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proceeding from the Father and the Son


CHAP. III. Of God's Eternal Decree.


OD from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy

counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass a: yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of fin b, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of fecond causes taken away, but rather established c.

II. Alther) full of grace and truth. v. 18. b James i. 13. Let no man say No man hath seen God at any time; when he is tempted, I am tempted the only begotten Son, which is in of God: for God cannot be tempted the bofom of the Father, he hath de- with evil, neither tempteth he ang clared him.

v. 17. Every good gift, and 9 John xv. 26.But when the Com- every perfect gift is from above, and forter is come, whom I will send un cometh down from the Father of to you from the Father, even the lights, with whom is no variableSpirit of truth, which proceedeth ness, neither shadow of turning. from the Father, he shall testify of 1 John i. 5. This then is the message me. Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are which we have heard of him, and sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit declare unto you, that God is light, of his Son into your hearts, crying, and in him is no darkness at all. Abba, Father.

c Aets ii. 23. Him, being delivered 1. a Eph. i. 11. In whom also we by the determinate counsel and forehave obtained an inheritance, being knowledge of God, ye have taken, predestinated according to the pur- and by wicked hands have crucified pose of him who worketh all things and lain. Mat. xvii. 12. But I say after the counsel of his own will. unto you, That Elias is come alreaRom.xi.33.0 the depth of the riches, dy, and they knew him not, but have both of the wisdom and knowledge done unto him whatsoever they liftof God! how unsearchable are his ed: likewise shall also the Son of man judgments, and his ways paft find- fuffer of them. Aets iv. 27. For of a ing out ! Heb. vi. 17. Wherein God truth, against thy holy child Jesus, willing more abundantly to thew whom thou hast anointed, both Heunto the heirs of promise the immu- rod and Pontius Pilate, with the tability of his counsel, confirmed it Gentiles, and the people of Israel by an oath. Rom. ix. 15. For he were gathered together. v. 28. For faith to Moses, I will have mercy on to do whatsoever thy hand and thy whom I will have mercy, and I will counsel determined before to be have compassion on whom I will have done. John xix. 11. Jesus answered, compassion. v. 18. Therefore hath Thuy couldest have no power at all he mercy on hom he will have mer. against me, except it were given thee cy, and whom he will, he hardeneth,


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II. Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions d; yet hath he not decreed any thing because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon fuch conditions e.

III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angels f are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others fore-ordained to everlasting death

IV. These angels and men, thus predestinated and foreordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed ; and their number is so certain and definite, that it cannot be either increased or diminished h.

V. Those from above: therefore he that de have I hated. v. 16. So then, it is not livered me unto thee hath the great- of him that willeth, nor of him that er sin. Prov. xvi. 33. The lot is inneth, but of God that sheweth cast into the lap; but the whole dis- mercy. v. 18. Therefore hath he posing thereof is of the Lord. mercy on whom he will have mercy,

II. d Acts xv. 18. Known unto God and whom he will he hardeneth. are all his works from the beginning III. f 1 Tim.v.21. I charge thee of the world. 1 Sam. xxiii. 11. Will before God and the Lord Jesus Chritt, the men of Keilah deliver me up in- and the elect angels, that thou observe to his hand? Will Saul come down, these things, without preferring one as thy servant hath heard ? O Lord 'before another, doing nothing by parGod of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy tiality. Mat. xxv. 41. Then shall he servant. And the Lord said, He will say also to them on the left hand, come down. v. 12. Then said David, Depart from me, ye cursed, into eWill the men of Keilah deliver me verlasting fire, prepared for the devil and my men into the hand of Saul ?

and his angels. And the Lord said, they will deliver 8 Rom. ix. 22. What if God, wilthee up. Mat. xi. 21. Wo unto theeling to shew his 'wrath, and to make Chorazin, wo unto thee Bethfaida : his power known, endured with for if the mighty works which were much long-suffering the vessels of done in you, had been done in Tyre wrath fitted to destruction. v. 23. and Sidon, they would have repent. And that he might make known the ed long ago in fackcloth and alhes. riches of his glory on the vessels of V. 23. And thou Capernaum, which mercy, which he had afore prepared art exalted unto heaven, shalt be unto glory? Eph. i. 5. Having prebrought down to hell : for if the destinated us unto the adoption of mighty works which have been done children by Jesus Christ to himself, in thee, had been done in Sodom, it according to the good pleasure of his would have remained until this day. will, v. 6. To the praise of the glory

e Rom. ix. 11. For the children of his grace, wherein he hath made being not yet born neither having us accepted in the beloved. Prov. done any good or evil that the pur- xvi. 4. The Lord hath made all pose of God according to election things for himself: yea, even the might stand, not of works, but of wicked for the day of evil. him that calleth, v. 13. As it is writ IV. h 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless zen, Jacob have I loved, but Efau


V. Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ, unto everlasting glory i, out of his mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith, or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving him thereunto k; and all to the praise of his glorious grace l.

VI. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, fore-ordained all the means thereunto m. Wherefore they who are elected

being the foundation of God standeth fure, God hath not appointed us to wrath; having this seal, The Lord knoweth but to obtain salvation by our Lord them that are his. And let every one Jesus Christ. that nameth the name of Christ de

k Rom.ix. 11, 13. 16. (See lettere part from iniquity. John xiii. 18. I immediately foregoing,) Eph.i.4.9. {peak not of you all; I know whom (See letter i immediately foregoing) I have chosen : but that the Scrip I Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the ture may be fulfilled, He that eat- glory of his grace, wherein he hath eth bread with me, hath lift up his made us accepted in the beloved. v. heel against me.

12. That we should be to the praise V. i Eph. i. 4. According as he of his glory, who first trusted in Chrilt. hath chosen us in him, before the VI. m 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect according foundation of the world, that we to the foreknowledge of God the should be holy, and without blame Father, through fanctification of the before him in love : v. 9. Having Spirit unto obedience, and sprinkling made known unto us the mystery of of the blood of Jesus Christ. Eph. i. bis will, according to his good plea- 4. According as he hath chofen us sure, which he hath purposed in him- in him, before the foundation of the felf: v. 11. In whom also we have world, that we should be holy, and obtained an inheritance, being pre- without blame before him in love: destinated according to the purpose v. 5. Having predestinated us unto of him, who worketh all things after the adoption of children by Jesus the counsel of his own will. Rom. Christ to himself, according to the viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did good pleasure of his will. Eph. ii. 10. predestinate, them he also called : For we are his workmanship, creatand whom he called, them he also ed in Christ Jesus unto good works, justified : and when he justified, which God hath before ordained that them he also glorified. 2 Tim. i.9. we should walk in them. 2 Theff. ï. Who hath saved us, and called us 13. But we are bound to give thanks with an holy calling, not according alway to God for you, brethren, beto our works, but according to his loved of the Lord, because God hath own purpose and grace, which was from the beginning chosen you to given us in Christ Jesus, before the salvation, through fanctification of cold began. i Theff. v. 9. For the Spirit and belief of the truth.


being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ n, are effectually called unto faith in Christ, by his Spirit working in due feason; are justified, adopted, fanctified, 0, and kept by his power through faith unto salvation p. Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, fanctified and saved, but the elect only q.

VII. The rest of mankind, God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of his own will, whereby he extend eth or with-holdeth mercy as he pleaseth, for the glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by, and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath for their fin, to the praise of his glorious justice r.

VIII. The n i Theff.v.9. For God hath not know that all tbings work together appointed us to wrath, but to obtain for good, to them that love God, to salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, v. them who are the called according 10. Who died for us, that whether to his purpose, &c. (to the end of we wake or sleep, we should live to the chapter.) John vi. 64. But there gether with him. Tit. ii.


Who are some of you that believe not. For gave himself for us, that he might Jesus knew from the beginning, who redeem us from all iniquity, and they were that believed not, and who purify unto himself a peculiar people, should betray him. v. 65. And he zealous of good works.

said, Therefore said Í unto you, that . Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom no man can come unto me, except he did predestinate, them he also cal: it were given unto him of my

Father. led: and whom he called, them he John X. 26. But ýe believe not, bealso justified: and whom he justified, cause ye are not of my sheep, as I said then he also glorified. Eph.i. 5. Have unto you. John viii. 47. He that is ing predestinated us unto the adop- of God, heareth God's words : ye tion of children by Jesus Christ to therefore hear them not, because ye himself, according to the good plea- are not of God. 1 John ii. 19. They fure of his will. 2 Theff. ii. 13.But we went out from us, but they were not are bound to give thanks alway to of us : for if they had been of us, God for you, brethren, beloved of they would no doubt have continued the Lord, because God hath from with us; but they went out, that the beginning chosen you to falvati- they might be made manifest, that on, through sanctification of the Spi-- they were not all of us. rit, and belief of the truth.

VII. - Mat. xi. 25. At that time p 1 Pet. i. 5. Who are kept by Jesus answered and said, I thank the power of God through faith un- thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and to salvation, ready to be revealed in earth, because thou hast hid thefe the last time.

things from the wife and prudent, 9 John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I and hast revealed them unto babes, pray not for the world, but for them v. 26. Even so, Father, for so it which thou haft given me, for they seemed good in thy fight. Rom. ix. are thine. Rom, vjïi. 28. And we 17. For the Scripture faith unto Pha


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VIII. The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care , that men attending the will of God revealed in his word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election t. So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God v; and of humility, diligence, and abundant confolation to all that sincerely obey the gospel w.

CHAP. raoh, Even for this fame purpose VIII. f Rom. ix. 20. Nay but, have I raised thee up, that I might O man, who art thou that repliest fhew my power in thee, and that my against God? fhall the thing formed name might be declared throughout say to him that formed it, Why hast all the earth. v. 18. Therefore hath thou made me thus? Rom. xi. 33. he mercy on whom he will have O the depth of the riches both of mercy, and whom he will he harden- the wisdom and knowledge of God! eth. v. 21. Hath not the potter how 'unsearchable are his judgments, power over the clay, of the fame and his ways past finding out! Deut. lump to make one vessel unto ho- xxix. 29. The secret things belong nour, and another unto dishonour? unto the Lord our God: but those 1. 22. What if God, willing to shew things which are revealed belong unhis wrath, and to make his power to us, and to our children for ever, known, endured with much long-suf- that we may do all the words of this fering the vessels of wrath fitted to de- law. struction ? 2 Tim. ii.


Neverthe t 2 Pet, i. 10. Wherefore the ra. less, the foundation of God ftandeth ther, brethren, give all diligence to fure, having this feal, The Lord make your calling and election sure : knoweth them that are his. And for if ye do these things, ye shall Let every one that nameth the name never fall, of Chrilt depart from iniquity. V. v Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the 20. But in a great house, there are glory of his grace, wherein he hath not only vessels of gold and of filver, made us accepted in the Beloved. but also of wood, and of earth ; and Rom. xi. 33. (fee letter / immedifome to honour, and some to difho- ately foregoing.) nour. Jude 4. For there are certain w Rom. xi. 5. Even so then at men crept in unawares, who were be- this present time also there is a rema fore of öld ordained to this condem nant according to the election of Dation, ungodly men, turning the grace. v. 6. And if by grace, then is grace of our God into lascivious- it no more of works': otherwise Dess, and denying the only Lord grace is no more grace. But if it be God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. of works, then it is no more grace: 1 Pet. ï.8. And a stone of stumbling, otherwise work is no more work. v. and a rock of offence, even to them 20. Well; because of 'unbelief they which stumble at the word, being were broken off, and thou standeit disobedient, whereunto also they were by faith. Be not high minded, but appointed.

fear. 2 Pet. i. 10. (See letter t im


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