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rapidly gaining ground. Many of their | diced mind, I feel assured that no other houses were exceedingly comfortable and refutation will be required, than the sim. clean; and in this respect it is rather re- ple fact we ascertained, that at Bethels. markable how far they have overcome dorp, out of nearly 2000 persons enrolled the proverbial filthiness of their former in the books, not more than 450, and of habits. Their public spirit and disinter- these, 160 children, permanently reside at estedness have been hown in the gratuit- | the institution. The remainder, of course, ous contribution of their labours to works must be employed in the surrounding of charity and general utility ; such as the country; and if some even of these be church, school-house, road, kraal, tank, | occupied entirely on their own account, and poor-house at Bethelsdorp, construct as they certainly are, no one can bave the ed entirely at their own expense; while || presumption to maintain, that the Hottenthe voluntary support of this last-men tots have not the same right as orher freetioned asylum for the aged and infirm, | born persons to labour and acquire proaffords also a strong proof of the benevo- || perty for themselves.” lence of their dispositions, and the influ. ence of civilizing principles of the best capability of the Hottentots for Advancekind on their general conduct.

ment in Civilization. “ We were glad to find that the indus “ The circumstances of the country, try of the people at the different institu- 1 and the peculiar civil restrictions under tions was fettered by no restrictions on

which the Hottentots still labour, present the part of the missionaries, and that the obstacles to their improvement, which the profits of it were entirely their own. The missionaries have not the power of remissionaries assured us that they strictly moving ; but when they are placed on an avoid interfering with the people in the equality as to civil rights with every disposal of themselves, and that they had other class of British subjects around perfect liberty to go whenever and wher- them ; when their character is better une ever they pleased. The outward circum- || derstood by those who wish for their ser. stances of many of them, their houses, || vices, and they have the power of be. eattle, waggons, &c. afford unquestion- | coming individually proprietors of the able proof of their industry, while the lands which they now cultivate in comquantity of European articles sold at the mon by sufferance only, they will possess stations of Bethelsdorp and Theopolis, inducements to industry and intellectual also shows that the people in general are exertion which they do not now enjoy, far from being insensible to the comforts and, I am persuaded, will shew. them. of civilized life, or unwilling to labour to selves well worthy of all the privileges of attain them.”

freemen, and rapidly evince their capacity

for the performance of every necessary Unfounded Charge against the Institutions duty, whether as servants, masters, or refuted.

citizens of a civilized state." “ In the course of our journey, we frequently heard the Missionary Institutions Buildings at the Institutions. accused as the means of withdrawing the “ The buildings at the several stations labour of the Hottentots from the inhabit- appeared to us substantial, and well suitants of the country, and shutting up a ed for the purposes to which they are ap. great number of useful hands in useless | plied, and must have contributed essentiinactivity. Convinced as we were that ally towards the improvement of the peothis charge had its origin partly in ignor- | ple. They have afforded employment to ance, but chiefly in that unjust, selfish many, and provided the means of inspirit, 'under the influence of which the structing them in the useful arts; while Hottentots have been so long regarded as they have also served to foster a laudable a sort of lawful property, we nevertheless spirit of independence and local attach. made a point of inquiring particularly | ment, which is productive of the best efinto the subject; and to every unpreju- || fects on the people themselves, and helps

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to attract others to the institation, as ex From a short letter to Dr. Philip, reperience has already shown.

lating to the same Missionary Institu“The building of a church at Pacalts- tions, written by the fellow-traveller of dorp we thought promised to be very use the gentleman to whom we are indebted ful in this way, both among the Hotten. || for the preceding statements, we extract tots and inhabitants of the district; and the following passages :when finished, will be a very valuable ad « The expectations I had formed, and dition to this station, as well as a fit me the accounts I received from yourself and morial of the piety and zeal of the worthy others of the Missionary Institutions, founder of the institution, whose bequest || have been fully confirmed. Independenthas been so properly applied to its erec ly of the direct religious advantages which tion.

they present, the principles on which “While at Bethelsdorp, the insufficion- they are conducted are calculated to incy of the building, used as church, to spire into the people a spirit of industry. contain the increasing numbers of the The stores established at Bethelsdorp and people, was pointed out to Mr. and | at Theopolis must be extremely useful, myself; and it was also suggested, that if | as, by the artificial wants they create, a sum could be obtained to enable the they excite the people to increased indusHottentots to subsist their families while try, and at the same time afford the engaged in the work, they would cheer. means of supplying their wants at a modfully bestow their services on the erection erate rate. The new houses, which the of a church suited to the wants and rising | Hottentots are building, will not only importance of the station. In conse- || greatly improve the appearance of the quence of this suggestion, we were in respective places, but add materially to duced to propose the subscription at the the comforts of the people, and, at the last meeting of the Auxiliary Missionary || same time, promote their moral improve. Society in Cape Town, which, it is to be ment. The time allotted for public work, hoped, may prove some assistance to and the people being taught the different wards so useful a work. When this has | trades for their own benefit, and not for been accomplished, little else in the way the benefit of the mission, are parts of the of building will be required to complete system which cannot fail to strike every that station, which, although labouring one as worthy of imitation. With the under many local disadvantages, promises Day and Sunday schools we have been daily to become a place of much greater highly delighted, particularly at Theopo. importance; and more extensive useful- || lis. They do great credit to those who ness, than could even have been antici- have had the management of them.” pated ; being centrally situated on the high road from the coast of the interior, Death of Missionaries, &c. by means of which the chief trade of the

The directors have received from the country is carried, and a great number of Hottentots are continually emplnyed. We

Cape of Good Hope, intelligence of the

death of the Rev. Mr. Kicherer ; who in may not, indeed, there see the barren

the year 1803, visited this country with land become literally a fruitful field,” or " the desert blossom like the rose," 'as in Mary, Martha, and John, some of the

first fruits of the Missionary Society's lasome more favoured spots, although there

bours in Africa. Also, of the death of the is no deficiency in the outward marks of Rev. Mr. Vos. These two Missionaries, industry ; but we have already seen that it has proved figuratively fruitful in a high of the Society in Africa, but subsequently,

formerly labouring under the patronage degree, in disseminating the knowledge of religion and the only true principles of ministers of the Dutch church, both fin.

ished their earthly course in September, civilization, among a large portion both

1825. of the Hottentot and slave population scattered in its vicinity.”









* * * *




When I first came to this region, the

churches were very low, and under many BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY severe trials; some difficulties, however, OF MASSACHUSETTS.

had recently been settled, and the church was in a better state of union than before. I concluded to spend a few months

in this vicinity, and to preach one SabTRACY, OF

bath in a month in this town, one in SardiRANDOLPH, DATED

nia, and one in Freedom, towns adjoining, China, Genesee Co. (N. 7.) Feb. 15, 1826. reserving one Sabbath for special appoint, Dear Brother,

The church in Freedom is a Well, while you are settled branch of this. They had not had among a good people, visiting among enant meeting, nor a communion season them, receiving their warm approbations, in this church for more than a year. In frequently enjoying a social circle, now

Freedom, they had occasionally met for and then, (I hope often) in your little these purposes, and in Sardinia almost study, surrounded by your“ helps," and in statedly. Viewing the low and destitute the midst of a rich and populous country; i condition of the churches, and the state of here am I, far from home, among stran- | society generally, I thought it my duty to gers, in a strange land, with my Bible and try to help them. I trust I can say, the Hymn book, going from hut to hut, fre- Lord has in a good degree blessed my quently worn out by labour, exposed to feeble exertions. I have spent my time cold and wet; the wind, often whistling | in visiting and preaching constantly. I around my head in bed, having found ac have my appointments so arranged, that cess through, or between, the logs com I at:end a covenant meeting in each posing the dwelling. But stop, am I place, on the Saturday preceding the Sabcomplaining ? Have I no friend to com- || bath, in which I preach, so that I see each fort me? No social circle to frequent ? Dochurch together once a month. In this I receive no expressions of gratitude and town we have had two communion seaapprobation ? Have I no cheering pros At the first there were 12 members pect before me? Yes, blessed be God, all present; at the second, which was last this, yea more! Although far from home, || Sabbath, there were between 30 and 40 I have a home in every humble cottage, communicants, and one was baptized; among strangers, and a friend in every we had a good, solemn season, probably dwelling to welcome me. My heart is more than a hundred spectators tarried. often affected by expressions of gratitude, In Freedom, we have had one commuand approbation, and the prospects of nion sermon, and I have baptized 4 perusefulness, which seem brightening every sons. Some are under serious impres. day. O how much cause of gratitude and sions, and one or two instances of recent humility? Far be it from me to think my conversion; several backsliders have relot is hard. I rejoice that I have an evi- || turned, and a general excitement appears, dence that God has sent me here, to particularly at our meeting; more have preach the precious “ Gospel of Christ,” | assembled together lately, than have ever to enter the hut, where never before a been seen before in this place. Missionary of the cross was seen,' to re In Sardinia, we have had one commu. claim his sheep, scattered in the wilder- | nion season, and a precious time it was. ness, to hear the sighs of the broken There were between 40 and 50 communiheart and the songs of the new born soul, || cants, and it was a tender, melting time. to raise a supplicating cry, where, never | One woman was received by baptism, before a prayer

was heard; to visit who had been long halting between two those churches, who have raised the Ma- | opinions ; two by letter, and a number cedonian cry, and to set in order the

were present who were desirous of going things that are wanting.

forward, but had not sufficient strength, But to be a little more particular.ll and some were under deep concern, all


which rendered the season truly solemn me in the path of duty. I desire to know, and delightful. The assembly that day and do the will of God. was so large that many could not possibly get into the house, the large school house which was granted for our accommodation. I preached from the words of EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM REV. J. N. the prophet, “ How long halt ye between PECK, TO THE SECRETARY OF THE DASS. two opinions, &c.” Many were in tears, BAPTIST MISSIONARY SOCIETY. and have since been heard to say,

" He

Rock-Spring, (II.) Feb. 20, 1826. was preaching to me.” I cannot but hope, Rev. and dear Brother, good will result from the services of the

That portion of my time which has day. Meetings are generally full, and the been employed in the service of your Sopeople pay good attention to the word. || ciety, has been spent in St. Louis; among I expect to spend next Sabbath there, and the churches in the Missouri Association; probably 4 or 5 persons will be baptized; ) and in occasional visits to other places, many are under serious impressions. 0 || where pressing duties called me. that God would liberate their souls. I

The Bible Society, and the Sunday have spent one Sabbath in —, about School Union, in the agency of both of 25 miles from this place, and broke bread | which I have been engaged, has kept me to a newly constructed church in the wil- | very busy, and increased my labours se derness, consisting of about 30 members. || much as to impair my health; but they I had a good season. I made no more have given me opportunities for extenappointments there, believing it my duty | sive exertions in the cause of Christ. to spend my time in this vicinity. Since | Both these objects prosper quite beyond I came on Missionary ground, I have what once we anticipated. The fruits of visited about 90 families; preached 70 the Sunday schools already begin to bang times; attended 20 other meetings; broke in clusters. About ten teachers, and sedbread 5 times; baptized 6 persons, and | enty scholars in the schools of Missouri given the hand of fellowship to 5 others, and Illinois, have been reported to me as some of whom had long neglected their having professed religion, and united duty. But, oh! on a retrospect I find with different denominations, the last that I have done but little, and that little season. From returns already received, poorly. O how imperfect! how much I learn there cannot have been less than need of wisdom, prudence, humility and | 30 schools, including 1200 scholars, who zcal. I find myself more and more inad- | have committed to memory at least equate to the work.

“ Who is sufficient | 120,000 verses, the past year, in Missouri'; for these things ?” This is indeed a deso-while in Illinois there have not been less late region; but few ministers in the vicini- than 80 schools, including 3000 scholars, ty, and most of them not able to itinerate. who have committed to memory at least I find many backsliders, many hardened 300,000verses of Scripture, besides hymns, souls, many who seldom if ever hear the | and questions in the catechism. gospel. But I feel encouraged. I rejoice In some former communications, I with treinbling. To-day prospects may mentioned about the sending of Spanish appear bright, to-morrow all gloomy. O testaments to Upper Mexico. Last fall I my dear brother pray for me, that I may became acquainted with Raymond Martibo humble, prudent, and persevering. || nas, an intelligent Spaniard from the city Pray that the Lord would send forth la- of Chihuahua, which is situated about 240 bourers. O how much they are needed in | miles S. W. from St. Fee. This man, this part of the world!

though he could speak but a few words of I have two months longer of my ap our language, conveyed to me considerapointment to fulfil. But how can I go ble intelligence about his native country, away? You must stay; you must stay; as others both before and since have how can you go away? frequently sa done. The chain of cast is there broken. lutes my ears. O that God would direct Superstition and priestly authority is


Agrit, 1826.


greatly paralized. I gave him a Spanish || joyed throughout the republic of Mexico. Testament, and six Spanish tracts, To him I gave a testament, and he readiamongst which were the “Dairyman's ly proposed to purchase a number, to daughter,” “ Jack Covey,” and others of a carry back to his benighted countrymen. like description. He expressed great Upon enquiring if the priests would allow thankfulness for them, particularly the him to read that book, he promptly retestament, pressing it to his bosom, raising plied as Martinas and others have done his hands and eyes towards heaven, and to the same question ; Most certainly by signs and words endeavoured to con The priests dare not deny uş our rights : vey to me a just sense of the obligations We are a free people; we have fought under which he felt himself for so great a for our liberty and gained it, and now we

This was the first time he ever will read the Testament: They often saw the word of God, excepting such express their desire to be like the Ameri. scraps as are found in the Roman Brevi- || canos, as they style the people of the ary and Missal. He knew that such a United States, in every thing, and often book existed, but had never seen it in his speak of gaining their liberty, as putting own country. Educated by an uncle of them in the possession of religious rights, his, a priest of high order, he has receiv- affirming that although European priests ed a tolerable share of Spanish learning. I may prohibit the reading of the Scrip. I frequently saw him afterwards, and tures, theirs will not. The persons with tried to talk with him, and both regretted | whom I have formed an acquaintance are the inconvenience under which we were more intelligent than the mass of Spanish placed. He appeared anxious to hear population in the upper provinces of me explain the book, would read passa- Mexico, the most of which can neither ges in my presence, and then remark up. read nor write ; but I have no doubt the on them. Upon my return to St. Louis way is fast preparing to send them the from an absence of several weeks, I re- | light of salvation. gretted to learn that my friend Martinas

I remain as ever, yoors, &c. had departed on a hunting expedition to

J. M. PECK the sources of the Missouri; but received the gratifying intelligence that his testa

Rev. Daniel Sharp, Secr'y. ment, carefully wrapped up in skins, was taken with him, nor could he be persuad.

P. S. Since writing the foregoing let. ed by any means either to sell or leave it ter, I have had a long interview with Don behind. I had promised him fifty testa- Raymond Garcia, who, in imperfect lanmonts, and a quantity of Spanish tracts, guage, has given me a minute detail of to carry back for gratuitous distribution of the state of things as to religion, poliin Chihuahua. This he repeatedly men

tics, &c. in Upper Mexico. He is a most tioned to some of my friends in St. Louis zealous republican, and wants the Amer. as he was about to depart, while urging

icans to establish schools amongst them, upon them not to omit his kind respects

introduce the book, as he emphatically to me, and insisted that upon his return

calls the Testament, and teach them oar from hunting in two years, he should hold | religion. He says the Mexicans will be. me to the offer about the books. Since come enlightened, that they will soon that period, I have formed an acquaintance give a free toleration, and invite rewith another Spaniard* from the same

ligious teachers from the United States. city, who confirms the accounts given by

It will be recollected that these provinces Martinas, and expresses a confident be

are quite interior, 1500 miles from the lief that free toleration will soon be of Mexico, and that here for many

years the seeds of liberty have been sowo, • Don Raymond García.

but more when I see you.

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