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Sec.

fishing boats not to obstruct

fair-ways. 7866. (Art. 27.) Obedience to and con

struction of rules. SOUND SIGNALS FOR VESSELS IN SIGHT

OF ONE ANOTHER 7867. (Art. 28.) Meaning of "short

blast"; steam-vessel under way to signal her course by whistle; meaning of one, two, three

"short blasts." NO VESSEL, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANC

ES, TO NEGLECT PROPER

PRECAUTIONS 7868. (Art. 29.) Vessels not to neglect

precautions. RESERVATION OF RULES FOR HARBORS

AND INLAND NAVIGATION 7869. (Art. 30.) Reservation of rules for

harbors, rivers, and inland waters.

DISTRESS SIGNALS 7870. (Art. 31.) Distress signals, in day

time; at night. 7871. Repeal. RULES FOR HARBORS, RIVERS,

AND INLAND WATERS 7872. Regulations for preventing colli

sions in harbors and on inland waters.

PRELIMINARY 7873. Meaning of words "sailing-ves

sel," "steam-vessel," and "under

way." RULES CONCERNING LIGHTS, AND SO

FORTH 7874. Meaning of word "visible.” 7875. (Art. 1.) Period of compliance

with rules concerning lights. 7876. (Art. 2.) Lights of steam-vessel

under way. 7877. (Art. 3.) Steam-vessel when tow

ing another vessel or vessels. 7878. (Art. 5.) Sailing-vessel under way

or in tow. 7879. (Art. 6.) Small vessel under way

in bad weather. 7880. (Art. 7.) Rowboats. 7881. (Art. 8.) Pilot-vessels on and off

pilotage duty. 7882. (Art. 9.) Small fishing-vessels. 7883. (Art. 10.) Vessel overtaken by an

other. 7884. (Art. 11.) Vessel at anchor. 7885. (Art. 12.) Additional lights.

Sec. 7886. (Art. 13.) Ships of war and con

voys. 7887. (Art. 14.) Steam-vessel under sail

only. SOUND SIGNALS FOR FOG, AND SO FORTH 7888. (Art. 15.) Fog signals. SPEED OF SHIPS TO BE MODERATE IN

FOG, AND SO FORTI 7889. (Art. 16.) Speed of vessels in fog,

etc.
STEERING AND SAILING RULES

Preliminary-Risk of Collision 7890. Ascertainment of risk of colli

sion. 7891. (Art. 17.) Rules of avoidance of

risk; two sailing-vessels ap

proaching one another. 7892. (Art. 18.) Two steam-vessels

meeting end on, etc. 7893. (Art. 19.) Steam-vessels crossing. 7894. (Art. 20.) Steam and sailing ves

sels meeting. 7895. (Art. 21.) What vessel shall keep

her course, etc. 7896. (Art. 22.) Vessel to avoid crossing

ahead. 7897. (Art. 23.) Steam-vessels to slack

en speed, etc. 7898. (Art. 24.) Overtaking vessel to

keep out of the way; definition

of "overtaking vessel," etc. 7899. (Art. 25.) Steam-vessel in narrow

channels. 7900. (Art. 26.) Sailing-vessels under

way to avoid fishing boats, etc.; fishing boats not to obstruct

fair-ways. 7901. (Art. 27.) Obedience to and con

struction of rules. SOUND SIGNALS FOR VESSELS IN SIGHT

OF ONE ANOTHER 7902. (Art. 28.) Signal of steam-vessel

going at full speed astern. NO VESSEL UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES

TO NEGLECT PROPER PRECAUTIONS 7903. (Art. 29.) Vessels not to neglect

precautions. 7904. (Art. 30.) War and revenue ves

sels.

DISTRESS SIGNALS 7905. (Art. 31.) Distress signals. 7906. Rules to be established for steam

vessels passing, and as to lights

on ferry-boats, etc. 7907. Pilots, etc., violating provisions of

this act; penalty; liability of vessel, owner, etc.

Sec. 7908. Vessels navigated without com

pliance with this act; penalty. 7909. Repeal. RULES FOR GREAT LAKES AND CONNECTING AND TRIBUTA

RY WATERS 7910. Rules for preventing collisions on

the Great Lakes, etc.

STEAM AND SAIL VESSELS 7911. (Rule 1.) Meaning of words "sail

vessel," "steam-vessel," "under way."

LIGHTS 7912. (Rule 2.) Period of compliance

with rules concerning lights;

meaning of word "visible." 7913. (Rule 3.) Lights of steam-vessel

under way.

VESSELS TOWING 7914. (Rule 4.) Steam-vessel having a

vessel in tow. 7915. (Rule 5.) Steam-vessel having a

raft in tow. 7916. (Rule 6.) Sailing-vessel under way

or vessel in tow. 7917. (Rule 7.) Rules to be made for

tugs, etc. 7918. (Rule 8.) Small vessel may use

portable lights. 7919. (Rule 9.) Vessel at anchor. 7920. (Rule 10.) Produce, canal, etc.,

boats. 7921. (Rule 11.) Open boats. 7922. (Rule 12.) Use of torch. 7923. (Rule 13.) War and revenue ships.

FOG SIGNALS 7924. (Rule 14.) Fog signals of steam

vessels, sailing vessels, etc., un

der way and at anchor. 7925. (Rule 15.) Reduced speed in thick

weather,

Sec. 7932. (Rule 22.) Overtaking vessel to

keep out of the way. 7933. (Rule 23.) Whistle signals; one

blast, two blasts. 7934. (Rule 24.) Vessels in rivers Saint

Mary, Saint Clair, etc. 7935. (Rule 25.) Vessels in narrow

channels, etc. 7936. (Rule 26.) Refusal to pass. 7937. (Rule 27.) Obedience to and con

struction of rules. 7938. (Rule 28.) Vessels not to neglect

precautions. 7939. Violations of provisions of this

act; penalty. 7940. Regulations; steam-vessels pass

ing; copies of rules. 7941. Repeal. RULES FOR RED RIVER OF THE NORTH AND RIVERS EMPTY

ING INTO GULF OF MEXICO 7942. Rules for preventing collisions.

STEAM AND SAIL VESSELS 7943. (Rule 1.) Meaning of words "sail vessel” and “steam vessel.”

LIGHTS 7944. (Rule 2.) Period of compliance

with rules concerning lights. 7945. (Rule 3.) Lights of ocean steam

ers, and steamers carrying sail,

under way. 7946. (Rule 4.) Steam-vessel towing oth

er vessels. 7947. (Rule 5.) Steam-vessels other

than ocean steamers, and

steamers carrying sail. 7948. (Rule 6.) Vessels on waters flow

ing into Gulf of Mexico. 7949. (Rule 7.) Coasting and inland

waters steam-vessels, ferry

boats, barges, and canal-boats. 7950. (Rule 8.) Sailing-vessels under

way or in tow. 7951. (Rule 9.) Small vessels in bad

weather. 7952. (Rule 10.) Vessels at anchor. 7953. (Rule 11.) Sailing and steam pi

lot-vessels. 7954. (Rule 12.) Coal boats, trading

boats, etc. 7955. (Rule 13.) Open boats. 7956. (Rule 14.) Ships of war and rev

enue cutters.

FOG SIGNALS 7957. (Rule 15.) Fog signals.

STEERING AND SAILING RULES 7958. (Rule 16.) Ascertainment of risk

of collision,

STEERING AND SAILING RULES

Sailing-Vessels 7926. (Rule 16.) Rules of avoidance of

risk of collisions; two sailingvessels approaching one another.

Steam-Vessels 7927. (Rule 17.) Two steam-vessels

meeting end on. 7928. (Rule 18.) Two steam-vessels

crossing. 7929. (Rule 19.) Steam and sailing ves

sels meeting. 7930. (Rule 20.) What vessel shall keep

her course, etc. 7931. (Rule 21.) What vessel to slacken

speed, etc.

Sec.
7959. (Rule 17.) Rules of avoidance of

risk; two sailing-vessels ap

proaching one another. 7960. (Rule 18.) Steam-vessels meeting

end on. 7961. (Rule 19.) Steam-vessels crossing. 7962. (Rule 20.) Steam and sailing ves

sels meeting. 7963. (Rule 21.) Speed of steam-vessel

approaching another vessel and

in fog. 7964. (Rule 22.) Overtaking vessel to

keep out of the way. 7965. (Rule 23.) What vessel shall keep

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her course, etc. 7966. (Rule 24.) Obedience to and con

struction of rules. 7967. (Rule 25.) Sailing-vessel overtak

en.

7968. (Rule 26.) Vessels not to neglect

precautions. 7969. Regulations of towage of seago

ing barges within inland wa

ters. 7970. Violation of regulations by mas

ter of towing vessel; penalty. 7971. Rules for preventing collisions ex

tended to harbors, etc. 7972. Secretary of the Treasury to de

fine the lines dividing the high

seas from rivers, harbors, etc. 7973. Signal lights; penalty for viola

tion. 7974. Inland waters defined. DUTIES AFTER COLLISION OR

OTHER ACCIDENT 7975. Reports by owners, etc., or mas

ters of vessels, of accidents;

penalty. 7976. Notice by owners, etc., of vessels,

of probable loss; penalty. 7977. Reports by collectors of customs. 7978. Remission of penalties; recovery. 7979. Duties of master of vessel in case

of collision.

coasts. 7985. Property wrecked on coast of

Florida. 7986. Forfeitures for taking wrecked

property to foreign ports. 7987. License to wreckers on Florida

coast. 7988. Canadian vessels may aid vessels

wrecked or disabled in United States waters contiguous to

Canada. 7989. International agreement for re

porting, marking, and removal

of derelicts, etc. 7990. Salvage; remuneration not af

fected by ownership of vessel. 7991. Assistance to be rendered by mas

ter; punishment for failure. 7992. Salvors of life to share in prop

erty saved. 7993. Time limit for salvage suits. 7994. Act not applicable to ships of

war, etc. PART OWNER AND MASTER 7995. Removal of captain by owners of

vessels. WAGES ON CANAL BOATS 7996. Canal-boats not to be libeled for

wages.

PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF

CONGRESSES OF NAVIGATION § 7833. (Act June 28, 1902, c. 1306.) International Commission of

Congresses of Navigation; expenses of delegates. The sum of three thousand dollars a year is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the support and maintenance of the permanent international commission of the congresses of navigation and for the payment of the actual expenses of the properly accredited national delegates of the United States to the meetings of the congresses and of the commis

sion; and that the Secretary of War be, and is hereby, authorized to draw his warrant each year upon the Secretary of the Treasury for such sum, not to exceed three thousand dollars, as may in his opinion be proper to apply to the purposes above mentioned, and that the said sum shall be disbursed under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War.

The national delegates aforesaid from the United States shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for their actual expenses incurred while traveling to and from the meetings, and while in attendance thereon, from the funds herein appropriated and authorized to be expended. (32 Stat. 485.)

This was an act to appropriate the sum of $3,000 a yea“ for the support and maintenance of the Permanent International Commission of the Congresses of navigation, and for other purposes.

INTERNATIONAL RULES FOR PREVENTING

COLLISIONS AT SEA § 7834. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) Regulations for prevent

ing collisions. The following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and private vessels of the United States upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by sea-going vessels. (26 Stat. 320.)

This was the first paragraph of section 1 of an act entitled “An act to adopt regulations for preventing collisions at sea.”

Further paragraphs of this section containing definitions, etc., and Articles 1-31 thereof, containing the rules prescribed, are set forth post, 88 7835– 7870.

Section 2 of the act, repealing laws inconsistent with said regulations, is set forth post, $ 7871.

Section 3 of said act provided that the act should take effect at a time to be fixed by the President by proclamation issued for that purpose. Accordingly, the President, on July 13, 1894, issued his proclamation (28 Stat. 1250), fixing March 1, 1895, as the date on which the act should take effect; but the taking effect of the act at that time was postponed, and the President was authorized to fix a subsequent time when it should take effect, by Act Feb. 23, 1895, c. 127, 28 Stat. 680; and the President on February 25, 1895, issued his proclamation that the act would not go into effect on March 1st, following, but on such future date as might be designated in a subsequent proclamation. The act was amended by Act June 10, 1896, c. 401, § 1, and section 2 of said amendatory act, 29 Stat. 382, provided that this act should take effect at a time to be fixed by the President. The President, on December 31, 1896, issued his proclamation (29 Stat. 885) fixing July 1, 1897, as the date on which the act should take effect.

Rules for preventing collisions on the water were prescribed by R. S. $ 4233, to be followed by vessels of the navy and mercantile marine of the United States. They were superseded as to navigation on the high seas and in all coast waters of the United States, except such as were otherwise provided for, by the adoption of "Revised International Regulations" by Act March 3, 1885, c. 354, 23 Stat. 438; and those regulations were superseded by the adoption by this act of the regulations set forth here.

The acts of Congress embodying or revising international rules for preventing collisions at sea were not altered or amended by Act June 9, 1910, c. 268, post, $8 8277–8286, relating to motor boats and prescribing lights, signals, etc., for such boats, by section 9 of said act, post, $ 8286.

PRELIMINARY § 7835. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) Meaning of words "sail

ing-vessel," "steam-vessel,” and “under way.In the following rules every steam-vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing-vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steamvessel.

The word "steam-vessel” shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.

A vessel is “under way” within the meaning of these rules when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground. (26 Stat. 320.)

RULES CONCERNING LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH § 7836. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) Meaning of word "visi

ble."

The word "visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere. (26 Stat. 321.) § 7837. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) (Art. 1.) Time for com

pliance with rules concerning lights. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited. . (26 Stat. 321.) § 7838. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) (Art. 2.) Lights of steam

vessels under way. A steam-vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less than twenty feet, and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth, so, however, that the light need not be carried at a greater height above the hull than forty feet, a bright white light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.

(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to sliow an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.'

(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

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