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fishing boats not to obstruct
fair-ways. 7866. (Art. 27.) Obedience to and con
struction of rules. SOUND SIGNALS FOR VESSELS IN SIGHT
OF ONE ANOTHER 7867. (Art. 28.) Meaning of "short
blast"; steam-vessel under way to signal her course by whistle; meaning of one, two, three
"short blasts." NO VESSEL, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANC
ES, TO NEGLECT PROPER
PRECAUTIONS 7868. (Art. 29.) Vessels not to neglect
precautions. RESERVATION OF RULES FOR HARBORS
AND INLAND NAVIGATION 7869. (Art. 30.) Reservation of rules for
harbors, rivers, and inland waters.
DISTRESS SIGNALS 7870. (Art. 31.) Distress signals, in day
time; at night. 7871. Repeal. RULES FOR HARBORS, RIVERS,
AND INLAND WATERS 7872. Regulations for preventing colli
sions in harbors and on inland waters.
PRELIMINARY 7873. Meaning of words "sailing-ves
sel," "steam-vessel," and "under
way." RULES CONCERNING LIGHTS, AND SO
FORTH 7874. Meaning of word "visible.” 7875. (Art. 1.) Period of compliance
with rules concerning lights. 7876. (Art. 2.) Lights of steam-vessel
under way. 7877. (Art. 3.) Steam-vessel when tow
ing another vessel or vessels. 7878. (Art. 5.) Sailing-vessel under way
or in tow. 7879. (Art. 6.) Small vessel under way
in bad weather. 7880. (Art. 7.) Rowboats. 7881. (Art. 8.) Pilot-vessels on and off
pilotage duty. 7882. (Art. 9.) Small fishing-vessels. 7883. (Art. 10.) Vessel overtaken by an
other. 7884. (Art. 11.) Vessel at anchor. 7885. (Art. 12.) Additional lights.
Sec. 7886. (Art. 13.) Ships of war and con
voys. 7887. (Art. 14.) Steam-vessel under sail
only. SOUND SIGNALS FOR FOG, AND SO FORTH 7888. (Art. 15.) Fog signals. SPEED OF SHIPS TO BE MODERATE IN
FOG, AND SO FORTI 7889. (Art. 16.) Speed of vessels in fog,
Preliminary-Risk of Collision 7890. Ascertainment of risk of colli
sion. 7891. (Art. 17.) Rules of avoidance of
risk; two sailing-vessels ap
proaching one another. 7892. (Art. 18.) Two steam-vessels
meeting end on, etc. 7893. (Art. 19.) Steam-vessels crossing. 7894. (Art. 20.) Steam and sailing ves
sels meeting. 7895. (Art. 21.) What vessel shall keep
her course, etc. 7896. (Art. 22.) Vessel to avoid crossing
ahead. 7897. (Art. 23.) Steam-vessels to slack
en speed, etc. 7898. (Art. 24.) Overtaking vessel to
keep out of the way; definition
of "overtaking vessel," etc. 7899. (Art. 25.) Steam-vessel in narrow
channels. 7900. (Art. 26.) Sailing-vessels under
way to avoid fishing boats, etc.; fishing boats not to obstruct
fair-ways. 7901. (Art. 27.) Obedience to and con
struction of rules. SOUND SIGNALS FOR VESSELS IN SIGHT
OF ONE ANOTHER 7902. (Art. 28.) Signal of steam-vessel
going at full speed astern. NO VESSEL UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES
TO NEGLECT PROPER PRECAUTIONS 7903. (Art. 29.) Vessels not to neglect
precautions. 7904. (Art. 30.) War and revenue ves
DISTRESS SIGNALS 7905. (Art. 31.) Distress signals. 7906. Rules to be established for steam
vessels passing, and as to lights
on ferry-boats, etc. 7907. Pilots, etc., violating provisions of
this act; penalty; liability of vessel, owner, etc.
Sec. 7908. Vessels navigated without com
pliance with this act; penalty. 7909. Repeal. RULES FOR GREAT LAKES AND CONNECTING AND TRIBUTA
RY WATERS 7910. Rules for preventing collisions on
the Great Lakes, etc.
STEAM AND SAIL VESSELS 7911. (Rule 1.) Meaning of words "sail
vessel," "steam-vessel," "under way."
LIGHTS 7912. (Rule 2.) Period of compliance
with rules concerning lights;
meaning of word "visible." 7913. (Rule 3.) Lights of steam-vessel
VESSELS TOWING 7914. (Rule 4.) Steam-vessel having a
vessel in tow. 7915. (Rule 5.) Steam-vessel having a
raft in tow. 7916. (Rule 6.) Sailing-vessel under way
or vessel in tow. 7917. (Rule 7.) Rules to be made for
tugs, etc. 7918. (Rule 8.) Small vessel may use
portable lights. 7919. (Rule 9.) Vessel at anchor. 7920. (Rule 10.) Produce, canal, etc.,
boats. 7921. (Rule 11.) Open boats. 7922. (Rule 12.) Use of torch. 7923. (Rule 13.) War and revenue ships.
FOG SIGNALS 7924. (Rule 14.) Fog signals of steam
vessels, sailing vessels, etc., un
der way and at anchor. 7925. (Rule 15.) Reduced speed in thick
Sec. 7932. (Rule 22.) Overtaking vessel to
keep out of the way. 7933. (Rule 23.) Whistle signals; one
blast, two blasts. 7934. (Rule 24.) Vessels in rivers Saint
Mary, Saint Clair, etc. 7935. (Rule 25.) Vessels in narrow
channels, etc. 7936. (Rule 26.) Refusal to pass. 7937. (Rule 27.) Obedience to and con
struction of rules. 7938. (Rule 28.) Vessels not to neglect
precautions. 7939. Violations of provisions of this
act; penalty. 7940. Regulations; steam-vessels pass
ing; copies of rules. 7941. Repeal. RULES FOR RED RIVER OF THE NORTH AND RIVERS EMPTY
ING INTO GULF OF MEXICO 7942. Rules for preventing collisions.
STEAM AND SAIL VESSELS 7943. (Rule 1.) Meaning of words "sail vessel” and “steam vessel.”
LIGHTS 7944. (Rule 2.) Period of compliance
with rules concerning lights. 7945. (Rule 3.) Lights of ocean steam
ers, and steamers carrying sail,
under way. 7946. (Rule 4.) Steam-vessel towing oth
er vessels. 7947. (Rule 5.) Steam-vessels other
than ocean steamers, and
steamers carrying sail. 7948. (Rule 6.) Vessels on waters flow
ing into Gulf of Mexico. 7949. (Rule 7.) Coasting and inland
waters steam-vessels, ferry
boats, barges, and canal-boats. 7950. (Rule 8.) Sailing-vessels under
way or in tow. 7951. (Rule 9.) Small vessels in bad
weather. 7952. (Rule 10.) Vessels at anchor. 7953. (Rule 11.) Sailing and steam pi
lot-vessels. 7954. (Rule 12.) Coal boats, trading
boats, etc. 7955. (Rule 13.) Open boats. 7956. (Rule 14.) Ships of war and rev
FOG SIGNALS 7957. (Rule 15.) Fog signals.
STEERING AND SAILING RULES 7958. (Rule 16.) Ascertainment of risk
STEERING AND SAILING RULES
Sailing-Vessels 7926. (Rule 16.) Rules of avoidance of
risk of collisions; two sailingvessels approaching one another.
Steam-Vessels 7927. (Rule 17.) Two steam-vessels
meeting end on. 7928. (Rule 18.) Two steam-vessels
crossing. 7929. (Rule 19.) Steam and sailing ves
sels meeting. 7930. (Rule 20.) What vessel shall keep
her course, etc. 7931. (Rule 21.) What vessel to slacken
risk; two sailing-vessels ap
proaching one another. 7960. (Rule 18.) Steam-vessels meeting
end on. 7961. (Rule 19.) Steam-vessels crossing. 7962. (Rule 20.) Steam and sailing ves
sels meeting. 7963. (Rule 21.) Speed of steam-vessel
approaching another vessel and
in fog. 7964. (Rule 22.) Overtaking vessel to
keep out of the way. 7965. (Rule 23.) What vessel shall keep
her course, etc. 7966. (Rule 24.) Obedience to and con
struction of rules. 7967. (Rule 25.) Sailing-vessel overtak
7968. (Rule 26.) Vessels not to neglect
precautions. 7969. Regulations of towage of seago
ing barges within inland wa
ters. 7970. Violation of regulations by mas
ter of towing vessel; penalty. 7971. Rules for preventing collisions ex
tended to harbors, etc. 7972. Secretary of the Treasury to de
fine the lines dividing the high
seas from rivers, harbors, etc. 7973. Signal lights; penalty for viola
tion. 7974. Inland waters defined. DUTIES AFTER COLLISION OR
OTHER ACCIDENT 7975. Reports by owners, etc., or mas
ters of vessels, of accidents;
penalty. 7976. Notice by owners, etc., of vessels,
of probable loss; penalty. 7977. Reports by collectors of customs. 7978. Remission of penalties; recovery. 7979. Duties of master of vessel in case
coasts. 7985. Property wrecked on coast of
Florida. 7986. Forfeitures for taking wrecked
property to foreign ports. 7987. License to wreckers on Florida
coast. 7988. Canadian vessels may aid vessels
wrecked or disabled in United States waters contiguous to
Canada. 7989. International agreement for re
porting, marking, and removal
of derelicts, etc. 7990. Salvage; remuneration not af
fected by ownership of vessel. 7991. Assistance to be rendered by mas
ter; punishment for failure. 7992. Salvors of life to share in prop
erty saved. 7993. Time limit for salvage suits. 7994. Act not applicable to ships of
war, etc. PART OWNER AND MASTER 7995. Removal of captain by owners of
vessels. WAGES ON CANAL BOATS 7996. Canal-boats not to be libeled for
PERMANENT INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF
CONGRESSES OF NAVIGATION § 7833. (Act June 28, 1902, c. 1306.) International Commission of
Congresses of Navigation; expenses of delegates. The sum of three thousand dollars a year is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the support and maintenance of the permanent international commission of the congresses of navigation and for the payment of the actual expenses of the properly accredited national delegates of the United States to the meetings of the congresses and of the commis
sion; and that the Secretary of War be, and is hereby, authorized to draw his warrant each year upon the Secretary of the Treasury for such sum, not to exceed three thousand dollars, as may in his opinion be proper to apply to the purposes above mentioned, and that the said sum shall be disbursed under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War.
The national delegates aforesaid from the United States shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for their actual expenses incurred while traveling to and from the meetings, and while in attendance thereon, from the funds herein appropriated and authorized to be expended. (32 Stat. 485.)
This was an act to appropriate the sum of $3,000 a yea“ for the support and maintenance of the Permanent International Commission of the Congresses of navigation, and for other purposes.
INTERNATIONAL RULES FOR PREVENTING
COLLISIONS AT SEA § 7834. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) Regulations for prevent
ing collisions. The following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and private vessels of the United States upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by sea-going vessels. (26 Stat. 320.)
This was the first paragraph of section 1 of an act entitled “An act to adopt regulations for preventing collisions at sea.”
Further paragraphs of this section containing definitions, etc., and Articles 1-31 thereof, containing the rules prescribed, are set forth post, 88 7835– 7870.
Section 2 of the act, repealing laws inconsistent with said regulations, is set forth post, $ 7871.
Section 3 of said act provided that the act should take effect at a time to be fixed by the President by proclamation issued for that purpose. Accordingly, the President, on July 13, 1894, issued his proclamation (28 Stat. 1250), fixing March 1, 1895, as the date on which the act should take effect; but the taking effect of the act at that time was postponed, and the President was authorized to fix a subsequent time when it should take effect, by Act Feb. 23, 1895, c. 127, 28 Stat. 680; and the President on February 25, 1895, issued his proclamation that the act would not go into effect on March 1st, following, but on such future date as might be designated in a subsequent proclamation. The act was amended by Act June 10, 1896, c. 401, § 1, and section 2 of said amendatory act, 29 Stat. 382, provided that this act should take effect at a time to be fixed by the President. The President, on December 31, 1896, issued his proclamation (29 Stat. 885) fixing July 1, 1897, as the date on which the act should take effect.
Rules for preventing collisions on the water were prescribed by R. S. $ 4233, to be followed by vessels of the navy and mercantile marine of the United States. They were superseded as to navigation on the high seas and in all coast waters of the United States, except such as were otherwise provided for, by the adoption of "Revised International Regulations" by Act March 3, 1885, c. 354, 23 Stat. 438; and those regulations were superseded by the adoption by this act of the regulations set forth here.
The acts of Congress embodying or revising international rules for preventing collisions at sea were not altered or amended by Act June 9, 1910, c. 268, post, $8 8277–8286, relating to motor boats and prescribing lights, signals, etc., for such boats, by section 9 of said act, post, $ 8286.
PRELIMINARY § 7835. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) Meaning of words "sail
ing-vessel," "steam-vessel,” and “under way.” In the following rules every steam-vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing-vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steamvessel.
The word "steam-vessel” shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.
A vessel is “under way” within the meaning of these rules when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground. (26 Stat. 320.)
RULES CONCERNING LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH § 7836. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) Meaning of word "visi
The word "visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere. (26 Stat. 321.) § 7837. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) (Art. 1.) Time for com
pliance with rules concerning lights. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited. . (26 Stat. 321.) § 7838. (Act Aug. 19, 1890, c. 802, § 1.) (Art. 2.) Lights of steam
vessels under way. A steam-vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less than twenty feet, and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth, so, however, that the light need not be carried at a greater height above the hull than forty feet, a bright white light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.
(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to sliow an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.'
(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.