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§ 7342. (Act March 2, 1889, c. 393, § 4.) Matter relating to spuri

ous money, etc., not mailable. All matter the deposit of which in the mails is by this act made punishable is hereby declared non-mailable; but nothing in this act shall be so construed as to authorize any person other than an employee of the dead-letter office, duly authorized thereto, to open any letter not addressed to himself. (25 Stat. 874.)

See notes to section 3 of this act, ante, $ 7341. § 7343. (Act March 2, 1889, c. 393, § 5.) Delivery of mail to per

sons not residents of place of address. Whenever the Postmaster-General is satisfied that letters or packets sent in the mails are addressed to places not the residence or business address of the persons for whom they are intended, to enable such persons to escape identification, he may direct postmasters to deliver such letters only from the post-office upon identification of persons addressed. (25 Stat. 874.)

See notes to section 3 of this act, ante, $ 7341. § 7344. (R. S. § 3895.) Letters seized to be returned to senders.

All letters, packets, or other matter which may be seized or detained for violation of law shall be returned to the owner or sender of the same, or otherwise disposed of as the Postmaster-General may direct.

Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 302, 17 Stat. 323.

CHAPTER FOUR

Postage Sec.

Sec. 7345. Prepayment of postage.

ed by publisher or news agent 7346. Disposal of partly paid and un

to subscribers or news agents, paid letters.

7357. Time and manner of paying post7347. Disposition of part-paid first-class

age on newspapers, etc. matter; deficiency stamps. 7358. Postage on second-class matter 7348. Second, third, and fourth class

mailed by publishers or news matter not to be returned or

agents. remailed until fully prepaid; 7359. Discontinuance of newspapers, notice of non-delivery.

etc., stamps; regulations for 7349. Third and fourth class matter

collecting and accounting for not to be remailed to sender

postage on second-class matter; until fully prepaid; notice of

requirement of prepayment not non-delivery.

affected, 7350. Second-class publications not de 7360. Postage on newspapers mailed to liverable at address thereon;

subscribers in the county of notice to publisher; return

publication and at free-delivery charged with third-class rate.

offices. 7351. Postage to be paid before deliv 7361. Postage on second-class matter ery.

mailed by others than publish7352. Box-rents to be prepaid.

ers or news agents. 7353. Postage on first-class matter. 7362. Postage on Congressional Record 7354. Postage on first-class matter.

mailed at Washington. 7355. Postage on private mailing cards. 7363. Postage on seeds, plants, cuttings, 7356. Postage on newspapers, etc., mail

etc.

Sec.

Sec. 7364. Quantities of identical pieces of 7376. Free transmission of official mailthird or fourth class matter to

matter relating to census; use be accepted for transmission

of official indorsement to avoid without stamps affixed, if pre

payment of postage, etc., punpaid.

ishable; penalty. 7365. Clothing to soldiers by mail. 7377. Congressional Record, etc., under 7366. Postage on foreign mail-matter.

frank of members of Congress 7367. Postage on irregular sea-letters.

to be transmitted free. 7368. Refund of postage paid for which 7378. Public Documents sent and reservice is not rendered, or in

ceived by Vice-President, memexcess of legal rate.

bers of Congress, etc., to be 7369. Letters, etc., on official business,

transmitted free, to be transmitted free; official 7379. Official correspondence of Viceenvelopes.

President, Members of Con7370. Official envelopes; indorsement

gress, etc., to be transmitted of penalty.

free; franks; limit of weight. 7371. Letters, etc., on official business 7380. Seeds and reports from Departto be transmitted free; indorse

ment of Agriculture, mailed by ments on envelopes; official

members of Congress, etc., to be mail-matter of Smithsonian In

transmitted free. stitution registered free mail 7381. Franking privilege extended to matter; repeal.

Hawaiian Islands. 7372. Official mail-matter of National

7382. Matter admitted to mails under Home for Disabled Volunteer

penalty privilege restricted to Soldiers transmitted free.

matter admissible on prepay7373. Official mail-matter of the Bureau of American Republics to be

ment of postage. transmitted free.

7383. Lending or permitting use of 7374. Penalty envelopes for answers to

frank by or for any committee, be inclosed in official communi

organization, etc., unlawful. cations to members of Congress,

7384. Reading matter for the blind to etc.

be transmitted free. 7375. Free transmission by mail of 7385. Magazines, periodicals, etc., for official correspondence of Su

the blind to be transmitted free. perintendent of Documents. § 7345. (R. S. § 3896.) Prepayment of postage.

Postage on all mail-matter must be prepaid by stamps at the time of mailing, unless herein otherwise provided for.

Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 150, 17 Stat. 302..

Postage on first-class matter was required to be prepaid by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 9, post, $ 7353. Postage on second-class matter mailed by the publisher or news agent was required to be prepaid by Act June 23, 1874, c. 456, § 6, post, $ 7357. Postage on second-class matter, when mailed by others than the publisher or news agent, was required to be prepaid by Act June 9, 1884, c. 73, post, $ 7361. Postage on third-class matter was required to be prepaid by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 17, ante, $ 7315. Postage on fourth-class matter was required to be prepaid by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 21, ante, & 7328.

The return or remailing of second, third, and fourth class matter before the postage has been fully prepaid was prohibited by Act June 13, 1898, c. 446, $ 4, Act March 3, 1903, c. 1009, $ 9, and Act May 12, 1910, c. 230, post, 88 7348–7350.

The franking privilege was regulated by Act March 3, 1875, c. 128, 88 5, 7, and other provisions set forth post, $8 7369_7385.

The acceptance for transmission in the mails of quantities of identical pieces of third or fourth class matter without postage stamps affixed was authorized by Act April 28, 1904, c. 1759, $ 2, post, $ 7364.

(R. S. § 3897. Superseded.) This section provided that all mail-matter of the third class should be prepaid in full in postage-stamps at the office of mailing. It was superseded by Act March 9, 1879, c. 180, $ 17, ante, & 7315.

See notes to R. S. & 3896, ante, $ 7345. § 7346. (R. S. § 3898.) Disposal of partly paid and unpaid letters.

All mail-matter deposited for mailing, on which one full rate of postage has been paid as required by law, shall be forwarded to its destination, charged with any portion of the proper postage which may be unpaid, to be collected on delivery. But if any mail-matter, on which by law the postage is required to be prepaid at the mailingoffice, shall by inadvertence reach its destination without any prepayment, double the prepaid rates shall be charged and collected on delivery.

Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $S 151, 152, 17 Stat. 302.

This section was in part superseded by provisions authorizing the forwarding of first-class matter on which one full rate of postage has been prepaid to its destination charged with the unpaid rate, to be collected on delivery, and requiring postmasters to affix special stamps on any mail-matter on which prepayment in full has not been made, and cancel such stamps made by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 26, post, $ 7347, and was in part superseded by provisions prohibiting the return or remailing of second, third, and fourth class matter until the postage should have been fully prepaid, and requiring the sender, if known, to be notified of the fact of non-delivery, made by Act

June 13, 1898, c. 446, § 4, post, $ 7348. § 7347. (Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 26.) Disposition of part-paid

first-class matter; deficiency stamps. All mail-matter of the first class upon which one full rate of postage has been prepaid shall be forwarded to its destination, charged with the unpaid rate, to be collected on delivery; but postmasters, before delivering the same, or any article of mail-matter upon which prepayment in full has not been made, shall affix, or cause to be affixed, and canceled, as ordinary stamps are canceled, one or more stamps equivalent in value to the amount of postage due on such article of mail-matter, which stamps shall be of such special design and denomination as the Postmaster-General may prescribe, and which shall in no case be sold by any postmaster nor received by him in prepayment of postage. (20 Stat. 361.)

See notes to section 7 of this act, ante, 8 7302.

A further provision of the section, omitted here, authorized commissions on deficiency stamps to fourth-class postmasters. It was superseded by Act March 3, 1883, c. 142, § 2, ante, 8 7218, which prescribed the compensation of fourth-class postmasters.

Provisions for forwarding letters prepaid at the drop-letter rate of postage only, and collecting the deficient postage on elivery, were made by R. S.

$ 3937, post, $ 7419. § 7348. (Act June 13, 1898, c. 446, $ 4.) Second, third, and fourth

class matter not to be returned or remailed until fully prepaid;

notice of non-delivery. Second, third, and fourth class mail matter shall not be returned to sender or re-mailed until the postage has been fully prepaid on the same: Provided, That in all cases where undelivered matter of these classes is of obvious value, the sender, if known, shall be

notified of the fact of nondelivery, and be given the opportunity of prepaying the return postage. (30 Stat. 444.)

See note to R. S. § 3896, ante, & 7345.

Provisions for remailing to the sender third and fourth class mail matter were made by Act March 3, 1903, c. 1009, $ 9, post, $ 7349.

Provisions for returning to the publisher copies of publications of the second class, mailed by a publisher at the pound rate or free in the county of publication, undeliverable at the address thereon, were made by Act May

12, 1910, c. 230, post, $ 7350. § 7349. (Act March 3, 1903, c. 1009, $ 9.) Third and fourth class

matter not to be remailed to sender until fully prepaid; notice

of non-delivery. Third and fourth class mail matter shall not be remailed to sender until the proper postage has been fully prepaid on the same: Provided, That in all cases when undelivered mail matter of the third and fourth class is of obvious value, the sender, if known, shall be given the opportunity of prepaying the return postage or accepting delivery to himself or upon his order, at the office where it is held, upon the payment of one cent postage for each card notice given him, under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may prescribe. (32 Stat. 1176.)

This section was part of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1904, cited above.

Previous provisions for the returning or remailing of second, third, and fourth class mail matter and for notice of nondelivery were made by Act June 13, 1898, c. 446, $ 4, ante, $ 7348.

Provisions for transmission of mail matter relating to the Census free

of postage were made by Act July 2, 1909, c. 2, $ 29, post, $ 7376. § 7350. (Act May 12, 1910, c. 230.) Second-class publications not

deliverable at address thereon; notice to publisher; return

charged with third-class rate. Hereafter when copies of any publication of the second class, mailed by a publisher at the pound rate or free in the county of publication, are undeliverable at the address thereon, the postmaster at the office of destination shall promptly notify the publisher of the fact, giving the reason therefor, and copies received five weeks after the mailing of the notice to the publisher, and in no instance until two successive issues thereof have been published, shall, under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may prescribe, be separately returned to the publisher thereof charged with postage at the thirdclass rate. All laws and parts of laws in conflict with this Act are hereby repealed. (36 Stat. 366.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1911, cited above.

Previous provisions for the return or re-mailing of second, third and fourth class mail matter were made by Act June 13, 1898, c. 446, $ 4, ante, $ 7348.

(R. S. § 3899. Repealed.) This section made it punishable for any postmaster, or other person authorized to receive the postage of letters, to demand or receive a rate of postage greater than was allowed, or any other gratuity. It was incorporated into the Criminal Code in section 207 thereof, post, s 10377, and was repealed by section 341 thereof, post, $ 10515.

$ 7351. (R. S. $ 3900.) Postage to be paid before delivery.

No mail-matter shall be delivered until the postage due thereon has been paid.

Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 153, 17 Stat. 303. § 7352. (R. S. $ 3901.) Box-rents to be prepaid.

No box at any post-office shall be assigned to the use of any person until the rent thereof has been paid for at least one quarter in advance, for which the postmaster shall give a receipt.

Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 154, 17 Stat. 303.

Box-rents were required to be accounted for as part of the postal revenues by R. S. $ 4051, post, 8 7600.

(R. S. $$ 3902-3904. Superseded.) R. S. § 3902, authorized the Postmaster-General to provide by regulation for transmitting unpaid and certified letters of soldiers, sailors, and marines to their destination.

R. S. § 3903, fixed the postage on first-class matter at three cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof.

R. S. $ 3904, fixed the postage on drop-letters at two cents where free delivery was established, and one cent elsewhere, for each half ounce or fraction thereof.

All these sections were superseded by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, § 9, post, § 7353. § 7353. (Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, § 9.) Postage on first-class

matter. On mailable matter of the first class, except postal cards and drop letters, postage shall be prepaid at the rate of three cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof; postal cards shall be transmitted through the mails at a postage charge of one cent each, including the cost of manufacture; and drop letters shall be mailed at the rate of two cents per half ounce or fraction thereof, including delivery at letter carrier offices, and one cent for each half ounce or fraction thereof where free delivery by carrier is not established The Postmaster-General may, however, provide, by regulation, for transmitting unpaid and duly certified letters of soldiers, sailors, and marines in the service of the United States to their destination, te be paid on delivery. (20 Stat. 358.)

Letter postage was reduced to two cents per half ounce or fraction thereof by Act March 3, 1883, c. 92, § 1, 22 Stat. 455, which was superseded by Act March 3, 1885, c. 342, § 1, post, $ 7354.

Provisions for the manufacture of postal cards to be transmitted through the mails at a postage charge of one cent, including cost of manufacture, were made by R. S. $ 3916, post, § 7393.

Double postal cards with two one-cent stamps were authorized by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 32, post, $ 7396.

Provisions authorizing the mailing of private mailing cards at the rate of postage of 1 cent were made by Act May 19, 1898, c. 347, post, $ 7355.

The Postmaster-General was authorized to furnish to the public international postal cards at a postage charge of 2 cents each, including the cost of manufacture, by Act June 11, 1880, c. 206, § 1, post, 7394.

Rates of postage on mail-matter conveyed between the United States and foreign countries may be increased or decreased by the Postmaster-General by R. S. § 398, ante, $ 587.

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