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activity, But as he did not much care for the toil and pains that were requisite to climb the upper part of the hill, he was generally roving about the bottom of it.
But there was none who was placed in a more eminent station, and had a greater prospect under him than Lucan. He vaulted upon Pegasus with all the heat and intrepidity of youth, and seemed desirous of mounting into the clouds upon the back of him. But as the hinder feet of the horse stuck to the mountain while the body reared up in the air, the poet with great difficulty kept himself from sliding off his back, insomuch that the people often gave him for gone, and cried out every now and then, that he was tumbling.
Virgil, with great modesty in his looks, was seated by Calliope, in the midst of a plantation of laurels which grew thick about him, and almost covered him with their shade. He would not perhaps have been seen in this retirement, but that it was impossible to look upon Calliope without seeing Virgil at the same time,
This poetical masquerade was no sooner arrived before the pope's villa, but they received an invitation to land, which they did accordingly. The hall prepared for their reception was filled with an audience of the greatest eminence for quality and politeness. The poets took their places, and repeated each of them a poem written in the style and spirit of those immortal authors whom they represented. The subjects of these several poems, with the judgment passed upon each of them, may be an agreeable entertainment for another day's paper.
v This paper, No. 115. is distinguished by Addison's signature in the Guardian, a hand; and reprinted in Mr. Tickell's edition of Addison's
Works,' 4to. vol. iv. p. 187. edit. 1721. See the sequel, and conclusion, in Nos. 119. and 122. See notes ib.
No. 116. FRIDAY, JULY 24, 1713.*
Hor. 1 Sat. x. 14.
There are many little enormities in the world which our preachers would be very glad to see removed ; but at the same time dare not meddle with them, for fear of betraying the dignity of the pulpit. Should they recommend the tucker in a pathetic discourse, their audiences would be apt to laugh out. I knew a parish, where the top-woman of it used always to appear with a patch upon some part of her forehead. The good man of the place preached at it with great zeal for almost a twelvemonth: but instead of fetching out the spot which he perpetually aimed at, he only got the name of Parson Patch for his pains. Another is to this day called by the name of Doctor Topknot, for reasons of the same nature. I remem. ber the clergy during the time of Cromwell's usurpation, were very much taken up in reforming the female world, and showing the vanity of those outward ornaments in which the sex so much delights. I have heard a whole sermon against a white-wash, and have known a coloured riband made the mark of the unconverted, The clergy of the present age are not transported with these indiscreet fervours, as knowing that it is hard for a reformer to avoid ridicule, when he is severe upon subjects which are rather apt to produce mirth than seriousness. For this reason I look
upon myself to be of great use to these good men. While they are employed in extirpating mortal sins, and
crimes of a higher nature, I should be glad to rally the world out of indecencies and venial transgressions. While the doctor is curing distempers that have the appearance of danger or death in them, the merryandrew has his separate packet for the megrims and tooth-ache.
Thus much I thought fit to premise before I resume the subject which I have already handled, I mean the naked bosoms of our British ladies. I hope they will not take it ill of me, if I still beg that they will be covered. I shall here present them with a letter on that particular, as it was yesterday conveyed to me through the lion's mouth. It comes from a quaker, and is as follows: NESTOR IRONSIDE,
• Our friends like thee. We rejoice to find thou beginnest to have a glimmering of the light in thee. We shall
We shall pray for thee, that thou mayest be more and more enlightened. Thou givest good advice to the women of this world to clothe themselves like unto our friends, and not to expose their fleshly temptations, for it is against the record. The lion is a good lion ; he roareth loud, and is heard a great way, even unto the sink of Babylon ; for the scarlet whore is governed by the voice of thy lion. Look on his order. “ Rome, July 8, 1713.
July 8, 1713. A placard is published here, forbidding women of whatsoever quality, to go with naked breasts; and the priests are ordered not to admit the transgressors of this law to confession, nor to communion, neither are they to enter the cathedrals, under severe penalties.”
• These lines are faithfully copied from the nightly paper, with this title written over it, “ The Evening Post, from Saturday July the eighteenth, to Tuesday July the twenty-firstw.”
w See No. 134. penult. paragr, and No. 140. ad finem,
Seeing thy lion is obeyed at this distance, we hope the foolish women* in thy own country will listen to thy admonitions. Otherwise thou art desired to make him still roar till all the beasts of the forest shall tremble. I must again repeat unto thee, friend Nestor, the whole brotherhood have great hopes of thee, and expect to see thee so inspired with the light, as thou mayest speedily become a great preacher of the word. I wish it heartily.
Thine, in every thing that is praise-worthy, Tom's Coffee-house, in Birchin-lane,
- Tom TREMBLE. the 23d day of the month called July.
It happens very oddly that the pope and I should have the same thoughts much about the same time. My enemies will be apt to say, that we hold a correspondence together, and act by concert in this matter. Let that be as it will, I shall not be ashamed to join with his holiness in those particulars which are indifferent between us, especially when it is for the reformation of the finer half of mankind. We are both of us about the same age, and consider this fashion in the same view. I hope that it will not be able to resist his bully and my lion. I am only afraid that our ladies will take occasion from hence to show their zeal for the protestant religion, and pretend to expose their naked bosoms only in opposition to popery.
x The foolishest women are not the likeliest to listen to wise admonitions. A.
y A foreigner complaining how dear things were in England, one of our young travellers replied, ' Il n'y a rien si chere que votre Taureau d'or.' I think a ducat is paid for a sight of it.
2 This paper, Ņo. 116. is distinguished by Addison's signature in the Guardian, a hand; and reprinted by Mr. T. Tickell, in his edition of Addison's 'Works, 4to. vol. iy. p. 190. edit. 1721.
No. 117. SATURDAY, JULY 25, 1713.*
Ovid Met. vüi. 724.
Cura pii Diis sunt.--
LOOKING over the late edition of monsieur Boileau's Works, I was very much pleased with the article which he has added to his notes on the translation of Longinus. He there tells us, that the sublime in writing rises either from the nobleness of the thought, the magnificence of the words, or the harmonious and lively turn of the phrase, and that the perfect sublime arises from all these three in conjunction together, He produces an instance of this perfect sublime in four verses from the Athalia of monsieur Racine. When Abner, one of the chief officers of the court, represents to Joad the high-priest, that the queen was incensed against him, the high-priest, not in the least terrified at the news, returns this answer,
« Celui qui met un frein à la fureur des flots, Sçait aussi des méchans arrêter les complots, Soumis avec respect à sa volonté sainte, Je crains Dieu, cher Abner, et n'ai point d'autre crainte.' • He who ruleth the raging of the sea, knows also how to check the designs of the ungodly. I submit myself with reverence to His holy will. O Abner, I fear my God, and I fear none but him.' Such a thought gives no less a sublimity to human nature, than it does to good writing. This religious fear, when it is produced by just apprehensions of a Divine Power, naturally overlooks all human greatness that stands in competition with it, and extinguishes every other terror that can settle itself in the heart of man; it lessens and contracts the figure of the most exalted