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slough, and appear fresh. Be opposite with a kinsman, surly with servants: let thy tongue tang arguments of state; put thyself into the trick of singularity: She thus advises thee, that sighs for thee. Remember who commended thy yellow stockings; and wished to see thee ever cross-gartered': I say,
8 Be OPPOSITE] That is, be adverse, hostile. An opposite, in the language of our author's age, meant an adversary. See a note on K. Richard III. Act V. Sc. IV. To be opposite with was the phraseology of the time. So, in Sir T. Overbury's Character of a Precisian, 1616: "He will be sure to be in opposition with the papist," &c. MALONE.
9-yellow stockings ;] Before the civil wars, yellow-stockings were much worn. So, in D'Avenant's play, called The Wits, Act IV. p. 208. Works, fol. 1673:
"You said, my girl, Mary Queasie by name, did find your uncle's yellow stockings in a porringer; nay, and you said she stole them." PERCY.
So, Middleton and Rowley in their masque entitled The World Toss'd at Tennis, no date, where the five different-coloured starches are introduced as striving for superiority, Yellow starch says to white:
since she cannot
"Wear her own linen yellow, yet she shows
"Her love to't, and makes him wear yellow hose."
Again, in Decker's Match Me in London, 1631: because you wear
"A kind of yellow stocking."
Again, in his Honest Whore, second part, 1630: "What stockings have you put on this morning, madam? if they be not yellow, change them." The yeomen attending the Earl of Arundel, Lord Windsor, and Mr. Fulke Greville, who assisted at an entertainment performed before Queen Elizabeth, on the Monday and Tuesday in Whitsun-week, 1581, were dressed in yellow worsted stockings. The book from which I gather this information was published by Henry Goldwell, gent. in the same year. STEEVENS. cross-gartered:] So, in The Lover's Melancholy, 1629: "As rare an old youth as ever walk'd cross-gartered." Again, in A Woman's a Weathercock, 1612:
"Yet let me say and swear, in a cross-garter, "Pauls never shew'd to eyes a lovelier quarter." Very rich garters were anciently worn below the knee. So, in Warner's Albion's England, b. ix. ch. 47:
"Garters of listes; but now of silk, some edged deep with gold." It appears, however, that the ancient Puritans affected this fashion. Thus, Barton Holyday, speaking of the ill success of his TEXNOTAMIA, says:
remember. Go to; thou art made, if thou desirest to be so; if not, let me see thee a steward still, the fellow of servants, and not worthy to touch fortune's fingers. Farewell. She that would alter services with thee,
Day-light and champian discovers not more1: this is open. I will be proud, I will read politick authors, I will baffle Sir Toby, I will wash off gross acquaintance, I will be point-de-vice, the very man'. I do not now fool myself, to let imagination jade me; for every reason excites to this, that my lady loves me. She did commend my yellow stockings of late, she did praise my leg being cross-gartered;
"Had there appear'd some sharp cross-garter'd man
In a former scene Malvolio was said to be an affecter of puritanism. STEEVENS.
Day-light and champian discovers not more:] We should read-"The fortunate, and happy."-" Day-light and champian. discovers not more:" i. e. 'broad day and an open country cannot make things plainer. WARBURTON.
The folio, which is the only ancient copy of this play, reads, "The fortunate-unhappy," and so I have printed it. "The fortunate-unhappy" is the subscription of the letter. STEEVENS.
2- I will be POINT-DE-VICE, the very man.] This phrase is of French extraction—a points-devisez. Chaucer uses it in the Romaunt of the Rose:
"Her nose was wrought at point-device.” i. e. with the utmost possible exactness. Again, in K. Edward I. 1599:
"That we may have our garments point-device." Kastril, in The Alchemist, calls his sister Punk-device: and again, in The Tale of a Tub, Act III. Sc. VII. :
"and if the dapper priest
"Be but as cunning point in his devise,
and in this she manifests herself to my love, and, with a kind of injunction, drives me to these habits of her liking. I thank my stars, I am happy. I will be strange, stout, in yellow stockings, and cross-gartered, even with the swiftness of putting on. Jove, and my stars be praised!-Here is yet a postscript. Thou canst not choose but know who I am. If thou entertainest my love, let it appear in thy smiling; thy smiles become thee well: therefore in my presence still smile, dear my sweet, I pr'ythee. Jove, I thank thee.-I will smile; I will do every thing that thou wilt have me. [Exit. FAB. I will not give my part of this sport for a pension of thousands to be paid from the Sophy 3. SIR TO. I could marry this wench for this device: SIR AND. So could I too.
SIR TO. And ask no other dowry with her, but such another jest.
SIR AND. Nor I neither.
FAB. Here comes my noble gull-catcher.
SIR TO. Wilt thou set thy foot o' my neck?
SIR AND. Or o' mine either?
SIR TO. Shall I play my freedom at tray-trip, and become thy bond-slave?
a pension of thousands to be paid from the Sophy.] Alluding, as Dr. Farmer observes, to Sir Robert Shirley, who was just returned in the character of " embassador from the Sophy." He boasted of the great rewards he had received, and lived in London with the utmost splendor. STEEVENS.
See further on this subject in an Attempt to Ascertain the Order of Shakspeare's Plays, vol. ii. MALONE.
tray-trip.] Tray-trip is mentioned in Beaumont and Fletcher's Scornful Lady, 1616:
Reproving him at tray-trip, sir, for swearing." Again, in Glapthorne's Wit in a Constable, 1640:" time, you may play at tray-trip or cockall, for black-puddings." My watch are above, at trea-trip, for a black-pudding," &c.
SIR AND. I'faith, or I either.
SIR TO. Why, thou hast put him in such a dream, that, when the image of it leaves him, he must run mad.
MAR. Nay, but say true; does it work upon him? SIR TO. Like aqua-vitæ 3 with a midwife.
MAR. If you will then see the fruits of the sport, mark his first approach before my lady: he will come to her in yellow stockings, and 'tis a colour she abhors; and cross-gartered, a fashion she detests; and he will smile upon her, which will now
"With lanthorn on stall, at trea-trip we play,
The following passage might incline one to believe that traytrip was the name of some game at tables, or draughts: "There is great danger of being taken sleepers at tray-trip, if the king sweep suddenly." Cecil's Correspondence, Lett. x. p. 136. Ben Jonson joins tray-trip with mum-chance. Alchemist, Act V. Sc. IV.:
"Nor play with costar-mongers at mum-chance, tray-trip.” TYRWHITT.
The truth of Mr. Tyrwhitt's conjecture will be established by the following extract from Machiavel's Dogge, a satire, 4to. 1617 : "But leaving cardes, lett's goe to dice awhile,
"To passage, treitippe, hazarde, or mum-chance, "But subtill males will simple minds beguile,
"And blinde their eyes with many a blinking glaunce : Oh, cogges and stoppes, and such like devilish trickes, "Full many a purse of golde and silver pickes. "And therefore first, for hazard hee that list,
"And passeth not, puts many to a blancke:
"To sitt and mourne among the sleeper's ranke:
CROSS-GARTERED, a fashion she detests;] Sir Thomas Overbury, in his character of a footman without gards on his coat, presents him as more upright than any crosse-gartered gen-· tleman-usher. FARMER.
be so unsuitable to her disposition, being addicted to a melancholy as she is, that it cannot but turn him into a notable contempt: if you will see it, follow me.
SIR TO. To the gates of Tartar, thou most excellent devil of wit!
SIR AND. I'll make one too.
ACT III. SCENE I.
Enter VIOLA, and Clown with a tabor.
VIO. Save thee, friend, and thy musick: Dost thou live by thy tabor?
CLO. No, sir, I live by the church 7.
by thy tabor?
Clo. No, sir, I live by the church.] The Clown, I suppose, wilfully mistakes Viola's meaning, and answers, as if he had been asked whether he lived by the "sign of the tabor," the ancient designation of a music shop. STEEVENS.
It was likewise the sign of an eating-house kept by Tarleton, the celebrated clown or fool of the theatre before our author's time, who is exhibited in a print prefixed to his Jests, quarto, 1611, with a tabor. Perhaps in imitation of him the subsequent stage-clowns usually appeared with one. MALONE.
This instrument is found in the hands of fools long before the time of Shakspeare. With respect to the sign of the tabor mentioned in the notes, it might, as stated, have been the designation of a musick shop; but that it was the sign of an eatinghouse kept by Tarleton is a mistake into which a learned commentator has been inadvertently betrayed. It appears from Tarleton's Jests, 1611, 4to. that he kept a tavern in Gracious [Gracechurch] street, at the sign of the Saba. This is the person who in our modern bibles is called the queen of Sheba, and the sign has been corrupted into that of the bell-savage, as may be gathered from the inedited metrical romance of Alexander, supposed to have been written at the beginning of the fourteenth