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of ODIN * Thus have you good reason to say, that Odin is the greatest and most mighty of Lords; which is also confirmed to us by these verses, composed in honour of the Gods. ". The Ath Udrasil is the “ greatest of Trees; Skidbladner, of Vessels ; « Odin, of Gods; Sleipner, of Horses; Bi

frost, of Bridges; Bragè, of Scalds, or Po“ ets; Habroc, of Hawks; and Garnier, «s of Hounds.”

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* The reader will find a considerable addition here in Goranson's Latin Verfion.



(A) " When the wolf as they could depend on 6 FENRIS arrives at the at the last times. “ last day.”] I have already remarked, that the (B) “ The heroes are EDDA never loses fight of 66 fed with the fat of this that grand event, the De

os animal.”]

This destruction of the World. scription of the palace of The inferior Gods were, Odin is a natural picture at that time, to undergo of the manners of the anrude assaults. This was cient Scandinavians and pointed at in the preced Germans. Prompted by ing fable; where a rea the wants of their cli. son is assigned why Frey mate, and the impulse of will not be able to resist their own temperament, the attacks of the evil they form to themselves a Genii. It was owing to delicious paradise in their this expectation that the

own way; where they inferior Gods received

were to eat and drink, with pleasure warriors of and fight. The women approved valour, and such to whom they assign a


place there, are introduc

took it in a very grave ed for no other purpose, and serious light. but to fill their cups. One wild boar furnishes (c) “ To inebriate all out the whole of this ce the Heroes.”] Wine was leftial banquet : for, not very scarce in those times, very nice, they were only and almost

and almost unknown. solicitous about the quan- Beer was, perhaps, a tity of their food. The liquor too vulgar for the flesh of this animal, as Heroes t; the EDDA well as that of the Hog, therefore makes them was formerly the favou drink Hydromel, or rite meat of all these na. MBAD, a beverage in tions. The ancient Franks great esteem among_all were no less fond of it; the German nations. The a herd of swine was, in ancient Franks made great their eyes, an affair of

use of it. Gregory of such importance, that the Tours, speaking of a cersecond chapter of the Sa tain lord who generally lic Law, consisting of drank it, adds, Ut mos twenty articles, is wholly barbarorum habet. Greg; taken up in inflicting pe

Turon. L. 8. c. 3. nalties on those who stole them. In Gregory of (D) “ 'They cut one Tours,

66 another in pieces.”] gond, in order to alienate From this paffage of the the mind of the king from EDDA, we may form to one Nectarius, blackens ourselves an idea of the him with the crime of amusements of the anhaving stolen a great ma

cient Goths and' Celtes. ny Gammons or Hams, When they were not enfrom the place where K. gaged in any real war, Chilperic laid up his pro they endeavoured by the visions. The king did representation of battles, not consider this at all as to gratify that fierce disa a laughing matter, but position which made them

queen Frede

+ Yet we find in some of the Icelandic odes, the Heroes rejoicing in the expectation that they should quaft Beer out of the sculls of their enemies, when once they were received into Valhall, or the palace of ODIN, See below, Regner Ludbrog's Ode in this Volume,



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fond of the profession of have been given them, arms.

" The Goths imply not necessarily their “ extremely fond of first beginning. In fact, " throwing their darts, we have never seen, nor ". and handling their ever shall fee, any imporarms ;

and it is their tant custom spring up allat “ daily practice, to divert once, and establish itself 66 themselves with mock with success, without there “ fights :” says Isidore in having existed something his Chronic. The same analogous to it beforeprevailed among the hand, to prepare and lead Gauls, and Germans, as men's minds: to adopt it. is plain froin a passage in To return to the Pathe fragments of Varro. LACE of ODIN ; in order To this custom we may

that the Heroes might reascribe the rise and efta- pair. betimes in the mornblishment of Justings and ing to the celestial. TiltTurnaments. There are Yard, there was a Cock many institutions of this in the neighbourhood, kind, whose origin is no which awaked them. Ar lefs ancient, lost in the the great day of the over- : clouds of a very remote

throw of the world, the antiquity, whatever some fhrill screams of this bird learned men may affert, will be the first fignal of who aflign them much the approach of the evil later eras not confider Genii. This particular ing that customs are com is related in the VOLUSmonly more ancient than

PA, a poem wherein we the first historian who have some flashes of true“, speaks of them; and that poetic fire, amidst a great a new name, or more re deal of smoke. The pasgular form, which may fage is this:

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" That animal which gives such a brilliancy to his ? 6 golden crest, hach already pierced with his cries the " abode of the Gods: he hath awakened the Heroes; " they run to their arms; they run to the Father of “ Armies. To bis screams answer, under ground, the "dismal cries of the Black Cock, which dwells in the “ palace of Death,” See Barthol. Antiq. Dan. p. 563


Of the Horse Sleipner, and his Origin.


ANGLER asked ; Whence comes

the horse Sleipner, which you mentioned; and to whom does he belong ? Har replied, His origin is very wonderful. One day a certain architect came, and offered his service to the Gods, to build them, in the space of two years, a city so well fortified that they should be perfectly safe from the incursions of the Giants, even although they should have already penetrated within the inclosure of Midgard; but he demanded for his reward the Goddess Freyà, together with the Sun and Moon. After long deliberation, the Gods agreed to his terms, provided he would finish the whole himself without any one's assistance; and all within the space of one single winter. But if any thing should remain to be finished on the first day of summer, he should intirely forfeit the recompense agreed on. On being


acquainted with this, the architect ftipulated that he should be allowed the use of his horse. And to this the Gods, by the advice of Loke, assented. This agreement was confirmed by many oaths, and concluded in the presence of many witnesses; for without this precaution, a Giant would not have thought himself safe among the Gods, especially if Thor had been returned from the expedition he had then taken into the east, to conquer the Giants. From the very first night then this workman caused his horse to draw stones of an immense bulk; and the Gods saw with surprize, that this creature did much more work, than his master himself. The winter however was far advanced, and towards the latter end of it, this impregnable city had almost attained the summit of perfection. In short, when the full time was now expired all but three days, nothing was wanting to compleat the work, except the gates, which were not yet put up.. Then the Gods entered into consultation, and inquired of one another who among them it was that could have advifed to marry Freya into the country of the Giants; and to plunge the sky and heavens into darkness, by permitting the Sun and Moon to be carried away. They all agreed. that Loke was the author of that bad counfel, and that he should be put to a most VOL. II, I


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