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of "rights" to a large class of the population. It indicates that there is danger in allowing any movement, however laudable, to
progress too rapidly.
It is no endorsement of the presentday labor movement in the United States to say that at bottom it means the establishing of new institutions to perform the services which continued industrial progress and social growth is more and more in need of. It is properly to be questioned whether the present phase of the movement is establishing the right kind of institutions. This is exactly what is done in every case where opposition to the movement is in evidence. And this very opposition has
its effect in preventing an abnormal and in bringing into a normal development the very kind of institutions society is in need of. Through it the proper institutions will develop and in course of time will find their place and perform their work in the social organization. Largely through opposition to the extravagant demands of the labor leaders is the trade union, with its machinery for joint agreements between capital and labor, slowly developing into a permanent institution which in time will become as important to society as the political party, the church, the court of justice, or the school house. But this is to come only through rational opposition to the evils inherent in the labor movement.
GOOD VS. EVIL.
What we call evil things are sometimes merely survivals of the sentiment and conduct of an earlier time. Sometimes evil is a form of degeneracy, sometimes it is the adaptation of new opinions to the carrying out of old villianies. There are many new forms of evil in the world; but there are no new principles which can be called evil; there are no new tendencies which can be called evil, there are no new powers which in themselves may be described as evil.
That which remains from the old time persists in impulses which have been in human nature from the beginning, and in customs which in ruder times than ours were associated with the primitive instincts and passions. Hunger, thirst, the fighting impulse, with the desire to kill when fear or anger was excited, the impulses out of which the family has grown, earth-hunger, and the love of personal liberty are all as old as history. Associated with them until within a few years have been customs which went along with the claim by the ruling classes of the right to dispose of the persons and property of those who were dependent upon them. Of all these things there are survivals, which have come down to
our own time, and into the customs of society and of business.
The difference now is that things that a hundred years ago, in many countries, were done openly, are now done secretly. What was once taken by force is now taken by devices which bring about the same result as violence. There are no new vices, no new forms of gluttony, of licentiousness, vulgar display, or cruel oppression. Some vices have passed away, and are no longer even mentioned. Side by side in common life we see running two sets of events, two kinds of principles, two classes of men and women, the one tending always toward the improvement of life and the better organization of society, the other maintaining the lower forms of business, pleasure, and crime. There are vast and unusual developments of wrong-doing because there are vast and unusual powers to work with. Great intellect is being applied, with resources undreamed of a hundred years ago; and both for good and for evil the new forms of energy are coming under the control of mankind.
We have unusual conspiracies for the production of fictitious securities, and
we see no
the sale to the people of that which has luxury matches the ordinary spending no value. But the repeated failure of of the people. these schemes shows that the discrimi There is abroad what is often de. nating power of the public is reaching scribed as wide-spread suspicion of the a point where the pirates who have church, revolt from religion and indiiturned their attention to the stock mar ference to the moral law. Let the evils ket will
be as unsuccessful of which so much is made in our time 'change as they would be on the high be ever so great, when we read history seas, if they kept to the trade of their
reason to believe that they ethical ancestors from whom they inherit are greater than ever before; but, if we their qualities. Gambling and unlaw pile up all the evidences of religious deful speculation are vices surviving from generacy and moral revolt, he who knows the oldest times, taking on new and the people must see that with all this variegated forms of attraction to external evidence of decline there is a day.
wide-spread loyalty to that which is But, running alongside of these exciting sound, wholesome, and true in life and pursuits and events in the lives of gam thought. Civil authority has been transblers, speculators, and fools, we have, ferred from the preacher and the priest the steady business of the country, never to magistrates; and that is well. But, so sound, so prosperous, so healthy, and with the passing of authority, naturally so honest as it is today. All the gam the preacher and the priest, the chapel bling carried on between rascal promo and the church, have lost some of the ters and the fools, their victims, might control which they once exercised over be abolished at a stroke without in any the conduct of men. But we hold it to way affecting the honest business of the be true that, while there is less control country and its prosperity.
exercised by the church, there is less We hear much about divorce with need of it. The records of any colonial all its antecedent crimes and attend church, even so late as the early part ant evils.
of the last century, show, by the conThere are few thousand men and fessions made, that marriage by the women among our seventy millions of common people and by church members people who have lost the restraints of was not so strictly guarded then as now. home, the love of children, and the sen Events which would create scandal in timent of the neighborhood, who have the richest and most emancipated family in their migratory lives slipped out from today were confessed, legitimatized, and under the control of public opinion; and, forgotten by very respectable people rich or poor (mostly rich who were re until recent times. The wheat and the cently poor), they are rioting in their tares grow together until the harvest; freedom from restraint, But they no but in the wheat fields of the country more represent the sentiments of virtue, the tares are everywhere disappearing, modesty, and fidelity which adorn the while the sound grain increasingly flourhomes of the people than their lavish ishes.
Vast, lone and limitless-nor anywhere
A single gleaming sail on its wide space
Heaves the Pacific. Ever headlong race The Billows eastward, save when one in air Leaps high, to sink in foam and roar'd despair, Unheeded by its fellows. What mad chase
Is this-why drive they on at such a pace
Steadfast toward the east? What seek they there?
A slender girl, gold-haired, her face aflush
With laughter, wantons with the waves that leap
Her curv'd lips to kiss-Who would not rush
The gret big church wuz crowded full of broad
cloth an' uv silk, An' satins rich as cream thet grows on our ol'
brindle's milk; Shined boots, biled shirts, stiff dickey, and stove
pipe hats were there, An' doods 'ith trouserloons so tight they could
not kneel in prayer. The elder in his pulpit high, said, as he slowly riz: "Our organist is kep' to hum, laid up'ith roomatiz, An' as we hey no substitoot, as Brother Moore
ain't here, Will sume 'un in the congregation be so kind's to
volunteer?" An' then a red-nosed, drunken tramp, of lowtoned,
rowdy style, Give an interduct'ry hiccup, 'an then staggered
up the isle; Then thro' the holy atmosphere there crep' a
sense er sin, An' thro' thet air er sanctity the odor uv ol' gin. Then Deacon Purin'ton, he yelled, his teeth all
sot on edge; "This man purfanes the house of God! Why,
this is sakerlege!" The tramp didn't hear a word he said, but slouched
'ith stumblin' feet, An' sprawied an' staggered up the steps, an'
gained the organ seat. He then went pawin' thro' the keys' an' soon there
riz a strain Thet seemed to jest bulge out the heart, an'
'lectrify the brain; An' then he slapped down on the thing 'ith hands
an' head an' kneesHe slam dashed his hull body down. kerflop upon
the keys The orzan roared, the music flood went sweeping
high an' dry,
It swelled into the rafters, an' bulged out into
the sky; The ol' church shook an' staggered, an' seemed
to reel an' sway, An' the elder shouted "Glory!” an' I yelled out
“Hooray!” An' then he tried a tender strain thet melted
in our ears, Thet brought up blessed memories an' drenched
'em down 'ith tears; An, we dreamed uv ol'-time kitchens, 'ith Tabby
on the mat. Uy home an' luv an' baby days, an' mother an'
all that! An' then he struck a streak uv hope-a song from
souls forgiven: Thet burst from prison bars uv sin, an' stormed
the gates uv heaven; The mornin' stars they sung together-no soul was
left aloneWe relt the universe wuz safe, an' God wuz on
His throne! An' then a wail uv deep despair an' darkness come
If the day seems to carry a burden of woe,
Pigger up; li its moments seem dragging and terribly slow,
Figger up For I guess you will find if you pause to reflect That there's 'bout as much sun as you've right to
expect; If you've earned something good, you are bound to collect
On the great slate of Time there are many accounts,
again, An' long black crape hung on the doors uv all
the homes uv men; No luv, no light, no joy, no hope, no songs uv glad
delightAn' then the tramp, he staggered down an' reeled
into the night! But we knew he'd tol' his story, though he never
spoke a word, An' it wuz the saddest story thet our ears had
ever heard; He had tol' his own life history, an' no eye wuz
dry thet day, W'en the elder rose an' simply said: My brethren let us pray."
Sam Walter Foss.
Look back on your life, though you'd much rather not,
Figger upAnd say, if you dare, that the treatment you got
Figger upIs not pretty near to the treatment you earned. Who was it the candle incessantly burned, And burned at both ends, until wisdom he learned?
What's the use of a sigh, or the good of a whine?-
feet, Or, if not, that the treatment we had was but meet-
Figger up. -A. 7. Waterhouse in Sunset Magazine for October.
The Railway CONDUCTOR, PUBLISHED MONTHLY AND Entered as Second Class MATTER AT THE Post
OPPICB IN CEDAR RAPIDS, Iowa. Subscription $1.00 per year.
W. N. GATES Advertising Agent, Garfield Building, Cleveland, O.
C. D. KELLOGG, Associate.
REGULATING THE ISSUANCE OF INJUNCTIONS BY LEGISLATION.
As is generally well known, labor organizations have believed that in many instances the power of courts to issue restraining orders has been harshly used and, in some instances, abused. Effort has been made to secure the enactment of a law curbing the power of courts in this direction. It has not been possible to secure the enactment of the law prepared and supported by the labor organizations, and some modification of its provisions was evidently necessary if favorable consideration
to be had.
Exchange of ideas on this subject between the representatives of the brotherhoods and government representatives of wide experience in these matters led to the conclusion that a bill would be supported by the brotherhoods which provided that restraining orders should not be granted by the Federal Courts except upon due notice to the parties affected thereby and after said parties had had opportunity to be heard in opposition to the petition for injunction. Agreeable to that conclusion, the following bill was introduced in the House of Representatives on January 25th and was referred to the Committee 'on Judiciary:
"To regulate the granting of restraining
orders in certain cases.”
“Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in cases involving or growing out of labor disputes neither an injunction nor a temporary restraining order shall be granted, except upon due notice to the opposite party by the court in term, or by a judge thereof in vacation, after hearing, which may be ex parte if the adverse party does not appear at the time and place ordered."
At conference between some of the chief executives at Washington in January it was decided to secure opinion, as to the probable effect of this bill if it became law, from an attorney whose opinion would carry weight with it and, by instructions, Brother Fuller, joint legislative representative for the brotherhoods, under date of January 28th, addressed the following letter to Attorney A. S. Worthington of Washington, D. C.:
“I enclose herewith a copy of House Bill 18327, entitled “A bill to regulate the granting of restraining orders in certain cases,' and would like you to