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than in the memory of man. The Bill contemplates no increase with increase of prices. Let a war break out next year, and wheat get up again to 401. per load, the clergyman must still continue to receive for his tithes one moiety of what they were valued at when wheat was at 101.
What suffering this will bring upon existing clergymen,-- what hinderance and discouragement to the future entry into the ministry,— how many parishes which are now scarcely able to maintain a clergyman will be then wholly unable to do so,-all these, and many other equally forcible points, the clergy, of all men, are most competent to understand. Can their love of peace (praiseworthy in its season) be considered by them a sufficient reason for not doing the little they can to avert, if possible, an evil fraught with such ruinous consequences, or at the least to bear witness of the evil, if they can do no more?
NOTICES AND REVIEWS.
A Commentary on the Order for the Burial of the Dead, &c.
By the Rev. W. Greswell, M.A., Fellow of Balliol College. 2 vols. 8vo.
Rivingtons. 1836. MR. GRESWELL explains that his object is to consider the Office for Burial as a Manual of Doctrine and Consolation to Christians. His work is consequently a practical one; that is to say, it teaches us how to apply for our own comfort those especial promises and topics of reflexion which death and all connected with it must bring to the Christian. This is done with a piety and earnestness which reflect the highest honour on Mr. Greswell, and will make his book most acceptable to serious and quiet readers. In one respect he has not done himself justice in his title-page, for, in addition to what has been already stated, he gives a very good and interesting account of the modes and places of sepulture among ancient nations, and then among the early Christians, with extracts and illustrations from classical writers and Christian fathers, which add materially to the value of the work. The last half, indeed, of the second volume is devoted to illustrations of this kind.
Works on Episcopacy. Printed at New York. London: Rivingtons;
Hatchards; and Seeley. 2 vols. 12mo. pp. xxiv., 784. In the Number for May, 1835, (vol. vii
. p. 582,) an account was given of the several treatises contained in this masterly defence of episcopacy against the objections of all dissenters, and particularly of the American presbyterian, Dr. Miller, whose attack on the constitution and ministry of the church has been advertised for republication in this country. The promise then given, of announcing the arrival in London of the “Works on Episcopacy," is now redeemed; and the hope formerly expressed, " that all those readers who can afford to pur
chase will procure copies,” is renewed; especially when it is added that they are sold at a price which barely covers the expense of importation, advertising, and booksellers' commission.
The History and Antiquities of the Round Church at Little Maplestead,
Essex. By W. Wallen, F.S.A., Architect. London: Weale. 8vo.
1836. THERE are three or four churches known as round churches, and understood to have been erected in imitation of the church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem,—the Temple church, in London ; St. Sepulchre's, at Cambridge; one at Northampton; and Maplestead. Mr. Wallen proposes to give an account of all, and has commenced with Maplestead. The first part of his book contains an account of the crusades, and the origin of the Knights Templars and Hospitallers, to one or other of whom the many round churches once existing belonged. The whole is done with great care, and with that attention to beauty in the appearance of the page which is now confined to antiquaries. The plates are numerous and excellent, and the information curious and valuable. The only objection which the reviewer would make is to the first ornamented letter, Our Lord on the cross sets too solemn a subject before us to be used for such a purpose.
Nomenclator Poeticus, &c. By Lancelot Sharpe, A.M. London:
Rivingtons. 12mo. 1836. This is a very useful book indeed, done with great care, and doing much honour to Mr. Sharpe's care, industry, and learning. He gives the quantities of all the proper names which occur in the Latin poets, with a well chosen quotation or quotations from each. The obvious usefulness of such a book will supersede all other recommendation. The only thing to be wished for is more of Mr. Sharpe's own remarks.
Notes of a Visit to some parts of Haïti. By the Rev. S. W. Hanna,
Curate of St. George's, Jamaica. London: Seeley and Burnside.
1836. 12mo. We have had so very little intelligence from actual observation of this singular island, that Mr. Hanna's sketch cannot be otherwise than acceptable, although he had only a short time for his visit. He is inclined to think better of things than most persons who have spoken of Haïti, but allows that the state of morals and religion among all classes are deplorable. He says that Mr. Mackenzie's book is to be depended upon, though written in an unkind spirit, and not giving all that could be said for the people. The Penny Sunday Reader. By the Rev. J. E. N. Molesworth.
Vols. I. and II. London: Rivingtons. 12mo. The publication of this work in weekly numbers was announced in this Magazine at its commencement, with a prophecy that Mr. Molesworth’s zeal and industry would do all that conld be done for it. He has so fully realized the prophecy that the work has attained a very large and increasing circulation. The reviewer can speak of it with still greater pleasure in its present form than its original one. Whatever his own opinions may be of weekly publications for the poor, there can be no doubt that all the matter in Mr. Molesworth's work is excellent; and that now that it can take its place as a permanent work, in volumes, to be read and referred to again and again, so much good matter must be productive of real good. It is to be hoped that the volumes will be a regular addition to all parochial lending libraries.
A Few Remarkable Events of the Life of the Rev. Jonah Thompson, a
Secession Minister. By Nathan Oliver, Esq. London: Riving
tons. 1836. 12mo. Tas book puts one in mind of the “ Autobiography of a Dissenting Minister," which is paying it no inconsiderable compliment.
A Description of the Part of Devonshire bordering on the Tamar and
Tavy, &c. By Mrs. Bray. London: Murray. 3 vols. 8vo. 1836. This is a very agreeable lounging book, containing a very pleasant account of the local circumstances, the superstitions and customs of part of Devonshire, with a very full sketch of the antiquities and biography of remarkable natives, as well as with anecdotes of living characters. Mrs. Bray is full of reading, of love of good poetry, of right feelings, and of antiquarian lore. She has mixed up with all this some very interesting and affecting anecdotes and histories from real life which give additional interest to her work. It is very pleasant to find Browne, the author of the “Pastorals,” who was a Tavistock man, brought forward so often, and it is to be hoped that it will lead the English reader to be better acquainted with his very pleasing writings.
The Christian Visitor, or Scripture Readings, &c. By the Rev. W.
Jowett, M. A., late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge.
London : Seeley and Burnside. 12mo. 1836. SOME of these lessons are plain, simple, and well judging. In others, the reviewer cannot at all agree with Mr. Jowett's views of doctrine, or think his mode of putting things likely to do good. The Physical and Intellectual Condition of Man considered. By Edward
Meryon, F.R.C.S., &c. London: Smith, Elder, and Co. 1836.
Small 8vo. This work consists of a chapter on the successive changes by which the world was made fit for man's habitation, one on the changes in animals, and three others on the varieties of the human species, with one on their intellectual varieties. Mr. Meryon, who seems a sensible and candid writer, speaks nevertheless with that singular confidence which all modern geologists assume of the certainty of the enormous duration of the world, and the changes it has undergone. On this point, however, it is vain here to comment. Of his three chapters on the varieties of the human species it is only right to say that they are valuable, and written in the best spirit, and tend to show that the varieties of the species can be most satisfactorily accounted for by circumstances of climate, food, &c., &c., on the hypothesis that all came from one stock. Mr. Meryon states fairly enough, that the questions treated in his last chapter require more space and consideration. And this is so clearly true that the reviewer thinks he would have done well to omit the chapter altogether. The origin of languages, the natural state of man, the effect of government and religion on him, are indeed matters beyond treating of in a short chapter!
Does the Church of Rome agree with the Church of England in all the
Fundamentals of Christianity? in a Letter to Lord Melbourne. By the Bishop of Down and Connor. Dublin : Milliken and Son.
1836. 8vo. LORD MELBOURNE, in the House of Lords last session, affirmed this proposition, and Bishop Mant has here examined the question by referring to the authoritative declarations of the two churches—viz., the decrees and canons of the council of Trent, and the thirty-nine articles of the church of England. Such comparisons have been often made, but never more neatly, shortly, and satisfactorily, than by Bishop Mant. This tract will be found, on points of doctrine, (for the Bishop does not extend his inquiry to discipline,) the most convenient existing summary of the differences of the two churches, and such as to entitle Bishop Mant to the warm thanks of the church at this crisis,
The Book of Flowers. By Mrs. Hall. London: Saunders and Otley.
1836. This is a very elegant looking book, with some beautiful coloured plates of flowers, and verses deemed appropriate to every flower. It is reprinted from an American work, and the verses are almost wholly from American poets. The thought is not a bad one, but the verses might every now and then have been better chosen in all ways. There is a great want of finish very often in them, and the imitation of particular English poets in various American ones is curious. As a specimen of various American poets the book may be acceptable.
Natural Theology considered, with reference to Lord Brougham's Dis
course. By Thomas Turton, D.D., Regius Professor of Divinity
at Cambridge. London: J. W. Parker. 1836. 12mo. Dr. TURTON has done Lord Brougham great honour and the public great service by this volume. It is his design in it both to commend and recommend whatever is really valuable in Lord Brougham's “ Discourse,” to point out what is erroneous, and supply what is deficient. This is done with that peculiar simplicity and candour which distinguishes everything from Dr. Turton's hand. But it is really a very serious book for Lord Brougham, for it points out inac
curacies, mistakes, and errors, both in facts and reasoning, which are quite surprising, and make one feel that however great and various Lord Brougham's powers unquestionably are, it is in vain that one man attempts to spread himself over such a variety of subjects, and that the result can only be vague and superficial views and reasonings, and too often positive error. The
in which Lord B. has spoken of the works of one writer after another is shown by Dr. T. to be so utterly incorrect, rash, and unjust, his views of the ancient philosophy so incorrect, and his facts so terribly small in quantity, that it would have been far better for his fame to have let all such subjects alone.
A great deal of the book has a value quite independent of its value as a comment on Lord Brougham. The chapter on Warburton is most valuable, and the historical view of the persons who have maintained Ellis's well-known doctrine in his “ Knowledge of Divine Things,” &c. is very curious. By the way, is not the Via Media the true one there? That is to say, do we not find in fact that previous to revelation, although there was a knowledge of a creating God, it was quite an uncertain and doubtful knowledge, very often wholly rejected, and always considered as uncertain? Was it not with a clear knowledge of this, that the first thing revealed positively is the fact of creation by God, which we think so plain that it cannot be doubted ? Is it not revelation which gave us not the knowledge but the certain knowledge of this ?
The reviewer would earnestly beg Dr. Turton to complete his critical history of the argument a priori. It may, as he says, find few readers just now, but it would be a work of very great value, especially when done with the clearness and candour which so peculiarly distinguish him.
A History of Slavery and its Abolition. By Esther Copley. London:
Sunday School Society. 1836, Mrs. COPLEY is a very laborious diligent person, and being also a furious anti-slavery advocate, has really drawn together a great deal of information, but all on one side. The latter part of the book, indeed, contains so many reports of London Anti-Slavery meetings, &c., &c., as to be rather tiresome.
The Church of England a Protester against Romanism and Dissent :
No. I. On the Unity of the Church. No. II. On Mortification of the Flesh. No. III. On the Efficacy of an Apostolical Ministry. No.IV. On the Scriptures, and the Respect due to Catholic Antiquity. By
W. Dodsworth, M.A. London: Burns. THESE Tracts or Sermons form the first part of a series which it is Mr. Dodsworth's
purpose to carry on, and thus to bring before his hearers the principal points in which we differ from the Romanists on the one hand, and the dissenters on the other. The thought, the soberness, the seriousness, and the piety which are displayed all through these Tracts render them exceedingly valuable, and make one wish that they may have a very general circulation. The first of them, that