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LONDON
SMITH, ELDER, & CO., 15 WATERLOO PLACE

1885

(All rights reserved)

LIST OF

OF WRITERS

IN THE SECOND VOLUME.

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R. A. .... PROFESSOR ADAMSON, LL.D. S. R. G. PROFESSOR S. R. GARDINER, LL.D.
0. A.
OSMUND AIRY.

R. G. RICHARD GARNETT, LL.D.
G. A.
GRAXT ALLEN.

J. W.-G. J. WESTBY-GIBSON, LL.D.
R. E. A. . R. E. ANDERSOX.

A. G-n. ALFRED GOODWIN. A. J. A. SIR ALEXANDER JOHN ARBUTHXOT. G. G. GORDON GOODWIN. K.C.S.I.

A. G. THE REV. ALEXANDER GORDON. T. A. A. T. A. ARCHER.

A. H. G. A. H. GRANT. P. B. A. P. BRUCE AUSTIN.

R. E. G. R. E. GRAVES. W. E. A. A. W. E. A. Axox.

A. B. G. THE Rev. A. B. GROSART, LL.D. J. E. B. J. E. Bailey, F.S.A.

J. A. H. J. A. HAMILTON.
G. F. R. B. G. F. R. BARKER.

R. H. ROBERT HARRISON.
R. B.
THE REV. RONALD BAYNE.

T. F. H. T. F. HENDERSON.
A. H. B-y. A. H. BEESLY.

J. M. H. J. M. HORSBURGH. G. V. B. G. VERE BENSON.

J. H.

Miss JENNETT HUMPHREYS.
G. T. B. G. T. BETTANY.

W. H.. The Rev. William HUNT.
W. G. B... The Rev. PROFESSOR BLAIKIE, D.D. R. H. H. .. R. H. HUTTON.
A. S. B. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL BOLTON. C. F. K. C. F. KEARY.
J. B.
JAMES BRITTEN.

C. K.

CHARLES KENT. R. C. B. R. C. BROWNE.

J. K. JOSEPH KNIGHT. A. R. B. THE REV. A. R. BUCKLAND. J. K. L. J. K. LAUGHTOX. A. H. B. A. H. BULLEN.

H. v. L. HENRI VAN Laux, H. M. C.. H. MANNERS CHICHESTER.

S. L. L. S. L. LEE. A. M. C.. Miss A. M. CLERKE.

S. J. L.. S. J. Low. D. C.... THE LATE DUTTON Cook.

W. B. L. THE Rev. W. B. LOWTHER. T. C. THOMPSON COOPER, F.S.A.

G. P. M. G. P. MACDONELL. C. H. C. C. H. COOTE.

J. M-L. John MACDONELL. J. S. C.. J. S. COTTON.

Æ. M. Æneas Mackay, LL.D.
W. P. C. W. P. COURTNEY.

J. A. F. M. J. A. FULLER MAITLAND.
THE Rev. PROFESSOR CREIGHTON. C. T. M. C. T. MARTIN.
A. D.
AUSTIN DOBSON.

T. M. Sir THEODORE Martin, K.C.B. E. D. PROFESSOR DOWDEN, LL.D. J. M.

JAMES MEw.
T. F. T. D. Tye Rev. T. F. THISELTON DYER. N. M.. NORMAN MOORE, M.D.
F. E. .... Francis ESPINASSE,

J. B. M. J. Bass MuLLINGER.
T. F.

THE REV. PROFESSOR FOWLER. J. H. 0. The Rev. Canon OVERTON. J. G. ... JAMES GAIRDNER,

J. F. P. J. F. PAYNE, M.D.

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| W. R. W. S. The Rev. Canon STEPHENS.
H. R. T. H. R. TEDDER.
E. M. T. E. MAUNDE THOMPSON.
R. E. T. R. E. THOMPSON, M.D.
T. F. T. PROFESSOR T. F. Tour.
W. H. T... W. H. TREGELLAS.
C. W.. CORNELIUS WALFORD, F.S.A.
T. W. THEODORE WALROND, C.B.
H. T. W... H. TRUEMAN WOOD.
W. W.... WARWICK WROTH.

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DICTIONARY

OF

NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY

I

Annesley

Annesley ANNESLEY, ALEXANDER (d. 1813), time is borne by Mr. Cornelius Walford in legal and political writer, was a London his 'Insurance Cyclopædia’(i. 96) published solicitor and member of the Inner Temple. in 1871. Annesley contributed largely to After many years' practice, by which he Tomlin's ‘Law Dictionary,' and to the Edinacquired a large fortune, he retired to Hyde burgh Encyclopædia.' Hall, Hertfordshire, and died there on 6 Dec. 1813. Annesley was a man of many accom- 24, lxxxiv. 94, where a memoir may be found;

[Gent. Mag. lxx. 1270, lxxi. 58, lxxviii. 419plishments, paid repeated visits to the con- Brit. Mus. Cat.; Annesley's Works.] S. L. L. tinent, and was an enthusiastic sportsman. In politics he followed Pitt. His works, ANNESLEY, ARTHUR, first EARL OF which evince wide historical reading, are : ANGLESEY (1614–1686), was born at Dublin 1. "Strictures on the true Cause of the present on 10 July 1614. His father, Sir Francis Analarming Scarcity of Grain and Provisions, nesley [q.v.],better known as the Lord Mountand a Plan for permanent Relief,' 1800. The norris of Strafford's rule in Ireland, had held pamphlet was dedicated to Pitt, and at high office under James I and Charles I for tempted to trace the cause of the high prices forty years. His mother's name was Dorothy of the time to the rage for accumulating Phillips. In 1624 he was sent to England, wealth' which led the merchants to raise and in 1630 to Magdalen College, Oxford, prices by arbitrarily restricting production. where he took his degree in 1634' (Wood's To meet the evil, Annesley proposed boun- Ath. O.zon.iv. 181, and Happy Future State of ties on production rather than on importation, England, p. 3). In the same year he joined an excise on all grain, the establishment of Lincoln's Inn. Having made the grand tour, public granaries and additional corn-mills.' he returned to Ireland in 1640. It is stated He justly protested in behalf of the poor (COLLINS's Peerage; Biographia Britannica) against the methods employed in enclosing that he was then elected for Radnor county, common lands, and advocated a system of but that he at once lost his seat upon petition, peasant proprietorship by colonising the com- and that Charles Price, Esq., was elected in mon lands with superannuated soldiers and his place. This is a mistake. No such vote sailors, beginning as an experiment with the occurs in the Commons' Journals. Moreover New Forest. 2. Observations on the Danger it appears (Parl. Hist. ii. 629) that Charles of a Premature Peace,' 1800. 3. 'A Com- Price was the first member elected, but that pendium of the Law of Marine Insurance, he was disabled, and that Annesley succeeded Bottomry, Insurance on Lives, and of In- him, though it is uncertain when; and his surance against Fire, in which the mode admirer, Sir W. Pett, says nothing about his of calculating averages is defined and il- being a member until 1647 (Happy Future lustrated by example, 1808. A brief his- State of England, p. 5)., . It is affirmed also tory of English commerce and navigation that Annesley sat in the king's parliament at forms the introduction to the treatise, and Oxford in 1643. Not only, however, does very full references are given to the leading his name not occur in the list, but that of law cases bearing on the subject. It is dedi- Charles Price does (Parl. Hist. iii. 219). cated to John Julius Angerstein. Testimony These mistakes have doubtless arisen from to the usefulness of the book at the present a careless misreading of the passage in

VOL. II.

B

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