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- The Examiners, upon the same SubjeEt, are so well writ, that they have given universal Satisfa&tion to all Readers in general; many Editions of them baving been printed in London since their first Publication; and the Advocates for both Country and Court, have bad Recourse to them for Politicks, as many Authors have for Wit ånd Humour. Tbese Papers, at their first Publication, bad such an Effect, that it caused a Change in Queen ANNE's Ministry; but the Author preserved many of his Friends, and kept them in their Employments.

It is plainly seen, that a Spirit of Liberty is diffufed through all these Writings; and that the Author is an Enemy to Tyranny and Oppreffion in any Shape whatever.

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THE

CONDUCT

OF THE

A L L I ES

AND OF THE

Late MINISTRY,

IN
Beginning and carrying on

ΤΗ Ε PRESENT WAR.

Written in the Year 1712.

- Partem tibi Gallia nostri
Eripuit: Partem duris Hispania bellis :
Pars jacet Hesperia : totoq; exercitus orbe
Te vincente perit -------

Odimus accipitrem quia femper vivit in armis, ------Victrix Provincia plorat.

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THE

PRE FACE.

T Cannot sufficiently admire the Industry of a Sort of

Men, wholly out of Favour with the Prince and di People, and openly profesing a separate Interest from the Bulk of the landed Men, who yet are able to raise, at this Juncture, so great a Clamour against a Peace, without offering one single Reason, but what we find in their Ballads. I lay it docon for a Maxim, That no reasonable Man, whether Whig or Tory (since it is necessary to use those foolish Terms ) can be of Opinion for continuing the War, upon the Foot it now is, unless be be a Gainer by it, or bopes it may occasion some new Turn of Affairs at home, to the Advantage of bis Party; or lastly, unless he be very ignorant of the Kingdom's Condition, and by what Means we have been reduced to it. Upon the two first Cases, where Interest is concerned, I have nothing to say : But as to the lajt, I think it highly necessary, that the Publick should be freely and impartially told what Circumstances they are in, after what Manner they have been treated by those whom they trusted so many Years with the Disposal of their Blood And Treasure, and what the Consequences of this Management are like to be upon themselves and their Posterity.

Those who, either by Writing or Discourse, bave undertaken to defend the Proceedings of the late Ministry, in tbe Management of the War, and of the Treaty at Gertruydenburg, have spent time in celebrating the Conduet and Valour of our Leaders, and their Tronps, in fumming up the Vietories they have gained, and the Towns they have taken. Then they tell us what high Articles were insisted on by our Ministers and those of the Confederates, and what Pains both twere at in persuading France to accept them. But

B 2

notking

and pubmitted to this that the celury, or in been laid on

nothing of this can give the least Satisfaétion to the just Complaints of the Kingdom. As to the War, our Grievances are, That a greater Load bas been laid on Us, than was either just or necessary, or than we have been able to bear ; that the grossejt Impofitions bave been submitted to for the Advancement of private Wealth and Power, or in order to forward the more dangerous Designs of a Faction; to both which a Peace would bave put an End; and that the Part of the War which was chiefly our Province, which would have been most: beneficial to us, and destructive to the Enemy, was wholly negleEted. As to a Peace, We complain of being deluded by a Mock Treaty; in which those who negotiated, took Care to make such Demands as they knew were imposible to be complied with, and therefore might securely press every Article as if they were in earnest. .

These are some of the Points I design to treat of in the following Discourse; with several others which I thought it necessary, at this Time, for the Kingdom to be informed of. I think I am not mistaken in those Facts I mens tion; at least not in any Circumstance fo material, as to weaken the Consequences I draw from them.

After ten Years Wars with perpetual Success, to tell us it is yet impossible to have a good Peace, is very furpri. fing, and seems so different from what hath ever happena ed in the World before, that a Man of any Party may be allowed suspeting that we have either been ill used, or bave not made the most of our Victories, and might therefore desire to know wbere the Difficulty lay : Then it is natural to enquire into our present Condition ; how long we shall be able to go on at this Rate; what the Confequences may be upon the present and future Ages; and whether a Peace, without that impracticable. Point which fome People do so much insist on, be really ruinous in it self, or equally fo wilb the Continuance of the

War.

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