent. lime or gypsum with the rags, to a great The mode of detecting this fraud is extent. "I have been informed by autho- extremely simple: Burn one hundred rity, upon which I place great reliance, grains, or any given weight of the paper, that some paper contains more than one in a platina, or earthen crucible, and con