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of the creek, from whence they gallop. “Why the Long-knives hid behind ed to the bluff which overlooked the their packs, when his band approachcamp at the distance of about six ed? Were they afraid, or were they hundred yards ; and crowning this, in preparing a dog-feast to entertain number some forty or more, com- their friends? That the whites were menced brandishing their spears and passing through his country, burning guns, and whooping loud yells of his wood, drinking his water, and killdefiance. The trappers had formed a ing his game; but he knew that they little breast-work of their packs, form- had now come to pay for the mischief ing a semicircle, the chord of which they had done, and that the mules and was made by the animals standing in horses they had brought with them a line, side by side, closely picketed were intended as a present to their and hobbled. Behind this defence red friends. stood the mountaineers, rifle in hand, “ He was Mah-to-ga-shane," he and silent and determined. The In- said, “the Brave Bear: his tongue dians presently descended the bluff on was short, but his arm long; and he foot, leaving their animals in charge of loved rather to speak with his bow a few of the party, and, scattering, and his lance, than with the weapon advanced under cover of the sage of a squaw. He had said it: the Longbushes which dotted the bottom, to knives bad horses with them and about two hundred yards of the whites. mules ; and these were for him, he Then a chief advanced before the rest, knew, and for his braves. Let the and made the sign for a talk with White-face go back to his people and the Long-knives, which led to a consul- return with the animals, or he, the tation amongst the latter, as to the Brave Bear,' would have to come policy of acceding to it. They were and take them; and his young men in doubts as to the nation these In- would get mad and would feel blood dians belonged to, some bands of the in their eyes; and then he would have Sioux being friendly, and others bit- no power over them; and the whites terly hostile to the whites.

would have to go under.'' Gonneville, who spoke the Sioux The trapper answered shortly:language, and was well acquainted “The Long-knives," he said, "had with the nation, affirmed they belonged brought the horses for themselves, to a band called the Yanka-taus, well their hearts were big, but not towards known to be the most evil-disposed the Yanka-taus : and if they had to of that treacherous nation; another give up their animals, it would be to of the party maintaining that they men and not squaws. They were not were Brulés, and that the chief ad-wah-keitcha, * (French engagés) but vancing towards them was the well- Long-knives; and, however short known Tah-sha-tunga or Bull Tail, a were the tongues of the Yanka-taus, most friendly chief of that tribe. The theirs were still shorter, and their majority, however, trusted to Gonne- rifles longer. The Yanka-taus were ville, and he volunteered to go out to dogs and squaws, and the Long-knives meet the Indian, and hear what he spat upon them.” had to say. Divesting himself of all Saying this, the trapper turned his arms save his butcher-knife, he ad- back and rejoined his companions; vanced towards the savage, who whilst the Indian slowly proceeded to awaited his approach, enveloped in his people, who, on learning the conthe folds of his blanket. At a glance temptuous way in which their threats he knew him to be a Yanka-tau, had been treated, testified their anger from the peculiar make of his moccas- with loud yells; and, seeking what. sins, and the way in which his face ever cover was afforded, commenced was daubed with paint.

a scattering volley upon the camp of “Howgh !" exclaimed both as they the mountaineers. The latter remet; and, after a silence of a few mo- served their fire, treating with cool ments, the Indian spoke, asking, indifference the balls which began to

* The French Canadians are called wah-keitcha_“ bad medicine”—by the Indians, who account them treacherous and vindictive, and at the same time less daring than the American hunters.


rattle about them; but as the Indians, his blood-filled throat; and opening emboldened by this apparent inaction, his eyes once more, and looking uprashed for a closer position, and wards to take a last look at the bright exposed their bodies within a long sun, the trapper turned gently on his range, half-a-dozen rifles rang from side and breathed his last sigh. the assailed, and two Indians fell With no other tools than their dead, one or two more being wounded. scalp-knives, the hunters dug a grave As yet, not one of the whites had on the banks of the creek; and whilst been touched, but several of the ani. were engaged in this work, mals had received wounds from the others sought the bodies of the Indians. enemy's fire of balls and arrows. they had slain in the attack, and Indeed, the Indians remained at too presently returned with three reeking great a distance to render the volleys scalps, the trophies of the fight. The from their crazy fusees any thing like body of the mountaineer was then effectual, and had to raise their pieces wrapped in a buffalo robe, the scalps considerably to make their bullets being placed on the dead man's breast, reach as far as the camp. After hav- laid in the shallow grave, and ing lost three of their band kilied quickly covered-without a word of outright, and many more being wound- prayer, or sigh of grief; for, however ed, their fire began to slacken, and much his companions may have felt, they drew off to a greater distance, not a word escaped them ; although evidently resolved to beat a retreat; the bitten lip and frowning brow told and retiring to the bluff, discharged tale of anger more than sorrow, and their pieces in a last volley, mounted vowed – what they thought would their horses and galloped off, carry- better please the spirit of the dead ing their wounded with them. This man than sorrow_lasting revenge. last volley, however, although intend- Trampling down the earth which ed as a mere bravado, unfortunately filled the grave, they placed upon it proved fatal to one of the whites. a pile of heavy stones; and packing Gonneville, at the moment, their mules once more, and taking a standing on one of the packs, in order last look of their comrade's lonely to get an uninterrupted sight for a resting place, they turned their backs last shot, when one of the random upon the stream, which has ever since bullets struck him in the breast. La been known as “Gonneville's Creek.” Bonté caught him in his arms as be If the reader casts his eye over any was about to fall, and, laying the of the recent maps of the western wounded trapper gently on the country, which detail the features of ground,—they proceeded to strip him the regions embracing the Rocky of his buckskin hunting-frock, to esa- Mountains, and the vast prairies at mine the wound. A glance was their bases, he will not fail to observe sufficient to convince his companions that many of the creeks or smaller that the blow was mortal. The ball streams which feed the larger rivers, had passed through the lungs; and in -as the Missouri, Platte, and Ara few moments the throat of the kansa—are called by familiar proper wounded man began to swell, as the names, both English and French. choking blood ascended, and turned These are invariably christened after a livid blae colour. But a few drops some unfortunate trapper, killed there of purple blood trickled from the in Indian fight; or treacherously wound,-a fatal sign,—and the eyes of slaughtered by the lurking savages, the mountaineer were already glaz- while engaged in trapping beaveron the ing with death's icy touch. His stream. Thus alone is the memory of hand still grasped the barrel of his these hardy men perpetuated, at least rifle, which had done good service in of those whose fate is ascertained : the fray. Anon he essayed to speak, for many, in every season, never but, choked with blood, only a few return from their hunting expediinarticulate words reached the cars tions, having met a sudden death of his companions, who were bending from Indians, or a more lingering fate over him.

from accident or disease in some of " Rubbed-out-at-last,” they the lonely gorges of the mountains, heard him say, the words gurgling in where no footfall save their own, or



the heavy tread of grizzly bear, dis- in with several packs of last year's turbs the unbroken silence of these robes, and being anxious to start awful solitudes. Then, as many win- speedily on their return, a trader ters pass without some old familiar from one of the forts had erected his faces making their appearance at the lodge in the village. merry rendezvous, their long pro- Here he set to work immediately, tracted absence may perhaps occasion to induce the Indians to trade. First, such remarks, as to where such and a chief appointed three “ soldiers” to such a mountain worthy can have guard the trader's lodge from intrubetaken himself, to which the casual sion; and who, amongst the thieving rejoinder of "Gone under, maybe," fraternity, can be invariably trusted. too often gives a short but certain Then the Indians were invited to

have a drink-a taste of the fire. In all the philosophy of hardened water being given to all to incite hearts, our hunters turned from the them to trade. As the crowd presses spot where the unmourned trapper upon the entrance to the lodge, and met his death. La Bonté, however, those in rear become impatient, some not yet entirely steeled by mountain large-mouthed possessor of many life to a perfect indifference to human friends, who has received a portion of feeling, drew his hard hand across the spirit, makes his way, with his his eye, as the unbidden tear rose mouth full of the liquor and cheeks from his rough but kindly heart. Ile distended, through the throng, and could not forget so soon the comrade is instantly surrounded by his parthey had lost, the companionship in ticular friends. Drawing the face of the hunt or over the cheerful camp- each, by turns, near his own, he fire, the narrator of many a tale of squirts a small quantity into his open dangers past, of sufferings from hun- mouth, until the supply is exhausted, ger, cold, and thirst, and from un- when he returns for more, and retended wounds, of Indian perils, and peats the generous distribution. of a life spent in such vicissitudes. When paying for the robes, the traOne tear dropped from the young ders, in measuring out the liquor in a hunter's eye, and rolled down his tin half-pint cup, thrust their thumbs cheek-the last for many a long year. or the four fingers of the hand into the

In the forks of the northern branch measure, in order that it may conof the Platte, formed by the junction of tain the less, or not unfrequently fill the Laramie, they found a big village the bottom with melted buffalo fat, of the Sioux encamped near the sta- with the same object. So greedy are tion of one of the fur companies. the Indians, that they never discover Here the party broke up; many, find the cheat, and once under the influing the alcohol of the traders an im- ence of the liquor, cannot distinguish pediment to their further progress, re- between the first cup of comparamained some time in the vicinity, tively strong spirit, and the following while La Bonté, Luke, and a trapper ones diluted five hundred per cent, named Marcelline, started in a few and poisonously drugged to boot. days to the mountains, to trap on Scenes of drunkenness, riot, and Sweet Water and Medicine Bow. bloodshed last until the trade is over, They had leisure, however, to observe which in the winter occupies several all the rascalities connected with the weeks, during which period the InIndian trade, although at this season dians present the appearance, under (August) hardly commenced. How the demoralising influence of the ever, a band of Indians having come liquor, of demons rather than men.


Boston, May 1848.

will, hereafter, be hawked in the A THOUSAND leagues of ocean, my streets of Boston and along the Basil, are indeed between us, but it wharves of New Orleans in the same is no longer right to reckon distances hour. It will soon be sent farther by leagues. Time is your only measure. still; and a British fleet in the PaI know of a gentleman who had a cific may be served with orders from bome in Paris, while Paris was cap- the Admiralty Board, not two weeks able of homes, and he came every year old. We are fairly in hand-shaking across the Atlantic, only to fish for neighbourhood. I remember when trout. Why do you stare? You European intelligence came to us raknow very well that you have often ther as history than as news. It is waited a fortnight for a good day to not so now. While emotion is yet go a-fishing. Come, then, pack up warm with you, it sets our own hearts your slender reed, and spend such a throbbing. We, too, are, in the prefortnight in a steamer. By God's sent tense, with Europe; for the revofavour you shall be the better for sea lutions of peace have been more wonair; and in two weeks from Liverpool, derful than those of warfare. They you shall find yourself on the shores have reunited what strife had sunof a lake in the interior of the State dered, and rendered England and Ameof New York, where, since the fifth rica again one family. day of the creation, the trout have Talking of revolutions, - how hot apparently been multiplying in a the noon of the century is growing ! manner that would astonish a Mal- You will allow, dear Basil, that we in thus. Such is now that dissociable America are well situated to be lookers ocean, which was once thought too on. With all the security of distance, great a waste of waters to be passed we have the advantages of nearness. by colonial members of parliament You are on the stage—we are in the representing the provinces of America. boxes. You go behind the scenes, and

Opposuit Natura ;' said Burke, “I see the wire-working and machinery, cannot remove the eternal barriers of but we get the effect of the spectacle. the creation." But Burke forgot his The great revolutionary drama is beGreek:

fore us, and we can behold it calmly; “ Πολλά τα δεινά, κουδες ανθρώπου interested, but not involved. For a δεινότερον πελει τούτο και πολιού πέραν devout or philosophical spectator, πόντου χειμερία νοτω χωρεί, περιβρυχί- America is the true observatory. οισι περων εποίδμασι.

IIere we can watch “ the great Babel,

and not feel the crowd." It is our I know it is an old saw, but it is so

own fault if, with such advantages, freshened by the modern instance of

we do not anticipate the judgment of steamers every week, that it has be

future ages, and arrive instinctively come quotable once more; and I have almost a mind to go on with the

at conclusions which those who share

the tumult itself must ordinarily learn chorus, and show that Sophocles may in the soberness of after-thoughts, or, be fairly rendered in favour of railways and iron-steeds. But the tele- perhaps, by a dear experience. graph, Basil! I must even quote a bit France appear in republican eyes?

Did you ask how the doings in of English for that. As gentle Cow

And pray what do you expect me to per saith :

answer? You appear to think repub“The tempest itself lags behind,

licanism a specific instead of a generic And the swift-wing' arrows of light!”

term, and to expect us to hail the The wires are already stretched from French as

our kindred. As well Massachusetts, and almost from Hali- might I suppose that your monarchifax to the Gulf of Mexico. A spark cal sympathies deeply interest you in here, and the lettered bulletin is reel- the autocracy of Dahomey and Dârfur. ing off in Louisiana ! The fresh news A boy may play with a monkey,

without admiring him ; and although been barricaded out? Langh as we the monkey is a biped without feathers, may at the undefinableness of legitithe boy would not like to have him macy, one feels that the lack of it taken for a younger brother. Believe makes a great difference in our disme, we are not yet ready to claim fra- position towards a discrowned king. ternity with the Provisional Govern- Still, Louis-Philippe is treated with ment. Flow we apples swim, seems much forbearance, and men think of to be their salutation to America; but, his hoar hairs and his eventful life. for one, I reject the odorous impeach. In one of our newspapers, a generous ment. No one is very cordial, as yet, word has been spoken for his governin returning it. There is a generalment, as about the best that France gaping and staring; but the prevail. deserved, and bis best measures have ing disposition towards France is to been reviewed with praise. Still, he wait and see if she will be decent. is much disliked in America. One of You will agree with me, that this cau- his earliest Claremonts was with us ; tion is creditable to the Model Re- and when Lafayette made him a king, public.

Americans felt as if they had a right In the spectacle before us, believe to be pleased with his accession. But me, then, we know how to distinguish his quarrel with his benefactor turned the harlequin from the hero, and are the feeling strongly against him, for not in danger of clapping hands at the Lafayette was revered among us to buffoonery of Paris, when we have the hour of his death. I think there just been charmed by the solemn is a general satisfaction with the fall buskin in which London came upon of the Orleans dynasty ; but it certhe stage-reluctant to play her part, tainly has not been malicious or spitebut prepared to go through it nobly. ful. An eminent American, who has A French melodrama, of men in lived long in Paris, has written two smocks chanting Mourir pour la Pa- letters in the leading democratic newstrie, or priests, in defiled surplices, paper of New York, in which the fallen asperging and incensing May-poles, monarch is more severely handled must of course suit the tastes of the than he has been elsewhere. He is groundlings; but such inexplicable there said to be a much overrated dumb-shows are generally understood man-possessed of no great talents, to be only the prelude to something except those which enable him to distragic that is coming. For one, I look simulate with the utmost cunning, for solemn monologues from Pio Nono and to manage with the basest perand Lamartine ; and, by-and-by, ex- fidy. The writer, nevertheless, has pect a scene between the Soldan and no confidence in the revolution as the Czar. I do not look without feel- having destroyed the monarchy; and ings of awe, for I am sure it is the quotes with approbation a sentiment shadow of God's own hand that is which he says was advanced in connow passing over the nations. It is versation with himself, so long ago as He that says, as of old, “ remove the 1830, by Odillon Barrot, — " Enfin, diadem and take off the crown; exalt monsieur, la France a besoin de se senhim that is low, and abase him that tir gouvernée." He thinks two things is high.” I am glad that others re- will work against the Duc de Borcognise his footsteps in the earth, and deaux-that he has married an Austherefore was pleased with that motto trian, and grown fat; yet he confilately quoted in Maga, from St Augus- dently predicts that Henry V. will tine—“God is patient, because He is one day ascend the throne of his aneternal."

cestors. “As for a republic that is to For seventeen years we have been go on harmoniously, and with any watching the great political Humpty- thing like tolerable quiet, law, and Dumpty, in his efforts to come to an order," he concludes, “I hold it to be equilibrinm, and to stand firm in his just as impracticable as it would be place; and the end is, that Humpty- to set up a Doge of Venice and a Dumpty is fallen, according to the Council of Ten in the State of New oracular rhyme of Mother Goose. York. We hear only the voices of the What shall we say of him, except revolutionists, the rest of the nation that he was barricaded in, and has being temporarily mute. The day

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