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The origin and growth of the Essay-debts to Hobbes and Gassendi—the

abstract of it in the Bibliothèque Universelle '-the order of its



The purpose and method of the “Essay '-Book 1. : So-called “Innate

Principles "-- Book II.: Ideas; their Origin ; Sensation and Reflec-
tion; Primary and Secondary Qualities ; Simple and Complex
Ideas; Pleasure and Pain, Good and Evil, Happiness and Misery;
Power and Liberty, Will and “Free Will”-- Book III.: Words ;
their Object, Use and Abuse--Book IV.: Knowledge ; its Nature,
Degrees and Extent ; Reason its only Test ; the


method of
Ethics ; the Existence of God; the Validity of Revelation 1034134

The value of the 'Essay'—its chief merit--its chief blemish


The accession of William and Mary-Locke's share in the Revolution-his

refusal of ambassadorship to Brandenburg—his appointment as com-
missioner of appeals—relations with the Earl of Monmouth-the
comprehension and toleration bills-Locke's views thereon-his occu-
pations at this time—Sir John Somers and the parliamentary elections
in 1690—political changes

142 -164
Locke's 'Two Treatises of Government'--his answer to Sir Robert

Filmer's Patriarcha'-his Essay on * Civil Government;' man in
“the state of nature ;” Locke's law of property; "the origin and

extent of civil government ;” legislative and executive power, and

their limits; representation of the people ; Locke's justification of

the Revolution-the value of his second treatise


Locke's ' Epistola de Tolerantia' and its English version as "A Letter

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