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down from heaven, who had great authority *; and the 2 earth was enlightened with his glory. And he cried + t

with a strong voice, saying, “ The great Babylon is fallen, is fallen ; and is become a dwelling-place of de

mons, and a $ haunt of every unclean spirit, and a 3 haunt of every unclean and hateful bird. For all the na

tions have drunk of the wine of the fury of her fornication; and the kings of the earth have committed fornica

tion with her, and the merchants of the earth have been 4 made rich through the abundance of her luxury.” And

I heard another voice from heaven, saying, « Come out

of her, my people; that ye be not partakers of her sins, 5 5 and that ye receive not of her scourges: for her sins have

reached to heaven ; and God hath remembered her ini6 quities. Render to her as she also hath rendered $; and

repay her double, according to her works : in the cup 7 which she hath mixed, mix to her double. By how

much she hath glorified herself, and lived luxuriously, so much torment and mourning give her : for she saith in

her heart, “I sit as a queen, and am not a widow, and 8 shall not see mourning. Therefore her scourges shall

come in one day, pestilence, and mourning, and famine;

and she shall be utterly burnt with fire ; for strong is the 9 Lord God who hath judged her ll. And the kings of the

earth that have committed fornication and lived luxu

riously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, 10 when they see the smoke of her burning ; standing afar

off for the fear of her torment, and saying, “ Alas, alas,

O great city Babylon, O mighty city! for in one hour 11 thy judgement is come.' And the merchants of the earth

shall weep and mourn over her ; for no man buyeth their 12 merchandise any more: the merchandise of gold, and of

silver, and of precious stones, and of pearls, and of five linen, and of purple, and of silk, and of scarlet; and all

the, N.

power, N. t he cried mightily with a strong voice, R. T.
rendered to you, R. T.

|| who judgeth her. R. T.


sweet-smelling wood *, and all ivory vessels, and all ves

sels of most precious wood and of brass and of iron and of 13 marble; and cinnamon, and amomum t, and odours,

and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and

fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, and sheep, and horses, 14 and chariots, and slaves, and persons of men I. And the

fruits which thy soul desired are departed from thee, and all things which were delicate and sumptuous are perished

from thee $, and thou shalt by no means obtain them any 15 more.

The merchants of these things, that were made rich by her, shall stand afar off, for the fear of her tor16 ment, weeping and mourning, [and] saying, “Alas, ,

alas, that great city, which was clothed in fine linen,

and purple, and scarlet, and adorned with gold, and 17 precious stones, and pearls ! For in one hour so great

wealth is laid waste.' And every pilot, and every one

who saileth to the place ll, and mariners I, and as many 18 as use the sea, stood afar off, and cried out, when they

saw the smoke of her burning, and said, 'What city was 19 like this great city !' And they cast dust on their heads,

and cried out, weeping and mourning, and said, “ Alas, alas, that great city, whereby all that had ships on the

sea were made rich through her costliness! for in one 20 hour she is laid waste.' Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and

ye saints and apostles** and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.” 21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great mill

stone, and cast it into the sea, saying, “ Thus shall that

great city Babylon be thrown down with force, and shall 22 by no means be found any more. And the sound of

harpers, and of musicians, and of pipers, and of trumpeters, shall by no means be heard any more in thee;


* Or, aromatic. Gr. thyine, N. m.

+ 'amomum,' omitted in R. T. Or, bodies of men, 9. d. relics of saints. Gough's Serm. p. 414, note a. $ are departed from thee, R.T.

ll all the company in ships, R.T. the mariners, N.

** thou heaven and ye holy apostles, R. T.

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and no artist of any kind shall be found in thee hereafter* ;

and the sound of a millstone shall by no means be heard 23 any more in thee ; and the light of a lamp shall by no

means shine any more in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall by no means be heard any more in thee: for thy merchants were the great men

of the earth ; for by thy sorceries all the nations were de24 ceived. And in her hath been found the blood of pro

phets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the

earth.” CH. XIX. After these things I heard as it were a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, “Hallelujah †:

, now is the salvation, and the glory I, and the power of 2 our God 9: for true and righteous are his judgements :

for he hath judged the great barlot, who corrupted the

earth with her fornication; and hath avenged the blood 3 of his servants at her band.” (And again they said,

“ Hallelujah †:') and her smoke goeth up for ever and 4 ever.” And the twenty-four elders, and the four living

creatures, fell down and worshiped God who sat on the 5 throne, saying, “ Amen, Hallelujah t.” And a voice

came out of the throne, saying, “ Praise our God, all ye

his servants; and ye who fear him, both small and great." 6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and

as it were the sound of many waters, and as it were the

sound of mighty thunders, saying, “ Hallelujah †: for 7 our Lord God || Almighty reigneth. Let us be glad and

rejoice, and give glory to him : for the marriage of the

lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.” 8 And it was given her, that she should be clothed in fine

linen, pure and white: for fine linen is the righteous acts 9 of the saints. Then one saith unto me, “ Write ; Happy

* and the artificer of every art shall by no means be found any more in thee, N. See Wakefield. f Praise ye Jehovah, N. I and the glory, and the honour, and the power, R. T. $ salvation, &c. be to the Lord our God, R. T.

|| the Lord God, R. T.

are those that are invited to the marriage-supper of the

lamb." He saith also unto me, “ These are the true 10 words of God.” Then I fell before his feet to worship

him. But he saith unto me, “ See thou do it not: I am a fellow-servant with thee, and with thy brethren who bear testimony to Jesus: (worship God:) for the spirit

of this prophecy * is the testimony to Jesus.” · 11 And I saw heaven opened, and, behold, a white horse :

and he who sat upon him was called Faithful and True ; 12 and with righteousness he judgeth and maketh war. And

his eyes were [as] a flame of fire, and on his head were

many crowns : and he had a name written which none 13 knoweth but he himself: and he was clothed with a man

tle dipt in blood : and his name is called, THE WORD OF 14 GOD. And the armies which were in heaven followed

him on white horses, clothed in fine linen, white [and] 15 pure. And out of his mouth went a sharp two-edged

sword t, that with it he might smite the nations: and he

shall rule them with a rod of iron : and he shall tread the 16 wine-press of the fierce anger I of Almighty God. And

he had on his mantle, and on his thigh, a name written,

KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. 17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried

with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls which fly in

mid-heaven, “Come and gather yourselves together to 18 the great banquet of God ; that ye may eat the flesh of

kings, and the flesh of commanders, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit


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on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and slaves, 19 both small and great.” And I saw the beast, and the

kings of the earth, and their armies gathered together,
• So Wakefield. the spirit of prophecy, N.
+ a sharp sword, R. T. and N. See Griesbach.

Or, of the fierce anger. N. m. Gr. MSS. of the fierceness of the anger. of the
fierceness and anger, N.
S the banquet of tbe great God, R. T.


to make war against him who sat on the horse, and 20 against his army. And the beast was taken *; and the

false prophet that was with him, that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived those that had taken the mark of the beast, and those that worshiped his

image. These two were cast alive into a lake of fire 21 burning with brimstone. And the rest were slain with

the sword of him who sat on the horse, which sword : proceeded out of his mouth : and all the fowls were filled .

with their flesh. CH, xx. And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, that

had the key of the deep pit, and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, who is

the devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years; 3 and cast him into the deep pit, and shut him up, and

set a seal on him, that he might deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be finished: and after that he must be loosed a little time t.

And I saw thrones, and those who sat upon them, and judgement was given to them: and I saw the souls of those that had been beheaded for their testimony to Jesus, and for the word of God, and those that had not worshiped the beast or his image, nor had received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands: and they lived

again, and reigned with Christ the thousand I years. 5 But the rest of the dead lived not again, until the thou

sand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. 6 Happy and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrec


* Or, seized. + The binding and the shutting up of Satan denote the weakness and restraint of the comparatively few unconverted to Christianity; and, as Daubuz expresses it, that the kingdom of Christ shall enjoy peace and purity of religion. Newcome's note. The reader will remeinber that the whole of this is a visionary scene which passed in the imagination of the writer; and by no means implies the real existence of any such monster or being as the dragon, the old serpent, the devil and Satan, which are only names to express and to personify the hostile idelatrous and persecuting power, I a thousand, N.

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