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But to be safely thug :-Our fears in Banquo SCENE I. Fores. A Room in the Palace. Enter Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature Banquo.

Reigns that, which would be fear'd: "Tis much ho

Ban. Thou hast it now, King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, And, in that dauntless temper of his mind,
As the weird women promis'd; and, I fear, He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour
Thou play’dst most foully fort; yet it was said, To act in safety. There is none, but he
It should not stand in thy posterity :

Whose being I do fear: and, under him,
But that myself should be the root and father My genius is rebuk'd; as, it is said,
Of many kings. If there come truth from them Mark Antony's was hy Cesar. He chid the sisters,
(As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine,) When first they put the name of King upon me,
Why, by the verities on thee made good,

And bade them speak to him; then, prophetlike, May they not be my oracles as well,

They hail'd him father to a line of kings: And sel-me up in hope? But, hush'; no more. Upon my head they plac'd a fruitless crown, Senet sounded. Enter MACBETH, as King; LADY And put a barren scep!re in my gripe,

MACBETH, us Queen ; Lexox, Rosse, Lords, Thence to be wrench'd with an unlineal hand, Ladies, and Attendants.

No son of mine succeeding. If it be so,

For Banquo's issue have I fil'de my mind ;. Macb. Here's our chief guest.

For them the gracious Duncan have I murder'd; Laily M.

If he had been forgotten, Put rancours in the vessel of my peace It had been as a gap in our great feast,

Only for them ; and mine eternal jewel And all things unbecoming.

Given to the common enemy of man," Macb. To-night we hold a solemn supper,' sir, To make them kings; the seed of Banquo kings! And I'll request your presence.

Rather than so, come, fate, into the list, Ban.

Let your highness And champion me to the utterance ! -Who's Command upon me; to the which, my duties

there? Are with a most indissoluble tie For ever knit.

Re-enter Attendant, with two Murderers. Macb. Ride you this afternoon ?

Now go to the door, and stay there till we call. Вап. Ay, my good lord.

(Erit Attendant. Macb. We should have else desir'd your good Was it not yesterday we spoke together? advice

1 Mur. It was, so please your highness. (Which still hath been both grave and prosperous,) Macb.

Well then, now In this day's council ; but we'll take to-morrow. Have you considered of my speeches ? Know, Is't far

That it was he, in the times past, which held you Ban. As far, my lord, as will all up the time So under fortune ; which, you thought, had been 'Twixt this and supper : go not my horse the better,? | Our innocent self: this I made good to you I must become a borrower of the night,

In our last conference, pass'd in probation with you, For a dark hour, or twain.

How you were borne in hand ; iu how cross'd ; the Macb. Fail not our feast.

instruments; Kan. My lord, I will not.

Who wrought with them; and all things else, that Macb. We hear, our bloody cousins are bestow'd might, In England, and in Ireland ; not confessing To half a soul, and to a notion craz'd, Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers

Say, Thus did Banquo. With strange invention : But of that to-morrow : 1 Mur.

You made it known to us. When, therewithal, we shall have cause of state, Macb. I did so; and went further, which is now Craving us jointly. Hie you to horse : Adieu, Our point of second meeting. Do you find Till you return at night. Goes Fleance with you? Your patience so predominant in your nature, Ban. Ay, my good lord ; our time does call That you can let this go? Are you so gospellid" upon us.

To pray for that good man, and for his issue, Macb. I wish your horses swist and sure of foot; Whose heavy hand has bow'd you to the grave, And so I do commend you to their backs. And beggar'd yours for ever? Farewell. [Exit BANQUO. I Mur.

We are men, my liege. Let every man be master of his time

Macb. Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men; Till seven at night; to make society

As bounds, and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs, The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself Shoughs,'? water-rugs, and demi-wolves, are Till supper-time alone : while then, God be with you.

cleped!3 (Exeunt Lady Macbeth, Lords, Ladies, &c. All by the name of dogs: the valued file14 Sirrah, a word with you : attend those men Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, Our pleasure ?

The house-keeper, the hunter, every one Allen. They are, my lord, without the palace-gate. According to the gift which bounteous nature Macb. Bring them before us.- (Erit Atton.) Hath in him clos'd; whereby he does receive

To be thus is nothing ; Particular addition, is from the bill 1 ' A solemn supper. This was the phrase of Shak. That writes them all alike: and so of men. speare's time for a feast or banquet given on a particular Let fate, that has foredoomed the exaltation of Banquo's occasion, to solemnize any event, as a birth, marriage, sons, enter the lists against me in defence of its own de. coronation, &c. Howel, in a letter to Sir T. Hawke, crees, I will fight against it to the extremity, whatever be 1636, says, 'I was invited yesternight to a solemne sup- the consequence.! per by B. J. (Ben Jonson, j where you were deeply re 9 i. e. passed in proving to you.' membered.

10 To bear in hand is lo- delude by encouraging hope 2 i.e. 'is my horse does not go well.' Shakspeare and holding out fair prospects, without any intention of often uses the comparative for the positive and superla, performance. tive.

11 i. e. 'are you so obedient to the precept of the gospel, 3 i. e. commil. 4 Nobleness.

which teaches us to pray for those who despitefully, 5' And to that,' i. e, in addition to.

use us?" 6 For defiled.

12 Shoughs are probably what we now call shocks. 7 'The common enemy of man. Shakspeare repeats Nashe, in his Lenten Stuffe, mentions them, 'a trundle. the phrase in Twelfth Night, Act iii. Sc. 4 ;-Defy the tail like or shough or lwo.'' devil: consider, he's an enemy to mankind.' The 13 Cleped, called. phrase was common among his contemporaries ; the 14 The valued file is the descriptive list wherein their word fiend, Johnson remarks, signifies enemy,

value and peculiar qualities are set down ; such a list 8 To the utterance. This phrase, which is found in of dogs may be found in Junius's Nomenclator, by writers who preceded Shakspeare, is borrowed from the Fleming, and may have furnished Shakspeare with the French; se battre a l'outrance, to fight desperately or idea. 10 extremity, even to death. The sense therefore is :-- 15 Particular addition, title, description.

Both of you


Now, if you have a station in the file,

Serv. Madam, I will.

(Exit. Not in the worst rank of manhood, say it;

Lady M.

Nought's had, all's spent,
And I will put that business in your bosoms, Where our desire is got without content:
Whose execution takes your enemy off ;

'Tis safer to be that which we destroy,
Grapples you to the heart and love of us, Than, by destruction, dwell in doubtful joy.
Who wear our health but sickly in his life,
Which in his death were perfect.

Enter MACBETH, 2 Mur.

I am one, my liege, How now, my lord ? why do you keep alone, Whom the vile blows and buffets of the world Of sorriest* fancies your companions making ? Have so incens'd, that I am reckless what

Using those thoughts, which should indeod have died I do, to spite the world,

With them they think on? Things without remedy 1 Mur. And I another,

Should be without regard: what's done is done. So weary with disasters, tugg’d with fortune Macb. We have scotch'd the snake, not kill'd it; That I would set my life on any chance,

She'll close, and be herself; whilst our poor malice To mend it, or be rid on't.

Remains in danger of her former tooth. Macb.

But let the frame of things disjoint, Know, Banquo was your enemy.

Both the worlds suffer, 2 Mur.

True, my lord. Ere we will eat our meal in fear, and sleep Macb. So is he mine : and in such' bloody dis- In the afliction of these terrible dreams tance,

That shake us nightly: Better be with the dead, That every minute of his being thrusts

Whom we, to gain our place, have sent to peace, Against my near’st of life: And though I could

Than on the torture of the mind to lie
With bare-fac'd power sweep him from my sight, In restless ecstacy. Duncan is in his grave;
And bid my will avouch it; yet I must not, After life's fitful fever, he sleeps well :
For certain friends that are both his and mine, Treason has done his worst; 'nor steel, nor poison,
Whose loves I may not drop, but wail his fall

Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing,
Whom I myself struck down: and thence it is, Can touch him further!
That I to your assistance do make love ;

Lady M. Come on, gentle my lord;
Masking the business from the common eye, Sleek o'er your rugged looks; be bright and jovial
For sundry weighty reasons.
2 Mur.

We shall, my lord,

Among your guests to-night.

So shall I love; Perform what you command us.

And so, I pray, be you: let your remembrance I Mur.

Though our lives

Apply to Banquo: present hím eminence, both Macb. Your spirits shine through you. Within With eye and tongue : unsafe, the while, that we this hour at most,

Must lave our honours in these flattering streams; I will advise you where to plant yourselves : Aud make our faces vizards to our hearts, Acquaint you with the perfect spy o' the time, Disgusing what they are." The moment on't : for'i must be done to-night, Lady M.

You must leave this, And something from the palace; always thought, Macb. O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife ! That I require a clearness :: And with him Thou know'st that Banquo, and his Fleance, lives. (To leave no rubs, nor botches, in the work,) Lady M. But in them nature's copy'slo not eterne. Fleance his son, that keeps him company,

Macb. There's comfort yet; they are assailable; Whose absence is no less material to me

Then be thou jocund: Ere the bat hath flown Than is his father's, must embrace the fate His cloister'd fight; ere, to black Hecate's sumOf that dark hour. Resolve yourselves apart;

mons, I'll come to you anon.

The shard-borne beetle, 11 with his drowsy hums, 2 Mur. We are resolv'd my lord.

Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be dono Macb. I'll call upon you straight; abide within. A deed of dreadful note. It is concluded: -Banquo, thy soul's flight, Lady M.

What's to be done? If it find heaven, must find it oui to-night. (Esceunt. Macb. Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest

chuck, SCENE II. The same. Another Room. Enter Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling? night, LADY MACBETH, and a Servant.


up .

the tender eye of pitiful day; Lady M. Is Banquo gone from court ?

And, with thy bloody and invisible hand, Serv. Ay, madam, but returns again to-night. Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond Lady M. Say to the king, I would attend his Which keeps me pale !13-Light thickens; and the

leisure For a few words.

Makes wing to the rooky wood :14 1. Bloody distance is mortal enmity.

confirms this explanation. Many of Shakspeare's als 2 i. e. the exact time when you may look out or lie in lusions are to legal customs. wait for him.

Il That is, the beetle borne along the air by its shards 3 always thought

or scaly wings. Steevens had the merit of first showing That I require a clearness.

that shard or sherd was the ancient word for a scale or • Always remembering that I must stand clear of sus- outward covering, a case or sheath ; as appears from the picion.

following passage cited by him from Gower's Confessio 4 Sorrieel, most melancholy.

Amantis, 6. vi. fol. 139:5 The first folio reads peuce; the second folio place. She sigh, her thought a dragon tho, 6 Ecstacy, in its general sense, signifies any violent

Whose sherdes shynen as the sonne.' emotion or alienation of the mind.' The old dictionaries And again in book v. speaking of a serpent :render it a trance, a dampe, a crampe.

He was so sherded all about, 7 Remembrance is here employed as a quadrisyi.

It held all edge-tool without. lable.

12 i. e. blinding: to seel up the eyes of a hawk was to & Present him eminence, do him the highest honour. close thein by sewing the eyelids cogether. 9 The sense of this passage (though clouded by meta. 13 So in Cymbeline :phor, and perhaps by omission) appears to be as fol. "Cancel his bond of life, dear God, I pray.' lows :

-It is a sign ihat our royally is unsafe, when it 14 By the expression, light thickens, Shakspeare must descend to flattery, and stoop to dissimulation.' means that it is growing dark. Thus, in Fletcher's The present arrangement of the lexi is by Malone. Faithful Shepherdess :10 Ritson has justly observed, that · Nature's copy'

* Fold your flocks up, for the afr alluues to copyhold tenure, in which the tenant holds an

'Gins to thicken, and the sun estate for life, having pothing but the copy of the rolls

Already his great course hath run.' or his lord's court to show for it. A life-hold tenure may Spenser, in the Shepherd's Calendar, has :well be said to be not eternal. The subsequent speech

the welkin thicks apace.' of Macbeth, in which he says,

Notwithstanding Mr. Steevens's ingenious attempts to Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond.' explain the rooky wood otherwise, surely means no


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Good things of day begin to droop and drowse ; Both sides are even : Here I'll sit i' the midst: Whiles night's black agents to their preys do Be large in mirth; anon, we'll drink a measure rouse."

The table

round. There's blood upon thy face. Thou marvell'st at my words; but hold thee still ; Mur. 'Tis Banquo's, then. Things, bad begun, make strong themselves by ill : Macb. "Tis better thee without, than he within. So, pr’ythee, go with me.

(Exeunt. Is he despatch'd ?

Mur. My lord, his throat is cut; that I did for him. SCENE III. The same. A Park or Lawn, with Macb. Thou art the best of the cut-throats: Yet a Gate leading to the Palace. Enter three Mur.

he's good, derers.

That did the like for Fleance: if thou didst it, 1 Mur. But who did bid thee join with us?

Thou art the nonpareil.

Mur. 3 Mur.


Most royal sir, 2 Mur, He needs not our mistrust; since he de- Fleance is 'scap'd. livers

Macb. Then comes my fit again: I had else been Our offices, and what we have to do,

perfect; To the direction just.

Whole as the marble, founded as the rock; 1 Mur. Then stand with us.

As broad and general as the casing air: The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day:

But now, I am cabin'd, cribb’d, confin'd, bound in Now spurs the lated traveller apace,

To saucy doubts and fears. But Banquo's safe ? To gain the timely inn; and near approaches

Mur. Ay, my good lord: safe in a ditch he bides, The subject of our watch.

With twenty trenched' gashes on his head; 3 Mur. Hark! I hear borses.

The leasi a death to nature.

Macb. Ban. [within.) Give us a light there, ho!

Thanks for that: 2 Mur. Then it is he; the rest

There the grown serpent lies; the worm, that's filed, That are within the note of expectation,

Hath nature that in time will venom breed, Already are i' the court.

No teeth for the present.--Get thee gone; to1 Mur.

His horses go about. 3 Mur. Almost a mile: but he does usually,

We'll hear ourselves again. (Exit Murderer. So all men do, from hence to the palace gate

Lady M.

My royal lord, Make it their walk.

You do not give the cheer: the feast is sold,

That is not often vouch'd while 'tis a making, Enler Banquo and FLEANCE, a Servant with a 'Tis given with welcome : To feed were best at Torch preceding them.

home; 2 Mur. A light, a light!

From thence, the sauce to meat is ceremony; 3 Mur.

'Tis he. Meeting were bare without it. 1 Mur. Stand to't.


Sweet remembrancer! Ban. It will be rain to-night.

Now, good digestion wait on appetite, 1 Mur.

Let it come down. And health on both ! (Asarulls BANQUO.


May it please your highness, sit? Ban. O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly,

[The Ghost of Banquo rises, and sits in

MACBETH's place. Thou may'st revenge. O slave!

Macb. Here had we now our country's honour [Dies. Fleance and Servant escape.

roof'd, 3 Mur. Who did strike out the light?

Were the grac'd person of our Banquo present ; 1 Mur.

Was't not the way? Who may 1 rather challenge for unkindness, 3 Mur. There's but one down: the son is fled. Than pity for mischance !8 2 Mur. We have lost best half of our affair.


His absence, sir, 1 Mur. Well, let's away, and say how much is Lays blame upon his promise. Please it your highdone.

To grace us with your royal company?
SCENE IV. A Room of State in the Palace. A Macb. The table's full.
Banquet prepared. Enter MACBETH, LADY Len.

Here's a place reserv'd. sir? MACBETH, Rosse, Lenox, Lords, and Attend



Len. Here, my good lord. What is't that moves Macb. You know your own degrees, sit down: your highness? at first

Macb. 'Which of you have done this? And last, the hearty welcome.


What, my good lord ? Lords.

Thanks to your majesty. Macb. Thou canst not say, I did it: never shake Macb. Ourself will mingle with society,

Thy gory locks at me. And play the humble host.

Rosse. Gentlemen, rise; his highness is not well. Our hostess keeps her state ;s but, in best time, Lady M. Sit, worthy friends :--my lord is often We will require her welcome.

thus, Lady M. Pronounce it for me, sir, to all our And hath been from his youth : 'pray you, keep seat; friends;

The fit is momentary; upon a thought For my heart speaks, they are welcome.

He will again be well: If much you note him, Enter first Murderer, to the door Macb. See, they encounter thee with their hearts' Banquo, who was equally concerned with Macbeth in thanks :

the murder of Duncan, as innocent of that crime.

4 At first and Jast. Johnson, with great plausibility,

proposes to read, “To first and last.' thing more than the wood inhabited by rooks. The poet 5 Keeps her state,' continues in her chair of state. has shown himself a close observer of nature, in mark. A state was a royal chair with a canopy over it. ing the return of these birds to their nest-trees when the 6 «Tis better thee without than he within,' that is, I day is drawing to a close.

am better pleased that the blood of Banquo should be on i See note on King Richard III. Act iv. Sc. 1. thy face than in his body. He is put for him.

2 i. e. they who are set down in the list of guests, and 7 With twenty trenched gashes on his head.' From expected to supper.

the French trancher, to cut. 3 Fleance, after the assassination of his father, fled 8 Macbeth betrays himself by an overacted regard for into Wales, where, by the daughter of the prince of that Banquo, of whose absence from the least he affects to country, he had a son named Walter, who afterwards complain, that he may not be suspected of knowing the became High Stewar Scotland, and fr thence cause, though at the same time he very unguardedly assumed the name of Sir Walter Steward. From him, drops an allusion to that cause. May I seems to imply in a direct line, King James I was descended; in com here a wish, not an assertion. pliment to whom Shakspeare has chosen to describe 9 1. e. as speedily as thought can be exerted.





You shall offend him, and extend his passion ;' Macb. What man dare, I dare:
Feed, and regard him not.- Are you a man? Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,

Macb. Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on that the arm'd rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger,
Which mighi appal the devil.

Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves
Lady M.

O proper stuff! Shall never tremble: Or, be alive again, This is the very pain ing of your far:

And dare me to the desert with thy sword: This is the air-drawn dagger, which, you said, lfirembling I inhabit' ihen, protest me Led you to Duncan. O, these tlaws and starts The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow! (Impostors to true fear) would well become

(Ghost disappears. A woman's story at a winter's fire,

l'nreal mockery, hence !--Why, so ;-being gone, Authoriz'il by her grandain. Shame itself! I am a man again.-'Pray you, sit süll. Why do you make such faces? When ail's done, Lady M. You have displac'd the mirth, broke the You look but on a stool.

good mecting, Macb. Pr'ythee, see there! behold! look! lo! With most admir'd disorder. how say you?


Can such things beg Why, what care I? If thou canst nod, speak too. And overcome to us like a summer's cloud, If charnel-houses, and our graves, must send Without our special wonder? You make me strange Those that we bury, back, our monunnen!

Even to the disposition that I owe,"
Shall be the maws of kites. (Ghost disappears. When now I think you can behold such sights,"?

Lady M. What! quite unmanu'd in folly? And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks,
Macb. If I stand here, I saw him.

Wben mine are blanch with fear.
Lady M.
Fye, for shame! Rossc.

What sights, my lord ? Macó. Blood hath been shed ere nuw, i' the olden Laly M. I pray you, speak not; he grows worse time,

and worse; Ere human statute purg'd the general weal; Question evrages him: at once, good night :Ay, and since, 100, murders have been perform'd Stand not upon the order of your going, Too terrible for the ear: the times have been, But go at once. That, when the brains were out, the man would die, Len.

Good night, and better health And there an end : but now, they rise again, Attend his majesty! With twenty mortal murders on iheir crowns, Lady M.

A kind good night to all! And push us from our stools : This is more strange

(Ereunt Lords and Attendants. Than such a murder is.

Macb. It will have blood; they say, blood will Lady M. My worthy lord,

have blood; Your noble friends do lack you.

Siones have been known to move, and trees 'to Macb.

I do forget :

speak; Do not muses at me, my most worthy friends ; Auguresi3 and understood relations have, I have a strange infirmiy, which is nothing By magot-pies, and choughs, and rooks, brougnt To those that know me. Come, love and health to


The secret'st man of blood.-What is the night? Then I'll sit down:-Give me some wine, fill full: Lady M. Almost at odds with morning, which is I'll drink to the general joy of the whole table,

which. Ghost rises.

Macy. How say'st thou, 14 that Macduff denies And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we mies; At our great bidding? 'Would, he were here! to all, and him, we thirst, Lady M.

Did you send to him, sir ? And all to all.

Mach. I hear it by the way; but I will send : Lords. Our duties, and the pledge. There's not a one of them, but in his house Macb. Avaunt! and quit my sight! Let the earth I keep a servant fee'd. I will, to-morrow, hide thee!

(And betimes I will,) to the weird sisters : Thy bones are marrowless, the blood is cold; More shall they speak; for now I am bent to know, Thou hast no speculation in ihose eyes

By the worst means, the worst: for mine own good, Which thou dost glare with!

All causes shall give way: I am in blood Lady M.

Think of this, good peers, Stept in so far, that, should I wade no moro, But as a thing of custom : 'tis no other;

Reiurning were as tedious as go o’er: Only it spoils the pleasure of the rime.

sufficiently plain, and much in Shakspeare's manner. 1 i. e. prolong his suffering, make his fit longer. Dare me to the desert with thy sword; is then I do not 2 Flaws are sudden gusts.

meet thce there ; il treinbling I stay in my castle, or any 3 Impostors to true fear.' Warburton's learning habitation; if I then hide my head, or dwell in any serves him not here ; his explanation is erroneous. Ma place through fear, protect me the baby of a girl. If it lone idly suggests that to may be used for of. Masou had not been for the medeling of Pope and others, this has hit the meaning, though his way of accounting for passare would have hardly required a note. it is wrong. It seems strange that none of the cominen. 10 · Orercome us,' pack over us without wonder, as a tators should be aware that this was a form of elliptic casual summer's cloud passes unregardcd. expression, commonly used even at this day, in the Il i. e. possess. phrase 'this is nothing to them,' i. e. in comparison to 12 You strike me with amazement, make me scarce them.

know mysell, now when I think that you can behold 4 The same thought occurs in Spenger's Faerie such sights unmoved,' &c. Queene, b. ii. c. viii. -

13 i. e. augurics, divinations ; formerly spelt augures, Be not entombed in the raven or the kight. as appears by Florio in voce rugurio. By understood 5 Shakspeare uses to muse for lo wonder, to be in relations, probably, connected circumstances relating amaze.

to the crime are ineant. I am inclined to think that tho 6 That is, 'we desire to drink' all good wishes to all. passage should be printed thus:-

7. Thou hasi no speculation in those eyes.' Bullokar, Stones have been known to more, and trees to speak in his Expositor, 1616, explains · Speculation, the in. Augures; and understood relations have, ward knowledge or beholding of a thing.' Thus, in the By macoe-pies, and choughs, and rooks, brought forth 115th Psalın:--Eyes have they, but see not?

The secretel man of blood.' 8 Hyrcan for Hyrcanian was the mode or expression in all the modern editions wo have it erroneously au. at that time.

gurs. Magot-pie is the original name of the magpie: 9 Pope changed inhabil, the reading of the old copy, stories such as Shakspeare alludes lo are to be found in to inhibil, and Steevens altered then to thee, 60 thai in Lupton's Thousand Notable Things, and in Goulart's the late editions this line runs :

Admirable Histories.
If trembling I inhibit thee, protest me

14 i. e. what say'rt thou 10 this circumstance. Thus, The baby of a girl.'

in Macbeth's address to his wife, on the first appearance To inhibit is to forbid, a meaning which will not suit of Banquo's ghost! with the context of the passage. The original text is

behold! look! lo! hou say you."

his person,


We are yet


Strange things I have in head, that will to hand; Things have been strangely borne : The gracious Which must be acted, ere they may be scann'd."

Duncan Lady M. You lack the season of all natures, Was pitied of Macbeth :--marry, he was dead:--" sleep.

And the right-valiant Banquo walk'd too late ; Macb. Come, we'll to sleep: My strange and Whom you may say, if it please you, Fleance self abuse

kill'd, Is the initiate fear, that wants hard use :

For Fleance fled. Men must not walk too late. but young in deed."

(Ereunt. Who cannot want the thought, how monstrous SCENE V. The Heath. Thunder. Enter HE- To kill their gracious father? damned fact !

It was for Malcolm, and Dona bain,
CATE,' meeting the three Witches.

How it did yrieve Macbeth! did he not straight, 1 Witch. Why, how now, Hecare ? you look In pious rage, the two delinquents tear, angerly.

That were the slaves of drink, and thralls of sleep? Hec. Have I not reason, beldames, as you are, Was not that nobly done ? Ay, and wisely too ; Saucy, and overbold? How did you dare

For, 'twould have anger'd any heart alive, To trade and traffic with Macbeth,

To hear the men deny it. So that, I say, In riddles and affairs of death ;

He has borne all things well: and I do ihink, And I, the mistress of your charms,

That, had he Duncan's sons under his key, The close contriver of all harms,

(As, an't please heaven, he shall not,) they should Was never cali'd to bear iny part,

find Or show the glory of our art ?

What 'twere to kill a father; so should Fleance. And, which is worse, all you have done

But, peace !-for from broad words, and 'cause he Hath been but for a wayward son,

fail'd Spiteful, and wrathful; who, as others do,


presence at the tyrant's feast, I hear, Loves for his own ends, not for you.

Macduff lives in disgrace: Sir, can you tell But make amends now: Get you gone,

Where he bestows hiniself? And at the pit of Acheron


The son of Duncan, Meet me i' the morning; thither he

From whom this tyrant holds the due of birth, Will come to know his destiny.

Lives in the English court; and is receiv'd Your vessels, and your spells, provide,

Of the most pious Edward with such grace, Your charms, and every thing beside;

That the malevolence of fortune nothing I am for the air ; this night I'll spend

Takes from his high respect: Thither Macduff Unto a dismal and a fatal end.

Is gone to pray the holy king, upon his aid Great business must be wrought ere noon: To wake Norihumberland, and warlike Siward : Upon the corner of the moon

That, by the help of these, (with Him above There hangs a vaporous drop profound ;)

To ralify the work,) we may again I'll catch it ere it come to ground:

Give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights; And that, distill'd by magic slights,

Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives ;' Shall raise such artificial sprights,

Do faithful homage, and receive free honours,'' As, by the strength of their illusion,

All which we pine for now: And this report
Shall draw him on to his confusion :

Hath so exasperate" the king, that he
He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear Prepares for some attempt of war.
His hopes 'bove wisdom, grace, and fear:


Seat be to Macduff? And you all know, security

Lord. He did: and with an absolute, Sir, not I, Is mortal's chiefest enemy.

'The cloudy messenger turns me his back, Song. (Within.) Come away, come away, góc.? And hums; as who should say, You'll rue the time Hark, I am call'd; my little spirit, see,

That clogs me with this answer. Siis in a foggy cloud, and stays for me. (Erit.


And that well might 1 Witch. Come, let's make haste; she'll soon be Advise him to a caution, to hold what distance back again.

[Exeunt. His wisdom can provide. Some holy angel

Fly to the court of England, and unfold SCENE VI. Fores. A Room in the Palace.

His message ere he come; that a swift blessing Enter LExox and another Lord,

May soon return to this our suffering country Len. My former speeches have but hit your Under a hand accurs'd !1? thoughis,

Lord. I'll send my prayers with him! (Exeunt. Which can interpret further : only, I say,

longing to the same goddess, she could not prorerly be I i.e. examined nicely.

employed in one character to catch a drop that fell from 2 'You lack the season of all natures, sleep.' John. her in another. Io a Midsummer Night's Dream, how. son explains this, 'You want sleep, which seasons or ever, the poet was sufficiently aware of her threefold. gives the relish to all naturrs' Indiget somni vitre con capacity :dimenti. So in All's Well that Ends Well: "'Tis the

fairies, that do run best brine a maiden can season her praise in. It has,

By the triple Hecat's team.' however, been suggested that the meaning is, You The raporous drop profound seems to have been meant stand in need of the time or season of sleep which all for the same as the virus lunare of the ancients, being a natures require.' I incline to the last interpretation. foam which the moon was supposed to shed on particu. 3 The editions previous to Theobald's read:-- lar herbs, or other objects, when strongly solicited by "We're but young indeed.

enchantinent. The initiale fear is the fear thai always attends the free 6 Stights are arts, subtle practices. initiation into guilt, before the mind becomes callous and 7 This song is to be found entire in The Witch, by insensible by hard use or frequent repetition of it. Middleton.

4 Shakspeare has been unjustly censured for introdu. 8.Who cannot want the thought ;' &c. The sense cing Hecate among the vulgar witches, and consequent requires - who can want the thought ;' bus it is probably ly for confounding ancient with modern superstitions. a lapse of the poet's per But the poet has elsewhere shown himself well ac. 9 Free from our leasts and banquets bloody knives.' quainted with the classical connexion which this deity The construetion is :-'Free our leasts and banquets had with witchcraft. Reginald Scot, in his discovery, from bloody knives.' mentions it as the common opinion of all writers, that 10 Johnson says, 'Free may be either honours freely witches were supposed to have nighuy meetings with bestowed, not purchased by crimes; or honours without Herodias and the Pagan gods,' and ihat in the night slavery, without dread of a tyrant. I have shown in a time they ride abroad with Díana, the goddess of the note on Twelfth Night, Act ii. Sc. 4. that free meant Pagans, &c. Their dame or chief leader seems al. pure, chaste, consequently unspotted, which may boways to have been an old Pagan, as 'the Ladie Sibylla, its meaning here. Free also meant noble. See note on Minerva, or Diana.

the Second Part of King Henry VI. Acı iii. Sc. 1. 5 Steevens remarks that Shakspeare's mythological || Erusperate, for exasperated. knowledge on this occasion appears to have deserted 12 The construction is, ‘io this our country, saffering for as Hecale is only one of the three names be. I under a hand accuraed.

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