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alloy, and prices of articles are reg- | false conceptions on these subjects ulated by the quality of the bullion which their own system of religion in which payment is to be made. | inculcates. Previously to the present war, pure
Where there is no regular system gold was worth eighteen times its of taxation, and no public treasury weight in silver of probably about from which officers of government five
per cent. alloy, which was the receive regular remittances as a best then current.
compensation for the performance There ever has been a standing of their official functions, where the regulation prohibiting the exporta-most important offices are virtually tion of gold and silver. This pre- put up to sale, it must be expected sents a strong probability that that the vicious propensities of the there must be much of both in the human heart will find
for excountry. The common use of gold ercise in an extraordinary degree. in personal ornaments, and the This is the case in the Burmese quantity of gold leaf employed in empire. The higher orders are not gilding pagodas and images, is an animated by a spirit of honesty or indication that there is no scarcity benevolence, integrity seldom imof this precious metal. It is stated parts any of its virtue to their proas a fact, and on grounds not to be ceedings, falsehood and duplicity lightly discredited, that his presentare imprinted upon their engageMajesty has an immense number of ments, and the common people are bars of pure gold and silver in the agonized under the severities inroyal warehouses at the capital, the flicted upon them. As the scale of fruit of many years' income. morality is depressed among the
The Burmese, in their general higher orders, and honesty meets character, exhibit many features with little encouragement, there appalling to those feelings to which are few inducements presented of a Christian education has given a la temporal nature to incline the tone. The high regard which they || common people to be virtuous beentertain towards themselves, their | yond what is merely necessary to religious institutions, and their own keep beyond the reach of the arm. manners and customs, engenders of power. a species of pride and vanity per While an opinion so unfavouraceptible in every class of society. ble to the general moral character As an apology for this, it may be of the Burmese must, however, be observed, that the limits of their entertained, the circumstances in own empire have circumscribed the which that character has been formextent of their observations and ed should be taken into considertravels. Few Burmese of respectation, although not as a palliation ability have penetrated into other of vice. They have evidently lacountries, or begun in any way an boured under very great moral and acquaintance with the mariners and civil disadvantages. They have a customs of other nations. The few natural disposition capable of beforeigners who have visited them, ing improved even under common: have not been viewed in an advan- means; and when the impediments tageous light, and therefore, have and restrictions which tyranny now been incapable of producing any imposes shall have been removed, deep impression in their favour"; and the means for becoming achence they have not been much re quainted with the salutary effects spected.
They are wholly unac- of other principles shall have been quainted with the world, its notions, introduced among them, there is and its institutions; geography and reason to expect that the best hopes
are to them really un- | which may be entertained of them, known, and they are left to those will be fully realized.
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM REV. GEO.
| lament our unfaithfulness and unprofitableness in the service of our Redeemer,
we hope we have had, at times, some D. BOARDMAN TO A FRIEND IN SALEM, suitable sense of divine things. To say
the least, we have had great pleasure, Chitpore, (four miles above Calcutta,) || and, I trust, we have found great advan
Dec. 13, 1825. Rev. and very dear Sir,
tage, in studying the word of God. To It gives me much pleasure to write to this we have directed our chief attention you
from the shores of India. Through during the voyage. the goodness of an ever kind and gracious As I intend writing to you at some God, we arrived at the Sand Heads on length on several subjects, relating to the the 23d ultimo, after a voyage of 127 | Mission, you will excuse me if I leave the days. As the N. W. monsoon had set in, || further particulars of the voyage to be we were slow in our passage up the mentioned in my journal, and in letters Hoogly, and did not arrive at Calcutta to my friends. I shall endeavour to fortill the 2d inst. And here we desire to ward the journal very soon, if not by the raise our Ebenezer and to say, “ Hither- || first ship. to hath the Lord helped us, and hence The report of our being at Sand Heads, forth may we be entirely devoted to his | reached Calcutta several days before we service."
did, and our friends bad made a kind We had a very agreeable voyage from preparation to receive us. Soon after Philadelphia, where you left us. The || coming in sight of the city, we had the captain, officers, supercargoes, and phy-pleasure of welcoming on board the Asia, sician of the ship were very kind and our Missionary brother, the Rev. Mr. obliging. We feel much indebted to them || Hough. He informed us, that the Burall, particularly to captain Sheed for his man war was renewed after an armistice indulgence and politeness, and to Mr. ll of several weeks, and that no well authenBlaikie, for his constant friendship, histicated accounts had been received from interesting company, and pious example. our dear friends Judson and Price at Ava. We sincerely wish that all our Missiona- | It is generally supposed that they are imries might be favoured as we have been, || prisoned with other foreigners, and have with a pious supercargo.
not the means of sending round to BenWe had a religious service at meals, || gal. It is painful to add, that our justly evening prayers in the cabin, and, when esteemed friend, the Rev. John Lawson, the weather allowed, we had public wor is no more. He died on the 22d of Octoship in the steerage, on Lord's day morn- || ber, after an illness of several months, ing. These services were attended with which he endured with much Christian a very pleasing degree of propriety, and resignation. His death was very tranquil sometimes, with an encouraging solem- | and happy. His eldest daughter, aged nity. Allow me to add, that we entertain || 14, died since our arrival. Mr. Hough a hope that one of the sailors was con also informed us, that he expected to sail verted on the voyage. We had nothing for Rangoon in a day or two, that his in all our passage of an unpleasant na passage was engaged and paid, his fur: ture, to interrupt the constancy, friendli- niture on board, and his family ready and ness or familiarity of our intercourse with || waiting at Bow Bazar for orders to emthe gentlemen on board, and even all the bark. crew seemed fond of shewing us kindness. At noon, Dec. 2, we came on shore, And although we have great reason to Il and were accompanied by our dear Mr.
Blaikie to the house of Mr. William H. me with ardent desires to be constantly Pearce, in Circular Road, where we were employed in his service. very kindly received by our English As it is my intention to send you exbrethren Pearce, Penney and Yates. Here tracts from my journal of the voyage, it we found Mrs. Colman waiting with a is not now necessary for me to enter into carriage for Mrs. Boardman and myself | particulars respecting it. I can say, that to ride out in the evening to this place. || it was remarkably pleasant. We probably The cottage we occupy was formerly the came under the most favourable circumresidence of our esteemed friends Mr. and stances. Our suffering from sea-sickness, Mrs. Eustace Carey. Mr. and Mrs. Wade, was much lighter than we had anticipaMrs. Čolman, Mrs. Boardman and myself ted. Our accommodations, though by no compose a very happy American family. I means handsome, were convenient and But we apprehend it will not be prudent comfortable as we could desire. Our tafor us to continue here during the ap- || ble was well furnished with all the necesproaching hot and the rainy season; and saries, and many of the luxuries of life. we shall probably remove to Calcutta, || Capt. Sheed, and the other gentlemen on in February, unless there is a prospect of board, treated us with the greatest kindour proceeding to Burmah, where we long | ness, and appeared solicitous to render to be labouring. We feel an ardent de our situation agreeable. In the society of
sire to be employed in teaching to the || Mr. B-, the chief supercargo, we took by Burmans the unsearchable riches of much delight. He is a gentleman of em
Christ. We are not yet discouraged by inent piety, belonging to the Presbyterian the dark cloud which has overspread our
denomination. We had evening devotions prospects in Burmah. We still hope and in the cabin. The captain, supercargoes, trust, we firmly believe, that eventually | physician, officers, and a passenger in the this war will tend to advance the cause || steerage usually attended. When the of Christ in Burmah. We hope our
weather allowed, we had divine service friends at home will not be discouraged, between decks, on the Sabbath. A precbut will continue in prayer,' and withal, || ious privilege ! praying for us that the cause of God may
While at sea, my time was spent in a lie near to our hearts, and that we may | very agreeable, and, I hope, not unprofibe thoroughly furnished unto every good table manner. While passing the Cape work.
of Good Hope, the weather was so rough, I remain, Rev. and dear Sir,
that we found it necessary to have our Yours in the service of Christ, “dead lights” in. Then I could neither GEO. D. BOARDMAN. || read nor work, without danger of injuring
my eyes. The principal books I read besides the Bible, were, “ The life of Parsons,”
," " Lowth's Lectures on Hebrew Po
etry," a part of “ Fuller's Works,” and a MAN TO A FRIEND IN SALEM, DATED small portion of " Jones's Church Histo
ry.” The latter work I intend finishing as : Chitpore, Dec. 14, 1825. My dear Mrs. B.
soon as I find time. Supposing the study UNITE with me, my respected friend, of the word of God well calculated to in gratitude to God, that he has preserved prepare my mind for the Missionary work, us through the dangers of a long voyage, || I directed my chief attention to that. We and permitted us to land upon a heathen had one very interesting exercise in which shore. O may this renewed assurance Mr. Blaikie, Mrs. Fowler, Mr. Boardman of his kind care, have a salutary effect || and myself united. During the week, we upon my mind. May it inspire in my || each collected as many passages of Scripsoul, emotions of gratitude unknown be ture as we were able, upon a subject prefore, and lead me to give myself entirely || viously named; and, on Sabbath eve, we and unreservedly to God. - May it teach compared our separate lists, and conversme confidence in his promises, and fill || ed freely upon the doctrine or duty, con
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM MRS. BOARD
cerning which we had written. After | ing opinion in Calcutta is, that they are this, the subject for the ensuing week was imprisoned. Still there is very great un. proposed. In this manner, we discussed certainty respecting their fate. But wo many of the most important doctrines and feel sweet peace, arising from the considduties contained in the Scripture. It was eration, that they are in the hands of a my practice to copy into a book made for kind parent, "who will never leave nor the purpose, the texts selected by each, | forsake them.” thinking that Mr. Boardman and myself When we were in sight of Calcutta, might find the collection useful, at some Rev. Mr. Hough came in a boat to see future time.
us. We feel grateful to him for this kind As we drew near Calcutta, our anxiety attention. On Friday, the 2d of this respecting the fate of our dear Missiona- | month, we were so happy as to land on ries at Ava, increased. We trembled the shores of India. The English Baptist when we thought of the disturbances in Missionaries, Rev. Messrs. Penney, Yates Burmah, and there was only one spot and Pearce, with their wives, received where we could find peace and serenity us with much cordiality and affection: of mind. That sweet spot was the throne | With them, we found our dear Mrs. Colof grace. Thither we would often repair, man. Having been apprised of our apand lose all anxiety and fear respecting proach, she had come from Chitpore, to our dear friends, our own future prospects, i convey us out to the residence of Mr. and and the Missionary cause in Burmah. It | Mrs. Wade. Accordingly, in the evening was sweet to commit all into the hands we rode to Chitpore, our present place of of God. If not deceived, we felt the im- | residence. Imagine, dear Mrs. B. our portance of constantly pleading for a suit- joy at meeting those with whom we hope able frame of mind, to receive whatever to be employed in labours of love, among intelligence was for us, and for a disposi- || the poor Burmans. I shall not attempt to tion to engage in the service of God, at describe the emotions of my heart, when any time, and in any place, he might di- || I entered the little bamboo cottage, we rect. We considered it our duty to suppli- | now occupy. You have probably seen a cate for grace to support us in the hour | description of it, in one of Mrs. Wade's of trial, and for direction in time of per-| letters, published in the Magazine. Were plexity, rather than to employ our minds I skilled in drawing perspective, I would in anticipating the nature of future diffi- send you a picture of the charming land. culties, or in fancying how we should scape, seen from our verandah. In a litconduct in an imagined perplexity. This || tle hut near us, Ponchoo Christian and is is still our opinion.
his family reside. He and his wife are On the 23d of November we took a pi. | converts to the Christian religion. The lot on board, to conduct us up the Hoog- | Rev. Mr. Carey, who formerly occupied ly to Calcutta, and three days after we this house, was instrumental in their consaw a sail, which was said to be Mr. version. O, your bosom would glow with Jones's brig. It bore down upon us im- grateful rapture, to hear their songs of mediately. Our highly esteemed friend, I praise, and listen to their fervent prayers. Mrs. Jones, was on board. We received | We prefer living in this retired spot, with an affectionate welcome from her and Mr. || dear Mr. and Mrs. Wade, and Mrs. Col. Jones, and an invitation to make them a man, to a situation in Calcutta. Our ex. visit after their return to Calcutta. Mrs. | penses will be much less here, than in Jones is passing a little time at the Sand || town: we can also have more time to de. Heads, for the improvement of her health. vote to study, as we shall be less liable to Mrs. Fowler remains with her. Mrs. Jones interruption. We also consider it imporreceived your communication by the tant to be with Mr. Wade, while studying George.
the Burman language. We learned from Mr. Jones that no The war in Burmah still continues. authentic intelligence had been received There is, at present, very little prospect from the brethren at Ava. The prevail- || of our going to Rangoon soon. We still
Yook to Burmah as our earthly home, and || deeply interested, but my time will not daily pray that we may, ere long, be per- || allow. On Monday last, I attended the mitted to enter that field of labour. Well examination of Mrs. Colman's schools. rejoice that we can commence the study Imagine my feelings at seeing ninety-two of the language in Chitpore. We have little Bengallee girls (whose mothers were not, for an instant, regretted that we em- kept in the most degraded ignorance and barked in this undertaking. We rather superstition) taught to read the Scriprejoice in the privilege.
tures. This sight was sufficient to melt The Rev. Mr. Lawson, of Calcutta, is the hardest heart, and cause the most unpo more. He has left an afflicted widow believing Christian to exclaim, “ What and eight young children to feel his loss. hath God wrought?” This was only one Since his death, Mrs. Lawson has follow- | division of the schools. The whole numed to the grave, her eldest child, a lovely | ber belonging to this society is nearly daughter of 14.
four hundred. There are also many other Yours with much respect and love, interesting schools in Calcutta. S. H. BOARDMAN. Mr. and Mrs. Wade, with Mr. Board
man and myself still compose our family. We are very happy in each other, are
blessed with excellent health, enjoy facilEXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM THE SAME | ities for learning the language, and in TO THE SAME, DATED
short, possess all we could desire. We Calcutta, Jan. 28, 1826.
feel our want of ardent piety. Surely My dear Mrs. B.
the Missionary life is one that requires a In compliance with the advice of our || peculiar share of divine grace. Pray for friends, we are now residing in a pleasant us, my beloved friend, O pray for us, for little house in Calcutta. I regretted ex
we are weak and sinful. ceedingly to leave the peaceful retired
Yours with sincere respect and affection, shades of Chitpore, and dwell amid the
S. H. BOARDMAN. noise and commotion of a city. But duty appeared to require it, and we all cheerfully submitted. I feel, my dear friend, that we are wanderers. I can look to no place as my earthly home, but Burmah. CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES IN BURMAH. And we daily plead with our heavenly Father to prepare the way for us to enter
BENGAL HURKARU. that benighted region. Still I hope I am willing to submit to whatever shall be the
“ Calcutta, Jan. 20, 1826.---At half past will of Providence, in relation to the place seven this morning, we received an extra of our future labours, even though some | Shipping Report, announcing the arrival of my fondest anticipations should thereby || of the Enterprise, steam' vessel, Captain be disappointed.
Johnstone, from Rangoon, 14th instant. The last official accounts from Burmah | She brings the satisfactory intelligence of stated that a decisive victory, had been | Peace with the Burmese. gained by the British at Prome.
After the battles of the 2d, 3d, and 5th, have not yet heard from the brethren, at Sir Archibald Campbell moved on to latAva. As it is expected that the British | nago, 120 miles in advance of Prome, army are now on their march to the cap- | through a country fortified with the ital, if not arrived, we shall probably soon strongest stockades, but which had been hear the fate of the servants of God in deserted ; the enemy had suffered severe that place. O that our Father in heaven toss by the cholera, and the ground was may prepare our hearts for whatever in- strewed with the dead in groupes of 20 telligence we may hear.
and 40. Immediately on the arrival of My dear Mrs. B. I wish to write many || Sir Archibald at latnago, he was met by more things, in which you would be the first Minister of the Zootoo, sent ex