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Improvement in the purification of Coal- last Number, Mr J. H. viz. that the par. Gas. It is sufficiently known, that the pro- ticles of water ascend upward from the duction of carburetted hydrogen obtained sea, in the phenomenon called a water from coal, and its fitness for the purpose of spout: illumination, varies much according to the “ Barkworth, Dec. 11, 1816, in lat. 4• circumstances under which the gas is obtain- N. long. 129o E. (having passed through ed, and the means employed for purifying the Siao channel yesterday) at 11 A.M. the it. To deprive coal-gas of that portion of officer of the watch, Mr Dudman, came sulphuretted hydrogen, with which it is al. down and informed me there had been ways more or less contaminated, it has hith.
a whale blowing close to the ship for several erto been made to act on uicklime, either minutes, and that it was continuing to do in a dry state, or combined with water in so. I then, from curiosity, went upon deck, particular vessels, so constructed as to bring and was surprised to find it was the vortex a large surface of the lime into contact with of a water spout, within one hundred yards the gas.
This method must naturally be of the ship, on the windward quarter :very imperfect, on account of the feeble ac- ordered a gun to be got ready, by which tion of sulphuretted hydrogen upon lime. In time it had passed under the stern, within proof of this statement, the gas supplied to thirty yards of the ship, which afforded us this metropolis, need only be examined in an excellent opportunity of observing this in the following manner : Collect a four wonderful phenomenon. ounce phial full of the gas, in a wash-hand “ The space it occupied upon the sea was bason, or other vessel full of water, in the apparently about thirty feet in circumferusual manner, and then plunge into it a slip ence, and the water so much agitated in the of paper moistened with a solution of nitrate centre, as be quite frothy, ascending in a of silver, or super-acetate of lead. The spiral form in visible particles like rain, and paper will instantly acquire a brown colour. making a rushing noise about as loud as
A new method of getting rid of the sul the blowing of a whale continued, and comphuretted hydrogen gas has been lately re- municating with a spout* depending from sorted to with success; and the facility, a black cloud over head, gradually passing cheapness, and expedition, with which this to leeward, and disappearing about a mile process may be employed in the large way, off.”—Phil. Mag. for April 1818. give reason to believe that it will be highly New Alkali.—The experiments of Arbeneficial to the manufacturer of coal-gas vedson, relative to the discovery of the new in general. The process consists in passing alkali called lethson, have been confirmed crude coal-gas, as it is disengaged from coal, in France by M. Vanquelin. through a heated iron cylinder, or other Ice. As every fact relative to the state vessel, containing fragments of metallic of the Arctic regions is now of more than iron (the waste clippings of tinned iron will usual interest, we transcribe the following do very well), or any oxide of iron at a mi. postscript to the journal of the brig Jemima, nimum of oxidation ; for example, clay which sailed last summer from London to iron-stone, so disposed as to present as large the Moravian Missions in Labrador :a surface as possible : by this means the sul- “ The captain and mate report, that though phuretted hydrogen becomes decomposed by for these three years past they have met the metallic iron, and the gas is obtained in with an unusual quantity of ice on the coast a pure state.
This iron, if in a state of a of Labrador, yet in no year since the commetal, acquires by this process a crystalline mencement of the mission in 1769, has it structure, and affords abundance of sulphu- appeared so dreadfully on the increase. The retted hydrogen by the affusion of dilute colour likewise of this year's ice was difsulphuric or muriatic acid, a proof that it is ferent from that usually seen, and the size converted into a sulphuret ;-a quantity of of the ice-mountains and thickness of the sulphuric and sulphureous acid is likewise fields immense, with sand-stone imbedded collected at the extremity of the vessel. in them.” As a great part of the coast of The gas thus treated, affords no disagree. Greenland, which for centuries has been able odour during combustion, and its pu- choaked up with ice, apparently immoverity is attested by its not acting upon the able, has, by some revolution been cleared, solutions of lead, silver, or any of the white perhaps this may account for the great quanmetals.
tity alluded to. Water Spouts.-- The following observations of Captain Thomas Lynn, commander * We could not perceive the communicaof the East India Company's ship Bark- tion with the spout, the particles being too worth, afford a striking corroboration of minute for the eye to discern much above the statement of the ingenious writer in our the sea, but we had no doubt of the fact.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
Paintings, and some Notice of his Essays in
the Public Journals. The Rev. James Raine, of Durham, has Captain Bosquett's long promised Treacirculated a prospectus of the History and tise on Duelling will be published this Antiquities of North Durham, with engra- month. vings from designs of Mr Edward Blore, in In the press, and speedily will be puba folio volume.
lished, a new edition, considerably imMr Blore has also made a set of drawings proved, of Dr Withering's Systematic Arfor the Rev. Mr Hunter's History and An- rangement of British Plants, with an easy tiquities of Hallamshire, which will like. Introduction to the Study of Botany ; illuswise make a folio volume, and contain many trated by copperplates, in four volumes, interesting particulars respecting the Talbot 8vo. family, as well as many topographical and A Chronological History of Voyages into antiquarian memoirs.
the Arctic Regions, for the Discovery of a Sir Richard Colt Hoare has prepared a Northern Passage between the Atlantic and third and supplemental volume to the Rev. Pacific Oceans, from the earliest period to Mr Eustace's Classical Tour through Italy. the present time; accompanied with a geneIt is intended to complete the labours and ral Description of the Arctic Lands and supply the omissions of that traveller, and Polar Seas, as far as hitherto known; by to describe such parts of Italy as he had not John Barrow, F. R. & L. S. 2 vols &vo. visited, and others have rarely explored. The history of the early voyages and discoThe author has enlarged its contents by a veries of the maritime nations of Europe is Tour round the whole island of Sicily, an distributed among such a multitude of large, Account of Malta, an Excursion to Pola in expensive, and scarce books, which are selIstria, and a description of the celebrated dom looked at for the purpose of being read, nionasteries of Montserrat in Spain, and the that a brief abstract of the various efforts Grande Chartreuse in France.
that have been made for the discovery of a Speedily will be published, a translation northern passage, by the east and by the of Extracts from a Journal kept in Green- west, between the Atlantic and Pacific land in the years 1770 to 1778, by Hans Oceans, accompanied with a general descripEgede Saabye, formerly missionary there ; tion, from the most authentic and some oriwith an Introduction respecting the Way of ginal sources, of the arctic lands and polar Life of the Greenlanders, the Mission in seas, may, at least, serve as a preparative Greenland, and other subjects connected for the history of the proceedings of the two with it, by Mr G. Fries.
expeditions now pending, which have atDr Aikin is preparing an Enlargement tracted, and deservedly so, no common share of his England Delineated, under the title of the public attention of European nations: of England Described.
and in this view it is hoped the present work A Life of John Howard the Philan- will not be deemed altogether superfluous thropist, by Mr Brown, in one volume 4to, nor unacceptable. will speedily make its appearance.
The proprietors of the Rev. H. J. Todd's The first volume of the Transactions of edition of Dr Johnson's Dictionary beg to the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall, inform the public, that they are preparing is expected to be ready for publication in an Abridgement of that valuable work, unthe course of May.
der the direction of the editor, which will A new volume on the Diseases of the be very soon published. Eye, by the late Mr Ware, is in the press. Prince Hoare, Esq. is preparing for the
A volume of Sermons, by the Rev. James press, Memoirs of the late Granville Sharp, Bryce of Calcutta, will speedily appear. Esq. composed from his own MSS. and
Mrs Darke, of Calne, has in the press a other authentic documents, which will form volume of Sonnets and other poems.
a quarto volume. Mr Papworth will shortly publish an James Morier, Esq. has in great forwardarchitectural work of original designs for ness, a Second Journey through Persia and villas, ornamented cottages, lodges, park Constantinople, in 1810-16, in a quarto entrances, &c. many of which are tasteful, volume, with maps, coloured costumes, and elegant, and useful.
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Museum in the University of Edinburgh, I Lieut. F. Hall, late military secretary to
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The Rev. Oliver Lodge has in the press, The Angler's Vade Mecum ; containing Lectures on the Gospel of St Matthew, in a Descriptive Account of the Water Flies, an octavo volume.
their Seasons, and the kind of Weather that A System of Divinity, in a series of Ser- impels them most on the Water; the whole mons, by the late Dr Timothy Dwight of represented in 12 coloured plates : to which Connecticut, is printing in five octavo vo- is added, a Description of the different Baits lumes, accompanied with a Life of the Au. used in Angling, and where found ; by W. thor.
Carrol, post 8vo. The Rev. Peter Roberts has in the press, In the press, and speedily will be publisha a Manual of Prophecy, or a View of the ed in 3 vols, Saint Patrick'; a National Tale Prophecies contained in the Bible, and the of the Fifth Century; by an Antiquary. Events by which they were fulfilled.
In the press, and speedily will be pubT. Walford, Esq. will soon publish, in lished, in 1 vol. 4to, with maps and illustwo pocket volumes, the Scientific Tourist trative engravings, Account of the Kingdom through England, Wales, and Scotland. of Nepal ; by Francis Hamilton, (formerly The Scientific Tourist through Ireland is Buchanan), M.D. Fellow of the Royal Soalso in the press.
cieties of London and Edinburgh, and of
the Societies of Antiquaries, and of the LinEDINBURGH.
nean and Asiatic Societies. Dr Macleay of Glasgow, who furnished In the press, and speedily will be pubseveral Anecdotes respecting Rob Roy, lished, in 3 vols 8vo, with maps, a Statistiwhich appeared in Blackwood's Edinburgh cal and Historical Account of the United Magazine, has in the press, and will imme- States of America, from the period of the diately publish, Historical Memoirs of that first establishments to the present day, on a celebrated character and the Clan Macgre- new plan; by W. D. Warden, formerly gor, including Original Notices regarding Consul-General of the United States at Paris. Lady Grange; a Prefatory Sketch, illustra- In the press, and speedily will be pubtive of the condition of the Highlands prior lished, in 8vo, Reports of Cases Tried in the to the year 1745, will also be given ; and Jury Court ; by Joseph Murray, Esq. Adthe whole will comprise such authentic in- vocate, from the Institution of the Court in formation, characteristic of Highland Cus. 1815, to the Sittings at Edinburgh, ending toms and Manners, from sources only ac- in March 1818. cessible to the writer, as have not before Whole length Portait of Henry Mackenbeen made known. The Work is expected zie, Esq. F.R.S.E. author of the Man of to be out in the course of next month ; and Feeling, &c. The Public are respectfully it will be accompanied with an excellent informed, that it is proposed to publish a Likeness, from the only Original Painting Print, from the Picture painted by Mr Gedextant, of Rob Roy.
des, and esteemed a striking likeness by Mr We understand that the “ New Tales of Mackenzie's friends. The Portrait will be my Landlord,” 4 vols 12mo, will be pub- engraved in the line manner, about the size lished next month.
of 16 inches by 11, by that able artist, Mr Historical Account of Discoveries in the Richard Rhodes of London ; and as the Seas and Countries round the North Pole, Picture will be delivered immediately into illustrated by maps ; by Hugh Murray, his hands for that purpose, the Suþscribers F.R.S.E. author of an Historical Account of may depend upon having the work as speediAfrica, &c. 1 vol. 8vo.
ly executed as the nature and attention of A General View of the Structure, Func- such an undertaking demands. tions, and Classification of Animals, with The Rey. Professor Mearns of Aberdeen, plates and illustrations, adapted in a parti. has in the press, an Essay on the Principles cular manner to facilitate the Study of Bri-' of Christian Evidence ; containing Strictures tish Zoology ; by John Fleming, D. D. on Dr Chalmers' Evidences of Revelation. F.R.S.E. M.W.S. &c. 2 vols 8vo.
Professor Dunbar is engaged in preparAccount of the Hebrides, or Western Is- ing an additional volume to Dalzel's Col. lands of Scotland, particularly with regard to lectanea Majora, to contain the following Geology; together with Observations on their Extracts, with Notes, selected and original, Scenery, Antiquities, and Agriculture ; by chiefly explanatory of the Text; 1st, Æs. J. Macculloch, M.D. F.R.S. 2 vols 8vo, chinis Oratio adv. Ctesiphontem; 2d, Dewith a volume of illustrative engravings in mosthenis Or. pro Corona ; 3d, Thucydidis 4to.
Hist. lib. vii.-Ist, Æschyli Prometheus Elements of Geology, with illustrative Vinctus et Septem ady. Thebas ; 2d, Soplates ; by Robert Jameson, 1 vol. 8vo. phoclis Philoctetes ; 3d, Euripidis Alcestis ;
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Bond of Peace ; humbly, but earnestly; CHRONOLOGY
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