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and to no benefit. At this period some published letters of exiled Hungarian leaders, upon the merits of Kossuth, reached the country, and much cooled the public sentiment in his favor. Besides this, President Fillmore, in compliance with a resolution of Congress, transmitted copies of the correspondence between officers of the Mississippi and some American consuls in Europe, and the government concerning Kossuth. They showed distrust of his plans, and expressed great dissatisfaction at the marks of respect which were paid him at the various ports on the Mediterranean at which the Mississippi had touched. His returning thanks to "the people” of Marseilles, who cheered him from boats in the harbor, was especially censured : “liberty of speech” having been considered as a liberty too great to be taken with the subjects of Louis Napoleon, even from the decks of an American national vessel, under the star'd and striped flag, that freemen have, perhaps erroneously, deemed the emblem of Liberty the world over, and if so, they should in all humility ask pardon for so monstrous an offense.

In March, Kossuth reached St. Louis, and from thence he passed down the Mississippi, and following along the seaboard States of the South he ended his tour by a visit to the New England States. Throughout the South he was generally received with coldness and distrust, but on reaching the soil of New England, he was greeted with something of the same fervor that had previously attended him at the North and West. On the 16th of July, Kossuth left the country in a steamer for England, after the most extraordinary tour of modern times. He had failed in the main object of his mission, the enlistment of our government in his doctrine of intervention in European politics.

One of the most interesting of all the incidents which had marked his tour, was his visit to the bedside of the great-hearted and genial Henry Clay, then near his end. The venerable patriot had witnessed with alarm the wild furor with which the American people had welcomed this distinguished foreigner, and fearing that his seductive eloquence would betray his countrymen into an armed crusade in behalf of Republicanism in Europe, he summoned Kossuth to his dying bed, to dissuade him against the dissemination of doctrines that he considered not only of no avail to the cause of liberty on the continent, but which he feared would prove in the end disastrous to his own beloved country, to whose welfare a long life of persevering service had attested his devotion.

The visit of Kossuth to the United States was instructive and not unproductive of good results. It was a pleasant interlude in the keen excitement and hurry of American life, for the masses to pause and listen to this surpassing orator upon the vital topics of liberty, and the rights of man; and it was gratifying to observe from how, down deep in the public heart came the response to those ideas which form the fonndation of all that makes us great as a people. It was amusing to witness the excitement of some ordinarily very grave citizens, who bawled themselves hoarse in their welcomes to the famous Hungarian. Equally amusing was it to observe the disgust of others of jaundiced temperaments at all this popular frenzy, and the expressions of distrust that came from some people, who meant well, but who philosophized unhappily. Others there were, too, we were astonished to find, that, although to "the manor born” we had to judge were " Bourbons among us;" for so strong was the evidence they gave that they had no sympathy in these subjects, that we could but wish that they might pass the rest of their days under the most grinding despotism, to get ample experience to the pleasantness of the sensation. Poor Chevalier Hülsemann, whose bout with Webster was fresh in the public memory, was in sors distress, and indited several letters to our government, protesting against the attentions that were being shown to Kossuth ; the last, a bitter complaint that no notice had been deigned to his communications.

And the crowds that followed Kossuth! What a variety of character for observation! and what a variety of motive that drew them together! --the keen and miserably selfish politician, ready to rise on the wave of popular opinion to popularity and a fat office the simple hearted school-boy, big with a boy's thoughts, and the thoughts in Fourth of July orations--the ladies, and in crushing masses, too! all talking at once, half crazy with excitement, pushing against each other, and pushing against the men, and then raising on tip-toe to get a peep at a foreigner with a long beard, a wig-he had lost his hair in an Austrian dungeon--mild blue eye, winning smile, and a most musical voice, that was continually pleading in sad tones for “poor, , down-trodden Hungary,” in utterances, too, of that broken English that always seems so artless, because so like the half-formed words of little children.

Of Kossuth, it has been said, “He is the living leader of a lost cause. His country is ruined-its nationality destroyed, and through his efforts. Yet the Hungarian people lay not this ruin to his charge; and the first lesson taught the infant Magyar is a blessing upon his name. Yet whatever the future may have in store, his efforts have not been lost efforts. The tree which he planted in blood, and agony, and tears, though its tender shoots have been trampled down by the Russian bear, will yet spring up again to gladden, if not his heart, yet those of his children, or his children's children. The man may perish, but the cause endures."


THE RESCUE OF MARTIN KOSTA FROM THE AUSTRIANS, AT SMYRNA. In the summer of 1853, an incident occurred in Smyrna, Turkey, which showed such fearless intrepidity in an American naval officer, in the rescue of one of the Hungarian refugees, who had been seized and carried a prisoner on board an Austrian man-of-war, that when the news of that event reached America, a thrill of pride and of joy ran through all the land.

This officer was Captain Ingraham, of the United States Corvette, St. Louis, and a native of South Carolina. The Hungarian who was thus rescued from an imprisonment, designed to have terminated in his execution, was a young man named Martin Kosta, who had been a captain in the Hungarian army, and who had subsequently emigrated to the United States. Various accounts of this event were published at the time, but that which we annex is extracted from a letter of an officer on board the American vessel, Passed Midshipman Charles B. Smith, of St. Louis Mo., to his brother, then in Paris.

“We arrived at Smyrna the 23d of June. Immediately after our arrival, our consul came on board and informed Captain Ingraham that the Austrian consul had, in the most shameful manner, seized upon the body of Martin Kosta, a Hungarian refugee, upon whose head Austria had set a great price. Kosta had belonged to Kossuth's suite, and while in New York had obtained a paper from the New York State authorities, declaring his intention of becoming a citizen of the United States. He left the United States temporarily, after staying there nearly two years, and came to Sinyrna, where, on the 22d of June, while sitting in a cafè, he was seized by three Greek hirelings of the Austrian consul, and carried on board of the Austrian brig-of-war Hussar, to be conveyed as a prisoner to Trieste. Our captain inmediately boarded the brig, and demanded to see Kosta. At first he was told he was not on board ; but finally he visited the Austrian consul and declared he would see Trim--that he believed him to be an American citizen, and he would have him at all hazards ! Ingraham then again boarded the Austrian vessel, and asked Kosta these, among other questions: When he left the United States ?' 'Why he did so ?' and

if he was an American citizen ?' To these questions he replied: 'I came to Smyrna to settle I am not an American. This was in the presence of the Austrian officers.

Nothing then could be done. But Captain Ingraham was not satisfied, as Kosta held a paper from the New York State authorities, swearing to become a citizen of the United States; and he therefore wrote immediately to our minister at Constantinople, who replied in a very indicisive and evasive letter, The captain again wrote to him-Mr. Brown.

On the 30th of June, a letter was sent on board from the shore, signed • Humanitas,' praying in pleading terms the interference of our captain for Kosta.

As Captain Ingraham had not received a second reply from Mr. Brown, he was determined that the man should not be conveyed by steamer to Trieste until Mr. Brown had replied. We immediately got under weigh and stood down, anchoring near the brig, fearing she might, unknown to us, send Kosta on board the steamer, as it was our intention, should he be taken on board, and the steamer put to sea, to go after her and release him. Of course protests against his removal were made by our consul and captain to the Austrian consul, under whose directions the captain of the Austrian brig was acting

In the meantime, an Austrian schooner-of-war came into port. Next morning our captain received a letter authorizing him to take Kosta, be it by force : the letter stating that he, being an outlaw of Austria, and holding the paper he did, necessarily belonged to the United States. Captain Ingraham immediately boarded the brig, and demanded to see Kosta, and asked him again :

Are you an American?
I am.'
Do you demand protection of the American flag ?'
*I do.'

This time, which was on the 2d of July, the captain saw Kosta alone : before it was in the presence of the Austrian captain, when he thought,

from the manner in which he made his replies, that he was frightened. Captain Ingraham then informed the Austrian captain of the letter which he had received, and, of course, his orders; and added that he would give him four hours in which to deliver Kosta up. The other replied, 'It rests with the Austrian consul.' At nine o'clock the American consul came on board, and told Captain Ingraharn to lengthen the time, whereupon 3 letter was sent, giving until four o'clock, P. M. At eleven o'clock, A. M., we cleared ship for action, as did the Austrian brig, schooner, and two steamers. We mounted twenty guns, viz: four sixty-eight pounders, and sixteen thirty-two pounders; the Austrian brig sixteen thirty-two pound carronades; the schooner ten twelve pound carronades, and the two steamers each four twelve pound carronades. We carried two hundred men, and they, in all, two hundred and forty.

All preparations were made, and thousands flocked to the shore to witness the fight. A committee of gentlemen on shore, not wishing to see bloodshed and indeed it would have been a hard fight-called upon the Austrian consul, and the matter was arranged by delivering Kosta up to the care of the French consul, who is responsible for his body, to be delivered only by the agreement of the Austrian and American consuls. So the matter now rests with the two governments. These are the unvarnished facts of the occurrence. .

At four o'clock, P. M., Kosta was landed amid the cheering of thousands for · America and Kosta. Parties were given, and the hospitalities of the whole town were extended us—there were no persons like the Americans. That same evening, after Kosta's deliverance, a steamboat filled with ladies and gentlemen came near our ship, serenading us, and shouting most deafening cheers for our flag.”

After a lapse of some time, Kosta was set at liberty, and returned and settled in the United States. No single event within our day has given more wide satisfaction than the noble conduct of our naval officer in rescuing this unfortunate man on his demand for American protection. While in the exercise of his benevolent impulses, Captain Ingraham was firm and fearless, even to the point of battling with the whole Austrian fleet; yet when it was all over, and Kosta relieved from peril, it is said, with a modesty peculiar to his nature, he was under apprehension of being censured for it by his countrymen at home! This event also created much comment in Europem indignation at the despotic seizure of Kosta on the neutral soil of Turkey, and admiration for the heroism of Ingraham, whose conduct greatly tended to raise the American character in the estimation of foreigners.

The Austrian government addressed a protest to the various crowned heads of Europe, against the act of Captain Ingraham, and a correspondence also ensued on the subject between Chevalier Hülsemann and Mr. Marcy, the American Secretary of State, in which the latter fully sustained the conduct of Ingraham, declaring that Kosta, when seized, had the national character of an American, and that the United States had the right to extend its protection over

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