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So dear to heaven is saintly chastity,
That when a soul is found sincerely so,
A thousand liveried angels lackey her,
Driving far off each thing of sin or guilt.-Line 453.
How charming is divine philosophy!
Not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose;
But musical as is Apollo's lute,
And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets,
Where no crude surfeit reigns.-Line 476.

I was all ear,
And took in strains that might create a soul
Under the ribs of death.-Line 560.

If this fail,
The pillar'd firmament is rottenness,
And earth's base built on stubble.-Line 597.
It is for homely features to keep home,
They had their name thence.-Line 748.

Swinish gluttony
Ne'er looks to heaven amidst his gorgeous feast,
But with besotted base ingratitude
Crams, and blasphemes his feeder.-Line 776.
Or, if virtue feeble were,
Heaven itself would stoop to her.-Line 1022.

LYCIDAS.

Under the opening eyelids of the morn.-Line 26.
Throw hither all your quaint enameli'd eyes,
That on the green turf suck the honied showers,
And purple all the ground with vernal flowers.
Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies,
The tufted crow-toe, and pale jessamine,
The white pink, and the well-attired woodbine,
With cowlips wan that hang the pensive head,
And every fower that sad embroidery wears.-Line 139.
Under the shady roof
Of branching elm star-proof.-Line 88, Arcades.

L' ALLEGRO.

Haste thee, Nymph, and bring with thee
Jest, and youthful Jollity,
Quips, and Cranks, and wanton Wiles,
Nods, and Becks, and wreathed Smiles.-Line 25.
Sport that wrinkled Care derides,
And Laughter holding both his sides.
Come, and trip it as you go,
On the light fantastic toe.-Line 31.

And ever, against eating cares
Lap me in soft Lydian airs,
Married to immortal verse,
Such as the meeting soul may pierce,
In notes with many a winding bout
Of linked sweetness long drawn out.-Line 135.
Untwisting all the chains that tie,
The hidden soul of harmony.-Line 143.

IL PENSEROSO.
The gay motes that people the sunbeams.-Line 8.
And looks commercing with the skies,
Thy rapt soul sitting in thine eyes.-Line 39.
And join with thee calm Peace and Quiet,
Spare Fast, that oft with gods doth diet.-Line 45.
Where glowing embers through the room
Teach light to counterfeit a gloom.-Line 79.
Save the cricket on the hearth.-Line 82.
Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing,
Such notes as, warbled to the string,
Drew iron tears from Pluto's cheek.-Line 105.

Where more is meant than meets the ear.-Line 120.

What needs my Shakespeare for his honour'd bones,
The labor of an age in piled stones?
Or that his hallowed relics should be hid
Under a star-y-pointing pyramid?
Dear son of memory, great heir of fame.

-Linc 4, Epitaph on Shakespeare.
And so sepulchred in such pomp dost lie,
That kings for such a tomb would wish to die.—Line 15.
Thy liquid notes that close the eye of day.—To the Nightingale.
That old man eloquent.-To the Lady Margaret Ley.
License they mean when they cry liberty.
-On the Detraction which followed upon my Writing certain

Treatises.

Peace hath her victories
No less renowned than war.-To the Lord General Cromwell.

Thousands at his bidding speed,
And post o'er land and ocean without rest;
They also serve who only stand and wait.-On his Blindness.

But O, as to embrace me she inclin'd,
I wak'd, she fled, and day brought back my night.

-On his Deceased Wife.

Truth is as impossible to be soiled by an outward touch as the sunbeam.—The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce.

Behold the bright countenance of truth in the quiet and still air of delightful studies.—The Reason of Church Government. Litigious terms, fat contentions, and flowing fees.

-Tractate of Education. As good almost kill a man as kill a good book; who kills a man, kills a reasonable creature, God's image; but he who destroys a good book kills reason itself.- Areopagitica.

A good book is the precious life-blood of a master-spirit embalmed and treasured up on purpose to a life beyond.- Areopagitica. Who ever knew truth put to the worse in a free and open encounter?

-Areopagitica.

Men of most renowned virtue have sometimes by transgressing most truly kept the law.-Tetrarchordon.

NOTE--Many of Milton's “ Best Thoughts” have been quoted under topical classifications, scattered throughout this volume, and we have thought best to omit most of them from the “Who-When-Where" series. The reader will find the index to authors complete in its references to Milton, and all quotations from him, or any other author, can thus be traced.

MARQUIS OF MONTROSE

1612-1650.

He either fears his fate too much,

Or his deserts are small,
That dares not put it to the touch

To gain or lose it all.-My Dear and Only Love.

SIR THOMAS BROWNE.

1605-1682.
Rich with the spoils of nature.-Religio Medici, Part I, Sec. 13.

Rich with the spoils of time.-Gray's Elegy, St. 13.
Nature is the art of God. Some, Pt. 1, Sec. 16.
Ruat coelum, fiat voluntas tua.- Part II, Sec. 12.

Do well and right, and let the world sink. Herbert.

LIGHT FROM THE STARS.

How much light does the earth receive from the stars and planets?

The quantity of light received by our globe from the stars is very small. Only recently Professor Nichols measured it by means of a very fine apparatus, about thirty times more sensitive than the instruments hitherto used for this purpose. As a unit of measurement he used the 100,000,000th part of the light of a standard candle at a distance of one metre (about a yard). He found that the brightest star in the northern sky. Arcturus, of the constellation of Boötes, sends to the earth little more light than that received by the eye from that unit. Libra, in the constellation of Lyra, supplies us with but half of this quantity of light, while the planet Jupiter sends us two and a half times as much light.—Londsberg.

THE VARIABLE STAR ALGOL.

This is one of the most conspicuous and noteworthy stars in the heavens. Its remarkable fluctuations of light were probably known to the ancient observers, but the first definite record of its discovery is by Montanari, in 1669, and the accurate determination of its period was not effected until 1782 by Goodrick. At that time the star passed through all its gradations of brilliancy in two days twenty hours fifty-nine seconds, but the period seems decreasing, for Chandler has recently found it eight and one-half seconds less. The star is usually a little fainter than second magnitude, and remains so for about two days eleven hours, when it rapidly declines in lustre, and in about four and one-half hours arrives at a minimum of three and three-quarters magnitude. There is then a revival of its brilliancy, and in five and one-half hours it reaches its normal magnitude of two and one-quarter. From the end of March until the beginning of August the star is riot favorably visible, being immersed in vapors and twilight on the northern horizon, but in the autumn and winter months it may be viewed with advantage.-Londsberg.

STELLAR PHOTOMETRY.

By HENRY M. PARKHURST.

Properly speaking, the art of measuring light has not been discovered. We cannot subtract from the given light a determinate amount and subject the remainder to independent determination. What is called measuring light consists in either reducing the given light in a known proportion, making it apparently equal to another standard light, or making it too faint to be perceptible. Both these methods are subject to so many disturbing causes that it is not surprising that many astronomers are inclined to adhere to the ancient method of estimation, by following which Argelander in the northern hemisphere, Gould in the southern hemisphere, and Schönfeld in the intermediate region, have furnished us standard magnitudes for all the lucid stars, and all the brighter telescopic stars, of marvelous consistency. A series of twenty standards, half a magnitude apart, being firmly impressed upon the mind, the observer made his comparison of each star with the corresponding standard, with such interpolation of brightness as was practicable; and those who use their catalogues have many hundreds of thousands of stars to assist them in adapting their own estimations to the same system.

In a perfect photometry, each magnitude corresponds to a certain proportion of the light of the next brighter magnitude. Sensation varies in geometric proportion; and a photometric scale founded upon geometric progression has many advantages. So far as precision is concerned, the ratio of the magnitude is unimportant. Pogson's ratio of 27/2, or more accurately the number corresponding to the logarithm (0.4000) has been extensively used and is remark

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