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times a year.

ment to society, or its bane. As a preliminary, we cannot refrain from stating a fact which to our knowledge has been the means of much good.

There is in France, in the city of Metz, an institution of charity under the patronage of the young ladies of the city. The members of this charitable association subscribe two dollars a year, and are obligated to visit the establishment, daily taking it by turns, so that the same persons need not spend more than one half a day five or six

The house itself is under the superintendence of nuns as teachers, and a lady-superior as directress. The pupils are young girls, from the age of thirteen to seventeen, and are taught the different branches of productive female labor, with a view of making one of them their trade through life. The rules of the establishment demand from them an apprenticeship of three years, for which period of time they are bound in the usual form. The first of the three years is devoted to work, the proceeds of which belong to the establishment, and go toward its support. The proceeds of the two last years' labor are divided into thirds, one of which is kept for the benefit of the house, and the two others are kept to the credit of each of the apprentices, according to their greater or lesser efforts during each of the quarters, when accounts are brought up. At the expiration of their time, the amount of the two-thirds of the last two years of their own labor is disposed of by the purchasing committee of the association, and they supply each young girl with a 'trousseau,' or bodily clothing, if she designs getting married, or entering in a 'situation:' if, on the contrary, she desires to go to work for her own account, she is supplied with the complete furniture of one room, some house-linen and some clothing, all of which, being purchased at wholesale prices by the committee, is cheaper and more to her advantage than if purchased by herself.

Thus are those young girls not only taught a trade, which can support them through life, but they are also not sent into the temptations of the world empty-handed. Their outfit is modest, but it is one ; they have whereon to lay their heads, after leaving the establishment, and are able, willing, and ready to work, and to be honest.

These young girls are not boarded in the house, nor are they clothed: the establishment is not intended for paupers; it is for that class of mechanics who furnish our cities with the host of mantua-makers, milliners, etc., etc., who thrive, and are honored, when they happen to succeed, but who more often fall very low, perhaps to the lowest depths of city corruption and all for why? Because of one disheartening circumstance – perhaps the payment of a high-priced dress, which she attempted to make, but which, not knowing how to make it, she spoiled and had to pay for. If she had known how to satisfy her rich and perhaps powerful customer, she would have earned money enough to supply her wants, and hence she would have been virtuous; for be sure it is in the nature of woman to be virtuous. When she forgets her native modesty, she does violence to her inward soul.

We may remark, also, that during the three years of attendance at the Benevolent Work-Shop, the young girls become more or less acquainted with the young ladies who form the visiting committee, and have a chance of imitating the graceful and modest deportment, and securing the good graces of one or more of that committee, who may in after life be the means of throwing plenty of work in their way. Assuredly the influence of well-bred and benevolent young ladies must have its good effect on the lower class of females, who otherwise have little chance to come in contact with the higher ones. Affections must spring up, which in after life may lead to the happiness or well-being of more than one of the poor.

We believe that similar institutions, could be the means of doing much good, and have no doubt that an appeal 10 the ladies of NewYork would be responded to with the promptitude with which all benevolent efforts usually are. Founding such establislıments for girls will afford then the means of being able of making an honorable living, and they will therefore be virtuous; being virtuous, they will make our young men so; for, by a divine enactment of the sublime laws of God, the conduct and manner-of-thought of one sex always reäct on those of the other. Some model work-shops, as above described, for girls only, would, we have no doubt, be the means of a great amount of good; but why could we not carry out the same plan in regard to the boys ? Are there not thousands now in our city who very soon will have finished their instruction at the free. schools, and who will be thrown on society without any other means of living than doubtful expediencies ? How many parents who would be glad of the opportunity of securing to their sons a bright industrious future, if the means of learning a trade were placed within their reach in the manner proposed ! Work in itself is a pleasant as well as a healthy occupation; it becomes only irksome to, and neglected by those who have not the requisite knowledge of it, which brings with itself a taste and relish for work.

We must be allowed to express our firm conviction that on the opening of such model work-shops, many of the present adult portion of the community would be happy to resort to them, and by the sacrifice of the period of their apprenticeship, would gladly acquire a good trade for the remainder of their lives. There are many now among our young men, between the ages of twenty and thirty, whose training has been badly directed, and who would gladly embrace the opportunity of adapting themselves to a trade, being able by the means of these model work-shops, to avoid going into the regular trade-shops, where they would not meet with the same kind of advantages and company:

We would say, in conclusion, that the misery of the class under consideration comes in our estimation : first, from the fact that female labor is restricted to branches not sufficiently numerous; secondly, that it is not adequately remunerated ; thirdly, that it is not sufficiently perfected ; lastly, that labor does not hold the honorable place in the social regard to which it is entitled.

In regard to the first two causes, we will say nothing at present; our views of the last two we have endeavored to explain. We conclude

then, by saying: One of the means of avoiding pauperism is to keep vice under control; the best means of keeping a restraint on vice is to give a shelter to the virtue of the poor female portion of humanity, by making work easy; and one of the best means of making work easy and pleasant, is to teach it as it should be done ; that is, perfect of its kind; one of the best means of teaching the poor to work well, is to establish model work-shops, on the plan spoken of above, which will secure not only a proper knowledge of work, but something to start with in the world.

In our opinion the adoption of the above suggestion would tend to advance the cause of humanity, and satisfy


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The Bankum flag-Staff and Independent Echo.





No. 1.

THERE you have, reader, at the TLE MORE GRAPE, CAPTAIN BRAGG! head of our little sheet, undis- which they now want to make out guised and unpremeditated, the that he never said to Captain BRAGG, principles that we mean to go on ;* when he was drinking the juice of for if the trumpet give an uncer- the


with some ladies Newtain sound, who shall prepare him- Orleans ;) the General, who is in self for battle? This remark, the consequence now seated on the eloquent rejoinder, we believe, of pinnacle summit of power in the Fisher AMEs, was never more chair of State at the White-House, true, or so much as formerly, and District of Columbia, was freis to this day; as we feel morally quently appealed to by those in certain it will continue to be here. Bumkum who meant to set him after. Let no man be ashamed up’, from which setting-up the old to stand where he is and to say that hero did n't choose to be taken he can stand it; and we trust that down ad libitum (like any libertythe Flag-STAFF will never blush pole) how he would administer the to avow, in answer to the interro- constitution ofthe United'n States'n gatory question, if it should be providing he understood it, vice asked, seemingly with a sinister versa, in the same ratio as the polimotive,' Where are you?' to turn ticians of Bumkum. To which triumphantly to the letters bla- he answered freely, without dis. zoned with brass as with a pen of guise, in his shirt-sleeves, as Major iron at the top of this proof-sheet; Bliss can certify,'Certainly I will.' as we forget the anecdote where Now to be explicit

, we shall set it is said, Them's my sentiments forth in this editorial leader, that exactly. But we forgot there to our friends may know exactly mention that the temperance cause where we are. And where that should meet our hearty approba. is we mean to be found. We never tion. General TAYLOR, who in con- will shirk the responsibility in any sequence of the battle of Buena one instance, be it one or more, Vista, and other fortunate prowess while we have an editorial chair of arms in Florida, and the late to set into, any more than we have war in which TECUMSEH was killed, a right hand to cut off. Fairness and in the blood-stained fields of first, and good policy in proper Palo-Alto, riding on a white horse time, but in no instance, so helpus (here it was, where he said ' A LIT- the constitution of the United'n

States'n, to be superseded. What * We wish this to be considered of '98 inclu would you think of a man, sus



pended no where, in thin air, like Mahomet's coffin; and this a notorious fact, known of every itinerant traveller, what would you think of such a man, or body of men, we repeat it, religious or Nova Scotian, who could n't put his finger on his principles as he would on his nose and say, 'My foot is on my native soil and my name is Macgregor!' This we fear is not the case.

Now then: Planted thus upon our Flag-Staff, and with a substratum to go on, we confidently appeal, with a fair appreciation that our animus will not be misunderstood, so far as regards this community, (we refer to Bunkum, and candidly confess that we stand in the attitude of opposition. LET THIS POINT BE BORNE IN MIND AS WE MEAN TO REFER TO IT. WE SAY EMPHATICALLY LET OUR READERS TREASURE UP THIS FACT IN THEIR MEMORIES, AND KNOW WHERE TO TURN BACK TO IT, SOME DISTANCE ON, WHEN WE SHALL REMIND THEM THAT WE

Belligerent tropics are not our forte and never was; neither do we handle them with kid gloves, when they fairly come in the way. But we will say, and (standing upon the outset let us not be misunderstood, as we certainly do n't mean to be gagged, blind-folded, tampered with or driven off the curb-stone) that our ADVERSARY will find, that in flinging himself into the newspaper area, we shall speak with all kindness and discretion, but not to be trifled with. What a brassy impudence there is in his flourish of trumpets, and no wool after all ! a mere fugo, to blind the eyes and shift the responsibility. When we say shift the responsibility, we do not mean it in any indelicate sense, although we know that the word is liable to be so construed, and kindle up a blush on the cheek of innocence. Pardon this digression, and to return to the subjeck matter; we think our adversary has a little missed his foothold in trenching upon the town of Bumkum, and for that reason we mean to play dog to his cat, or to change the parenthesis, to show him up in his own colors (to save ourselves from the vexatious expenses of a suit for libel, mind that we do not say he is a colored man,) but black, blue, white or brown, we mean to show him up, and shall begin with his first editorial.

The last number, and (not to make a pun) the first number of the • Bunkumville Chronicle' now lies before us with this motto : God GIVE THEM WISDOM THAT HAVE IT, AND THOSE THAT ARE FOOLS LET THEM USE THEIR TALENTS.' We do n't know as we ever laughed more heartily or cracked our editorial sides in our life. Our friend Threaddles, the tailor over the way, (whom we recommend to our patrons as an excellent careful workman) got a good job out of it, for as we laughed in our sleeve, we tore it. First, let us premise that Bunkumville is a small outsquirt or suburban of the town of Bunkum, and only lately come into notice. That's all it will do; but to proceed. In accordance with the fussy, ambidextrous (not to say am. bitious) policy of such small nookeries, it must have an organ. Where there is a puddle there must be a splash. So all the world round, except in Arabia, where it does n't rain for six months in the year, and the atmosphere is extremely oppressive, and the printing. press scarcely known. So out comes the • Bunkumville Chronicle.' We sot in our sanctum, and you would have thought you was in

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