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Flora. The additions are chieży different fpecies of grass, and
Art of Reading, both with Regard to Pronunciation and Spelling:
Mr. Sheridan's abilities in this branch of science are so well koowo, that to praise them would be equally superfluous and impertinent. This litte work is clear, comprehensive, and fa. tisfactory. In some instances, as in his Dictionary, we see traces of a provincial pronunciation; but this subject is fo Heeting and uncertain, that perhaps no one can properly criticise the pronunciation of another. In general, those whose ears are accurace, and whole companions are among the learned of Bigher rank, will agree in pronouncing many words; but a i w will always remain, where a difference is not only obvious, but the various opinions on the subject will be ftrenuously defended.
• None go juft alike, but each believes his own.' A high sense of the importance of his work (for every man thinks that work important in which he has been long engaged) has led Mr. Sheridan into some ludicrous remarks. If they occur in the following specimen, we hope our seaders will not consider it as chosen to lessen him in the public estimation, fince few estimate him more highly than ourselves; but we have subjoined it, as containing a good reason for what many have thought a fanciful innovation.
• Children ought not to be taught to found the consonants in the promiscuous manner in which they are found in the alphaber. The natural order is first to begin with the labials, as those are the first founds uttered by all the children in all parts of the globe; on which account the words baba, papa, mama, are the names given to parents in almost all languages, The reason is, that the lips of the infant, being conftantly employed in the action of fucking, become strong and active sooner than the other organs of speech. To these fucceed the dentals; and the next founds uttered by children are da and ta, or the same founds doubled, as da-da, ta-ta; and this arises from the tongue's being constantly exercised about the gums, to alleviate the pain while they are catting their teeth. The laft and hardést founds are the palatines, which requiring that the tongue should be drawn back, an action to which it had not been accuitomed, are the most difficult to attain ; but by sound
ing them frequently with the vowel before; as eg; ek, will: foon be caught. Children fhould never be urged to pronounce any words containing letters whoie sounds they had not farit mastered; for in that case, they either wholly omit those letters, or change them to others which they were able to pronounce before. Thus, for lady, they eicher say, ady or dady; for coach, toach ; for go, do;jand so on. Now, from this method, of permitting children'to attempt ail words alike, before they: can pronounce all the letters contained in them, bad habits are often contracted, which are not easily changed.? An Introduction to Reading and Spelling: Written on a new Plan, and designed as a Spelling Book for the use of schools. By ibe. Rév. 7. Flculett. 80. 15. - Johnson.
ir If Mr. Hewlett purposes only to teach children, he has done too much; if he ainis at inftructing foreigners, or correcting a provincial pronunciation, too fictie. The child cannot leara every word in bis elements ishe thould be taught a few, and, in the rest, instructed to teach himself. On the other hand, the great fault of the foreigner and the provincial is in tone, or rhythm, which no rules căn teach. Yet, on the whole, as this work is executed with care and attention, its redundance can be no great fault. A judicious master can omit whad may be superfluous; and the foreigner should not be disgusted at the preliminary observations, and some of the grammatical di, ftindions, suitable only for children. We should not perhaps have expected that this little work was intended to have reached beyond the limits of the reading-school, if the author had noc pointed out its numerous advantages. Fabulous Hijsories designed for the Inftruction of Chrildren; respeelt
ing their Treatment of Animals. By Mrs. Trimmer. 1025. 6d. Robinsons.
There is much good sense, and useful inftru&tion, in this diftle volume ; but the vehicle is so very childish, that we fear the author's purpose will be defeated. In this, however, we may be mistaken for to mean well, and to labour assiduoully in fupport of well-meant designs, will deck even imperfections with such pleasing colours, that we shall often mistake them for excellencies. May this lady's good intentions be rewarded with the suitable improvement of her pupiis. The Happy Family ; or, Memoirs of Mr. and Mrs. Nortona ina
tended to Jew the delightful Efects of Filial Obedience. Small izmo
60. Marshall. À his little book is free from the imperfections which we latély pointed out in the Village School," and the · Rotcha fords; but the fentences are too complica:ed, and the lentimene frequently, obfcured by too many words. There are few talks more difficult ihan to write proper books for children, and there are few more carelessly and exceptionally executed. The
moral in the work before us, is not less clear than falutary ; and the instructions are perfectly proper.
Tour to Ermenonville. 12mo. Becket. This pamphlet bears strong intrinsic marks of having been written as a catch-penny; but it may, nevertheless, afford some entertainment to those readers who take pleasure in the most trivial anecdotes relative to the celebrated Rousseau, concerning which it is employed. A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue. 8vo. 45. Hooper.
The materials of this extraordinary Lexicon could be collected only from the mouths of the vulgar ; and to the criticism of such we must confign it. Pocket Pade Mecum through Monmouthshire and Part of South Wales. 12mo.
:15, 6de Bew, A dull, fuperficiał itinerary, having neither description nor information to recommend it.
The Trial of Ifaac Prescot, Esq. 8vo. 25. 6. Lilter. This Trial was held in the Consistory Court at the Doctors Commons, and relates to such. barbarous treatment, received by a wife from her husband, as is, perhaps, scarcely to be exceeded by any instance in the annals of domeițic life. This highly injured lady, it seems, is the daughter of the Rev. Mr. Walter, who was chaplain to the Centurion during the celebrated voyage
of commodore Anson. It would only wound the humanity of our readers, to recite the favage cruelty which is confirmed by the evidence in this Trial; and we shall, therefore, conclude with a congratulation, that a sentence of divorce has put a period to such unmanly and execrable tyranny. A Natural Method of teaching the French Language. By M. Max
bach.. 8vo. 35 Hookham. Mons. Maubach, by his own acknowledgement, has not ftudied to adapt himself to the capacity of children; but, on the contrary, to rise above the common method of teachers, by rendering their instructions a kind of introduction to the sci
This plan is doubtless well intended; but we much fear, that by adding to the difficulty of acquiring the language, it might retard the progress of the learner.
The Surveyor's Appointment and Guide. 410. 6d. T. Payne,
In this little tract, the author has concisely translated, out of Atatute language, the duty of a surveyor of the highways. The production, we own, is not without its use; for of every species of compofition, that of the legillative authors, in this country, is the most exceptionable, and even disgraceful, both in point of grammar and comnon sense.
An Authentic Account of Forgeries, and Frauds of various kinds
committed by that most confummate Adept in Deception, Charles Price, otherwise Patch, many Years a Lottery Office Keeper in London and Weftminster. 8vo. 15. Kearsley.
Those who have any curiosity, for the account of a most ac. complished impostor, may be gratified by this pamphlet, in which we doubt not the facts are genuine, though we cannot much applaud the attempt that is made at an imitation of the humour of Fielding. The account is ornamented with a plate, exhibiting Price's figure, both in his usual dress and his difguise.
• He was about five feet fix inches high, and a compact nearmade man, rather square shoulders, and somewhat inclined to corpulency, his legs firm and well-set; but, by nature, his fea. tures made him look much older than he really was, which was forty-five. His nofe was what we call a parrot's nose, bis eyes small and grey; his mouth stood very much inwards, with very thin lips, his chin pointed and prominent, with a pale complexion : but what contributed as inuch as any thing to favour his disguise of speech, was his loss of teeth. He walked exceedingly upright, was very active and quick in his walk, and was, what we describe a man to be, when we call him a dapper-made man.'
This was his patural appearance; but how different, in his difguise, will be seen from the following short extract:
• In October, 1780, which was about the lottery time, Mr. Price put an advertisement into the paper, in which he required a fervant who had been used to live with a single gentleman, and the direction was to C. C. Marlborough Coffee-house, Broad-street, Carnaby-market. An honeft young man, and who then lived with a musical instrument-maker in the Strand, whose name, for very obvious reasons, we keep secret, not being much wanted by his master, and having been desired by that mafter to look into the papers for a place, happened to read Mr. Price's advertisement, and accordingly sent a letter to the Marlborough Coffee-houfe, as directed. He heard nothing further of this for a week, when one evening, just as it was dusk, a coach drove up to his master's door, and the coachman enquired for the man who had answered the advertisement, at the same time saying there was a gentleman over the way in a coach wanted to speak with him. On this the young fellow was called, and went to the coach, where he was desired to step in. There he saw an apparent old man, a foreigner, gouty, wrapped up with five or fix yards of flannel about his legs, a camblet lurtout buttoned up over his chin, ciofe to his mouth, a large patch over his left eye, and every part of his face so hid, that the young fellow could not see any part of it, but one eye, his nose, and a small part of his cheek. To carry on the deception till better, Mr. Price
thought proper to place the man on his left side, on which eye the patch was, so that the old gentleman could take an alkaunce look at the young man with his right eye, and discover then only a very finall portion indeed of his face. He appeared by this dil. guite to be between fixty and leventy years of age ; and afterwards, when the man faw hin ftanding, not much under fix feet high, owing to boots or shoes, with heels very little less than four inches. Added to this deception, he was so buttoned up and itraightened as to appear perfectly lank.' The Life of that extraordinary Character, Mr. Charles Price;
wherein are minutely described the various Artifices he made use of in circulating his Forgeries on the Bank. 8vo. 15. Ridgeway.
Another Narrative, in fome parts copied, in others abridged, from the fame materials, to gratify the public curiosity on this temporary subject. This is considerably less extensive than the preceding; and instead of the two contrasted figures, at full length, contains only a portrait of the unhappy man in the dress in which he usually appeared abroad.
CORRESPONDENCE. WE acknowlege the receipt of the Old Planter's Letter, and can only add that our opinion on that work is established by the decisions of the ablest judges.' As we have not the Philofophical Transactions at present near us, we cannot particularly refer to the paper. It is in French and English ; and that which we allude to, is far from being so partial in its object as our correfpondent represents : we recollect many parts of it very diftinctly.
HAVING, at the clofe of our account of Mr. Fell's Answer to Mr Farmer, mentioned the fimilarity which Mr. Fell endeavours to prove between the ideas of Mr. Farmer and those of Mr. Hume ard lord Bolingbroke, on the subject of Miracles, we expressed our hopes that Mr. Farmer would favour the world with those exceptions which he wishes to maintain in behalf of the miracles of holy writ. A correspondent informs us that this is what Mr. Farmer had already done in the most explicit and fa. tisfactory manner, in a pattage immediately following Mr. Feil's last quoiation. See his Differtation on Miracles, p. 77–0.
ANOTE, apparently in the same band-writing, affures us, that nothing was farther from the intention of the Editor of Dr. Johnson's Life of Dr. Watts; with Notes, &c. “ than to make the pablic believe the whole of the work to be Dr. Johnson's."