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God! I want for nothing; but

" Nature is but a name for an effect if I did, good lord ! I might Whose cause is God.”—Cowper. take a lease of all Paternoster- Halos, or Caronæ, are coloured row. Áh! I've oftimes thought circles, or rather ovals, appearit a sin and a shame that Apollo ing round the face of the sun and and the Muses never got a moon, also, some of the larger footing within the walls; for stars, particularly, the planet your cits, with all their tare, Jupiter. Halos, round the sun tret and cloff, are mighty kind or moon, generally appear oval to the poor. Jack Luguerre,* and eccentric to the luminary, who is a clever, merry fellow, having their longest diameter and a physiognomist, says, perpendicular to the horizon, and • The lines of benevolence are extending farther below the strongly marked in many of luminary than abore it ; this their moon-faced worships." probably, is a deception of vision,

Ha, ha, ha, what! Jack is arising from the apparent cona freind of yours, too, aye? I cave of the sky being less than a know master Laguerre ; his fame hemisphere. When the angle is rung on the other side of St. which the diameter of a halo, or George's channel. How is the crown, subtends at the


is spark ?"

“ Thank your rever- 450 or 46°, and the bottom of ence, he may answer for himself, the halo is near the horizon, and if it be your pleasure, for he is consequently its apparent figure over head. No, no, replied is most oval, the apparent verti-the dean ; you are upon honour; cal diameter is divided by the it must not be known that I have moon in the proportion of about crossed your threshold ; so fare 2 to 3, or 4, and is to the horiyou well master crispin ; silence zontal diameter drawn through is the word, (placing his finger the moon, as 4 to 3, nearly. upon his lip,) and perchance we Those about the moon are often may meet again.

very large, and when seen by the

country people, they will comMr. Editor,

monly observe" We shall have

a change of weather soon, for As

you have given publicity in there is a bur round the moon." your last number of the GLEANER, Perhaps their observation may to the few remarks which I for- not be altogether void of a reawarded you on Parhelia, you sonable foundation. will, per haps, as a kind of

sup- Philosophers sometimes conplement to those remarks, pub- ceive halos to arise from a relish the following on Halos, or fraction of the rays of light in Caronæ.

passing; through the fine rare I am, sir,

vesiculæ of a thin vapour towards Yours, &c.

the upper parts of the atmosJuly 18. BRIGHTONIENSIS. phere. But an opinion more

* John Laugerre, son of him alluded to by Pope.-" Where sprawl the saints of Verrio and Laugerre.”. Jack Laguerre was a high fellow, a great humourist, wit, singer, player, carricaturist, mimic, and a good scene painter ; and, according to the notions of that merry age, known to every body.



generally received, is that which either through the small globules supposes halos to be formed by or their interstices, into its sepasmall round grains of hail, com- rate colours ; but what that denposed of two different parts, the sity is, or what the size of the one of which is transparent, in- particles which

compose the closing the other which is vapour, he does not pretend to opaque, and the reflection from determine. these producing the appearances ; this is the more probable when it is recollected that they are only seen in frosty, rhimy, or TRADESMEN RESPECTABLE, PROShazy weather.

PEROUS, AND WEALTHY. There are several ways of exhibiting phenomena similar to

(By Sir Richard Phillips.) those of halos : thus, the flame 1.-Choose a good and comof a candle, placed in the midst manding situation, even at of a steam, in cold weather, or higher rate or premium ; for no placed at some distance from a money is so well laid out as for glass window that has been situation, providing good use be breathed

upon, while the specta- made of it. tor is also at the distance of some 2.—Take your shop door off feet from another part of the the hinges at seven o'clock every window, or placed behind a glass morning, that no obstruction receiver, when the air is admitted may be opposed to your cusinto the vacuum within it to a tomers. certain density, in each of these 3.-Clean and set out your circumstances will appear to be windows before seven o'clock; encompassed by a coloured halo. and do this with your own hands,

Also, a quantity of water being that you may expose for sale the thrown up against the sun, as it articles which are most saleable, breaks and disperses into drops, and which you most want to forms a kind of halo, or iris, ex

sell. hibiting the colours of the natu- 4.-Sweep before

your house

; ral rainbow. Muffchenbroek ob- and, if required, open ą served, that when the window of from the opposite side of the his room encrusted over street, that passengers may

think with a thin plate of ice, on the of you while crossing, and that inside, the moon, seen through all your neighbours may be it, seemed surrounded with a sensible of your diligence. large and various coloured halo ; 5.-Wear an apron, if such be which, upon opening the win- the custom of your business, and dow, he found arose entirely consider it as a badge of distincfrom that thin plate of ice, bè- tion, which will procure you

seen except respect and credit. through this plate. Muffchen- 6.--Apply your first return of broek concludes his account of ready money to pay debts before coronæ with observing, that some they are due, and give such lensity of vapour, or some hick- transactions due emphasis by ness of the plates of ice, divides claiming discount. the light in its transmission, 7.-Always be found at home,






and in some way employed ; and

19.-Take stock every year, remember that your meddling estimate your profits, and do not neighbours have their eyes upon spend above one-fourth. you, and are constantly guaging 20.—Avoid the common folly you by your appearances. of expending your precious capi

8.-Re-weigh and re-measure tal upon a costly architectural all your stock rather than let it front; such things operate on. be supposed you have nothing to the world like paint on a woman's do.

cheek,-repelling beholders in9.-Keep some article cheap, stead of attracting them. that you may draw customers 21.--Every pound wasted by and enlarge your intercourse a young tradesman is two pounds

10.—Keep up the exact quality lost at the end of three years, or favour of all articles which and two hundred and fifty six you find are approved of by your pounds at the end of twenty-four customers; and by this means years. you will enjoy their preference. 22.--To avoid being robbed

11.-Buy for ready-money as and ruined by apprentices and often as you have any to spare ; assistants, never allow them to and when you take credit, pay to go from home in the evening; a day, and unasked.

and the restriction will prove 12.-No advantage will ever equally useful to master and arise to you from any ostentatious servant. display of expenditure.

23.-Remember that prudent 13.-Beware of the odds and purchasers avoid the shop of an ends of a stock, of remnants, of extravagant and ostentatious spoiled goods, and of waste; for trader; for they justly consider, it is in such things that your that, if they deal with him, they profits lie.

must contribute to his follies. 14,--In serving your customers 24.-Let these be be firm and obliging, and never till you have realised your stock, lose your temper—for nothing is and till you can take discount for got by it.

prompt payment on all pur15.—Always be seen at church chases ; and you may then inor chapel on Sunday; never at a dulge in any degree which your gaming-table: and seldom at habits and sense of prudence theatres or at places of amuse- suggest. ment.

X 16.-Prefer a prudent and discreet to a rich and showy wife.

your rules Though Xantippe once broke to give a quick current to the the head of Socrates, and he had air, that the rooms may be dried the temper to bear it, yet if we the sooner. By this means, unhad the old fellow amongst us less I am wrapped up in fur, I am now, I believe we should try his perished to death, and sure to philosophic patience on a Satur- take cold. Arguments avail day. The rage of scowering and nothing. Mistresses and servants cleansing is not peculiar to our are all combined in the watery house, for I find all my friends plot, and swim or drown is the complain of the universal deluge only alternative. on the Saturday. In short, it is Sometimes I have pleaded the vice of our ladies ; and what for a room that hạth not been they call being only clean is a used in the week, but in vain, the general inconvenience to busi- word wash is general, and all ness and health.

ON SATURDAY, AND CLEANLINESS. 17.-Spend your evenings by My wife's of manners gentle, pure, and your own fire-side, and shun a public-house or a sottish club An honest heart--a most ingenuous mind; as you would a bad debt.

Beauteous and gay, domestic without 18.–Subscribe with

your And but one fault-indeed she's over nice. neighbours to a book club, and Mops, pails, and brushes, dusters, mats, improve your mind, that you may be qualified to use your future

Are sceptres of control-herjoy her hope.

Each day we scrub, and scow'r house, affluence with credit to yourself,

yard, and limb; and advantage to the public. And on a Saturday, ye gods, we swim.



and soap,

must float from the garret to the The cleansing begins, like the cellar. I once or twice in my Sabbath of the Jews, on the Fri- life ventured to take a peep at day ; being ordered hastily and the cook in the kitchen, but to be early to bed, that the dining- sure no fury could look so fierce; room might be scrubbed out ; or her hair hung about her shoulelse, all are crammed into a lit- ders, she was mounted on high tle parlour, and smothered, by pattens, her dressers

covered way of being cleanly: to accom- with pots and pans, and her face. plish this, the stairs being just all besmeared with soot and scowered, we are all command- brickdust. ed to go up bare-footed, though The animals too, on this day of at the risk of a tertian ague, or a

execution, skulk into their holes sore throat.

and corners : the dog's sneak Early in the morning the ser- away with their tails between vants are rung up, and for the their legs to the stable ; and poor operation of the morning, dress- puss is obliged to ascend a beer ed accordingly; and though barrel in the cellar, by way of smart enough on other occasions, sanctuary, where she purs away yet to see them in their Satur- her time, longing for the return day's garb for the mop and broom of the dove and olive branch as rencontre, you would imagine much as Noah did in the old them to be sybils, or Norwood weather-beaten ark. fortune tellers.

But these misfortunes are not To get at the breakfast room I all: my wife and all the maids, am under the necessity of wad- as if by inspiration, agreement, ing over my shoes, and if I am or devilish witchcraft, are all in not very accurate in my steerage, the dumps; they universally put I am sure to tumble over a pail, on one face, and I can assure or to break my shins against a you, for these last ten years, I mop. The weather has nothing have not seen a Saturday smile to do with this aquatic operation; on their faces. wet or dry, frost or snow,

the Saturday carries with it genehouse must be cleaned on that ral persecution ; it is not that we day: and during breakfast

are harassed from room to room, window and door is thrown open washed out of the house for ease,




and starved to death with cold their pursuit, and men are obliged from the thorough airs, but our to fly with precipitation, from stomachs pinch for it too ; for as the tainted spot ; but, if, unfornothing must be dirtied, so we tunately, the least drop of the are obliged to make up with bits liquid, which it commonly disand scraps for dinner. I very of charges at this particular juncten, to keep off the ague, draw a ture, should happen to light on cork extraordinary, for there is the clothes of the hunter, he bepositively no other remedy ; but,

a nuisance wherever he if by chance, a drop of wine sul- appears, and is obliged to divest lies the Bath lacquered table, my himself of his dress, and practise good lady rises with the dignity all the arts of ablution, in order of a pontiff, and with a rubber la- to be restored to the society of bours for twenty minutes against mankind. the unlucky spot; for I must own our tables would serve instead of looking-glasses. Now, though my


possesses the virtues of Diana, yet the plagues of

Dear sir,—The reason that Egypt never came on the natives you have not heard from me for once a week, which I, alas ! am these last five weeks is, that the forced to summit to in spite of people where I have been have every argument.

engrossed all my time and attention. Perhaps you will be surprised to hear, that I have lived a complete month with our old

friend, the rector of South-Green, The mode of defence which and his honest wife. nature has bestowed on this You know with what comanimal is of a nature so extraor- passion we used to think of dinary, that, were it not asserted them ; that a man who had mixby persons of the most unques- ed a good deal with the world, tionable credit, it would seem and who had always entertained entirely apocryphal. When sud- hopes of making a figure in it, denly irritated, or when pursued, should foolishly, and at an age and in danger of being taken, it when people

when people generally grow possesses the faculty of suddenly wise, throw away his affections emitting effluvia, so powerfully upon a girl worth nothing: and offensive, as to taint the air to an that she, one of the liveliest of almost incredible distance.

If women,

as well as the finest, the descriptions given of this should refuse the many advanodious vapour are not aggravated tageous offers which were made by the abhorrent recollection of her, and follow a poor parson to those who have experienced its his living of fifty pounds a year, effects, eğery other ill smell in a remote corner of the kingwhich nature can produce is sur- dom. But I have learned from passed by the overpowering fetor experience, that we have been of this extraordinary quadruped. pitying the happiness of our acIn consequence of this horrible quaintance. I am impatient to emanation, the dogs relinquish tell you all I know of them.


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