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The Annual Report prescribed by the Statutes of the University is submitted herewith, together with the reports of the chief administrative officers. The statements of fact and the several recommendations contained in these reports are earnestly commended to the attention of the Trustees and their appropriate committees, and also to that wider public which it is the constant purpose of Columbia University to serve.

The year


Columbia University is its own most severe critic. It has resisted the vice, or the virtue, of complacency, and constantly examines and re-examines its own organization and activities with a view to their betterment. During the past year no part of the University has escaped this searching of the spirit. The Faculty of Columbia College has been studying how best to establish and introduce a course introductory to the study of the natural and experimental sciences to parallel the course introductory to the study of contemporary civilization established four years ago. The Faculty of Applied Science has had under earnest consideration the question of the adequacy and wisdom of its present program of study and of the existing high standard required for admission to its rolls. The Faculty of Medicine has been strengthening both its laboratory and its clinical teaching, and, like the Faculty of Applied Science, has under consideration the whole question of its program in order to determine how far the Medical School program

of to-day is satisfactory when measured by the demands of the practising physician and surgeon. The Faculty of Law has carried to successful completion its plans for the organization of advanced instruction and research in the field of public and private law, in connection with which the degree of doctor of law (Doctor Juris) has now been authorized. The non-professional graduate Faculties of Political Science, Philosophy and Pure Science have cooperated in the creation of a representative joint Committee on Graduate Instruction, which, under the chairmanship of the Dean, will deal with many matters which have heretofore absorbed the attention of those faculties as a whole, thereby releasing their members from direct participation in some of that necessary academic business which so often absorbs time and effort that might better be given to research and publication. The professional work in Architecture, in Business, and in Journalism has not stood still, and the many-sided undertakings of University Extension and the Summer Session have been both widened and deepened. The spirit of helpful cooperation and of loyal devotion to a common cause which permeates and animates the whole University is ground for deep gratification. Younger scholars are coming forward in considerable number some day to take the place of those who are growing old in the service. The leaders of this group are already men of influence and great usefulness not only in their several departments and faculties, but in the University as a whole.

The contributions to knowledge published during the year by the University's scholars make a list far too long to reproduce here. They touch every conceivable field of knowledge, and not a few of them record research of much more than usual novelty and distinction. The University Press is wholly unable, for financial reasons, to

place before the world of scholars the published results of each year's completed work, and for that reason very many of these are not recorded as the product of the University at all.

On every side there are signs of progress and of earnest desire to improve the University's teaching, to strengthen its equipment and to open out new and still more inviting opportunities for advanced scholars and those who are to be schooled in the art of independent inquiry. So long as this is true the University is not drugged with selfcontent, but is alive, active and vigorous.

The University and
Public Service

From its earliest years Columbia University has been intimately associated with the public service and it has found no contradiction between such service and continued University relationship and duty. President William Samuel Johnson served as United States Senator from Connecticut at a time when Columbia College and the meeting place of the Congress were not far apart on Manhattan Island. Professor Mitchill of the Department of Chemistry was chosen a member of the House of Representatives and gave effective service in that capacity. Today this tradition is continued, and examples of it multiply as the University grows in size and complexity. Professor John Bassett Moore of the Faculty of Political Science is at the moment a member of the Permanent Court of International Justice sitting at The Hague. Professor John Dyneley Prince of the Faculty of Philosophy is Minister of the United States in Denmark. Professor Edwin R. A. Seligman of the Faculty of Political Science has just returned from rendering expert service as a member of a Commission appointed by the League of Nations. Professor Thomas I. Parkinson of the Faculty of Law has recently served as legislative draftsman to the committees of the United States Senate, by appointment of the Vice

President, in pursuance of the act of Congress approved February 28, 1919. The present draftsmen of both Houses of Congress and their assistants are all former members of the staff of the Legislative Drafting Research Bureau of Columbia University. Professor Harry M. Ayres of the Faculty of Columbia College is a member of the Legislature of the State of Connecticut. Professor Paul Monroe, Director of the International Institute of Teachers College, has just now completed an official inspection of the public schools of the Republics of Poland and of Czechoslovakia on the invitation of the Ministers of Education in those countries. Professor James F. Kemp of the Faculty of Pure Science has for some time past been Consulting Geologist to the Board of Water Supply of the City of New York. Professor Charles P. Berkey of the Faculty of Pure Science is Consulting Geologist to the North Jersey District Water Supply Commission. Professor May B. Van Arsdale of the Faculty of Practical Arts is a member of the New York State Council of Farms and Markets. Professor Robert Murray Haig of the Faculty of the School of Business has recently acted as Adviser to the Taxation Board of the Province of British Columbia, to the Minister of Municipalities of the Province of Saskatchewan, and to the Provincial Treasurer of the Province of Alberta. He has also acted as Counsel to the Special Revenue Commission of the State of New Mexico. Mr. Archibald H. Stockder of the Faculty of the School of Business has recently served as Special Investigator for the Survey Committee of State Affairs created by act of Legislature of the State of Colorado. Professor George D. Strayer of the Faculty of Education is directing school surveys in various parts of the United States, particularly Augusta, Georgia and Springfield, Massachusetts. Professor Howard Lee McBain of the Faculty of Political Science was member and

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