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Har answered him. The rivers, called Elivages, flowed so far from their sources, that the venom which they rolled along became hard, like the scoria of a furnace when it grows cold. Hence was formed the ice; which stopped and flowed no more.

Then all the venom that was beginning to cover it, also became frozen: And thus many strata of congealed vapours were formed, one above another, in the vast abyss, Jafnhar added ; By this means that part of the abyss which lies towards the north, was filled with a mass of gelid vapours and ice; whilst the interior parts of it were replete with whirlwinds and tempests. Directly opposite to it, rose the south part of the abyss, formed of the lightnings and sparks which flow from the world of fire. Then Thridi proceeded, and said ; By this means a dreadful freezing wind came from the quarter of Nifheim, whilst whatever lay opposite to the burning world was heated and enlightened. And as to that part of the abyss which lay between these two extremes ; it was light and serene like the air in a calm. A breath of heat then spreading itself over the gelid vapours, they melted into drops; and of these drops were formed a man, by the power of him who governed (B). This man was named YMIR; the Giants call 4

him

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him Aurgelmer. From him are descended all the families of the Giants; according to that of the Voluspa;

« The prophetes“ ses are all come of Vittolfe, the spectres o of Vilmode, and the Giants of YMIR.” And in another place; « The rivers Eli

vages have run drops of poison ; and " there blew a wind, whence a Giant was " formed: From him came all the fami“ lies of the Giants.” Then spake Gangler, and said, How did this family of YMIR spread itself? Or do ye believe that he was a God? Jafnhar replied, we are far from believing him to have been a God; for he was wicked, as were all his posterity. Whilst he slept, he fell into a sweat, and from the pit of his left arm were born a male and female. One of his feet begot upon the other a fon, from whom is defcended the race of the Giants, called from their original, the Giants of the Frost (c).

REMARKS ON THE SECOND FABLE.

(a) Muspels-heim fig bable for its being so cold nifies, the abode or reli towards the north, and dence of MUSPEL * But warm towards the south. who is this Muspel? Of For this purpose they this we are intirely igno- . placed, towards the south, rant. The ancient fages a huge mass of fire, which of the north were desirous

they supposed had been to explain how the world

there for ever, and served had been framed, and to as a residence to wicked advance fomething pro

Genii. This was the • Literally, Mufgel's Home, T.

matter

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matter of which the was placed, in process of
Sun was, made. This time, the earth which
Ether, or Fire, so placed we inhabit. If we read
at one extremity of the the fragment of Sancho-
world, enabled them also piathon, preserved by Eu-
to affign a probable rea febius, De Prep. I. 2. C.10.
son for its final confla we shall find there a hir-
gration; for they were tory of the formation of
absolutely persuaded, that the world, very much re-
it would at the last day sembling this.
be consumed by fire. And
as to the north, it was (B) « By the power
continually cold there,

is of him who governo because opposite to that ( ed.”] Here we have quarter lay immense the pleasure to observe, mountains of ice. But that our philosophers faw whence came that ice? the necessity of having reNothing could be more course to the intervention easily accounted for ; for of a Deity in forming the Hell, which had been pre world. The vivifying pared from the beginning breath here mentioned, of ages, was watered by seems to carry in it a thofe great rivers men strong affinity to the tioned in the preceding “ Breath of Life” which fable; and those great

God breathed into the rivers themselves, in flow noftrils of the first man; ing at fo vaft distance according to the phrase from the south, whilst the of Scripture, Gen. chap. course of their streams ii. ver. 7.-One cannot carried them till fartber doubt that the Celtic and from it, froze at last in Gothic nations, as well their currents, and swell as the Persians, and most ed into huge heaps of ice, of the Orientals, derived which communicated a many of their traditions chilliness to the northern from Scripture. winds. Between that world of fire and this of (c) to Giants of the ice, there lay a grand “ Frost.”] There would abyss, which contained be no end of amassing all nothing but air ; and here

the ancient traditions

which

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which some way or other Eblis.

Eblis.YMIR having relate to the subject of the been formed, as we fee, text. It hath been a gene out of the congealed ral opinion in the east, that drops, all the Giants de God began with creating scended from him are Genii, both good and called, upon that account, bad, of very immense THE GIANTS OF THE powers: who for a long rost. It must be obtime before we existed, ferved, that these Giants inhabited a world prior to are a species intirely dis, this of ours. One may tinct from the men of our fee in Herbelot, whát race, the Edda having the Persians relate con not yet given any account cerning the Dives, Nere; of THEIR formation. Peris, and their king

VOL. II.

с

THE

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G

ANGLER then desired to know

where the Giant Ymir dwelt, and in what manner he was fed. Har answered, Immediately after this breath from the south had melted the gelid vapours, and resolved them into drops, there was formed out of them a Cow named OEdumla. Four rivers of milk flowed from her teats, and thus she nourished Ymir. The cow, in her türn, supported herself by licking the rocks that were covered with salt and hoar-frost. The first day that the licked these rocks, there sprung from her, towards evening, the hairs of a man; the second day, a head; on the third, an intire man, who was endowed with beauty, agility, and power.

He was called Bun and was the father of Bore, who married Beyzla, the daughter of the Giant Baldorn. Of that marriage were born three fons, Odin, Vile, and Vei and 'tis our beler,

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