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§ 7247. (Act March 2, 1907, c. 2513.) Rate of compensation of

acting or substitute carriers and clerks, and other temporary

employés. Acting or substitute city letter carriers, rural letter carriers, postoffice clerks, railway mail clerks, and other employees connected with the postal service who are temporary employees shall be paid at the usual rate for each day's service during the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seven, and thereafter. (34 Stat. 1213.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1908, cited above.

Provisions of the same act for employment of auxiliary employés and substitutes for absent clerks and carriers are set forth ante, & 7236.

Further provisions concerning the compensation of substitute carriers and

clerks were made by Act March 4, 1913, c. 143, post, 88 7248, 7249. § 7248. (Act March 4, 1913, c. 143.) Pay of substitutes for car

riers and clerks absent without pay. After June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and thirteen, substitute letter carriers in the City Delivery Service and substitute postoffice clerks employed in first and second class post-offices shall be paid at the rate of forty cents an hour when working for a carrier or clerk absent without pay. (37 Stat. 795.)

This was a provision accompanying an appropriation for the pay of letter carriers in the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1914, cited above.

Previous provisions for the pay of substitutes for clerks and carriers ab

sent without pay were made by Act March 3, 1905, c. 1480, § 1, ante, 8 7245. § 7249. (Act March 4, 1913, c. 143.) Pay of substitutes when per

forming work of carriers and clerks on vacation or auxiliary or temporary work; appointments of substitutes to regular

positions. Substitute carriers and substitute clerks when assigned to perform the work of regular employees absent on vacations, or when performing auxiliary or temporary work, shall be paid at the rate of 30 cents an hour. Every substitute carrier and substitute postoffice clerk who has served as such substitute for a period of one year or more shall, when appointed to a regular position, receive the salary of a second grade carrier or clerk, $800 per annum, as his initial salary, and all other promotions shall be regulated according to the classification Act approved March second, nineteen hundred and seven. (37 Stat. 796.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1914, cited above.

The classification act, Act March 2, 1907, c. 2513, mentioned in this sec

tion, is set forth ante, $ 7236. § 7250. (Act March 3, 1885, c. 342, $ 1.) Post-office clerks, assign

ment to duty. Postmasters are authorized, with the approval of the Postmaster-General, to assign at any time any clerk or employé of their respective post-offices to duty in any branch thereof: Provided always, That any employé shall be paid from money-order funds

for such time as he is engaged in money-order work. (23 Stat. 385.)

These were provisions of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal

year 1886, cited above. § 7251. (Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, § 1.) Badges of postal clerks,

route agents, etc. Postal clerks, route agents, and mail route messengers shall not be required to wear uniform other than a cap or badge. (20 Stat. 357.)

This was a provision following an appropriation for railway post-office clerks in the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1880, cited above.

Provisions for the uniform of letter carriers were made by R. S. § 3867, post, & 7275. § 7252. (Act March 1, 1909, c. 232.) Civil pension roll, etc., pro

hibited. The establishment of a civil pension roll or an honorable service roll, or the exemption of any of the officers, clerks, and persons in the postal service from the existing laws respecting employment in such service, is hereby prohibited. (35 Stat. 670.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1910, cited above.

It was preceded by a provision that the appropriations made therein for officers, clerks, and employés should not be available for the compensation of incapacitated persons.

This provision superseded similar provisions of the postal service appropriation acts for previous years.

A similar provision, applicable to all officers, clerks, and employés in the

public service, was made by Act Feb. 24, 1899, c. 187, § 4, ante, & 3266. § 7253. (Act March 4, 1913, c. 143.) Rewards to employés for in

ventions and improvements in service; release by employés of

claims for future compensation. The Postmaster General is hereby authorized to offer and pay periodically a cash reward for the invention, suggestion, or series of suggestions for an improvement or economy in device, design, or process applicable to the postal service submitted by one or more employees of the Post Office Department which shall be deemed the most valuable of those submitted and adopted for use, and for that purpose the sum of $10,000 is hereby appropriated: Provided, That to obtain this reward the winning suggestion or invention must be one that will clearly effect a material economy or increase efficiency: Provided further, That the sums awarded to employees in accordance with this Act shall be paid them in addition to their usual compensation: Provided further, That the total amount paid under the provisions of this Act shall not exceed $1,000 in any month or for any one invention or suggestion: And provided further, That no employee shall be paid a reward under this Act until he has properly executed an agreement to the effect that the use by the United States of the invention, suggestion, or series of suggestions made by him shall not form the basis of a further claim of any nature upon the United States by him, his heirs, or assigns, and that no application for patent has been made for any such invention. (37 Stat. 795.)

These were provisions of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1914, cited above.

They supersede similar but less detailed provisions in the postal service appropriation act for the preceding fiscal year, Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, 8 1, 37 Stat. 545.

§ 7254. (Act May 12, 1910, c. 230.) Additional compensation to

fourth-class postmasters for separating services and for un

usual conditions during portion of year. Hereafter the Postmaster-General may allow to fourth-class postmasters additional compensation for separating services and for unusual conditions during a portion of the year, in lieu of the allowance for clerical services for this purpose now authorized by law. (36 Stat. 359.)

This was a proviso annexed to an appropriation for separating mails at third and fourth class post offices in the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1911, cited above.

§ 7255. (Act March 4, 1911, c. 241, § 1.) Appropriations for un

usual conditions at post-offices; expenditures; limitations; an

nual report. For unusual conditions at post offices, one hundred and forty thousand dollars: Provided, That the expenditure of so much thereof as may be found necessary to carry out the provisions hereinafter set forth, but not in the aggregate to exceed fifty-five thousand dollars, of which amount fifteen thousand dollars is made immediately available, is limited as follows:

Whenever a postmaster in any locality with a population of not more than twenty thousand inhabitants certifies to the department that, owing to unusual conditions in his community, he is unable to secure the services of efficient employees otherwise, the Postmaster General having ascertained the truth of the certification may authorize, in his discretion, the appointment of clerks and letter carriers for that office at such higher rates of compensation, within the present recognized grades, and in the District of Alaska, at higher salaries than one thousand two hundred dollars, as may be necessary in order to insure a proper conduct of the postal business, but not to exceed in the aggregate the sum annually appropriated for said purposes, and in all such cases their salaries shall be paid from the appropriation for unusual conditions, and the Postmaster General shall make report to Congress annually of the places where and the amounts so expended. (36 Stat. 1332.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1912, cited above. The appropriation made was for the particular year only, but the limitations prescribed appear to be applicable also to subsequent annual appropriations.

Limitations similar to some extent were imposed on the similar appropriation for the preceding year, by Act May 12, 1910, c. 230, 36 Stat. 360.

§ 7256. (Act May 27, 1908, c. 206, as amended, Act Aug. 24, 1912,

c. 389, § 11.) Navy mail clerks and assistant navy mail clerks; selection from enlisted men of Navy or Marine Corps; au

thority and duties; oath and bond; compensation. Enlisted men of the United States Navy or Marine Corps may, upon selection by the Secretary of the Navy, be designated by the Post-Office Department as "navy mail clerks" and "assistant navy mail clerks,” who shall be authorized to receive and open all pouches and sacks of mail addressed to naval vessels, to make proper delivery of such mail, to receive matter for transmission in the mails, to receipt for registered matter (keeping an accurate record thereof), to keep and have for sale an adequate supply of postage stamps, to make up and dispatch mails, and other postal duties as may be authorized by the Postmaster-General, all in accordance with such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the commanding officer of the vessel or of the squadron to which the vessel is attached. Each mail clerk and assistant mail clerk shall take the oath of office prescribed for employees of the postal service and shall give bond to the United States in the sum of one thousand dollars for the faithful performance of his duties as such clerk, and shall be amenable in all respects to naval discipline, except that, as to their duties as such clerks, the commanding officers of the vessels upon which they are stationed shall require them to be governed by the postal laws and regulations of the United States. Whenever necessity arises therefor any assistant mail clerk may be required by the commanding officer of the vessel upon which he is stationed or of the squadron to which said vessel is attached to perform the duties of mail clerk. They shall receive as compensation for such services from the Navy Department, in addition to that paid them of the grade to which they are assigned, such sum in the case of mail clerks not to exceed five hundred dollars per annum, and in that of assistant mail clerks not to exceed three hundred dollars per annum, as may be determined and allowed by the Navy Department. (35 Stat. 417. 37 Stat. 560.)

These were provisions of the postal service appropriation act for the fisca. year ending June 30, 1909, cited above.

The amendment of this section by Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, $ 11, cited above, consisted in the insertion, after the words “United States Navy" in the first sentence thereof, of the words "or Marine Corps" as set forth here, for the expressed purpose of authorizing the designation of enlisted men of the Marine Corps as navy mail clerks and assistant navy mail clerks.

Navy mail clerks and assistant navy mail clerks were required to give bond in such penal sum as the Postmaster-General may deem sufficient by Act

Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 3, post, $ 7257. $ 7257. (Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 389, § 3.) Bond of Navy mail clerks.

Every Navy mail clerk and assistant Navy mail clerk shall give bond to the United States in such penal sum as the Postmaster General may deem sufficient for the faithful performance of his duties as such clerk. (37 Stat. 554.)

The designation of Navy mail clerks and assistant Navy mail clerks was authorized, and they were required to give bond in the penal sum of $1,000, by Act May 27, 1908, c. 206, ante, $ 7256.

§ 7258. (Act March 3, 1885, c. 342, § 1.) Premises leased for post

offices. Whenever any building or part of a building under lease becomes unfit for use as a post-office, no rent shall be paid until the same shall be put in a satisfactory condition by the owner thereof for occupation as a post-office, or the lease may be canceled, at the option of the Postmaster-General; and a lease shall cease and terminate whenever a post-office can be moved into a Government building. (23 Stat. 386.)

This was a provision of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal

year 1886, cited above. § 7259. (Act July 24, 1888, c. 702, § 1.) Restrictions on contracts

for rent for third-class post-offices. No contract for rent for a third-class post-office shall be made for a longer period than one year, nor shall the aggregate allowance for rent made in any year exceed the amount appropriated for such purpose. (25 Stat. 345.)

This was a provision following an appropriation for rent, etc., for thirdclass post-offices in the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1889, cited above.

The postal service appropriations acts for a number of years have provided that the Postmaster-General might, in the disbursement of the appropriation for rent, light, and fuel for first, second and third class post-offices, apply a part thereof to the purposes of leasing premises for the use of post-offices of the first, second and third classes at a reasonable annual rental, to be paid quarterly for a term pot exceeding ten years, and that there should not be allowed for the use of any third-class post-office for rent more than a specified sum ($500 in recent years), nor for fuel more than a certain sum ($100 in recent years). The provision for the fiscal year 1914 was by Act March 4, 1913, c. 143, 37 Stat. 795.

§ 7260. (Res. March 24, 1874, No. 6.) Contracts for mail bags,

mail locks, and keys, etc., not limited to one year. The resolution approved January thirty-first, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, entitled "A resolution limiting contracts for stationery and other supplies in the Executive Departments to one year," shall not be held, or construed, to apply to, or include mailbags, mail locks and keys, postal cards, postage stamps, newspaper wrappers, or stamped envelopes. (18 Stat. 286.)

Res. Jan. 31, 1868, No. 8, mentioned in this section was incorporated in R. S. § 3735, ante, 8 6888.

§ 7261. (Act April 21, 1902, c. 563, § 1.) Contracts for supplies

for Supply Division may be made for four years. Hereafter the Postmaster-General is authorized to contract for a term not exceeding four years, for the supply of any or all articles enumerated under the head of "Supply Division," when, in his judgment, it shall appear to be for the best interests of the service. (32 Stat. 114.)

This was a provison of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1903, cited above.

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