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the minds of those who have it in their power to alleviate misery, and reward merit.—But surely these remarks arise from a misconception of the writers alluded to. No author of eminence with whom we are acquainted, is so absurd as to suppose that happiness resides where the necessaries of life are wanting. Whin they speak of poverty in favourable term?, it is in a comparative sense, as contradistinguished from inordinate Wealth and great splendour; and they mean only that men in an humble station may be happier, sua fe bona norint, than the more affluent, whose imaginary wants are as tormenting as real ones. On the other hand the pictures which many writers have drawn of the miseries of the poor and the sufferings of the oppressed, though sometimes necessary, and often well intruded, too frequently (in our days) arise from a malignant desire of exciting discontent, and disturb! ing the peace of society. We are, however, far from imputing such a design to the respectable author before us; whose writings have ever the best objects in view.
The Consolations of Religion in temporal Difficulties form the subject of the third Essay, in which we meet with many valuable sentiments, as well as in the fourth, which regards national establishments in religion. In the fifth and seventh Essays, the subject of which is Liberty of Conscience, we have many just, though trite, arguments against intolerance and persecution: but surely intolerance and persecution are not the faults of the present age. The author, who appears to be a pious man, is, no doubt, sincere in his zeal for universal toleration; but we lhould be caui tious in the use of those weapons, which have now nearly lost their original object, and have lately been employed with too much success against religion itself. Mr. B. however does ample justice to the mild and tolerating spirit of the Church of England, and (in the sixth Essay) defends the rights of the Clergy, by arguments which their adversaries would in vain attempt to refute.
In combating superstitious prejudices, long since exploded by all well informed men, he is too diffuse, and uses some arguments which we cannot approve.
With the au "hor's sentiments on Education (particularly in his comparison between public and private tuition in Eilay V.) we do not in general coincide. lie seems to misapprehend the mode of teaching in public schools, when he talks of a master being able to bestow only a few minutes in the day upon each scholar. He concludes with recommending, what is now very frequently practised, namely, private tuition at first, and a public school for finishing the studies of youth.
We have, however, upon the whole, received much pleasure from the perusal of th se Essays. They are thirty-four in number; in which, though there are some opinions not so well considered or so accurately expressed as we could wish, much valuable
and some entertaining matter will be found, and an additional evidence is given of those talents which we have already praised, and which (as a respectable list of subscribers evinces) have now obtained a liberal patronage.
Art. 3s!. Excursions in North America, described in Letters from a Gentleman and l:is young Corns onion, to their Friends in England. By Pr if cilia VP'ukefieldt Author of Juvenile Truvellerit ■&c. 8vo. 5s. Darton and Harvey. 1806.
The publications of this accomplished female, would of themselves form a respectable juvenile library. They all bear evident marks of great judgment," Extensive reading, and the purest fen. liments of morality. The present is an elegant and interesting compilation from the works of Jefferson, Weld, Rochefoucault, Michaux, Partram, Carver, Mackenzie, and Hearn. The chapter, or rather letter, which gives the narrative of an Indian chief, concerning the war between the Americans and some of the Indian tribes, is original, and exceedingly curious.
A neatly executed map is prefixed, and we have no scruple in recommending the publication altogether, as very proper, not only for young persons, but for all who wish to fee the best parts of the most popular writers on the subject of North America, judiciously extracted and neatly put together.
Art. 39. Accounts of tivo Attempts towards the Civilization of some Native Indians. 8vo. 3s. Phillips and Farden. 1806.
This pamphlet records a fact most highly honourable to the benevolence of the society of friends, commonly called Quakers.
The Indians, whom they selected as the objects of the charity, were the Oneidas and the Senecas, part of an ancient body usually designated by the name of the Five Nations, in the vicinity of Canada. It is truly observed by them, that the records of mankind afford but few accounts of travels, of which benevolence was the sole object. This attempt to civilize the Indians is entirely of thifrdescription. These friends have laid the foundation among them, for the reception of Christianity, preaching religion by example. It is heartily to be hoped, that these laudable and charitable exertions may be crowned with success. If the Indians, as their civilization becomes progressive, do not lose their simplicity, if they can be prevailed upon to overcome their passion for war, and, above all, if they restrain their inordinate passion for spirituous liquors, they will exhibit, at no distant period, a picture pf as perfect happiness as humanity is capable of enjoying.
Art. 40. The Rights of Infants e er, A Letter from a Mother to a Daughter, relative to the Nursing of Infants. By Mrs. Datvbarn. 8vo. 28 pp. is. White, Wilbech. 1805.
We have noticed, in our present number, a tract by this author, under the head of Divinity. The present article is more within the province of Mrs. D; who has " studied nursing as a science, and had extensive practice in it." The topics, here dis. cussed, are " Washing, Dressing, Feeding, Exercise, Air, Sleeping, and the administration of Medicine." Many useful lessons are delivered on these subjects; and mothers may well expend a shilling in the purchase of Mrs. D.'s instructions. "Notwithstanding (she fays) the age teems with improvements; infants come in but for a very small (hare of those improvements. I cannot but ask, in an enlightened age like this, how is it that so very feva appear to be di-eply interested in the nursing of children? It it &id, amongst the higher classes of society, great reformation has been made these last thirty or forty years, in the nursing of infants. If so, this reformation has not been very progressive; it has scarcely reached the middle classes; and amongst the poorer fort of people, the generality of children are nursed as improperly as ever they were."—We apprehend, and perhaps shall prove, that this remonstrance is well founded. The Registers (kept with singular attention) of a parish containing about fix thousand persons, are open before the writer of this article; from which it appears, that of all the persons buried within five years, ending Dec. 31st 1804, nearly half tor re infants under three years of age: and that of ell the infants baptized, nearly one fourth -were buried. The Small-pox had very little share in the mortality here stated.—Is not this a fail worthy of serious con. sideration?
MONTHLY LIST OF PUBLICATIONS.
A Vindication of certain Passages in theCommon English Ver. fion of the New Testament, addressed to Granville Sharp, Esq. fiy the Rev. Calvin Winstanley, A. M. 3s.
Thornton Abbey: a Series of Letters on Religious Subjects. With a Recommendatory Preface. By Andrew Fuller. 3 Vols. i2rao. izs.
A Course of Theological Lectures on the peculiar Doctrines of Christianity. By the Rev. Joseph Robertson. 8s.
A Supplement to the Dissertation on the 1260 Years: containing a full Reply to the Objections and Misrepresentations of
the Rev. E. W. Whitaker; some Remarks in certain Parts of the Author's own Dissertation; and a View of the present PoC turc of Affairs as connected with Prophecy. By the Rev. George Stanley Faber, B. D. Vicar of Stockton-upon-Tees. 4s.
Select Passages of the Writings sf St. Chrysostom, St. Gregory Nazianzen, and St. Basil. Translated from tit; Greek- B/y Hugh Stuart Boyd. 2s. 6d.
A Demonstration of the Existence of God, deduced from the wonderful Works of Nature. Translated from the French of Chateaubriand. By Frederick Shoberl. js.
Jewish Prophecy, the sole Criterion to distinguish between genuine and spurious Christian Scripture. A Discourse preached before the Rev. Dr. William Gretton, at his Visitation at -Dan* bury, Tuesday, July 8, 1806. By Francis Stone, M. A. F. S^V. Rector ef Cold Norton, Essex, is. 6d.
Sermon preached at Rochdale, April 13, 1806, on occasion of the Death of the Rev. Thomas Threlkeld. By Thomas Barner, D.D. is. 6d.
Disunion in Religion, unfriendly to the Ends of Edification and Peace: its Consequences, and the Means to check its Progress. By the Re»» J. Symons, B. D. Rector of Whitburn, Durham, is. 6d.
A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Middlesex, at the Primary Visitation in May and June, 1806. By George Owen Cambridge, A. M. F. A. S. Archdeacon of Middlesex, Is.
A Sermon preached at Holyrood Church, Southampton, on Sunday, August 10,1806. On the Duty of Humanity towards the irrational Part of the Creation. By the Rev. Charles Sleech Hawtrey, A. B. Curate of Holyrood Parish, is.
A Sermon preached at the Primary Visitation of the Most Rev. the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, holden at Afhford, in Kent, June 13, 1806. By the Rev. Edward Nares, M. A. Rector of
J3idder.dcn. is. 6d.
An Introduction to the Geography of the New Testament. By Land Carpenter. 5s.
Observations on the Utility, Form, and Management of the Water Meadows, and draining and irrigating of Peat Bogs: wirh, an Account of PriciHey Bog, and other extraordinary Improvements, conducted for His Grace the Duke of Bedford, T. W. Coke, and others. By William Smith, Engineer and Mineralogist. 10s. 6d.
The Management of Landed Estates, being an Abstract of the more enlarged Treatise on Landed Property, recently published. By Mr. Marshall, Ios. 6d.
A Complete Course of Lectures on Botany, as delivered in the Botanic Garden, at Lambeth. By the late William Curtis, F. L. S. 3 Vols. Royal 8vo. 4I. 4s.
History of the Campaign of 1805 in Germany and Italy. By William Burke, late Army Surgeon. 7s.
A History of Ireland, from the earliest Accounts to the Union in 1801. By the Rev. James Gordon, Author of the History of the Rebellion, &c. 2 Vols. 8vo. ll. 4s.
Naufragia; or Historical Memoirs of Shipwrecks. Volume Second. By James Stanier Clarke, F. R. S. 6s. 6d.
Epicharis, or the Secret History of the Conspiracy of Tito against Nero, in which is displayed the real Character of Agrippina, and Nero's infamous Behaviour to Octavia his Wife. Translated by C. T. 3s.
A Translation of a Fragment of the Eighteenth Book of Polybius, discovered in the Monastery of St. Laura, on Mount Athos. By the Count of . 3s.
A Short Narrative of the Wonderful and Providential Refto-ration of Charles II. is. 6d.
The Hereford Guide. 4s. The Picture of Liverpool. 4s.
An Historical and Picturesque Guide to the Isle of Wight. By J. Bullar. 5s.
Historical Account of Corfham House, in Wiltshire, the Seat of Paul Cobb Methucn, Esq. By John Britton. 1 zmo. 5s,
An Appendix (to the Munimenta) containing further Observations concerning the Invention of the Arch. By Edward King, F. R. S. and A. 5s. 6d.
Specimens of Contineptal Architecture. By Robert Smirke, Jun. Esq. R. A. Part first. Folio, il. 10s.
The History and Treatment of the Diseases of the Teeth. By Joseph Fox, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, &c Volume Second, il. is.