The Celtic Languages
Six modern Celtic languages are described in this volume. Four of these, Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh and Breton, are living community languages. The other two, Manx and Cornish, survived into the modern period, but are no longer extant as community languages, though they are the subject of enthusiastic revivals. The Celtic Languages sets them briefly in their Indo-European context, and states their general relationships within the broader Celtic language family. Individual linguistic studies are first placed in their sociolinguistic and sociohistorical context. A detailed synchronic account of each language then follows, including syntax, morphology, phonology, morphophonology, dialect variation and distribution. Each description is based on a common plan, thus facilitating comparison among the different languages. This latest volume in the Cambridge Language Surveys will be welcomed by all scholars of the Celtic languages, but has also been designed to be accessible to any reader with only a basic knowledge of linguistics.
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adjectival adverbs Anna appear areas aspect auxiliary balach be-PREs boat Celtic languages century Cheannaich classes complement complex compound consonant length consonant mutations construction copula Cornish dialects diphthongs distinction English example final consonant forms fricative gender genitive grammar Iain imperative impersonal indefinite inflected initial mutations Irish leabhar lenition lexical verb linguistic long vowels Mair Manx marked MASC masculine monophthongs morphological nasal nasal mutation nasalisation nominal non-finite normally noun phrase object occur order of elements orthography PALATAL palatalised particle phonetic phonological plosive position possessive adjective preceded prefix prepositional phrase pronominal pronoun realised relative clause Scottish Gaelic sentences shiu Singular Plural speakers stem stressed syllable structure suffix suppletion syntactic taigh tense Tha Iain third person singular topicalised Ulster Irish unstressed Vannetais verb—noun verbal noun voiced voiceless Welsh Welsh language word