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still deeper. The Wolf, opening wide his tremendous jaws, endeavoured to devour them, and rushed upon them with violence. Which the Gods seeing, thrust a sword into his mouth, which pierced his under jaw up to the hilt, so that the point touched his palate. The howlings which he then made were horrible; and since that time, the foam fows continually from his mouth, in such abundance that it forms a river, called Vam, or The Vices. But that monfter shall break his chain at the Twilight of the Gods,, that is, at the end of the world (A).

Such is the wicked race engendered by Loke. Hereupon Gangler says to Har, But since the Gods have so much to fear from the Wolf, and from all the other monsters whom · Loke' hath produced ; why have they not put them to death? Har replied, The Gods have so much respect for the sanctity of their tribunals, and cities of

peace (B), that they will not have them ftained with the blood of the Wolf; although the oracles have intimated to them, that he will one day be destructive to ODIN.



(A) " At the end of lofophic doctrine of the “ the world.”] It can Celtes, Stoiks, and some not be doubted that the

eastern sayes, which afWolf is the emblem of firms that the world and the Evil Principle, or of the inferior Gods must fome power at enmity one day yield to their with nature. The river enemies, and be again reof Vices, said to flow from produced, in order to fulthe foam of his mouth, is fil a new series of destin one of those strokes which nies. manifestly indicate an allegory. I fall show in (B) “ The fanctity of another place, that the

their cities of paffage we have now read, "peace.”] There were as well as all of the same cities, where the holikind occurring in the ED ness of the place forbad DA, are no other than fi, all quarrels and blood. gurative, and poetic ways shed, of propounding that phi


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G Goddeles ?

ANGLER asks, Who are the

Goddesses ? The principal, replies Har, is FRIGGA (A), who hath a magnificent palace, named Fenfaler, or the Divine Abode; The second is called 'SAGA: EIRA performs the function of physician to the Gods (B). GEFIONE is a virgin, and takes into her service, all chaste maids after their death. FYLLA, who is also a virgin, wears her beautiful locks flowing over her shoulders. Her head is adorned with a golden ribband. She is entrusted with the toilette, and slippers of Frigga *; and admitted into the most important fecrets of that Goddess. FREYA is the most illustrious of the Goddesses, next to Frigga.

* The Icelandic is, Ok ber eski Friggiar : Ok gietr skokletha hennar, &c. i. e. according to Goranson's Latin version, “ Eique Pyxis Friggæ concredita eft, ut " et ejusdem Calcei.



She married a person named Oder, and brought him a daughter named Nosa, so very handsome, that whatever is beautiful and precious is called by her name. But Oder left her, in order to travel into very remote countries. Since that time Freya continually weeps, and her tears are drops of pure gold. She has a great variety of names; for having gone over many countries in search of her husband, each people gave her a different name; some calling her Vanadis, or the Goddess of Hope, &c. &c. She wears a very rich chain of gold. The seventh Goddess is SIONA. She employs herself in turning mens hearts and thoughts to love, and in making young men and maidens well with each other. Hence lovers bear her name. LOVNA is so good and gracious, and accords so heartily to the tender vows of men, that by a peculiar power which Odin and Frigga have given her, she can reconcile lovers the most at variance. VARA, the ninth Goddess, presides over the oaths that men make, and particularly over the promises of lovers. She is attentive to all concealed engagements of that kind, and punishes those who keep not their plighted troth: Vora is prudent, and wise, and so penetrating and curious, that nothing can remain hid from her. SYNIA is the portress Vol. II,




the proverb,

of the palace, and shuts the gates against all those who ought not to enter : she also presides in trials, where any thing is about to be denied upon oath; whence

Signia is not far from him “ who goes about to deny.” The twelfth is called LYNA. She has the care of those whom Frigga intends to deliver from peril. Snotra is a wise and intelligent Goddess ; men and women who are prudent and virtuous bear her name. GnA is the mes- senger whom Frigga dispatches into the various worlds, to perform her commands. She has a horse which runs over the air (c), and across the waters *.

They reckon also Sol and Bil in the number of the

Afes, or' Divinities; but their nature hath been already explained to you +. There are, besides, a great many virgins : who officiate in Valhall, pouring out Beer and Ale for the Heroes, and taking care of the cups, and whatever belongs to the table. To this refers what is said in. the poem of Grimnis, “ I wish Rista and

Mifta would supply me with the drink“ing horns; for they are the nymphs who fhould give cups to the Heroes.” These



* The curious reader will find an additional passage here in Goranson's Latin translation. + This, I suppose, refers to FABEE VI, &c. T. 1


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