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Misuse the tenor o'thy kinsman's trust ?
P. Hen. Then, brother John of Lancaster, to you
Go to the Douglas, and deliver him
Up to his pleasure, ransomless, and free:
His valour, shown upon our eresis to-day,
Hath laught' us how to cherish such high deeds,
Lan. I thank your grace for this high courtesy,
Which I shall give away immediately.
You, son John, and my cousin Westmoreland, [Errunt Wor, and VERNON, guarded. Towards York shall bend you, with your dearest How goes the field ?
Who, as we hear, are busily in arms :
To fight with Glendower, and the earl of March.
Rebellion in this land shall lose his sway,
Meeting the check of such another day :
And since this business so fair is done,
1 The quarto of 1599 reads shown.
SECOND PART OF
T!E transactions comprised in this play take up about 1 he assumes a more manly character. This is true ; but nine
a count of Hotspur's being defeated and killed (1 103 :) and These two plays will appear to every reader, who shall closes with the death of King Henry IV. and the corn. peruse them without ambition of critical discoveries, to nation of King Henry V. [1412-13.) Upton thinks he so connecteil, that the second is merely a sequel to these two plays improperly called The First and second the first ; to be two only to be one.'-JOHNSON. Parts of Henry the Fourth. 6. The first play ends (he Thuis play was entered at Stationers' Hall, August 23, says) with the peaceful settlement of Henry in the king. 1600. "There are two copies, in quarto, printed in that doin by the itefcals of the rebels." This is harilly true year, but it is doubtful whether they are different for the rebels are not yet fully suppressed. The se. editions, or the one only a corrected impression of the conil, he tella us, show- Henry the Filih in the various other. lights of a good-natured rake, iill, on his lather's death, Malone supposes it to have been composed in 1598.
King HENRY THE FOURTA:
TRAVERS and MORTON, Domestics of NorthumberHenry, Prince of Wales, aserwards
land. King Henry V.;
FALSTAFF, BARDOLPH, Pistol, and Page. THOMAS, Duke of Carence;
Poins and Pero, Attendants on Prince Henry. PRINCE John of Lancaster, afterwards
Shallow and SILENCE, Country Justices.
DAVY, Servant to Shallow,
MOULDY, SHADOW, WART, FEEBLE, and Bullwariis (2 Henry V.) Duke of Gloster ;)
Fang and Ssare, Sheriffa's Oficers.
RUMOUR. A Porter.
A Dancer, Speaker of the Epilogue.
LADY NORTHUMBERLAND. LADY PERCY
Hostess QUICKLY. DOLL TEAR-SHEET.
Enemies to Lords and other Attendants; Officers, Soldiers,
the king. Messenger, Drawers, Beadles, Grooms, fc. LORD BARDOLPH; SIR John COLE
Warkworth. Before Northumberland's Castle. My well-known body to anatomize
Enter Rumour painted full of Tongurs.' Among my household ? Why is rumour here? Rum. Open your ears; For which of you will I run before King Harry's victory;
Why, in a bloody field hy Shrewsbury, stop The vent of hearing when loud Rumour speaks?
Hath beaten down young Hotspur, and his troops I, from the orient to the drooping? west,
Quenching the flame of bold rebellion Making the wind my post-horse, still unfold
Even with the rebels' blood. But what mean I The acts commenced on this ball of earth:
To speak so true at first ? my office is Upon my tongues continual slanders ride;
To noise abroad, -that Harry Monmouth fell The which in every language I pronounce,
Under the wrath of noble Hotspur's sword;
And that the king before the Douglas' rage
Stoop'd his anointed head as low as death.
This have I rumour'd through the peasant towns And who but Rumour, who but only I,
Between that royal field of Shrewsbury Make fearful musters, and prepar'd defence;
And this worm-eaten hold of ragged stone, * Whilst the big ear, swoln with some other grief,
Where Hotspur's father, old Northumberland, Is thought with child by the stern tyrant war,
Lies crafty-sick : the posts come tiring on, And no such matter? Rumour is a pipe
And not a man of them brings other news Blown by surmises, jealousies, conjectures;
Than they have learn'd of me; from Rumour's And of so easy and so plain a stop,
tongues That the bluni monster with uncounted heads,
They bring smooth comforts false, worse than true The still-discordant wavering multitude,
(Exit. Can play upon it. But what need I thus
2 The force of this epithet will be best explained by i This was the common way of representing this per- the following passage in Macbeth :sonage, no unfrequent character in the masques of the Good things of day begin to droop and drowse, pret's time. In a masque on St. Stephen's Night, 1614, And night's black agents to their preys do rouse by Thomas Campion, Rumour comes on in a skin coat 3 The siops are the holes in a fute or pipe. full of winged longues. Several other instances are 4 Northumberland's castle. cited in the Varioruin Shakspeare.
Bard. I spake with one, my lord, that came from SCENE I. The same. The Porter before the Gate. A gentleman well bred, and of good name,
That freely render'd me these news for true,
North. Here comes my servant, Travers, whom
I sent Port. What shall I say you are ?
On Tuesday last to listen after news.
Tell thou the earl, Bard. My lord, I over-rode him on the way;
North. Now, Travers, what good tidings como
Tra. My lord, Sir John Umfrevile turn'd me back North. What news, Lord Bardolph ? every mi- Outrode me. After him, came, spurring hard,
A gentleman almost forspent' with speed, Should be the father of some stratagem;
That stopp'd by me to breathe his bloodied horse 1 The times are wild; contention, like a horse
He ask'd ihe way to Chester; and of him
I did demand, what news from Shrewsbury.
He told me, that rebellion had bad luck,
And that young Harry Percy's spur was cold;
With that he gave his able horse the head,
And, bending forward, struck his arıned heels
Against the panting sides of his poor jade? The king is almost wounded to the death;
Up to the rowel-head; and, starting so,
He seen’d in running to devour the way,
Staving no longer question.
Said he, young Harry Percy's spur was cold?
Had met ill luck! So fought, so follow'd, and so fairly won,
My lord, I'll tell you what;
If my young lord your son have not the day,
Upon mine honour, for a silken points
I'll give my barony: never talk of it. 1 Exhausted.
kepe for drudgery, a hackney; but this is not the fact 2 Jade is not used by Shakspeare as a term of con It was only another name for a horse, as nug since. tempe; for King Richard II. gives this appellation to his 3 So in the book of Job, ch. xxxix : He swalloweth favourite horse Roan Barbary, which Henry IV. rode the ground in fierceness and rage." at his coronation :
4 Hotspur seems to have been a very common terin "That jade hath eat bread from my royal hand.' for a man of vehemence and precipitation. The commentators suppose that a jude meant a horse 5 A silken point is a tagged lace.
North. Why should the gentleman, that rodc by To Harry Monmouth : whose swift wrath boat down
The never-daunted Percy to the earth,
From whence with life he never more sprung up.
Who, he ? In few, his death (whose spirit lent a fire
Being bruitedonce, took fire and heat away
For from his metal was his party steeld;
Turn’d on themselves, like dull and heavy lead.
And as the thing that's heavy in itself,
Upon enforcement, flies with greatest speed;
So did our men, heavy in Hotspur's loss,
Lend to this weight such lightness with their fear,
That arrows fled not swifier toward their aim,
Than did our soldiers, aiming at their safety,
Too soon ta'en prisoner: and that furious Scot,
Had three times ain the appearance of the king, So dull, so dead in look, so woe-begone,
'Gan vail' his stomach, and did grace the shame Drew Priam's curtain in the dead of night,
Of those that turn'd their backs; and, in his fight,
Is,—that the king hath won; and hath sent out
A speedy power to encounter you, my lord,
And Westmoreland: This is the news at full.
In poison there is physic; and these news,
Having been well, that would have made me sick,
Being sick, have in some measure made me well: Mor. Douglas is living, and your brother, yet :
And as the wretch, whose fever-weaken'd joints.
Like strengthless hinges, buckle under life,
Why, he is dead. Impatient of bis fit, breaks like a fire
Out of his keeper's arms; even so my limbs,
Weaken’d with grief, being now 'enrag'd with Hath, by instinct, knowledge from others' eyes,
grief, That what he feard is chanc'd. Yet speak, Morton; Are thrice themselves : hence therefore, thou nico' Tell thou thy earl, his divination lies;
A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel,
Must glove this hand: and hence, thou sickly quois ;
Thou art a guard too wanton for the head,
The ragged’st hour that time and spite dare bring,
To frown upon the enrag'd Northumberland ! Thou shak'st thy head, and hold'st ít fear or sin,
Let heaven kiss earth! Now let not nature's hand
Keep the wild food confin'd! let order die !
And let this world no longer be a stage,
To feed contention in a lingering act;
But let one spirit of the firsi-born Cain
Reign in all bosoms, that, each heart being set
On bloody courses, the rude scene may end, Sounds ever after as a sullen bell,
And darkness be the burier of the dead !
!1° Remember'd knolling a departing friend.4
Tra. This strained passion doth you wrong, my Bard. I cannot think, my lord, your son is dead.
lord.11 Mor. I am sorry, I should force you to believe
Bard. Sweet earl, divorce not wisdom from you Thal, which I would to heaven I had not seen:
honour. But these mine eyes saw him in bloody state,
Mor. The lives of all your loving complices Rend'ring faint quittance,' wearied and
if Lean on your health; the which, out
you give o'er breath'd,
To stormy passion, must perforce decay. 1 i. e. Hilderling, base, low fellow.
5 By faini quittance a faint return of blows is 2 An attestation of its ravage.
3 Dr. Bently is said to have thought this passage cor. 6 i. e. reported, noised abroad.
8 Grief, in the latter part of this line, is used, in its "So dear, so dull in look Ucalegon,
present sense, for sorrow; in the former part for bodily Drew Priam's curtain,' &c.
paint. The name of Uealegon occurs in the third Iliad, and in 9 Steevens explains nice here by trifling; but Shaks. the Æneid.
peare, like his contemporaries, uses it in the sense of 4 So in Shakspeare's seventy-first Sonnet :
effeminate, delicate, tender.
exactly philosophical; darkness, in poetry, may be I hear the far-off curfew sound
absence of eyes, as well as privation of light. Yet we Over some wide-water'd shore,
may remark that, by an ancient opinion, it has been Swinging slow with sullen roar.'
held that if the human race, for whom the world was The bell anciently was rung before the dying person made, were extirpated, the whole system of sublunary had expired, and thence was called the passing bell. nature would cease at once... Mr. Douce thinks it probable that this bell might have 11 This line in the quarto is hy mistake given to Um been originally used to drive away demons, who were frerille, who is spoken of in this very scene as absent supposed to watch for the parting sou.
It is given to Travers at Steevens's suggestion.
You cast the event of war, my noble lord,
SCENE JI. London. A Street. Enter SIR And summ'd the account of chance, before you John Falstaff, with his Page bearing his Sword said,
and Buckler. Let us make head. It was your presurmise,
Fal. Sirrah, you giant, what says the doctor to That in the dole” of blows your son might drop:
my water ?10 You knew, he walk'd o'er perils, on an edge,
°Page. He said, sir, the water itself was a good More likely to fall in, than to get o'er ;)
healthy water: but for the party that owed it, he You were advis'd, his flesh was capable
might have more diseases than he knew for. Of wounds, and scars; and that his forward spirit
Fal. Men of all soris take a pride to gird'? at Would lift him where most trade of danger rang’d; me: The brain of this foolish-compounded clay, Yet did you say, -Go forth; and none of this,
man, is not able to vent any thing that lends io Though 'strongly apprehended, could restrain
laughter, more than I invent, or is invented on me : The suff-borne action: What hath then befallen,
I am not only witty in myself, but the cause that Or what hath this bold enterprise brought forth, wit is in other men. I do here walk before thee, More than that being which was like to be?
like a sow, that hath overwhelmed all her litter but Bard. We all, that are engaged to this loss,
one. If the prince put thee into my service for any Knew that we ventur'd on such dangerous seas, other reason than to set me off, why then I have no That, if we wrought out life, 'twas ten to one :
judgment. Thou whoreson mandrake, 13 thou art And yet we ventur’d, for the gain propos’d
filter to be worn in my cap, than to wait at my heels. Chok'd the respect of likely peril fear'd;
I was never manned with an agatela ull now : but I And, since we are o'erset, venture again.
will set you neither in gold nor silver, but in vile Come, we will all put forth ; body, and goods. Mor. "Tis more than time': And, my most noble apparel, and send you back again to your master,
for a jewel; the juvenal,'s the prince your master, lord,
whose chin is not yet fledged. I will sooner have I hear for certain, and do speak the truth, —
a beard grow in the palm of my hand, than he shall The gentle archbishop of York is up,
get one on his cheek; and yet he will not stick to With well-appointed powers; he is a man, Who with a double surety binds his followers.
say, his face is a face-royal: God may finish it when
he will, it is not a hair amiss yet: he may keep it My lord your son had only but the corps,
still as a face-royal, 16 for a barber shall never earn But shadows, and the shows of men, to fight:
sixpence out of it; and yet he will be crowing, as For that same word, rebellion, did divide
if he had writ man ever since his father was a The action of their bodies from their souls;
bachelor, He may keep his own grace, but he is And they did fight with queasiness,' constrain’d, almost out of mine, I can assure him. -What As men drink potions; that their weapons only said master Dumbleton about the salin for my short Seem'd on our side, but, for their spirits and souls,
cloak, and slops ? This word, rebellion, it had froze them up, As fish are in a pond : But now the bishop
Page. He said, sir, you should procure him bet. Turns insurrection to religion :
ter assurance than Bardolph: he would not take
his bond and yours; he liked not the security. Suppos'd sincere and holy in his thoughts,
Fal. Let him be damned like the glution! may He's follow'd both with body and with mind;
his tongue be hotter !!?-A whoreson Achitophel ! a And doth enlarge his rising with the blood Of fair King Richard, scrap'd from Pomfret stones : in hand, ia and then stand upon security!—The
rascally yea-forsooth knave! to bear a gentleman Derives from heaven his quarrel, and his cause ; Tells them, he doth bestride a bleeding land,"
whoreson smooth-pates do now wear noihing but
high shoes, and bunches of keys at their girdles; Gasping for life under great Bolingbroke;
and if a man is thorough'' with them in honest And more and less do flock to follow him. North. I knew of this before ; but, to speak truth, I had as lief they would put ratsbane in my mouth,
taking up, then they must stand upon-security. This present grief had wip'd it from my mind. Go in with me; and counsel every man
as offer to stop it with security. I looked he should
have sent me two and twenty yards of satin, as I The aptest way for safety, and revenge : Get posts, and letters, and make friends with speed; he may sleep in security; for he hath the horn of
am a true knight, and he sends me security. Well, Never so few, and never yet more need. (Ereunt. abundance, and the lightness of his wife shines
through it, and yet cannot he see, though he have 1 The fourteen following lines, and a number of oth 13 A root supposed to have the shape of a man. ers in this play, were not in the quarto edition.
Quacks and impastors counterfeited, with the root bri. 2 Dealing, or distribution.
ony, figures resembling parts of the human body, which 3 So in King Henry IV. Part 1 :
were sold to the credulous as endued with specifie vir. • As full of peril and adventurous spirit,
See Sir Thomas Brown's Vulgar Errors, p. 72, As to o'erwalk a current roaring loud,
edit. 1686, for some very curious particulars. On the unsteadlast footing of a spear.'
14 An agate is used metaphorically for a very dimi. 4 That is, you were warned or aware.
nutive person, in allusion to the sinal) figures cut in 5 This mode of expression has before heen noticed. agate for rings and broaches. Thus Florio explains
6 This and the following twenty lines are not found Formaglio : ouches, broaches, or tablets and jewels, in the quarto.
that yet some old men wear in their hats, with agath. 7 Against their stomachs.
stonte, cut and graven with some formes and images 8 That is, 'stand over his country, as she lies bleed. on them, nanely, vt famous men's heads.' ing and prostrate, to protect her.' It was the office of a 15 Jurenal occurs in A Midsummer Night's Dream, friend to protect his fallen comrade in battle in this man and in Love's Labour's Lost. It is also used in many ner. Shakspeare has alluded to it in other places. places by Chaucer for a young man. 9 i. e. great and small, all ranks.
16 Johnson says that, by a face royal, Falstaf means a 10 This quackery was once so much in fashion that face exempt froin the touch of vulgar bands. As a slag. Linacre, the founder of the College of Physicians, form- royal is not to be huntei, a miniroyal is not to be dug. ed a statute to restrain apothecaries from carrying the steevens imagines that there may be a quibble intend. water of their patients to a doctor, and afterwards gived on the coin called a real, or roya! ; that a barber can ing medicines in consequence of the opinions pronoun- no more earn sixpence by liis face, than by the face ced concerning it. This statute was followed by another, stamped on the coin, the one requiring as little shaving which forbade the doctors themselves to pronounce on as the other. Maoni thinks that Faletiff's conceit is, any disorder from such an uncertain diagnostic. But If nothing be taken out of a royal, it will remain a royal this did not extinguish the practice, which has even its still as it was.' The reader will decide for himsell. I dupes in these enlightened times.
have nothing better in the way of conjecture to offer. il Owned.
17 An allusion to the fate of the rich man, who had 12 • Gird (Mr. Gifford says) is a mere metathesis of fared sumptuously every day, when he requested a drop gride, and means a thrust, a blow; the metaphorical of water to cool his tongue, being tormented with flames. use of the word for a smart stroke of wit, taunt, reproach. 18 To bear in hand is to keep in expectation by false ful retort, &c. is justified by a similar application of promises. kindred terms in all languages.
19 i. e. in their debt, by taking up goods on credit.
his own lantern to light him. Where's Bar Fal. And I hear moreover, his highness is fallen dolph ?
into this same whoreson apoplexy. Page. He's gone into Smithfield, to buy your Ch. Just. Well, heaven mend him! I pray, let me worship a horse.
speak with you. Ful. I bought hiin in Paul's,' and he'll buy me a Fal. This apoplexy is, as I take it, a kind of horse in Sunshield: an I could get me but a wife lethargy, an't please your lordship; a kind of sleepin the stews, I were manned, horsed, and wived. ing in the blood, a whoreson tingling. Enter the Lard Chief Justice,' and an Attendant.
Ch. Just. What tell you me of it? be it as it is.
Fal. It hath its original from much grief; from Page. Sir, here comes the nobleman that com- study, and perturbation of the brain : I have read milled the prince for striking him about Bardolph. the cause of its etfects in Galen; it is a kind of Ful. Wait close, I will not see him.
deafness, Ch. Just. What's he that goes there?
Ch. Just. I think, you are fallerrinto the disease ; Allen. Falstaff, an't please your lordship. for you hear not what I say to you. Ch. Just. He that was in question for the robbery? Ful.* Very well, my lord, very well: rather, an't
Allen. He, iny lord: but he hath since done good please you, it is the disease of not listening, the service at Shrewsbury ; and, as I hear, is now inalady of not marking, that I am troubled withal. going with some charge to the lord John of Lan
Ch. Just. To punish you by the heels would amend caster.
the attention of your ears; and I care not, if I do Ch. Just. What, to York ? Call him back again. become your physician. Atten. Sir John Falstaf!
Fal. I'am as poor as Job, my lord; but not so Fu. Bov, tell him, I am deaf.
patient : your lordship may minister the potion of Page. You must speak louder, my master is deaf. imprisonment to me, in respect to poverty; but how
Ch. Just. I am sure he is, to the hearing of any I should be your patient to follow your prescriptions, thing good.-Go, pluck him by the elbow : I must the wise may make some dram of a scruple, or, speak with him.
indeed, a scruple itself. Atten. Sir John,
Ch. Just. I sent for you, when there were matters Ful. What! a young knave, and beg! Is there against you for your life, io come speak with me. not wars? is there not employment? Doth not Fal. As I was then advised by my learned counsel the king lack subjects ? do not the rebels need in the laws of this land-service, I did not come. soldiers? Though it be a shame to be on any side Ch. Just. Well, the truth is, Sir John, you live in but one, it is worse shame to beg than to be on the
great infamy. worst side, were it worse than the name of rebel Ful. He that buckles him in my belt, cannot live lion can tell how to make it.
in less. Atten. You mistake me, sir.
Ch. Just. Your means are very slender, and your Fal. Why, sir, did I say you were an honest waste is great. man? setting my knighthood and my soldiership Fol. I would it were otherwise ; I would my aside, I had lied in my throat if I had said so. means were greater, and my waist slenderer.
Alten. I pray you, sir, then set your knighthood Ch. Just. You have misled the youthful prince. and your soldiership aside; and give me leave to
Fal. The young prince hath misled me: I am the tell you, you lie in your throat, if you say I ain any fellow with the great belly, and he my dog. other than an honest man.
Ch. Just. Well, I am loath to gall a new-beal'd Fal. I give thee leave to tell me so! I lay aside wound ; your day's service at Shrewsbury hath a that which grows lo ine! If thou get'st any leave little giided over your night's exploit on Gad's-hill
. of me, hang me; if thou takest leave, thou wert you may thank the unquiet time for your quiet o'erbetler' be hanged; You hunt counter, hence! posting that action. avaunt !
Fal. My lord ? Atten. Sir, my lord would speak with you. Ch. Just. But since all is well, keep it so: wake Ch. Just. Sir John Falstaff, a word with you, not a sleeping wolf.
Fal. My good lord !-God give your lordship Fal. To wake a wolf, is as bad as to smell a fox. good time of day. I am glad to see your lordship Ch. Just. What ! you are as a candle, the better abroad: I heard say, your lordship was sick : I part burnt out, hope, your lordship goes abroad by advice. Your
Fal. A wassel candle, my lord; all tallow: if I lordship, though not clean past your youth, hath did say of wax, my growih would approve the truth. yet some smack of age in you, some relish of the Ch. Just. There is not a white hair on your face, saltness of time ; and I most humbly beseech your but should have his effect of gravity. lordship, to have a reverend care of your health. Fal. His effect of gravy, gravy, gravy.
Ch. Just. Sir John, I sent for you before your Ch. Just. You follow the young prince up and expedition to Shrewsbury.
down, like his ill angel. Fal. An't please your lordship, I hear, his ma Fal. Not so, my lord; your ill angel is light ;* jesty is returned with some discomfort from Wales, but, I hope, he that looks upon me, will take me
Ch. Just. I talk not of his majesty :-You would without weighing: and yet, in some respects, I not come when I sent for you.
grant, I cannot go, I cannot tell :' Virtue is of so 1 The body of old Si, Puul's Church, in London, does not seem to be any allusion to the Counter prison was a constant place of resort for business and amuse here; though such allusions were very common in tho ment, and consequently frequented by idle people of all pore's age. descriptions. Allvertisements were fixed up there, bar. 4 In the quarto edition this speech stands thus :gainmade, servants hired, &c.
Old. Very well, my lord, very well.' This judge was Sir Wm. Gascoigne, chief justice This is a strong corroboration of the tradition that Fal. of the King'y Bench. He died Dec. 17, 1413, and was staff was first called Oldcastle. buried in Harewood Church, in Yorkshire. His effigy 5 A wassel candle is a large candle lighted up at a is on his monument, and may be seen in Gough's Se feast. There is a poor quibble upon the word war, pulchral Monuments, vol. ii.
which signifies increase as well as the matter of the 3 To hunt counter was to hunt the wrong way, to honeycomb. trace the scent backwards : to hunt it by the heel is the 6. As light as a clipe angel' is a comparison frequent technical phrase. Falstaff ineuns in tell the man that he in the old comedies. is on a wrong scent. The folio and the modern edicions 7 I cannot tell, Johnson explains, 'I cannot be taken print hunt.counter with a hyphen, so as to make it in a reckoning, I cannot pass current.' Mr. Gifford Appear like a name ; but in the quartos :he words are objects to this explanation, and says that it merely di-joined-hunt counter. Cougrave explains contre. means I cannot tell what to think of it.' The phrase pied, that which we call counter in hunting ;' and 'tenir with that signification, was certainly common (says Mr con!repied, to set or hold his foot against another man's, Boswell); but as it will also bear the sense which Dr. thereby to stop him from going any further ; to cross or Johnson assigned to it, his interpretation appears to une impeach the designes or enterprises of another. There to suit the context better. Let the reader judge.