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of the ourse of Cain! No condemna. she immediately informed the town tion, though there may be judgment officials, who forth with laid the affair (Rom. viii. 1; 2 Cor. v. 10); no alien before the magistrate. In consequence Danishment, as in times past (Ephes. of this, the Bürgermeister of the town, ii. 12); not vagabonds with Cain, but some councillors, the secretary, and having the most intimate communion two gensd'armes repaired to Koffler's with the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, house to examine the case. In spite if we will. (John xiv. 16, 23.)

of their being received with insult and The unique formula "doeth righ- abuse, they succeeded at last in reachteousness” (Ó FOLWV TIV dikalosuvnv) ing the imprisoned girl. Josephine may have its specific exposition. In

told them how she had been sent into no other part of the Scriptures is it

the town by her mistress to discharge found. So also ó TOLŪV

Tv åpapriav, by the Jews in a treacherous manner.

a few commissions, and had been seized “ doeth sin." These expressions seem

She did not wish to return to her confined to this epistle. Why there is

father, as she feared he might poison nothing said of justification by faith

or murder her. The latter, however, why only once the death of our Re

declared that he would rather remain deemer is mentioned, and that only to

where he was as a corpse than give up give a practical turn to it (iii. 16), viz., God's mode of enabling us to know

his daughter,

As Koffler vowed solemnly that no love, and setting us an example how we should show love-why nothing of

harm should befall the girl under his

roof, the police officials determined to dogmatic sanctification, cannot now be

leave her there until Sunday. That entered on. Let it suffice to say that theoretic divinity is used only so as to

day being Friday, they felt that she bear upon the end and accomplishment

was in a measure protected ; still, to of all heavenly teaching-to “purify

insure greater safety, the head officer, ourselves even as He is pure," and so

one policeman, and two gensd'armes we shall not be ashamed at His com

were stationed at Koffler's door. From ing."


this moment a violent uproar arose in Clifton.

the town, and troops of Jews besieged

Koffler's house. The closest scrutiny and most ear

At about nine o'clock the following nest criticism on the above is invited.

morning loud screams were heard to

issue from the house. The father of the KILLING HEBREW CHRISTIANS NO poor girl and several fanatical Jews had MURDER,

forced themselves into her room, and

had begun to abuse her shamefully. IN THE MIND OF TALMUDICAL JEWS, BUT

Her own father was performing the RATHER DOING GOD SERVICE.

office of executioner. He had seized

her from behind by her neck, and "SAAT AUF HOFFNUNG.

wished there and then to strangle her; BY MISS LIZZE MARGOLIOUTH.

while the other Jews held her hands “They have a zeal of God, but

and feet and struck her unmercifully on cording to knowledge."-Rom. x. 2.

her breast and other parts of her person. THE Gazeta Polska of August 2nd, On hearing her cries, policemen and be1873, relates the following incident, tween ten and fifteen Christians rushed which took place in Galicia a short into the room, but it was only with the time ago.

greatest difficulty that they succeeded A girl named Josephine, who had in rescuing her from the hands of her been converted from Judaism to Chris- frenzied murderer, and in bringing her, tianity in the preceding year, came wounded and half dead, to the house with her mistress, Madame Mroczkow- of the Bürgermeister. ska, in whose family she was nurse, to Then began a struggle, resembling the village of Konopkówka, near one of the middle ages, between more Mikulince, in Tarnopol. As soon as the than two thousand Jews and Christians, Jews of Mikulince ascertained where who had armed themselves with staves, Josephine was staying, they informed stones, and knives, and had staher father, who lived near, and who tioned themselves against each other. managed to decoy her into the town, Amid wild shrieks and great tumult, and confine her, against her will, in the belligerents obtained continual rethe house of a Jew named Kofler, inforcements out of every street of the

When Madame Mroczkowska heard town. The armed force of the town, that Josephine had been kidnapped, consisting of but four gensd'armes and



three police

officers, which latter had dom? When will they realise the truth no carbines, had not increased with of the words of the prophet Zechariah, the tumult. Hence one may imagine “Not by might, nor by power, but by My the feelings of the poor Bürgermeister Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts ?(Žech. and his family, who could not for one iv. 6.) Alas! when will Christendom moment entertain the idea of giving up learn that neither emancipation nor the poor victim into the hands of the civilisation will make Israel truly free infuriated Jews, who had besieged his and happy, but the Gospel of Christ house in a threatening manner.

alone ? Amid a shower of stones, he tried The preceding narrative was related his best to appease their violence with to us by a friend of Israel in Warsaw. words of admonition; he placed in the What he related was well calculated to room where the sick girl lay, nearly show how the Jewish religion, which lifeless, a gend'arme and two of the at first raised and ennobled humanity police, and distributed the other officers as no heathen system had power to do, in different places, charging them to since it lost its star and kernel by be cool and courageous.

the rejection of the Messiah, serves The struggle between the Jews and often to demoralise its followers. It Christians meanwhile increased in vio- also points out anew with what great lence and bitterness. The streets of difficulties the mission amongst Israel Mikulince assumed the character of a has to contend. Where, as in Poland battle-field, and voices were already and in other parts of Russia, the Jews heard, amidst the tumult,crying, “ The profess to hold firmly by the law of Jews are murdering !"

The gens

Moses, the traditions of the fathers; d'armes, whose wish it was to separate the commands of the Rabbis have agthe hostile parties, were so severely gravated that fearful fanaticism which wounded with stones that they were renders the greater portion of the compelled three times to fire. This community inaccessible to the Gospel serving slightly to intimidate the of Christ. The Jews who are driven masses, they were somewhat quieted, to hear it by the craving of their hearts and the brave Bürgermeister and the are subjected to the greatest dangers, three gensd'armes at last succeeded in even to the loss of life. In some places, conveying the sick girl in a covered however, such fanaticism is not found, carriage to Tarnopol. Thence she was as, for example, amongst the Jews in taken to the police-station, where she Germany. There, on the other hand, is at present staying. The inspectors the missionary is met by the most took her cause in hand so energetically marked religious indifference-an indifthat three Jews were soon arrested, ference which is antagonistic to Chrisbut the most guilty of all, the poor tianity, which if the latter demands the girl's father, has escaped.

conversion of the heart, very quickly So far the narrative in the Gazeta turns to the bitterest hatred. Were it Polska. This is the boasted tolerance of not that we know God's Word to be an Judaism, of which the modern reformed unfailing stronghold, we should despair Jews pride themselves to the world. of overcoming such a hindrance." As In the Talmud, however, as also in the Christians, therefore, we will not be dedaily life of the Jews, we meet with sponding of the missions to the Jews, no trace of tolerance, but quite the but continue to preach Jesus Christ, contrary.

the Saviour of all poor sinners, in the A similar circumstance occurred last certainty that such preaching is at all year in Warsaw, where a youth of times a seed of sure hope. Neither the eighteen, who wished to become a wild hatred of the Russo-Polish Jews, Christian, was put into chains by his nor the bold and haughty indifference of father and thrown into prison.

the German Jews should deter us from Another rupture between the Jews speaking to them unceasingly of Jesus as and Christians also took place in War- the only one who can truly save them, saw on the 4th of August last year, But to those Israelites who give ear to about a young Israelite who had a the voice of God, and overcome the diffileaning towards Christianity.

culties which their own people place in Thus Israel is now, as of old-as it has their way, we Christians must come been so aptly expressed by the great forward with helping and forbearing Apostle of the Gentiles:-"They have a love. Every one occupied in Jewish zeal of God, but not according

to knowmissionary work knows how much ledge.” When will they at last learn wis trouble a Jewish convert finds in ob

taining a respectable livelihood. Those who have private means do not require our assistance, but that is the case only with the few. Most of them, from the moment they are suspected of a leaning towards Christianity, become helpless and friendless. Their nearest relations thrust them aside and utterly forsake them. It is therefore clearly our solemn duty to do our utmost to succour and help those who remain faithful. Wemustendeavour to do much more than has yet been done on behalf of the proselytes. Means, however, must be used to prevent the prospect of assistance inducing them to become Christians. Self-delusion and hypocrisy are much to be guarded against. A bold and open confession of Christ is certainly not made without great sacrifices, which may possibly tear and rend the heart. Though the case of proselytes may be a task fraught with many difficulties, we must try what we can do to save them from the state of utter destitution many are left in after their baptism. In this respect we must use greater zeal, and thus help to lighten the burdens which it has pleased God to allow to devolve upon many believing Israelites, through the bigotry and fanaticism of their unbelieving brethren.

“ 1st Evening: How will He come? When will He come?

“2nd Evening: What will He find when He comes ? What will He do when He comes ?

" 3rd Evening: Millennium and Final Judgment. The Practical Effects of the Subject.

“ The next MEETING will be held (God willing) on Monday, the at 8 o'clock, to conclude at 9.30.

“ If convenient, please arrive at five minutes before eight, to begin punctually

“ John GRANTHAM. “ Kirkby Cottage,

Upper Addiscombe Road.”


OP DEATH." We do not profess to be" Art Critics." Nevertheless any work of art on & Scripture subject by the great painters and sculptors of our day-such as Doré's “CHRIST LEAVING THE PRÆTORIUM,” Story's “STATUE OF JERUSALEM"_irresistibly attract us. Those great works of art which we have just mentioned have greatly disappointed us. The wonderful skill which their makers displayed in the execution of their marvellous conceptions, could not condone, to our eye of understanding, the glaring mistakes which the great painter, and sculptor have committed. See our strictures on them in our issue of last August, pp. 383-4. Mr. Holman Hunt's last picture, however, now exhibiting in Bond Street, has more than disappointed us. It has utterly displeased us, not to use a stronger expression. Whether we contemplate it with an eye to the artist's conception or execution, we thoroughly dislike it. We have an especial liking for the artist; some of his conceptions charm us very much. “Christ Amongst the Doctors in the Temple” we delighted to look at over and over again. His “Light of the World " elicited our most ardent admiration for the creative genius of the brain and hand which begat the work. We forgave the “Scape Goat ;" we confess we did not like that picture, notwithstanding the accurate delineation of the land. scape therein. However, we forgave it, because the artist was misled by commentators about the nature of the peculiar sacrifice on the DAY OF ATONE

THE SECOND ADVENT. We are glad to find that this momentous subject is beginning to attract the solemn consideration of God's beloved ones. Our dear friend, at whose residence, at Croydon, we have attended several of his BIBLE READINGS, has just issued the following circular, which may be found useful

a pattern for other brethren “ looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ." “BIBLE READINGS.-The Second Advent.

- Watchman, what of the night ? Watchman, what of the night ?

The night is far spent, the day is at hand.'

“ Christian FRIENDS, -I propose, with God's blessing, to deviate for a season from the usual course of our Bible Readings, and to consider for a few evenings the Second Advent of our Lord Jesus Christ, as revealed to us in His Word.

“The subject to be considered as follows:


speaks—when one looks at it from a certain standpoint there is half a grin and half a smirk on it, probably caught by the artist when his model was in such half-and-half mood - the teeth glisten with whiteness, everything about the picture bears witness to the wonderful talent of the artist. But, to our way of thinking, all those artistio beauties become deformities - Mr. Hol. man Hunt is responsible for the paradox-by the misnomer, “THE SHADOW OF DEATH,or “ CHRIST THE CARPENTER OF NAZARETH." We have much more to say about the incongruities of this picture, but we forbear at present. If we might presume to give a word of advice to modern painters, we should say that art has done quite enough to caricature the Saviour of the world. Begin to turn your easels and brushes to less reprehensible themes. Let Him rule in your hearts by faith, and not be ridiculed on your canvass, as it has been our painful lot to hear more than once.


MENT (see our number for last Ootober), and we forgot it in the wonderful productions which elicited our commendation just now. But “The Shadow of Death” is striving to eclipse the brightness which his former works shone into our mind.

The pamphlet which is intended to be a sort of guide to the picture, sets out in the following terms :-—"This picture was painted in the conviction that art, as one of its uses, may be employed to realise faets of importance in the history of human thought and faith." Does the picture make the intelligent spectator realise those facts ? Mr. Holman Hunt conceives the idea of representing a Jewish carpenter, and he goes into an Arab workshop for a model. We know Palestine as well as Mr. Holman Hunt, if not better ; we have spent many an hour, for days and days, in the workshops of all sorts of Jewish artisans, but we have never seen one at work in a semi-nude state; we have never chanced to see one bareheaded, and his "agbal ” lying on the ground. Nudity, of ever so trilling an extent, is, as it always has been, deprecated by the Jews. Bareheadedness is positively forbidden. How then does Mr. Holman Hunt's more than seminude bare-beaded figure represent Jesus, "the Carpenter" of Nazareth ? Our answer therefore to “the next question," on page 2 of the said pamphlet, namely, “Is there danger of vulgarising the truths by realism po Not by realism ; but there is great danger of bringing about such a consummation by unreal vulgarism.

We read on page 3 of the pamphlet :"Mr. Hunt aims to show Him, as He may have been seen by His brethren, while still gaining his bread by the sweat of His face, during His first but longest humiliatlon." Whatever Mr. Hunt's aim may have been, he has missed the mark most signally. We can assure the great master of modern Christian art that Jesus NEVER was seen by His brethren in the condition in which he has limned Him. We bave nothing against the artistic skill, in which the great limner is all powerful. Every limb,every joint, every rib, every bone and sinew, every vein, is exqui. sitely delineated ; they seem to stand ont in bold relief from the canvass as clearly and as distinctly as the best bronze statuary. Equally wonderful is the tout en semble of the head ; the hair almost waves, the mouth almost


Croydon, 8th Dec., 1873. REV. SIR-I should not have ventured to call attention to the above subject a few months ago. I know very well how sensitive our Jewish brethren are when their inconsisten. cies are exposed ; they scruple not, nor do they feel any compunction, to stigmatise any person who has the courage to point out their shortcomings, as a malicious bearer of false witness against them. God knows that the Hebrew Christian loves his brethren dearly, and the more so when he feels moved to tell them the truth. The question which our Hebrew Christian brother Saul of Tarsus put to the Galatians, every one of us who remonstrates with the Jews may fairly ask them :-“ Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth ?" (Gal. iv. 16.)

Of late, however, one of the Jewish weeklies, notably the notorious print under the management, such as it is, of the under-teachers of the Bell Lane Free School, has all of a sudden slackened his energy in throwing stones and mud and dirt at our impregnable fortress, and bethought himself to look at his own shattered and battered glass

house. Plenty of work to do there, a shilling they would sell the Lord, if in all conscience! The conductors of they could, six times a day. There is that paper found that the professors of no fear of the Lord amongst them, and modern Judaism were anything but none amongst them asketh after Him, consistent Jews ; that those professors Let me mention another incident. think that to hate us, to revile us, to Last Saturday week an old Jew came bear false witness against us, evidence to my house, in the morning, and said their being good Jews; while at the he was destitute; he was a poor wansame time they desecrate those days derer, had no rest nor peace; he went which they profess to believe are about forlorn, and he did not know eternally and immutably hallowed ; what to do. I told him, "It proved that for instance, their Sabbaths, and even God's word was true: the Almighty the Day of Atonement-which you said you shall be scattered among all have so clearly explained in the last the nations of the earth, and you shall October number. The Jewish School

seek restand you shall not find it. There paper shows praiseworthy zeal in de

was only one rest—to believe in the nouncing his co-religionists for their

crucified Messiah.” The old Jew said profanation of those consecrated days, he was very much struck with what and uses far stronger language than I occurred to him the previous evening. should like to employ. Let me, how- As he went along in the street a mob ever, give you a plain matter-of-fact

called after him-Jew. An old gentle statement, in my own plain unlettered

man passed by and remonstrated with way. You know an English pen is the ruffians, and said to them, “ It was neither my birthright nor my acquisi- a Jew that shed His blood for you." tion. Please to use your editorial pen The gentleman took this aged Jew on freely ; recast, correct, curtail here,

his arm, and gave him a shilling for add there, as you may think proper. his supper. He at the same time ad.

You know my humble business and vised him to go to my house, where he trade. I attend sales to buy such goods would learn something that would do as my customers require. Almost all

good to his soul. The gentleman told the buyers at those sales are Jews.

him that I was a Hebrew Christian. They generally run up the things so As the poor man was shivering with high as to leave very little chance for

cold, I gave him a hot breakfast, and a would-be purchaser who is not one showed him from the Old Testament of their clique. On the last Jewish

all that was said concerning the MESNew Year and Day of Atonement, the SIAH. He seemed to listen attentively, two most solemn holy-days in the Jew

and said, “How many times did I reish year, I determined to go to the

peat these passages, and never undersales, as I felt certain that I should not

stood them so well as since you have meet any Jews there. How shall I

explained them to me! Sure it is so ; describe my surprise, when, then and

you are really right. I am an old man, there, on the "holiest of days," I saw

very near my grave; I must do somea “Moses,” a “ Mayers,” and many thing that the Lord may be reconciled others of their kind and creed. Even

to me. I will stop here over Sunday, the auctioneer could not resist the re

and go with you to church ; but my mark, “ Why, Moses, we certainly did clothes are so shabby.” “Well," I said, not expect to see you here to-day !"

"if you are in earnest about your soul, I ask you, dear sir, where is the I will give you a letter to the Rev. H. Jewish religion and faith? And yet A. Stern, and he will instruct you and such Jews think they serve God by do for you all in his power to relieve throwing mud at us, by abusing and your wants." I gave him the letter reproaching us. I am sure that none and some money to take him to Lonof us that have been recalled and

don and to buy his meals for the day, gathered into the fold of our dear I inquired of Mr. Stern about the old Lord Jesus Christ would entertain, Jew, but the old man had never called even for a moment, the thought of at Mr. Stern's house. polluting the Sabbath day, even if it Now I ask you, Which of our Chriswere for a necessary meal.

tian brethren would go to a Jew and The generality of our unbelieving deny our Lord for a paltry few shil. Jewish brethren, however, seem to lings? No, not even for a thousand have one idea, and that is the worship of pounds would any of our Hebrew Mammon. God and His law are only Christian brethren do such a thing! an after-thought with them. To gain And still those Jews can have the

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