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Grade three, at not exceeding one thousand one hundred dollars. Grade four, at not exceeding one thousand two hundred dollars. Grade five, at not exceeding one thousand three hundred dollars. Grade six, at not exceeding one thousand four hundred dollars. Grade seven, at not exceeding one thousand five hundred dollars. Grade eight, at not exceeding one thousand six hundred dollars. Grade nine, at not exceeding one thousand seven hundred dollars. Grade ten, at not exceeding one thousand eight hundred dollars.

Chief clerks, at not exceeding two thousand dollars. (37 Stat. 555.)

This was the first paragraph of section 7 of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1913, cited above.

The further paragraphs of this section are set forth post, 88 7510_7518.

This section superseded previous provisions for the appointment, classification and compensation of railway postal clerks contained in R. S. 88 4024, 4025, and Act July 31, 1882, c. 361, § 1, 22 Stat. 180.

The Postmaster-General was authorized to make travel allowances to railway postal clerks on duty more than ten hours by Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 1, post, $ 7519.

The postal service appropriation acts for recent fiscal years have made appropriations for acting clerks in place of clerks or substitutes injured while on duty, who should be given leave of absence with full pay during disability, but not exceeding one year, and thereafter at the rate of 50 per cent. of the clerk's annual salary, not exceeding one year additional, and to pay the sum of $2,000 to the legal representatives of any railway postal clerk, substitute, or post-office inspector, killed while on duty. The appropriation for the fiscal year 1914 was by Act March 4, 1913, c. 143, 37 Stat. 798.

The provisions of this section authorizing the appointment of clerks of such grades as might be provided for, and the classification of such clerks under rules and regulations of the Postmaster-General, superseded a provision that railway postal clerks on entering the service should receive the

salary of the lowest grade made by Act May 27, 1908, c. 206, 35 Stat. 413. § 7510. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 7.) (2) Classification of rail

way post offices, terminal railway post offices and transfer

offices; assignment of clerks. The Postmaster General shall classify and fix the salaries of railway postal clerks, under such regulations as he may prescribe, in the grades provided by law; and for the purpose of organization and of establishing maximum grades to which promotions may be made successively as hereinafter provided, he shall classify railway post offices, terminal railway post offices, and transfer offices with reference to their character and importance in three classes, with salary grades as follows: Class A, nine hundred dollars to one thousand two hundred dollars; class B, nine hundred dollars to one thousand three hundred dollars; and class C, nine hundred dollars to one thousand five hundred dollars. He may assign to the offices of division superintendents and chief clerks such railway postal clerks as may be necessary and fix their salaries within the grades provided by law without regard to the classification of railway post offices. (37 Stat. 555.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509.

In the assignment of railway postal clerks to clerical service in the Department or the post-offices, preference was required to be given to persons honorably discharged from military or naval service in the civil war, by Act June 6, 1906, c. 3546, post, $ 7520.

§ 7511. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 7.) (3) Railway postal clerks;

promotions. After September thirtieth, nineteen hundred and twelve, clerks in class A shall be promoted successively to grade three, clerks in class B shall be promoted successively to grade four, and clerks in class C shall be promoted successively to grade five, at the beginning of the quarter following the expiration of a year's satisfactory service in the next lower grade. Promotions above these grades within the maximum grades of the classification may be made in the discretion of the Postmaster General for meritorious service. No promotion shall be made except upon evidence satisfactory to the Post Office Department of the efficiency and faithfulness of the employee during the preceding year. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509. § 7512. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 7.) (4) Railway postal clerks

may be transferred. A clerk of any grade of any classification of railway post offices, terminal railway post offices, transfer offices, or in the office of a division superintendent or chief clerk, may be transferred and assigned to any classification of railway post offices, terminal railway post offices, transfer offices, or to an office of a division superintendent or chief clerk under such regulations as the Postmaster General may deem proper. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509. In assigning railway postal clerks to clerical service in the Department or in the post-offices, preference was required to be given to persons honorably discharged from the military or naval service in the civil war, by Act June 6,

1906, c. 3546, post, $ 7520. $ 7513. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 7.) (5) Railway postal clerks

in charge of crews; grades; promotion. Clerks assigned as clerks in charge of crews consisting of more than one clerk shall be clerks of grades five to ten, inclusive, and may be promoted one grade only after three years' continuous, satisfactory, and faithful service in such capacity. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509. § 7514. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 7.) (6) Railway postal clerks

failing of promotion. A clerk who fails of promotion because of unsatisfactory service may be promoted at the beginning of the second quarter thereafter or any subsequent quarter for satisfactory and faithful service during the intervening period. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509. § 7515. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 7.) (7) Railway postal clerks

in highest grades of their lines; promotions. Clerks in the highest grade in their respective lines or other assignments shall be eligible for promotion to positions of clerks in charge in said lines or corresponding positions in other assignments, and clerks assigned as assistant chief clerks and clerks in charge of crews consisting of more than one clerk, either assigned to the line, the transfer service, or to a terminal railway post office,

and clerks in the highest grades in offices of division superintendents in their respective divisions, shall, after two years of continuous service in such capacity, be eligible for promotion to positions of chief clerks in said division for satisfactory, efficient, and faithful service during the preceding two-year period, under such regulations as the Postmaster General shall prescribe. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509. § 7516. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 7.) (8) Railway postal clerks;

restoration after reduction in grade. Whenever a clerk shall have been reduced in salary for any cause he may be restored to his former grade or advanced to an intermediate grade at the beginning of any quarter following the reduction, for satisfactory and faithful service during the intervening period. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, 7509. § 7517. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 7.) (9) Railway postal clerks;

advancement restricted. In filling positions below that of chief clerk no clerk shall be advanced more than one grade in a period of a year. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509.

This section superseded previous provisions restricting the promotion of railway postal clerks to two grades in any one year, made by Act May 27,

1908, c. 206, 35 Stat. 413. § 7518. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 7.) (10) Railway postal clerks

to reside on route; exception; no salary to be reduced; repeal. All clerks appointed to the Railway Mail Service and to perform duty on railway post offices shall reside at some point on the route to which they are assigned; but railway postal clerks appointed prior to February twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and now performing such duty shall not be required to change their residences, except when transferred to another line: Provided, however, That because of the reclassification herein provided, no clerk shall receive less salary than before the passage of this Act. All laws and parts of laws in conflict herewith are hereby repealed. (37 Stat. 556.)

See notes to first paragraph of this section, ante, $ 7509.

This section superseded previous provisions requiring railway postal clerks to reside at some point on the route to which they were assigned, with an exception in favor of those theretofore appointed, made by Act Feb. 28,

1895, c. 140, § 1, 28 Stat. 692. § 7519. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 1.) Railway postal clerks on

duty over ten hours; travel allowances. Hereafter in addition to the salaries by law provided the Postmaster General is hereby authorized to make travel allowances in lieu of actual expenses, at fixed rates per annum, not exceeding in the aggregate the sum annually appropriated, to railway postal clerks, acting railway postal clerks, and substitute railway postal clerks, including substitute railway postal clerks for railway postal clerks granted leave with pay on account of sickness, assigned to duty in railway post-office cars, while on duty, after ten hours from

the time of beginning their initial run, under such regulations as he may prescribe, and in no case shall such an allowance exceed one dollar per day. (37 Stat. 548.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1913, cited above.

A similar provision was made by the postal service appropriation act for the preceding year, Act March 4, 1911, c. 241, § 1, 36 Stat. 1336. § 7520. (Act June 26, 1906, c. 3546.) Preference in transfers from

railway mail service to Department or post-offices, of persons

who served in civil war. In the assignment or transfer of clerks from the railway mail service, however, preference shall be given to the persons honorably discharged from the military or naval service who served in the civil war and who are now serving as clerks on the railway mail cars in order that they may be transferred to clerical service in the Department or in the postoffices and relieved from service on said cars as rapidly as practicable, provided they are found to possess the business capacity necessary for the proper discharge of the duties of the offices to which they may be transferred. (34 Stat. 474.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1907, cited above, following the appropriation therein for officers and clerks in the railway mail service, and a provision relating to such appropriation that "the appointment and assignment of clerku hereunder shall be so made during the fiscal year as not to involve a greater aggregate expenditure than this sum."

A similar provision was made by the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1906, Act March 3, 1905, c. 1480, § 1, 33 Stat. 1088.

A general provision for preference of persons honorably discharged from the military or naval service, by reason of disability incurred in the line of duty, for appointments to civil offices, was made by R. S. § 1754, ante, s

3214. $ 7521. (Act March 1, 1909, c. 232.) Railway postal clerks; leave

of absence when sick. Railway mail service: * * Provided, That the Postmaster-General may hereafter, in his discretion, under such regulations as he may provide, allow a clerk who is sick leave of absence with pay, his duties to be performed without expense to the Government during the period for which he is granted leave, not exceeding thirty days in any fiscal year.

Act March 1, 1909, c. 232, 35 Stat. 667.

This was a proviso annexed to an appropriation for the railway mail service in the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1910, cited above.

A similar provision, without the word "hereafter," was made by the similar appropriation acts for preceding years. § 7522. (Act March 1, 1909, c. 232.) Railway postal clerks; annual

vacation. The Postmaster-General may hereafter allow railway postal clerks whose duties require them to work six days or more per week, fifty-two weeks per year, an annual vacation of fifteen days with pay. (35 Stat. 667.)

This was a proviso annexed to an appropriation for substitutes for railway postal clerks in the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year

ending June 30, 1910, cited above. A similar provision, without the word "hereafter," was made by previous postal service appropriation acts.

A provision of Act March 4, 1911, c. 241, § 1, 36 Stat. 1336, authorizing the allowance, to railway postal clerks described in this section and employés of the mail-lock and mail-bag repair shops, of an annual vacation of thirty days with pay, was repealed by Res. Aug. 14, 1911, No. 5, 37 Stat. 38.

The Postmaster-General was authorized to allow to a railway postal clerk, when sick, not to exceed 30 days leave with pay if a substitute was provided to perform his duties without expense to the Government, by a provision of Act March 1, 1909, c. 232, post, $ 7522.

A clerk not allowed annual leave may be allowed leave of absence with pay not exceeding 30 days, if a substitute is provided to perform his duties without expense to the Government, by a provision of Act March 4, 1913,

c. 143, post, $ 7523. $ 7523. (Act March 4, 1913, c. 143.) Railway postal clerks; leave

of absence when substitute is provided. Hereafter the Postmaster General may, in his discretion, under such regulations as he may provide, allow any railway postal clerk who is not entitled to annual leave under other provision of law leave of absence with pay for a period not exceeding thirty days, with the understanding that his duties will be performed without expense to the Government during the period for which leave is granted, he to provide a substitute at his own expense. (37 Stat. 798.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1914, cited above.

CHAPTER ELEVEN

Foreign Mail-Service Sec.

Sec. 7524. Foreign mail-transportation con 7536. Service of naval officers on ocean tracts.

mail vessels; compensation; 7525. Contracts for carrying mails be

duties, tween the United States and 7537. Cadets or apprentices on ocean foreign countries.

mail vessels. 7526. Foreign mail, how transported. 7538. Payment for ocean mail vessels 7527. Pay for transporting foreign

taken by United States as transmail.

ports, etc.; appraisement. 7528. Fine of mail-contractors for de 7539. Clerks on ocean mail vessels; lay.

transfer of foreign mails at New 7529. Discontinuing foreign mail-trans

York and San Francisco. portation contracts.

7540. Sea-post clerks; disability allow7530. Contracts for ocean mail service

ance; compensation for death. on American vessels.

7541. Transportation of Canadian, etc., 7531. Advertisements for proposals.

mail through the United States. 7532. Ownership, etc., of ocean mail 7542. Payment of postage by consuls. vessels; classification.

7543. Rates of postage on letters car7533. Construction of ocean mail ves

ried in any foreign vessel. sels; specifications; inspection. 7544. Resident agents on Isthmus of 7534. Rates of compensation for ocean

Panama, etc. mail service; deductions, fines, 7545. Agents on mail-steamers to foretc.

eign ports. 7535. Transportation, etc., of mail-mes 7546. Postal agencies in China and sengers on ocean mail vessels.

Japan.

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