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the Edda. As for Gylte, in the north, given in the
used in the last sent fo casily distinguished. sense, and that the arrival It will be neceffary here, of Odin from Afia was a to refer the reader to the
meer fiction, founded on account of Odin's arrival the resemblance of sounds; * Fr. Dans toutes les Branches de la langue Celtique,
or that he certainly came
celebrated ancient SCALD, from Vandalia, at present who compofed a long Pomerania. I refer the poem, containing the hireader to the work itself, story of more than thirty for the reasons on which princes of Norway. We this conjecture is founded; see in the text SNORRO's which would deserve the
care to quote almost alpreference for its fimpli- ways his authorities for city, if a uniform and whatever he relates: This ancient tradition did not will appear throughout place the original country
his work. He has perof the Scandinavians in sued the same method in the neighbourhood of the his great Chronicle, where Tanais, See Vol. I. c. we find every fact conIV, &c.
firmed by a fragment of
fome old historical poem. (B) “ By their inchant This shows, at the same «ments.”] It should be
time, both the great eruremembered that the au.
dition of this historian, thor of the EDDA was a and the amazing quantity Christian: On this ac of such kind of verses that count he is unwilling to fubfifted in his time. In allow Odin the honour of like manner among the having performed real mi
Gauls, their ancient poems racles. It was believed, were so numerous, that indeed, in our author's the young people found time, that it was impoffi- fufficient employment for ble to do supernatural
several years in commits things, but that yet there ting them to memory: was an art of persuading others that they saw them (0) Three thrones done. The fame opinion
$6 and on each fat ftill prevails among many
nan.”] In the MS. of our contemporaries, copy of the EDDA pres [This note is only in the first served at Upsal, there is edit. of the orig.]
a representation or draw
ing (very rudely done, as (c) " Diodolfe thus may be supposed) of these “ describes it.”] Dio three thrones, and of the dolfe, or Thiodolfe, was a three persons fisting on
them. They have crowns He found therefore at A
• These figures bear so them, perhaps allude to
their rank and employ-
pictures of the Trinity, position, there will be no-
gined them to be an al But I must here repeat it,
pose it was already thology, ODIN the con-
where confounded with cient Pagans.' T. Odin the supreme Deity :
Whose name was usurped
throughout this whole the founder of the worship
* The reader may find it engraven on a copper-plate in Bartholini Causa contempta à Danis mortis, &c. pag. 473. 4to,
T. Ś The reader will remember the distinction made in pag. 60, 88, 89, &c of the preceding volume.
THE FIRST FABLE.
Questions of Gangler.
ANGLER thus began his discourse.
Who is the supreme or first of the Gods ? Har answers: We call him here ALFADER, or the universal father ; but in the ancient Asgard, he hath twelve names
Gangler asks; Who * is this God? What is his power ? and what hath he done to display his glory (B)? Har replies; He lives for ever ; he governs all his kingdom ; and directs the great things as well as the small. Jafnhar adds: He hath formed the heaven, the earth, and the air. Thridi proceeds, He hath done more; he hath made man, and given him a spirit or soul, which shall live, even after the body shall have mouldered away.
And then all the just shall dwell with him in a place
* Goranfon translates this, Ubi est hic deus ? HUAR ES SA GUD? Where is this God? Which is doubtless the true meaning. T. B 4
named Gimle (or Vingolf, the palace of friendlhip:) But wicked men shall go to HELA, or death, and from thence to Niflheim, or the abode of the wicked, which is below in the ninth world. Gangler then asked, how this God was employed before he made the heaven and the earth Har replied, He was then with the Giants (c). But, says Gangler, With what did he begin? or what was the beginning of things? Hear, replied Har, what is said in the poem of the VOLUSPA. " At the
beginning of time, when nothing was
yet formed, neither Thore, nor fea, noč « foundations beneath ; the earth was no " where to be found below, nor the hea« ven above : All was one vast abyss (D), “ without plant or verdure." Jafnhar added, Many winters before the earth ' was made, Nifheim (E) or Hell was formed, and in the middle of it is a fountain named Hvergelmer. From this fountain run the following rivers, Anguilh, the Enemy of Joy, the Abode of Death, Perdition, the Gulph, the Tempest, the Whirlwind, the Bellowing and Howling, the Abyss. That which is called the Roaring runs near the grates of the Abode of Death.